Peninsular News And Advertiser (Newspaper) - October 25, 1861, Milford, Delaware VOL. NO. YMttOtt futlho and Ailrcrllsor. LAMENT OF POOAHONTAS. and Cynthia's paling beams Bhouo Badly bright, upon the glided Spires and shining pedestal of the town. The gentle dew fell glistening in its Downy softness on waving fields and Qrassy lawns, upon whose face played Moonbeams gay and soft. The sweet Murmuring breeze played listlessly with Vine and branch. The fragrance of shrub And flower moved in sileuce on its passing wings. Each spongled star shone sweetly And its lonely lustre fell mellowing Upon the now stilled place. !The mirrored bosom of lake gave back iTho graceful outlines of. a castle high Whose frowning summit pierced tho cloud- less vault, And upon whose top care-worn sentinels lean- ed heavily upon their Spears, or trod ttith hollow step the Confines of their lonely watch. A window, High and arched, looked, out upon The lute. The curtain plaids 'were ptft Aside and alone there sat a lovely girl. She numbered not with nations pale and Wan, fer shadowy beauty sat upon her form The sun in other climes than these bad Shone upon her face and the winds of Wild-woods had fanned her open brow. The clustering hair which fell upon The calm face of a rescued captive, in Days of yore, now hung loosely upon her Breast. The full glory of her eye rested Anon, then wandered o'er the lake And tears fell upon her clasped hands, Mate, but eloquent. Her fcthers slept far away, where once Their council-fires gleamed through the forest; Her mother sweetly slumbered in a birch canoe Upon her favorite hunting ground And she was all alone 1 As she looked back upon the past, To the time when her young form Stayed the avenging blow, and Thought of the promises of him whom She had given longer she wept. "And breaking the awful stillness Said Did'st thou not vouch to take My fathers place in strangers' homes. Did'st thou not tell me I should be To thee as' thine own child. Thou Did'at promise to -protect me But -thou has! deceived me. Behold Me .here an orphan and a slave. O I for the freedom of my wild- Woods home where bounding light and Free, I might be as I ought. 0 I for my Quiver and my well tried bow That I might .chase the fainting deer. Then let me rest where Indian hearts Are true, till death and sleep where My fathers lie. Thus saying she arose. and bowing Firmly on her knees, silently naked The Indian's God, to take her to dwell In the Red man's heaven. T. E. M. MILFOLID, DELAWARE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 25. 186J. European Troubles. How little does common sense govern nations nnd men in their dealings with each other On reading the intelligence reaches us from Europe from week to week, we experience a sense of weari- ness at the never-ending complications which those who are in power weave around those who are in subjection. Were matters left to take their own course for a few years that is to say, were each nation allowed by its rulers its neighbors to develop itself ac- cording to the germ of its nationality there might be a chance of ultimate hnr- 'monions development, although there might now and then, in the interim, be a sharp jolt or two. But as they stand now, there is nothing but jarring and jostling in the European political ma- chine the parts are constancy getting out of order and of place Its nor- mal state is one of eccentric movements; it will not go forward; it would go back- ward if it could, hot that is not possible; the consequence is that it moves in every direction but the right one. Thns the Emperor of Austria, having tried to back the engine into ire nnlv cnn offer. So would it be wiih the Hungnrians, By loyally and frankly accepting the tu'imi now offered to oil the provinces of the Austrian empire, they would not to be Hungarians, but they would have before them such n carei r us. a great empire like Austria could offer WP are much mistaken if tlieir conduct, under tin-sent circumstances, does not alienate from them the sympathies of the world, which brings UK buck to our orig- inal litttle common sense. rules the action of men Amcr. Money and Brains. It is very commonly supposed that there is a surplus of Labor and a deD ciency of Capital in thi' country und elsewhere.yet nothing could be more wide of the truth. There can be no such thing as surplus Labor, though it is pos- sible to crowd too many people within a limited area; as. for inslarce, into a city, whose trade is temporarily if nut generally insufficient to support .If the population of this country were double, treble, quadruple, ten-fold its present aggregate, it might be worse for the poor, because of the increased price of land, but not because of any natural and necessary dearth of employment re- sulting from increased density of popu- lation. For every thousand added to the population of u State or country in- volves increase of consumption as well as of production; implies eaters and wearers as well as growers and makers. The child born to-day is necessarily a consu- mer before it becomes a producer of wealth so usually is the freshly landed immigrant. A large and rapid influx uf population involves a largely increased requirement not only of food and clothes but of and arable soil. And in fact Employment is almost uniformly more deficii-nt in a community whose population is stationary or dimin- ishing than in one whose inhubitauts are rapidly increasing. The common notion that mere Capital is, a larger proportion of Wealth to the true and necessary basis of melioration in the employment and recompense of Labor, though it in propounded as an axiom by many writers on Political Economy, is at best inaccu- rate. A sudden and large increase of wealth in a community may improve tbe condition of its Laboring Poor, but does not necessarily secure fiat result. It may increase the cost of living more than the wages of Labor, and thus prove a positive bane to the greater immigration of a thons and unattended millionaires into this country would give employment to u considerable number of builders, furnish- ers, gardeners, domestic servants, but if they were only millionaires is, if they were simph rich people who came hither to spend their money is generally rocognizi-d as at once sol'': jjust, even when their means were innde- aiid p ofi.iible. Yet Capital and LiU.r j qinte ur their proceedings vindictive and ul'ieii rest and to llie detriment o1 wrong. both and of till, fur waul ol Brains to combine nnd set tlietn in motion. If. for example, any one had known enough Insl Spring lu hire a dozen old woolen factories, refr them, and net them to milking substantial Blue Cloth and IJl.tn- kels, lie might have made half a dozen f.rtlines e.re employing u large amount of Labor that lias stood unwill- ingly idle, and giving our wool-growers a qtnek inurkel and n fuir pr.ce for tlieir staple, which many have meantime sold for lees than thret-lourihs of present cusli Viilue. And so in ninny uther de partHieiils of industry. He who foresaw last June t.iiit onr nrmies would need nearly Half a Million substantial Over- coats by tlii? time, bus doubtless profiled by his fi.resiglit, as is but he has not profited iilune. The Nation is richer and stronger for his prescience. Had our farmers and machinists conspired to grow this year hulfa million tuns of Flax fiber, and to reduce iliat fiber to cuttcn or its equivalent by the cheapest and most ef- fective process (whatever that mny' they would have, at once enriched them- selves und the -Nation. A great War, such as we are now en- gaged and deranges Industry, but should not endtiringly arrest it. Tlie aggregate deoiand for products is less than in fact, it is greater it differs w idvly in kind. Of Silks and Laces, Jewelry and Gewgaws, we are buying very sparingly; but if-any one lias Rifles or Sabers to sell, let him just bring them along. Had all the idle persons in the loyal States been employ- ed since last April in making Anns.Uni- forms, Equipments, Cartridges, will) Shoes, Sucks, F.iantiels, Blindages, and other Tent nnd Hospital fittings and stores, there would have been no excess to-day. Yet thousands cause the demand for the particular fab- ric or ware they had been producing ftll off or stopped they must stand idle till the return of Peace! They hnd not brains enough to perceive thut brains alone were wanting to set them at work again directly, and perhaps profitably as ever. But it is happily or- dained that one roan's may profi- it millions, whether he designs or is in- different to that result. The world is full of wild projectors, moneyless and void of discretion, who would swamp a nation if they ejuld only induce capitalists to embark in the reali- zation of their projects. There are also capitalists so timid and incapable thnt the noblest ideas are stifled and starved through their lack of perception and faith. Such capitalists do not enrich a coun'ry any more than such projectors promote its industrial and social develop- ment. But tnippy is 'he nation.the age, which rejoices in a perfect understanding and accord between its Money and Y. Tribune. But our southern rebels look to whol- ly different They make war upon a free and beneficent government, against which no man bus ever rightfully uttered a complaint, not to further any great principles of hntrnriity, but to grat- ify their selfiMi ambitious. They break away from n republic whose corner-stone is frt-edum, to erect another republic whose coruer'-stone shall be slavery They endeavor to overthrow a society which has conferred unlimited privileges and bn the human race, and which is leaping forward more rapidly in the career of civilization than nny other on the globe, to form another society in which the generic forces of civilization nre fatally fettered and paralyzed. They Andy Johnson and the Tennessee Exiles. Hon. Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, said, in his speech nt Columbus last week, referring to a visit to Camp Dick Robin- son The other day, when I stood in (he presence of two housand Tenneaseeans. exiled like, myself from their homes of comfort end the families of their love, I found that my manhood and feruness of mind were all nothing, anj that I was only a child. There they were.my friends and" fellow-citizens of uiy beloved Slate, gathered upon the friendly soil of Ken- tucky, from the tender stripling of six- teen to the gray-haire.d fathers of sixty, all mourning the evil that bus befallen onr hind and our homes, but all seeking for arms wherewith to go back and drive are not con ent, with a political experi- the invader from our fields and hearth- ment which has converted the wilderness i stones. [Applause] I essayed to of an immense continent into teeming sprak to ihetn words of counsel and eu- precipitate the crisis which M. Deak and bis followers are beut upou producing. They are playing the pan of Jell. Daus Co. Tuere is no contest betwt'in the Court and the people, between despotism aud liberty Tue Hungarians du nut wish to gel rid of Francis Joseph; on tbe comrary, they are quiet willing lu re- tain bun as iheir king only they waul a Parliament of their UKII Uie; dun't like sending deputies to a geutrul council Tliey are content to be thfc subjects of Francis Joseph, King of Hungary, but not to form a portion of tbe subjects of Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria, Singularly enough, their leaders disclaim the idea of breaking up Austria into two States yet they put forward claims which can only produce disruption They do not impugn Uie emeacy of die institutions granted to the wnuie people ihev liave not pointed out defers ur fauhs which justify suspicion, at.d which ihev demand to be removed before they give in their adhtsiou to ihe new curisu- tntion r.or have tliey eien coroplai.ied of ihe. share allotted to H mirary HI the national represeuta'.iun They baie 110! txprrsced dissHlisfacilon with ihe coiifiiin'ion, i.or any jr amendments in occupy nt the pre'cnl moment the fame toward Austria that Scotland did to- ward England ot the '.naecf tlie legisla- tive onion ol the two countries The Scotch, generally, were opposed !o raw are, not bccWe they de- prirecJ of afir.ele iota of Ibtir liberties, or their religion TVB.S to be r- fTf-d Tib, bol N-'-eurt ir- and enjoy immigration would be a questionable benefit to the country and its L .borinir Class. For ihe real need of this as of most cuuntrie.-. is i'Ol So much Money us Bruiii> is, the capacity united with disposition to organize and give efficiency tu Labor, thus utilizing produelive ca- pacity and beneficially cn-ating wealth. Eli Whi.uey, by his invention uf the Cot- ton more to the wealth of our Planting Slates than all the rich men who ever settled within their Fitch and Fulton, by making steam nav igation practicable, have added more to the real wealth of this country than nil the capitalists who ever settled in Watt, Arknright, and iheir Bri com- peers in invention, who, by their steam- engine, spinning jenny, made Enir land the world's win k.-hup thron-rli her temporarily unrivaled cheapness of pru auction, were the real conquerors uf Na- poleon, though ihe glory was ascribed 10 Xtlsun and Wellington. In every is a fluctua- ting residuum of unemployed Labor- that is, of unused capacity for tlie pro dncliun of wealth and lie is a public benefactor who devises anJ calls into ac- tivity tlie means when by this residuum is sensibly reduced. If, for should appear who would show Characters of the Rebellion, The German mind, with that clear philosophic insight which is one of its principal characteristics, discovers the true nature and ln-Hring the revolt against the quiet of the Uul ed Suites. In a late iiumUer uf the PrtnitxmcliH Jahrbwlier, all able quarterly periodi- cal uf Berlin, we find this staled with re- markable distinctness and The revolt of the southern people against the Aiiie-icsiii Union, it says, differs Irom every other revolt in his'ory, and pro- ceeds upon principles altogether unknown in Europe. I. is not a n bullion of the people against an unrighteous and op- pressive a.ithority, but uf a dissatisfied class ugairst the people. It is a Cunfllc-t I between u stagnant conservatism und a genuine progress, between despotism and lioerty, between lu.uurmlism, to us pnviiieends, and ide.ili.sm loukinsr to j the flood of the race, between a, relic of :eud.-il barbarism and tin; inspiialioiis of the nine.tenth century. Tliis is n true view uf the case. Tht southern rebellion reverses the precedents uf hisiun, and appears in a wholly new character. There have been civil wars in different nuiiuns, in which tbe vnriuus parlies uf the state have contended fur mastery '.here have been outbreaks of the masses, in greater or less numbers, against the constituted authorities but nevnr before IIHS there been so wutHon us how nnd deliberate an attempt to annihilate a 10 make Ihe inmates of each alms-house earn their own subsistence, including ihe rent of the premises occupied and culti- vated bj them, lie would be everywhere hailed as u soci-d deliverer. Yet this has been done in special localities and for a term of years; what we need is the genius able to render the achievement universal and uufbiling. And if one s'.ould cotne forward and offer guaranties that he ivonld, if the field were conceded to him, rive food.shehtr and cluthi'ig to all were able ond willing to gite him, IIUTV- ever in reiuri', he Tvould 1 deserve and receive the warmest nccla 1 mations-, because he would fave millions of dollurs ".qunnderc-d in bu! urde.se.rrtd alms-giving, would rescue crowds from iha! career o! idle ar-.d useless rrjeudit.-i'.v which, though perhaps in absolute need, if apt to prolonged f.hf. r raoial and thus to end in 'hpravj-iy end crime. Ye-S the creal of ibe ape i? not govern in en I which hnd never practised nny abuse, and which the rebels them- selves admitted to be tbe best in the not Id. Tne insurrections of the Roman provinces against the Empire were the TP actioi'S of a sunject pi-ople against an overshadowing centralism the various peiii-ant wars of the middle ages were the atroinziiip throes of a pour down-trod Jt-n class of laborers against the enormous outrages ol a corrupt and merciless priv- ileged class and the fearful uprisings of ihe Fie.'th mobs .iguitisl ihe tion of XVI., were only the cul- mination series of popular discon- tents, which, under the wicked snd lici-n- nell mciinl tious rule of the Inures, had been nl.iie he erini; head fur iicjr'y two hundred years. Ihe Fame w.iy. in all the mii.or rejoin- unris of Europe, i'i Italy, in Spain, in Ilui.gury, in Ireland, the were 1 induced to rite ftp-strict be- cnnse that rule fell to be iniquitous. i nrijoci and tyrannical. In every i iht insurgent's de'ijued to oi-er.hrovi a'i fields, covered it with prosperous villages, filled i's homes with plenty, sent tbe rich products nf its industry to tbe ends of the earth, opened its hospitable mansions to the poor, the distressed and the wrong- ed of all climes, and won a prlurious name among the tuitions. But the black and hateful spirit of the primeval Satan, when he "eyed vith jealons leer malign" the luxuriant beauty of the early Paradise, has embittered their hearts and piqued their envy. They have longed for other fields and another poli'y. They have lonsrcd for a state in which the many, deprived of the chance of future advance- ment, should be hewers of wood and drawers of water, and themselves the su- preme and only lords. Visions of an equatorial empire danced before tlieir an empire surrounding the Gnlf uf Mexico, as ihe ancient Roman empire surrounded the Mediterranean whose wiiiffs should be the cotton, the snirar, the rice and the spices of the rich tropical regions, and whose base, the eternal servitude of the African For that splendid dream they let slip the doirs of war, arrested 'he prosperity of thirty millions of people, turned robbery, arson and rape into the bosom of their own communities, and hazarded the peace of the whols civilized globe. There is, moreover, a no less striking contrast in the characters of the men who promoted this rebellion aud that of the agents of other rebellious, than thore is in the grounds on which they have re- spectively -firoeeejltd. A cause which has no more moral worth in it than the canse of an incendiary who wantonly fires his neighbor's house is not likely to attract a liieh class of supporters In other creat revolts, visionary and ursrtc cpssful as they may have been, the chief agents have often won the admiration of mankind by the dignity and nobleness of their devotion. Thns, the Americans hnve had their Washington, the Poles tlieir the Italians their Qnri baloM, the English their Humpden, and the Hungarians their Kossuth. All were men of a probity and honor which evon their enemies were forced to resuect. In the wild insurrection of the Irish in 1790-8 'he lenders were moved by gen- erous sympathies nnd exhibited the lof- tiest traits of heroism snd personal in- tegrity. Tlie of Fitzzer.dd and Emmet still kindle the love of those who would not hnve approved ihe objects of iheir enthusiasm. But our southern rebels will leave no such Scarcp'v a conspicuous man among them is a man of estimable virtues. Jefierso! otherwise reputable perhaps, was a wilful rcpudiator; Stephens is a rene- bptrayed the cause he had elo- quently defended; Slidell, a blackleg nnd a peculator; Floyd, a thief; Ben- jjnmin.no better; Rost, their commis- I sinner in Pnri.i, a fraudulent purveyor of estates Wisrfill, a betrayer of trusts Prvor, a others, eorrupt anH reckless speculators The illustrious and best viriiip of ihe Sonth shrinks from the contact with such characters. It has retired into the shnde it is no loneer seen in the frnnt ranks at.d base and selfish natures usurp the general control. Thns the American rebellion has no elevation of principle to relieve its crimes, and will have no exalted person- to diirnify its fall No hich, gener- ous or holy purpose will propitiate the criticism by which an impartial posterity will judee it; and no amiable and sweet, hnt missrnided, enthusiasm in the char- acter of its perpetrators will throw o'ten- der charm over the recollectiens of its misdeeds. _Y I" Post. mine-exiled! And Was it sleep more _than to any other cause. Hud we violated iiny law fouragement, but speech was denied me. I stood before them us one who is dumb. If it be true that out of the fullness of the heart tbe mouth speaketh, it is also true that the heart mny be too full fir the utterance of speech. And such were thousand of us exiled Tonnes- seeans, and all silent Silent as a city of the dead But there was no torpor there. There were the bounding heart and throbbing brain, there were the burning cheek and the blazing eye, all more eloquent than ever were the ntler- ings of human speech. of that throng of exiles, who had wan- dered among the mountains and hid iti their caverns, who had slep'. in the forest and squeezed themselves, one by one, through the pickets of the invader, each was now offering comfort and pledging Ddeli y to the other. Tonth and uire were bunding together in a holy allia.iee that will never yield till onr 'country and our fliig, our Government and our insti- are bathed in the sunlight of pence, and consecrated by baptism of patriotic blood. [Vociferous ap- plause.] There were tlieir homes, and there too is for crime Had we offended the majesty ol our Gov- ernment, or duue wrung to any human being Nay none of these. Our fault, and our only fault, was loving our couti- j try too well to permit its betrayal. And for this the remorseless agents of that "sum of all secession, drove us from our families and firesides, and made us exiles and wanderers. But the itme shall soon come when we wanderers will go home [Cheers.] Fordepeud upon Tt, my friends, this monstrous ini- quity cannot long subsist. Sume bolt of Heaven's righteous vengeance, "red witii uncommon wrath, will blast the traitors in the.r high estate." But whatever they may they may ravage our" State and make desolate our homes though they convert tbe caves of our mountains into sepulchres and .turu our valleys and plains into grave-yards, there is still one thing they cannot never can, while God reigns, make East Tennessee a land uf slaves! A BOtTTHEHir SONG. Oh, we're a sauny Southern Gentlemen all, gentleman all; Tha chivalry of Ducitj'd UentlHinen all, gunueuien all. We live one of the must able and popular men o, I the West, and his spirit is I by the ministers wuti whom he ii aimed. Ai the lute u! the ili.- irjiB Conference, which embraces but j small portion uf the siaie, noi less tnun 1 ten clergymen reeened npj'Oitiiracn.s 1 chaplains 10 ilie having 1 been cbifecii lu 5" poMUuu Ly UK. pauper suUiuritieN. Tlie oilier are also giu.'g SUUJK ul ilien 1 ben tceu lo ibe aork. SCOLPISG AND GOVERNING 1 writer Buys I never knew a fceuldiiif: p'.'fton tbai was lo gureru a family i makes people scild? Bet-aus-e Ibey govern ibfiDWtlvw. How, i then tan ibey govern others 1 who Kuitni Ttil are pentraily are asd Those calm; Rapidity of eatiup, lack of exercise, heated rooms, over anxiety of other coupes, contribute to the ]'H health and abreviated lives of our city popu- lation, but the going to bed too late and rising too early we believe to be produc- tive of more sickness and prematdfe deathc than any of these or all of them combined Dr. Hall, in bis Journal of Health, concurs fully with Dr. Wiudship as to the necessity of longer sleep than the majority of men allow themselves Indeed we know of no respectable ffiedi- cal sanction for the shortening the term to sir or seven hours. We know very many men who are rarely in bed before midi'ight.yet are always tip by six o'clock in the morning. Such men are exhaust- ing their vital force.prematurely. Thej never can reach the limit of three score years and tun, much less live far beyond it, as almost every man may by taking care of Reg. "To THE this is, unfortunately, a pretty considerable class uf uur people, just now, a word of comfort and advice may not be oat of so far as the great body of onr readers who are out of the range of war operations are eonterned, they should have less need for toe advice, to far as the mere business concerns of life .are concerned, than any other no one can Ue indifferent to the awful con- dition of the general affairs of onr coun- try. But to onr purpose: Says of the Newburifh Daily News: ''Come, now be cheerful; if yon cannot pay yonr debts immediately, do the yon can, and pay them as you are able. Care killed a cat. If you have not fifty cents to luxuriate upou the delicacies of the season, appropriate half of the amoant for something more substantial and R hole- some, kiss your wite, if you have one; if you have not, kiss some pre'ty girl and marry her acts of des- peratiim frequently result happily and beneficially in their efft-cis If yon any childreti romp with them if you have nor, romp with your neighbors. Look upon tbe bright side of uu a cheerful your mind in the right trim, and if yon find that your native place will not support ,ou, puck up and volunteer for the war. At all events be cheerful." THE GREAT RUSSIAN TELEGRAPH Colonel Rumanoff, of the Imperial Rus- sian Engineers, has come to this conntrr with Mr P. McD Collins.Uni ed commercial airent at the Arnoor the purpose of into our tele- graph system. A line from Moscow to Hebrinc's Stmits (a larce portion of K alrciidy rumplcud) in con- and it is propos-d to extend n. n-sr nf Prince of Wales'1; Cape S.in Fr.iticisco to St Lonis. -hos t-oiiiier'intr Russia and United Statet a d iiiii'iiis nli the principal nr :h" world croseji p the A'lan-. The propnerd details sre sll Cnionel Roronnnff 10 remain iti the. Utiiied States about vrri tn 'ii FP M TDK 'ri'fn I-T 'lie stearapr irivc a L'l'V'Tiy fic-coont of the yste of I society ihere, ibk-b IK inrlv The poorer dssset trc suSTerinc narh, and really tired of tbo war, whikt 'be tspslthy and were still full of Btfht. Tbft por- ernrti' nt purchased nearly th-- cof- in afti to topplr rt a TV EWSPAPER NEWSPAPER!