Peninsular News And Advertiser (Newspaper) - September 27, 1861, Milford, Delaware from the (Ky.) Jonrual. The Solemn Duty of toe United States Government, The presenf unhappy war was beenn by the South, begun for the sake of Dis- union, and wns accepted and is carried on by the United States for the sake of the not, we hope, in vain. We know from the testimony of numer- ous Southern men, who dare not speak aloud in their own-homes, that there are multitudes of men in the South who are at heart for the Uuion, who, in their se- cret sonls, are "praying to the United States for deliverance almost as they Cray to Heaven for salvation, and who, if ever the power of the United States shall relieve them from the thraldom that now crashes their political lives out of them, will be able to assert and maintain a sn- Dremacj in fcueir respective States. We have not an eartfilf doubt that there are a majority of States whose people.thongh other States the same thing- Each ond every Slate remaining even temporarily in the United States would feel'that U had the power to assert nnd maintain its right of either seceding into ihe Southern Confederacy or of estab- lishing, together with such oilier Stales as it might be able to carry with it, independent sovereignty, and it her ruins, and we fully expected to find her population swelled from six and a half up to seven millions, even that being more than a million less than it was twenty years ago. Those journals, honest in their statements, and are no less surprised and saddened tlniii wo are by the disimil result. That would result is the loss, in the last decade, of lUUeUtllUCll n ov i exercise this fancied right whenever lor or nearly one million people.-- any cause.frivo'Ions or otherwise it should i _-_ npta of the become dissatisfied with the acts of the Government of its section. What is now the United Slates, as distinguished from the Confederate States, would almost certainly, within half-a-dozen years, con- sist of half-a-dozen petty and jarring powers, with no common bead. a majority of States wnose lhat now apparently unanimous for southern S independence, would if the deadly weight of a relentless despotism were lifted from their minds, hail the restoration of the Union as the ironed prisoner of a dun- -i_ At._ rtf find's blessed The same or even worse would be the condition of the States of the Southern Confederacy, based, as that Confederacy avowedly and would be, upon the as- sninptioii, as a fundamental principle of every State or every ever be recog The census for 1841 ,-'51 thus in the nearest ten thousands Four mora decades like the lust would leave in the "Green Isle" but inhab- itants two more, such as the last two, woald expatriate or starve all but 000. We do not look for ruin like that recuperation must, ot some day, and in some way, surely the descent-Can hardly stop above five mil- lions. Really, the British journals might better look at home for an ''effete" king- dom crumbling fast into decay. try, Mr. Weston denies that either iw proportions or its nature are such that we have no resource but to fold our hands and await ihe solution of the prob- lem by the mysterious action of Divine pious resignation, he pointedly frequently taught by those who never leach or practice it on any other subject. The evil is not and hus not been an increasing one rela- tively to thu means of relief from it. The question of tlie feubibility of emanci- pation is to be considered noi in relation lo the absolute number ai.d value of the slaves, but to thuir relative number and value as compaied to the number and wealth of the entire nation. Now, il appears from the successive censuses of the United States that the slaves who existed at the time of ihe adoption of the Cuns-imiion were of far greater relative importance, numerically and pe- cuniarily, than the at present in existence. The relative hails the return of God's blessed sunshine, and would greet with exulta- Eeon lion even the little privilege of giving free expression to their opinions. The present positions of several of the Southern States were never chosen, and have never beea endorsed, by the citi- zens of those States. Secession ordman- by legislatures never el- ected or'attthoriaed to act upon the sub- ject: such legislatures placed all the military and pecuniary resources of their States at the disposal of the Southern invited the Confederate armies to an immediate occupation of their territory and, after doing all this, they granted to their enslaved and man- acled people the empty aud miserable mockery of the privilege of deciding whether their States sl-onld or should 'not go into the Southern Confederacy. Of course, where the people would glad- ly have shouted "No" by tens of thons- a solitary "Non was heard. The States, transferred mon- strons and Heaven-defying 'fraud and violence to the Southern Oontederacy, are now subject to its tyrannicallaws and requisitions, and their people, who have not i free voice their own destinies, are looking for freedom to a power out- side ofthe dominion of the deadly tyran- ny under which they draw their breaths. It would be a fearful thing that the loyal millions in the Confederate States should be permanently abandoned by the Uni- ted States to the miserable doom to which, through no fault of their own, they have been subjected: Onr trust.onr conviction is, that, if the mighty armies of the Republic, defied as they have been to strife, shall plant the standards of the United States at enough points to guar- antee perfect freedom of thought and word and deed to the whole South, a large majority of the people of many if not all, of the Seceding States will de- clare their loyalty in a thunderbnrst ot joyous enthnsiasm. The policy of accepting peace on the nized as having the right to establish an independent government or independent government at will There would be no government in either section fit to be called one, Qur country, that wo have been so proud of, would be in a worse condition than the miserable little Re- Indeed, they are looking at home.- the wmlcs has been enormously greater r U.nt tif the. JitooL-o nnH nt nrt No pretend- Soath could publics of South America, ed sovereignty North or ever obtain from abroad a loan of even the most inconsiderable amount, for European nations would scorn to intrust their money to governments not even claiming to embody any principle of self-preservation. The powers which have not dared to provoke the warlike energies of earth's great Republic would deride ns in our helplessness, and, by the presence of even a single man-of-war, compel us to yield obedience to their haughty and tyranical dictation. Hor- rible servile insurrections would break oat everywhere in the slave-holding re- gions, making fields and are-sides deso- late. Masses of s-laves, first from the Slave States nearest to the Free States.aud af- terwards from those more remote, would by stealth and others the last vestige of slavery would disappear. All the petty powers, jealous and hostile, would have to keep standing armies, vast in proportion to the means of supporting them, the consequent taxes would impoverish the people to the point of hopeless and irre- To veil this damaging disclosure of the effects of England's rule on the fair island, w hich she has so long chained aud forced to help draw her conquering car, they are darkening reason, distorting figures and perverting facts. The last Dnblin University Magazine strives hard to whitewash the discreditable truth by showing lhat there has been no real de- crease of population, and, therefore, no blame attachable to the British Govern- ment, or lo Irish landlords; and the Times and its Dublin correspondent join iu this absurd attempt to hoodwink the world. The Magazine and the Times, giving the same figures with ours above, yet claim iu the last decide a gain of than that of the blacks, and at no penoc has it been so great ns iu the decade be tween 1850 and 1860. At this mcmcii the slaves constitute only abont one eighth of our population. In the Britisl colonies, where the blncks form four fifths of 'the population, they have been freed with perfect safely to the comma nity, and au experience of nearly thirl years has shown that the wlii es, eve where the relative numbers of the race are so immensely disproportioned, ha' nothing to fear from emancipation. I this country, therefore, all apprehension on the subject may be dismissed as idle and cowardly. It cannot be dangerous, argues Mr. Weston, to free a class num- England and the United States. Lasdoa Times b greatljr lia A proportionate emigration iis country in the next tea years, on pre- scly the same scale as IhalTroia Great ed abont oor prospecrs, Jritain, would rid us entirely of cnr slave icaa war opulntion, and be carried onl. uf warse, m H ith our immense maritime resoniws, at aud writer of tlie much less expense and trooble than the ictu osr ieau daily; xodus which has peopled til? antipodes with the English Y. Tribune. HOT YET. EV W1LUAH CTIiES etc. Its Amer- on .ha pecuur, y S esBentially iu his de- It mot have occurred to ererrbodv here that some special reason Time? ir. its, rroakinjr about ilie iuipolitry of incurring an enormous debt. Our coiiDtry Ims never been heavily taxed by the yovrrnineut, the fime has at length arrived when we should adopt a firm, vigorous and. permanent policy, frerii from the fl'.ictnations of commerce, and reliable fi-r yielding n repnlur support 10 '.lit- national chest.-- U. is. Gaz. 0 country, martvl of tip Ob, realm to snd-Vn Tlie aie that cloned in ihy Inrti Shall it behold tbee f SUall traitors lay that No: land of hope aad blesshc. So! And we who wear tliy Morions name. Fhall we, cravens, stand apart, When tbose whom then hast trusted aim The death-Wow at tby generous heart Forth coes the batfle c.rr and 3o'. Hosts rise ia harness, shouting So'. AuA they who fcm-nded in oar Jam! The power thai from sea lo sea, Bled they fn vain, or vainly plannrii To leave thfir country a2l fjiee Tlieir sleepinc ashes from Mow Send up the thrilling mnrjnnr, So: Knit hy the gentle ties which Jnn; These sister Slstes were prowJ 30 war, And forced the kindly Jinks so j For idle in sport lo For scornful hands aside to throw Ko'. by onr filters' memory. So! Our humming marts, our condition of recognizing the independ- ence of the Southern Cjnfederacy would be a terrible one. Nay. it would be a policy that we bnt feebly characterize by the word teirible. It would be the ever- lasting death, of the great and glorious hope that now lives in the hearts of tens of millions upon this continent and hun- dreds of millions throughout the civilized world. It would be the destruction of the mightiest work that the spirit of freedom has ever done upon the What has been the admiration and the wonder of the nations would be their pity and their scorn. Let no one delude himself with the thought or fancy that a Government, a nation, has not a right to defend itself, by all the powers nnd ener- gies at its command, against disruption and dissolution. To do this is, as a gen- eral truth, among a nation's most sacred rights and its highest and most solemn duties. The nation that should not rec- ognixe and assert the right and the duty would be the object of all mankind's con- tempt. Surely no human being supposes that England, or France, or Spain, or Austria, or Russia, if a portion, even a majority of a section of either of those kingdoms or empires should assert the right of erecting their section into an in- dependent realm, would permit the right irievable ruin. Hundred and thousands sperate men, accustomed to blood violence, and having no means of ibsistence for themselves and families would organize gangs of ban- ditti, such as for years have infested Mexico. But this condition of anarchy or half anarchy could not last forever, or even very long. From the midst of all the confusion and lawlessness and strife, some bold master spirit would spring up, and, rallying thousands to his standard, pursue his conquering and devastating march until the whole of what has been the United States would be made a bloody and relentless despotism, as drear and remorseless as any one recorded in history. A nd now the question is whether the United States through a dread of the in- conveniences and even the great suffer- ings and sacrifices of the war that is upon us, ought to accept this condition ot things for the sake of a brief, n hol- low or a nominal peace. To onr minds it would be a dreadful crime against God and the human race. It would mark the present generation of the people of this country as the guiltiest enemies and mur- derers of freedom in all the history of the world. Our glorious old fathers of '76 bequeathed not more to us than to the generations that are to come their posterity as well as great and magnificent inheritance of the Union. vice a loss of and 122, 000 more residents in Ireland now than iu 1841, instead of less As how We quote, italicising salient points. "Theactual population in 1851 was Ic 1861 it is This would show a decrease of But when we deduct for emigration, and for recruits for the army, we shall have a positive increase of RESIDENT population of nearly half a million in ten years." Thus her emigrants are siill RESIDENTS of Ire- land, and if all her sons should leave her shores, they all would live there yet Her dead of the last decade are still more resident, and why not count in her whole mortuary list For this, and for trash still more preposterous, see London Times, August 30th. Now, why this sad, continuous depop- ulation Iu vain may Dublin essayists and English sophisticates talk of Irinh laborers nocking to build English rail- roads and ply E'iglish factories. Why do they thus crowd ont England's own half-clad and half-fed millions Why does not Ireland busy her needy sons on lengthening railways and in humming factories of her own Idly do these babblers say that she has no vnst cities, Hor world-wide commerce. Why dues she not possess them Why does Dub- lin grow downwards, and why is not G-alway another Liverpool Under a jrood government and wisely liberal land- holders, population and wealth would have swelled, and with them all these things would have risen and flourished of themselves. No the great causes of this sorrowful decadence are government by England, and mismanage- ment by the landlords. These produce and foster two more among the people and a fixed hos- liliiy to the English rule. These causes, now bat barely named, are stubborn, staring facts, which no sophistry can evade, nor whitewashing conceal. Of all public themes this is one of the most mournful. If the picture of a ''De- serted by one of her most gift- The hoarse Atlantic, nrh his bays, Tlie calm, broad ocean of the And Mississippi's torrent flotr. And loud Niagara answers, 5o I bering only one eisluh of the population, and composed of a race peculiarly re- markable for mildness and docility, and for the readiness with which it submits to control. It is alleged, however, that the blacks, if ctnaneipaled.woulJ increase so npidly j as lo overwhelm with their numbers ihe white race at no distant period, and thus Africanize the Southern States. Those who make this assertion are also in the habit of an argument against emancipation, that the blacks cannot thrive except in slavery, and that in a sute ef freedom their numbers invariably diminish. Without undertaking to rec- oncile the contradictions of these theo- rists.it may be assumed as an established Kot yet the honr is nirh, Who. dtvp in -ft-m Earth's nn. itfi 111 say. Proud country, vrtk-ocw to She So soon art then, lifcf n-, l.iongisJow f" 5o! sullen group of For no "7 iLe iiiat The Iclory in our Jiiiui-Jfe" diys. Strong, as of old, to p3nj-J and That niichty arm which On clouds Sr-l.is Significant News from Richmond, Baltimore, Sept. The Awn-ii-an has received, by the hands of a refugee" from Virginia, spterul Viiginiu papers, iiicluilinir thf llichmond Whig, of ihe 6th, tthirh contains a remarkable letter from Franklin Minor, bitterly de- noui cing the udiuinistrationof JeffDuviF. The Richmond Examiiur, of the 12th, snvs It is evident to every in- observer, that the embittered remnant of the party, fully represented in the Virginia Convention, is bent on the organization of a regular opposition to the Government. Under all the names that it has borne, that ele- ment in our politics has been invariably azainst the Southern, and though the events oi last spring annihilated its ma- terial form, or at least caused it to dis- appear from ihe public view, it exists always wiih nnditrinisbcd virulence, and the opportunity to spring into sight apiin." The following article in the Rirhmond over the initials doubt from the pen of Franklin Minor Canasiiaa possessions are dan- J To tdium it may '-t-rasslT Gesr ES and In case of a war The following private letter to the I tsa- raise no such armies as editor is from au old persona! friend, but a-eare Moreover, the chief, long separated by party, and one of the obslirie has prevented the C.irm- Brst iu position and intellect in the great fwKB joiuitt- us has been slavery, eoairy of Alberaarle. It was obviously --d it ts clear to the sagacity of iiot dt-siitned for publication, but on that f.jr British or ebe j tic larore sonid tengstuee have exhaust- i ed Tie no doubt, is to i the integrity of the icrval repnb- 4 Sic, llse venr tttrcg of all others which I tot desire and Fwuce fears i Ocr Tjst marine and the 1 pix ss of our navy have induced the 2Tcst Ttiffers of tbe continent to regard us as KteSv to offer to the future :ui off- to the caral cower of Upon laod the strength ts insig- aiScaot, white the has imheno been her empire England herstlf has Terr so-rEv the ribio.fr greatness of a cattj-Ei spesfetuz berown tongue, and her i cacceaied has tainted much 1 of her Httretnre, and eororctl the dis- 1 coassesof ilr. Roebuck's reoart atotit the high tone we j bave ol'araTS in internal diplo- masT is of his country He i it audacity reason tor the coarse of Eng- En this crisis is, that she fears the surfs a irpmentloos military are now develoDtnsr be- JSriiEh statesmen that an emergency might arise saea they would find it ai- itajpQsstL4e ro restrain the iuipnlse oriviHssr ttw ttifo a union ES- To crrovL-ie airtfhit this she is send- 23JZ tt> tlii take frontier ostetisioiy, inat rtaii- to keeft down the ardor sf the arid seej> ei? our own seiven- rjortheni AgrieaJtare and tie War- In this the first preat crisis of oar tiny, the interests of the nonh most made subservient to ihe necessities of Us< times and of the country. Ils must consult, the siar.s of the Uses aod be governed accordingly. The A reason that should we sseeesffta ia tts the extraordinary spirit developed by it will five cs a psressise abroad tar exceeding any- thiEz" trs have previ.ictsly enjoyed. Our to this event, have beeu fact that if ihe increase of the black ele- pnrsujts incident to onr civilization aw <n t Vi ill rtnit ho on PVtl inf-rt it _ VL-, tnent in this country be an evil, in to way can it so easily bu checked as by emancipation, for it is perfectly certnin that the free blacks in the United States do not multiply in the same ratio as the slaves. So little is known of the recon- dite causes which, affect the progress of population, that no entirely satisfactory solution can be (riven of ihis phenome- non. The common explanation that the slow increase or positive decrease of the free blacks is owing to their miserable condition, will not answer In the first place, their condition is far better than it is commonly supposed to be by those who really know nothing; about them, and, had PS il may be, is' not nearly so bad as that of many populations in the old world who vigorously increase and multiply. And injhe second place, it is one of the best established facts of social science that the most miserable classes of a population sometimes increase most rapidly, while chisses enjoying every physical comfort rapidly decay. The eyperience of centuries has shown that in Europe children swarm in the huts of all yielding to this policy. We ing to husband our it-sources so as to avoid the calamities of the war as scnch as possible, and as things progress ii is more and more becoming apparent ibst i the da o. lias-great, elastic and thrifty race and will adnpt itself to the erccrssias- ces. But above all it is of hat onr agriculture should tn its movements with the Fhat oar production should torms which the changed the country requires. These are various. It 3s that wo should cultivate extensively possible, for tbey fcoar ply the great export baas of merce, and mnsi the ef preserving iha balance of Our fathers of later guarded, transmitted periods received, the sacred, the magnificent bequest to us, to be in tarn passed down by ns to those for whom as for ourselves the patriots who won it by their blood ordained it And now should we, can we.dare we in the face of heaven and earth, stop the awful beqnest in its descent, shiver it into worthless frag- ments, destroy that which is not our own bnt mankind's for ihis and the coming ages, defraud of the richest blessing ordained for them by ihe sainted and illustrious dead of a dead century, very account it mav be the better sipn of thii.-rs unseen and the better serve to en- lijihten the Administration respecting the te'uper of the public mind Albemarle, August 29, Mosely: I am utterly disgusted with your man Jeff Davis and his man Walk- er, and I want to know 'f yon will pub- iU-b my spleen if I it. I have just receivL-d a letter froai M-anassas. Our troops there one day last week had noth- ing for breakfast but salt and potatoes were sent eight "miles at double qnick to meet a false alarm, and got neither dinner uor supper when they catne back to it vms not very COG- i camp. Now, Mosely, it is evident to- resWt to'anv cue to dispHte them, nor me that your Government is rotten iu bow to -range the head. oupht tojae spikea up ..g are onder-' where men can see him. Yon have won that, a great victory, and got no fruits front but it Yoa have had charge of the Gov- Islikkv even to increase it beyond -eminent for sis months, and have done The'pre-' nothing. No meat, no bread, no pow-- bounded: der, no tragons, no any'hing but salt peouie is irrepressible; and potatoes, and yoa Mug ont, tho to be unexpscletlly Government has the entire confidence of realth is becoming more the whole people.' Now, it hasn't the dependence upon fore- j and I want to know whether I cat have s-'a eanrsUfr's is lifcetv to be fair hLnring. Esost disastrous defeat does not crush The only smart thing I have seen i" Ocr reroperative poser seems ereo proposition to postpone the PresS- <TEaier The i deutial election. This is Bet purpose trade. lost Having, for ihe great vantage at ot- otaer possession of the cotton rebeSsoa shorfd be triumphant. tesrrf.t.ifitsi'is: dition to onr exporting staples. this cosies at once to onr faasds ia thns claimed to be practically asserted It is absurd to suppose that either of any claim'of a portion of their people to the right of self-government, would submit to dismemberment, submit to be divided into two kingdoms or em- pires. Sooner would they wage a war of centuries, a war as they would justly consider it, of national life or death. To submit to the (separation of the United States into two independent pow- ers, would not only the most fatal ex- itaiple that we could fret for the existing generation of men. nnd to all generations that ore to come after tn, bnt would ren- der the whole of the thirty-four Suits one of the feeblest and wretched portions of the civilized world AH oor old glory wonld be turned to midnight darkrtws. The two or two monarchies, snpporine thnt to he the number into which onr "onritry fhonltl at Brsi be divided, conlJ never remain one year at A thoasnnd woald render collleions between vhem iDeviinWp. Keithrr of thv two could the least f-ecnrilj agtiinu iu own diwritcirraUon and dissolution. The U. S. Government Washington btving the precedent of per- ttiltinc: or twelve or Efttrn Statf-5; to go off tt plcssnrr, could not ref-train swindle all the human race of this and all the future time of what myriads of millions have contemplated with grati- tude and adoration as the mighliesl boon of God to his creatures, and leave oor names to creak and blacken on the gib- bet of infamy as the names of men who cursed their race and shall be corspH by ed sons, was thought ns sad as beautiful, what think you of a deserted country? The Irishman has peculiarly sirong at- tachments to his land and When made by misgovcrnment or op- pression to leave it and them, and sail in penury and rags for a land of space and hope, of freedom and abundance, "He drags at each remove a lengthening chain." The songs he Erin is my Erin Erin go bnt his yearning heart voiced forth, as memory roams back over the wide ocean homewards. But vain the yearning; for his countrymen still follo'w in his wake. We have received and sheltered them in millions, and they have fed themselves. Most bravely have they fonpht for their adopted linid; and so will they always fisht against all the tyrant? and trailers thai may assail or insult her. England mov govern on', iheir landlords mav nil their much ilas long as there shall be an n'.mosphcre I countrymen from sn "effete" to beir the sound of a cnr-e upon its an ample room bosom J liV iha'i the Decadence of Ireland. Not lonsr ago the Lo-idon ftyied the United Slates "the rcina'ns o an republic Althesa-d tears doubtless net the editorial and blurred the joarr.aiiMic pace 1 then, rau'tihoy have the return? of the Into cc'i.-ss, that of ihe Sue--! on formir'gin nrca onc-fotirih an. cs a? -c; nte. 'ho by Sr-ancii-rs nc artlltd iSat we ro tort nf need of English t'Tst wccias'rd wi'I laKe ir-e i-mn thai the exhi'niiun t i be in thf cm, a or frwnr, raluablf to ir. oar -nrrm did of rot onr rerret to Mr and vehicl-s, and your weakness remains patent to them, till yoa reform the abuses of yonr Administration. smaries; tiling England did in ihe American war, was '.he rcformalion of abases iti full view of the enemy, and her ill too. Your enemies know you, arf rotten. You won'l tell them any- thing new by turning out Davis nnd his whole I .im decidedly ir. favor of, if they dou't show ihcmselves more efficient. "Bat all you editors ping 'Hallelujahs' daily lo Da'vis Co. It frets me. Yocr soldiers are starving; but so long as the President nnd can wear fine linen, ire., yon sing II won'i do, my friend. Sumebody must tell the people ihe pltiiu or we are iti ieti Freezing and stsrva'.ion Ftarc yon in the face for nest winter, and you call OP women ntil children to give op their blankets ai.d brxsd for the pol- diers The woman have supported war ?o far. Yon couldn't be in the field to Jjy hat for iheir Yoo've had the Government for seven months, and von confess ii.nbility by yoi.r 1 daily ways, ai.J --tiil jcu sptak of 'confi- 'dci.c-.' "it ttfinin? hourly, I assure y.-.p. nt J nnlev: jircss ont plainly, an.] thnl coon, it lust? I rloii'i know any poli ujar.e, and I don't care for i ny; b'nt I cnr; fur my country and ;he ITBTC ra< nre fichtine Jor nv. Pt.d it f.irs ray (.'fill them trcst- <-d o-iirse I trrnt my dogB tnd tocfi. j ibc- YankffR. know it. Show .f- -r home, you ,Kr "Verr will he then ly r iNEWSPAFERr NEWSPAPER!