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New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - November 22, 1787, New Haven, Connecticut AZE E c MANY SHALL RUN TO AND FRO, AND KNOWLEDGE SHALL BE INCREASED. , Dan. Chap. XIL v. 4. (Vol. IL) Thurfday, November M.DCCoLXXXVIL (No. 40. ) A COUNTRYMAN, No. II. fo the People ^/Connc'dicut. IT is fortunate that you have been but Jittle dillrefifcci with that torn^nt of impertinence and folly, with which the newfpaper politicians'have overwh£>imeJ many parts of our country. it is enough that you iliould have heard, that one party has fcri-oufly urged, that we fhould adopt the Ne-ju. Conflllution bccaufe ii has been approved l)y V/ajhingio'd and Franklm : and tiie other, with all the Ibleiimity of apoftolic addrefs to Men, Brethroiy Fathers^ Friends and Countrymen^ have urged that we iliould reject, ai dangerous, every cLiufe thereof, becaufe that Waftnngton is more ufed to command as a foldier, than to reafon as a politician—F/w;.!'//;; is old— others arc young—and li^UJon is haughty. You are too well informed to decide b/ the opinion of others, and too indepen'Jeiit to need a caution againll undue influence. Of a very different nature, tho' only one degree better than the other reafonin^z, Js all that fublim-ityof nonlenfe and almin^ uvxi. has , been thundered a;2;ainil it in every il;a,)C of metfvpheric terror^ on the fubjet'l of a bill of rig'jts, the ¡U>-erty of the prcfs, riguts of conjci- ence\ rights of taxation and cleclioriy trials in the vicinity^ freedom of f^eechy trial hy jury^ and a fianding army. Theie lall are undoubtedly important points, much too important to depend on mere paper protection. , For, guard fuch privileges by the ftrongeit expreiTions, ilill if you leave thelegiflative and executive power in the hands of thofe who are or may be difpofed to deprive you of them—you are but ilaves. Make an abfolute monarch—give bim the fupreme authority, and guard as much as you will by bdls of right, your liberty of the prefs, and trial by jury he will find means eicher to take them from you, or to rendc r them ufelefs. The only real fecurity that you can have for all your important rights muft bg^in the nature of your government. If you fuflcr any man to govern you who is not ftrongly interefled in fupporting your privileges, you will certainly lofe them. If you are about to truft: your liberties with people whom it is neceifary to bind by ili-pulation, that they fiiall not keep a (landing army, your ftipulation is not worth even the trouble of writing. No bill of rights ever yet bound the fupreme power longer rh an the honey mocn of .a nc-v married couple, unlcls the rulers I'ocre interefled in preferving the rights i and in that cafe they have always been ready enough to declare the rights, and tó prefervc them when they were declared.—» The famous Engliih Magna Char-ta is but an a6t of parliament^ which every fubfequent parliament has had juil as much conftitutional power to repeal and annul, as the parliament which made it had to pafs it at firft. But the fecurity of the nation has always been, that their government was fo formed, that at leaft one branch of their le-giflature muft be ftrongly inter-efted to prcfcrve the rights of the nation. You have a bill of rights in Connecticut (i, e.) your legiflature many years fince enaded that the fubjeéVs of this (late fhould enjoy certain privileges. Every aiTem-bly fince that time, could, by the fame authority, enad that the fub-jcds ibould enjoy none of thofe. privileges; and the only reafon that It has not long fince been fo enabled, is that your legiflature were as ftrongly interefted in prefers ing thofe rights as any of the iubjeds i and this is your only fecurity that it ihall not be fo enabled at the next feffion of aiTcmbìy : and it is fecurity enough. Your General Afiembly under your prefent conftitution are fupreme. They may keep troops on foot in tl;e moft profound peace, if they think proper. They Kave hcretoiore abridged the trial by ju- \ \ Ì' s;
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