Peninsular News And Advertiser, September 20, 1861

Peninsular News And Advertiser

September 20, 1861

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Issue date: Friday, September 20, 1861

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Publication name: Peninsular News And Advertiser

Location: Milford, Delaware

Pages available: 289

Years available: 1861 - 1863

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Peninsular News And Advertiser (Newspaper) - September 20, 1861, Milford, Delaware VQL. 17. MILFORD, DELAWARE, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER For Ibe and Advcrtlnor. Letter from Wilmington, ME. have for many months past, noticed with pleasure the bold and independent course of the NEWS AND condemning the traitors, Jeff Davis Co., and all their rebellions acts against tbe Government of the Uni- ted States, and at the same time, advo- cating the most efficient means to sup- press insurrecfion and humble those ty- rants and traitors of the Sooth. I am in principle opposed to" war, but the South and their leaders, it appears to left the Government DO alter- native; they must either submit to the dictation of tbe'Sontnyaod become their slaves and vossels, or suppress the rebel- lion by an enormous army, at an expense of thousands of lives, and millions of treasure, or by the war power proclaim at once freedom to all. If that was done I see no reason why the war should not be ended in less than six months, and with comparatively little destruction of life.and property, as the institution of slavery has been the sole canse of this unrighteous war, it wonld do away with this blighting cnrse.and then tbe North and South will become a united people. If slavery is abolished in America, emanci- pation will soon follow in Cuba, and then the slave trade with all its horrors eease, the cause of contention, jealousy and be removed, and we shall find the whole country, North and South will be united and happy, and this act of justice and humanity will bring peace, happiness, and prosperity to our distrac- ted country. Should slavery be abolished by the war power, I have no doubt but what a large majority of the South wonld have to admit before five years, that this act of justice bad proved a blessing to the majority of the South, then, and not till then, will the South become the gar- den spot of these once United If slavery is not abolished by the war power, I fear this rebellion cannot be put'down, and peace restored without immense sacrifice of life and Unless Government authorize the arm- ing of colored volanteers.from the North, who are ready to offer their service to go OuuiVand flght ODfoattles for the fleliv- of the slaves from bondage and oppression, 5 to of oar soldiers officered wonld strike more terror into the hearts of the slave holders, for benefit this secession movement was commenced, and now carried on, than five times the number of the white race; tbe slaves by thousands wonld join tbem, when within reach, and by so do- ing would strike terror into the hearts of the cruel slave holders. I am fully convin- ced there never can be a true and lasting Union of the 34 States of this country till slavery is abolished, and therefore I tfbnld urge those in power, having the authority to do so, at once to proclaim freedom to every slave in the land. In that way the war will coon be ended.and the effusion of blood cease, after which cruel, and wicked, as many of the trait- ors have been in this unrighteous seces- sion, I would advise the Government to forgive alt, and show their magnani- mity, provided Jeff Davis and his delu- ded followers would-lay down their arms, return all tbe property they have robbed the Government of, as far'as in their power, and return home, and hereafter become whst they never yet have been, loyal citizens. Onr President and Cabinet may at present spurn this advice with contempt, but'I anrmuch mistaken if one or the other of tbe plans above named will not be adopted before the war is ended, in case the North wonld secure the friendship, confidence, and aid of the slave. If something of this kind is not adopted soon, we raay have four millions in tbe South our enemies, that we might without cost or labor have as very effi- cient friends. UNION. Aug. 25, 1861. How the Southern Army is Provi- ded For. The editor of The Richmond Eoram- iner ia a. reckless sort of fellow, and in- sists upon grumbling io fine style in spite of the rebel despotism, and tbe censor- ship of the press. lie is an undoubted fire-eater, and a classically educated des- perado. The following is from his paper of August 30: We have said in the beginning of this war, aad we repeat it, that "behind every victory or- defeat stalks the ghost of a commissary." Whatever the fortune of particular battles, that of the campaign will be mainly decided by the health, of the army. The penny-wise, pound-fool- ish policy which we have witnessed in the transactions of the Tarnishing depart- ment, is as false to the spirit of the South as to its needs. Food rendered unpala- table and unwholesome by the neglect of procuring suitable boilers and bake ovens, then by the absence of bakers and cooks in a coantry where they abound is one chief permanent canse of ill-health in onr camps another is insufficient pro- tection from the inclemencies of the weather. So many tents without fly cloths, let the rain spatter through and wet everything. Surely tar, at least, might have been found to make them water proof. Finally, the neglect of cleanliness, alike personal and public, and the facility with which whisky is cir- culated through our camps, concur to swell the sick list. A company of volunteers, encamped within a few hour's journey of ther re- spective homes, during a period of six weeks in midsummer, had never fresh meat or vegetables allowed them. They had bnt one axe in camp, and one old hammers, saws, or other TJTK BEST SPEECH or THE WAR Speech of Gen. McClellan on ToeRday mcnt had refosed to Jwt at Arlington heights SOLDIERS We have hnd oar last retreat. We hare seen onr last defeat. You stand by me, and I wjJJ stand by yon, and henceforth victory will oar nomber of Soolbernf rs (says the Ohio passing through Cin- cinnati this season to the North exceeds that of any preceding summer. Many of the fwniriet are those of officers in the Southern army. The hotel an average of a bnnJrcJ Sontbcrn- per diy. necessary tools, not even a pot in which to boil or stew, until the writer borrowed one for them of his own mo- tion from a neighboring farmer. They had not a single large fork, spoon or la- dle, bnt one common meat chopper, no fire-tongs or shovel, no pot four wooden trays of the smallest buckets, about one ol the common size, painted inside, to a dozen of basins still about half as many tin cups and plates, knives and forks as there are men In the Company. Many were without 6. change of cloths" for weeks together. They had not a matchsafe or tinder-box, no ser viceable lanterns or lamps, Not ovens or pans enongh to cook a whole meal-al a wed "by the nor other servants whatsoever. Their meat was nearly all fried, and their rations, wostefully pre- pared and wretchedly cooked, hardly ever went round without some one's being shared out. No wood was ever brought bnt the cooks dragged from the forest near by. The only time tbe men were allowed to bathe was immediately after tapper. They were officered by a West Point Captain.and all their officers were gentlemen of -refined culture, who kept their own servants, their own table, and ignored as-'much as possible the ex- istence of the men when off duty. Their Quartermaster and Commissary, for the company, are one person, was, as usual, a sergeant, who, as is customary evaded as much as possible the duties o: the commissariat. This state of things occasioced great discontent. The camp was always grumbling, but no member o company ever took npon himself to obtain, or even demand redress of griev- ances. A few wonld had they with the service was general. Treated worse than any negro slaves, they said among themselves: What if the South whips we die, the non-slaveholding whites will get nothing by it. They said much more than this, for they were virtually abolitionized by their position, and tbe; hod not culture or reason enongh to nn derstand the comparative advantages which- even the poorest white man iu the South enjoys, in consequence of a systen which checks foreign emigration and keeps arable lands always open to his in dustry. This company, which containec a fair proportion of intelligence and man hood, submitted passively to the priva- tions above mentioned within bairof their own homes. What thcn.can be expect- ed of soldiers far away from home, ant placed under physical as well as mora disabilities Here they were camped in a very healthy location, and too few in number to vitiate tbe air. The waters within shot abounded in fish. There was everything to tantalize, to provok tbe explosion of individual energies; bnt the very idea that they were soldiers par- alyzed tbem. When the writer, visiting tbe camp, represented its wants to its Captain, he was told that the Commissary Depart- furnish more than we have mentioned, and afterward, at another place, the only additions made were of rice and molasses, some sheet- iron cnmp kettles, half full of holes, and some little axes, beside what the Cap- tain Debased for the company ont of h'.s own The experience of this company is Mill verv favorable, on Ihe whole, as compar- ed with a great many others we coald name. Two acquaintance" meeting on a wel day, tbe one greeted the other "Beaotifdl rain thin, sir; thinrf ont of the Second friend, dis- not, sir; hope not Go! two there, sir.'' Affairs in New-Orleans. Correspondence of the N. Y. Tribune CINCINNATI, Sept. A young man, formerly a student of Antioch College, and who baa of late >een teaching at Gretna, a village across the river from New-Orleans, arrived here to-day, having left New-Orleans on Wed- nesday morning last. He availed him- self of his British birth to get throngh. He seem to think that there is more Union feeling in New-Orleans tbnn is jenerally imagined, and says that the Unionists are alarming the city by their strong though secret Two days before he left, the Custora- Honse was barely saved from being jlown up by a skillfully laid barrel of camphene. The man who planned the matter was taken, and-all mention of the aflair suppressed by be- cause of the peculiar saggestiveness of the method. TJhe Germans, he states, are constantly watched, and not consid- ered at heart loyal. Lately a company of 63 Germans deserted, and ran toward Lhe Bayon, and very nearly succeeded in reaching the United States They were overtaken and imprisoned. They assigned as their reason that the French placed on them all the heavy work of the camp; but it was generally believed that tbe Teutons regard all work as heavy that is done for the Southern Confederacy. There is no doubt that agents.with the means of bribery, are yet in the North. The Confederates have also gained some important facts thought the indiscreet talk ot some of our Irishmen, who, over liquor, have been "pumped" without knowing it. He came on with a number of troops as far as Canton, Miss., but there they all, without an exception, veered off for Virginia, which State they seemed to be in great haste to reach. Jeff. Davis is not dead yet. My informant says that Gen. Memminger has been seriously ill lately, and thinks, if the flags of the ene- my have been seen at half mast, that it may be for his death. He says it is al- most impossible to get news, a Masonic system prevailing among officials, and the people left to their own conjectures. The only way in which he can form any opinion as to the Confederate loss at Bull Run (which he tliinks was far grea- ter than onrs) was from the fact that there was great and wide-spread mourn- ing in New-Orleans, where it was stated that almost the entire loss of the army was from that city, and that wherever he went afterward, he found each other city draped In mourning, and claiming also that the wtSreloHT-was from ita midst. He says that our loss at Manossos is set down and this in a quasi-official way! The sensation produced by Fremont's proclamation threats aginst Gen. F.'s life were numerous and loud. No incident of the war has sent such terror though their hearts, and al- ready the difficulties in the way of men leaving their homes, if they happen to be in reach of Missouri lines, to enter the army, ore felt. My informant states that in some parishes of Louisiana there are now only about three whites to one hun- dred slaves left, and that a proclamation of emancipation by the Government would immediately disband the entire Southern forces, and pin every white man to his home instantly. There is not enongh risk of insurrection to keep men from leaving home, a very few watch- ful and completely armed men being suf- ficient to prevent conspiracy and collu- sion among the negroes for any purpose; but d proclamation of freedom to each who may reach tbe shadow of the United States flag is what the Confederates most fear, and what wonld resolve the whole Southern army into a Home Guard. _ ____ National Fast Day. Pastoral Letter to the Clergy and Lai ty of the Dioces of the State of Maryland.' DEAR BROTHERS months ago, at the call of the Chief Magistrate of the ctmntry then in office, I invited yon to tbe earnest observance of a day set apart for united appeal, by pnblic humiliation, fasting and prayer, to the pardoning mercies of God in behalf of this sinful and chastised people. We hove too much reason to fear that the humiliation of the nation at that time, however general and loud in pro- fession, was not of the kind which is ef- fectual to May the coarse of chastise- ment We had -griveonsly sinned in prond self-sufficiency, boasting compla- cency in our institutions and their atten- dant prosperity, and arrogant disregard of justice to tbe weak and to the strong, in onr national relations We are startled, rather than humbled by the outbreak of onr great calamity We yet fnHcd to be dnly impressed with a Fense of its fearfa! import, and the in- snfBciency of onr own mipht of wjcdom for onr deliverance from the impending evils. In a qnick succession of throrping horror? those evils have come npon us and from a land with the ben Wood of inhabi anu, arrayed each other in hondreds of t'hoaiands.or; I of bat lie-fields, w-e are railed on once 1 more to send up tbe voice of i sion to the God to whom vengeance be- lonpelb, in entreaty that He will hold His avenpng bond, and deliver from tbe jost jndpment of onr national sios. In'.he fulfilment of my ofsc" it is in- rnrabeM on me to leal it tbe of this dn'y l-y pro- of approjinsie Remembering the example and injunc- tion of the Apostle of the Gentiles, with the to "become as I have made little change from the Form of Prayer set forth in December The state of the nation has changed since then, The relative position of this State is ascertained. The duties of residents in Maryland as citizens are clear. The authority by which we ore now invited to approach the throne of grace is that which God has set over us, and which He bids us recognize as His, or resist only at the awful peril of rendering account to Him, By His express command we are bound to make in its behalf onr "supplications, prayers and interces- and in that way seek the attain- ment of "quiet and peaceable lifo in all godliness and honesty." Other courses involve us in the condemnation which the word of truth denounces against those who in "perilous" times show themselves "traitors, ready and highminded." In the present circumstances of citizens of ,he Uuited States in Maryland there can be no reasonable doubt in what direc- tion oar allegiance is solemnly pledged to the Searcher of hearts when we pray to Him to deliver us from sedition, privy conspiracy and rebellion. "Nevertheless, being painfully sensible liow largely even honest and pious men, in the pitiable weakness of human judg- ment, hood-winked by natural affection, social relations and surrounding influen- ces, may be hindered from the precaption of the strongest obligations of religions duty; and desiring that in this, our com- mon access to the throne of grace, thera may be no stumbling block at which any may have occasion to take offence, I have taken care to prescribe no petition iu which all who believe in the just govern- ment of God, and truly desire the ac- complishment of his righteous will, may not from the heart consent, without men- tol protest or reservation. If there be any among us still disposed to cast their lot with those who are in arms against their Government, my office concerns itself not with their political tenents or their social bias, farther than to warn them to take good heed lest they be fos- tering in themselves a delusion, the not unguilty fruit of self-abandonment to the trammels of party, and to the voluntary blindness of prejudice, nursed by pride of station, of influence and of connexion.' Now, I ask their prayers with those of their brethren, that, God wonld be pleas- ed to open all our eyes to tbe perception of the truth, as it concerns onr duty to our country; and all oar hearts to the reception of His grace, in order to our true repentance BintreM amendment of life, each in his several place aud sta- tion, and all of HS conjointly, as a great- ly sinning and greatly punished people. What we want is faith, faith to per- ceive that God is, and is a rewarder of them that ai ijently seek him faith to believe in Him and iu Jesus Christ whom lie hath sent; faith to find out that there are better things to labor for than the good things of this present life, b -t- ter uses of onr days and means than mak- ing haste to be rich; faith to lay the evil secrets of our hearts before oar merciful Redeemer and claim the cleansing influ- ences of his precious bloodsheding and prevailing intercession. After the great gift of faith let us jointly implore the blessing of humility true shuos pride of opin- ion as self-idolatory, and can bear to forego its own for others' good. "Each esteeming other better than let us strive together who shall most perfectly copy in his own life the lowly meekness which our Master sets before us as his example. la faith and humility only can we hon- estly seek peace and consistently pursue it; and they, to bfe true, must be given us of God, and sought of him in earnest supplication, with heavy avowal of our need. To this, therefore, brethren, I affec- tionately iuvite yon, and implore only in pnblic assemblage on the day set apart lor National observance bnt also continually, in every mode of approach to Uod in prayer, before and after the set time of solemn service, to supplicate onr Father in Heaven for the bestowal upon this people of His unspeakable blessisg of godly quietness iu public peace. Affectiouately and faithfully, Tour servant in Christ, WILLIAM R W HITTING HAM. Bishop of Maryland. Baltimore, Ang. 14, 1861. How They Served Traitors In Old Times, A correspondent the annexed extract from the Jonrncl of Congress of September, 1777. It will be seen that a strict was kept orer all per sons snfpected of being disloyal to the country, and that traitors had bnt litlle chance', either by "condcct or conversa- to help the enemy. It mny be that a similar coarse will be requisite on the part of onr Government to restrain the traitors of tbe present day. The States of Pennsylvania and Delaware arc threatened with im- i invasion from a powerful anny, i hare at the bead of ibe Chesapeake j whereas principle' of policy I and self-preservation requ're that ail per- sons who wtay he rroffinah'y fitfpfcird of aiding or abeting the of ibe enemy may be prevented from pursuing rncasnrfi injurious to pnblic weal S.bftrtforc That th? fxeco'uve author- ities of the of Pennsylvania, and to csuw all per- sons within their respective States, noto- riously disaffected, forthwith to be ap- prehended and secured, till such times as the respective States thiuk they may be released without injury to the common cause. Resolved, That it be recommended to the Supreme Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania, to cause a diligent search to be made in the houses of all in habitants of tbe city of Philadelphia hace not manifested Oieir attachment to the American came for bayonets, etc. Hesolved, That it be recommended to the Executive powers of the respective States forthwith to apprehend and secure all persons who have, in their general conduct and deportment, evinced a dis- position inimical to the cause of America. And that-tbe persons so seized, be con- fined in such places, and treated in such manner as shall be consistent with their respective characters and the security of their persons. Resolved, That persons of like char- acter, and in emergencies equal to the present, when the enemy is at our door, have in other States been arrested and secured upon suspicion arising from their general behavior, and that such proceed- ings may be abundantly justified by the conduct of the freest nations and the au- thority of the judicious civilians. Usages in Fashionable Society. MARRIAGE. When a man marries it is presumed that all his bachelor acquaintanceship ends. He can renew his friendships by sending cards or invitations, bnt where he neglects to do so, the party neglected may be sure that ne further intercourse is desired. There are various reasons for this. In the first place, a bachelor need not be so particular in his choice of com- panions as a man of family who has a social reputation to achieve. For amuse- ment while unmarried, he may associate freely with those whose morals and habits would not exactly accord with the pro- prieties of domestic life. After marriage his reputation must be unexceptional if he expects to be recognized among per- sons of refinement. There is still anoth- er reason why he may discard bachelor acquaintances. A newly-married pair may wish to limit the circle of their friends, from praiseworthy motives of economy. When a man first !n the burden of an up" in the world, extensive and indis- criminate acquaintance may be felt in various ways. Man have had cause to regret the weakness of mind which allow- ed plunge into a vortex of gay- ety and expense they could ill afford, from which they have found it difficult to ex- tricate themselves, and the effects of which have proved a serious evil to them in af- ter life. Ladies, after an engagement to marry, should be cautious of receiving any at- tentions whatever from Lovers are naturally jealous of any snch attentions, however innocent or frivol- ous. If, after an engagement, a lady should wish to go to a place of public amuse- ment, or to a concert.or even to an even- ing meeting, she should not accept an invitation to go with gentleman other than her lover, except it be a near rela- tive, snch as her brother or an elderly uncle. To go with any other gentle- man, except by permission of her intend- ed husband, weuld be exceedingly im- proper. It is tbe lady's privilege to name the day for marriage, and the lover should leave the arrangement exclusively to her. He ought never to urge her to hasten the event contrary to her wishes, as lady may have reasons that he cannot appre- ciate for a more remote day for the nup- tials than he desire. Tbe bridal outfit, which is furnished by the relatives of the bride, usually consists of clothing and necessary family linen. Some opulent fathers will add to these a house and furniture. Jewels are not usually comprised in an outfit. They are presented by the bridegroom. Bri- dal presents consist of any useful or or- namental articles for ihe use of the bride, whether to adorn her person, for the toilet, or for housekeeping. Sometimes dress-patterns are given, bnt they are not appropriate, as the colors maj not please her. Some ladies gel on a traveling dress, get married in a hnrry, and start at once for tbe cars or steamboat. This is not the correct way. A bride should be dressed in white, with a white veil and a wrcaih of orange flowers on her bead. After tbe ceremony is over, and she has received the congratulations of she can pot on her traveling dress and hasten away as fast as she pleases. If, from motives of economy, you conclude to go throngh the ceremony in your trav- eling you should only invite a few intimate friends to be present. The bridegroom should wear a black dress cost ard trowecrs, white vtst and black craTRi. us entreat him no't to j commit ihe solecism afrainst good taste j of wearing a cravat, which gives; an inexpressibly sally look to the most. After the departure of tbe newly-mar- ried couple, cards ore nsed, and wedding cake forwarded to their numerous friends. The cards usually contain an appoint- ment of a certaiu day (or two or three days if necessary) when they will be "at honw" to receive visits of congratulation. Cards and cake arc also sent to distant residing even hundreds of miles away. The cake is often omitted and the cards sent by mail. When a bride attends the first party after marriage, she usually trims her hair with orange flowers. A nswly married conple is not expect- ed to give parties at their house for the first year; but after that time they must no longer play the part of exceptional beings, but blend with the herd, and talk as others do. The Finances of the Government Colonel Forney writes from Washing- ton to the Philadelphia Press The extraordinary success which has attended the financial schemes of Secre- tary Chase will create gratifying surprise among our European sympathizers and friends. A few weeks ago, before the is- sue of the Secretary's 'appeal' to the people, and shortly after the adjournment of Congress, I saw a letter written by an eminent English capitalist to a Cabi- net minister, in which he stated that if Congress would clothe tbe President with full powers, and carry out the sug- gestions of the Secretary of the Treasury, all that would be necessary to awaken the enthusiasm of the English fund-hold- ers would be for the London Times to attack American credit. The writer pledged himself that the course of that paper was no indication of the feelings of the capitalists of England and France, and that if we conld only make the im- presion that the government of the Uni- ted States intended to protect itself, at whatever cost, millions wonld be offered from the Old World on the great idea that no better investment could be desired than in the faith and fidelity of onr gov- ernment Yon will find this theory speed- ily fulfilled when tbe fact is made clear thai our own people are withdrawing from the banks and other institutions, and trusting their money to the treasury. "I learn that in high quarters the opinion begins to be expressed that we shall soon be independent of ihe money lenders of Europe. Onr people are com- ing forward wiih so much alacrity and lib- erality ibat it is estimated they will take not onlt the one hundred millions offered to them, bnt that (hey will insist npon taking the balance of the loan off the hands of the banks. An English gentle- man drew thirty thousand dollars from a great baaking-honse in New York, who were paying him four per cent, per acnum, and a few days since invested it with the government, who are paying seven and three-tenths per cent, per an- num, lie has written to his friends in London, advising them to invest five hun- dred thousand dollars in the same securi- ties. The Bank of England pays bnt three per cent per annum, so that it will be seen that every inducement is held ont, not merely to our own citizens, bnt to wealthy men in all parts of the world, to invest their money io the faith and credit of the United States." WHOLE ISO. 225, coercion us a military dictator might em- ploy In pressing emergencies, and will in- volve internal perils whose magnitude it were not easy to calculate. But tip toward that number they will swell as spesdily as possible their army. Every thousand men placed in the field now will be better than ten thousand when the frosts of coming 'winter herald onr way to the exposed coasts of the cotton S ates. Their leaders know this well. The Curious History of a Soldier. At the head of a file of men on 'heir way from New York to Washington, throush this city, we recently eLCcnnter- ed a man who has probably seen as much of real life as any person li ring, Louis Napoleon alone excepted Captain B., ten years ago, was a log-cutter or wood- chopper in the Clearneld pineries, work- ing iu the employ of ex-Govenor Bigler. He lived in a cabin entirely alone, miles away from any settler, and where the si- lence of the forest was broken by no other" sounds than tne strokes of his axe or the baying of his dog when npon the track of a deer. He was bitten one day iu mid- summer, by a monstrous lattlesnake, but never lostug his presence of mind he dug ont the wound with his hunting knife, and pounding into powder his blackened to- bacco pi; e he moistened it with saliva and bound it upon the wound. The poison was drawn to the surface by this application, and excepting a rigidity of limb which still remains, he experienced no further ill effects from the deadly bite. On one of his few visits to the town of Cleorfield, for n supply of tobacco and whiskey, he chanced to save from drown- ing the child of a wealthy citizen, who rewarded him by a present of three hun- dred dollars. The man never returned to his cabin, but receiving the wages due to him he set ont for Philadelphia, where he engaged a teacher, and in a brief peri- od taught himself to read. He was preaching shortly after this, but finding himself pursuing a mistaken vocation, he blossomed ont as a cancer doctor, in which capacity he travelled over the en- tire West and South, returning to New York with about three thousand dollars. He raanied a wealthy widow in New York, who died a month after her mar- riage, leaving him heir to her every dol- lar. He made a second venture six months afterward, his wife eloping at the end of the honey-moon with a native of Hamburg returning with a pile to his own city. Disgusted with the sex he Speculations Upon the Strength of tbe Rebel Forces. During the Revolutionary war the southern States furnished to the Con- gressional armies one ont of every twen- ty-six and eight-tenths of the population, free and slave. Their patriotism was heavily taxed in that contest, and, prob- ably, it will not bear a much greater weight of taxation now. At that rote they could bring into the field an army of three hundred and forty-four thous- and eight hundred and ninety-six. We are disposed to think this is the maxi- mum number that they are now able to raise. This opinion is strengthened by a reference to the Military Statistics of Prussia, The Prussian military system is a thorough and efficient enrolling of the nation for war, and furnishes a very satisfactory test of a nation's capacity. Tbe whole force, including all wuo are fit for service between the ages of eigh- teen and fifty, gives only an aggregate of seven hundred and seventy thousand out of a population of fourteen millions, or one soldier to every eighteen. A similar proportion of soldiers in the seceded States would give an available force of three hundred add eight thousand three hundred and seven. In view of all these facts, we think that we are jostiSed in concluding that ihe number which they can possibly bring tbe field will be found some- where between these two 367 and 344.S36. We do not forpet the supplies they .draw from the border bnt we I these are in a great measure connterbalanced by tbe loyalty of Wes- tern Virginia and Eastern tbe possibility of a of every one able to bear a ?ly a knife this i for local and for a eschewed woman's society, and went to speculating in patent rights, and with a sort of success that in a year cleared him ont of tke last dollar. He secured a position upon the police force of New York, and in the course of his duty came upon a discharged convict. The convict give him certain informa- tion, the truth of which he could not doubt. A heavy robbery had been com- mitted on the Continent. The convict had been engaged in it, and knew where tbe plunder was still secreted. The rover purchased the secret from the fellow, wont to Europe, disclosed it to the au- thorities, and was made the possessor of a reward amounting to about With this money he returned to New York, and then to Philadelphia. At the Girard House one night he met a Texan, who won from him four thousand dollars at a single silting. Tbe society of the gambler charmed him, and h'e went with him to Galveston, taking the remainder of his capital with him. He went npon a ranche, and was engaged in sheep graz- ing, with Hon. Amos Kendall as a near neighbor. Secession broke ont at last, and our rover was compelled to fly by night to Galveston, where he got npon a vessel bound for Cuba without any other pos- sessions tLan the clothes upon his per- son. He was twice wrecked in return- ing to New York, where he arrived a mere bundle of skin and bones. After alternate wealth and poverty, starvation and nakedness and dandy- ism, he at length turns up as an officer in a military company, asking only to give his life for the canse of liberty. He leaves in Texas a fine ranche. His sheep, he supposes, have long since been con- fiscated to feed the rebel army. For his real estate he has no fears. Its confisca- tion, when United States laws return in force, will be a mere form, and that Uni- ted Slates laws will again be enforced in Texas, well as in Secessia in general, be firmly believes. Such men as he are the best possible soldiers. They not only avenge the wrongs of the North, but are fighting for tbeir own property The more we have of them tbe American. The hride raay rn bridcraaid> at her choice par- i or of intimate friends she may Tbe bridesmaids sbonld dressed in i white all and wear orange Bower We the force of that fonda- mental military rote which forbids as to underrate an After making, If there U a brwla'r or coHa- therefore, tbe liberal allowances, we (ion Ihe bride retain her bridal believe that if tbe army whtch tbe icbel c-.n; that orer ?Se can then j leaders cm call oat eter mcsabore four pat on be: drfs hundred thousand it will only hy such M UOB LTXD USD KB jor Lynd who treacheronsly surrendered hU command of United Slates in Mexico, tohaifthe nnmberof Tex- has been pot under arrest by BOTDO of his subordinate officers. T e men are farioos against him. Col. Robcr's, of tbe Riflis, tbe commandant of Fort Stanton, lajj miles this side of ic the Indian conn'ry. has evacuated fort for the purpose of concentrating his forces at Fort Craig. Captain Moore. from Fort Unchanan, on his way to Fort Craig, wilh S'lt) troops and 60 wegons, has not vet been heard from but as Moore is a true roan arid gallant officer, great confidence is Ml that he will a good account of liia A. strong body of Tcxatis left Mesilla the surrender of Fort Fillmorf, io of capturing him, but they wfll find tHa hacinrct different from utirvg INEWSPAPERif IEWSPAPEM ;