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New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - April 26, 1787, New Haven, Connecticut A T' ÎÎ ¿Ja ¿ii ■SÍ». W H ■r î C -U: T G A o MANV SHALL RUM TO AND FRO, AND mOWtEDGE SHALL BE INCXEASED. ^ ^Dan. CKap. XII. v. 4. (Vol. ÌI4 Thuriday, ^/r// 26V M.DCGXXXXVIL (N lo, ) following peces are taken from JeJf 'erfons Notes on Virgi-nia^ a work never yet pihlifijed. IVe ex'pe5i that thefey and feme ether extrpMs which wc hope to i/iake fi'Ont the fame work^ will h very accept-Me to cur readers. r Pailagcof the Patowmac through thb Blue Ridge. ANÍES ani PntowDiac rivers penetrate through all the ridges of rnouiKains ealtwiird cúiie A'liogaaey---------Ti»at is broke;! by HO watercoujfe. It is ia fad the ípiíie of the coontry bi.'twecn the Atlantic oii oneiidc, ajid the MiiBilpi^nd Sr. Laur» ence on the other. The p'iiTage of the Patou»» inacthrc' the blue ridge is perhaps one of the Kioll ftiipendoLis I'cencs in nature. You Hand on a very high point of land. On your right cernes up the Shenandoah, having rangííd along tiiü foot of the imouatain an hundred jbIIcs to f^ek a vent. On your left approaches the Tatowniacj in qaefl: of a paf-iage aifo. In the raoni'Snt oí their junélion they nifii logetlier againA the mountain, rend ic.afunder, and pafso/Fto the fea. The firfi glance of this fcen? hurries our ienfes i.'it'j the opiftion that this earth ha; beeu cre< atedin time, that the mountains were íorá'-i d ñrí^ that the rivers bt-gan to 3ovv afterwards, ihát in this place psriiculirl/ they have been dammed up by the Blus 'Ridge of mountains, and have formed an cceixa r/hich iibd the whole valiey ;. tha; conti-Filling to rife, they have at leogiii broken ever at this fpot, and have torn the s:;qunt-iindovvn from its íi.uranít to its bale; The püei efrocK on each hand, bat particulariy on ihe ShcRP.ndoah, the ' evident inaiks of their diiVuptius and avulfion from their beds, by the mcil p jvv¿;íul agents of nature, cofn>borate the iraprcíiioíT. Bu: the íiiÜAii: fiiii^iii-^'g which nature has given to ' th'e picure Í3 of a very dii^ereat ciatafter. It is a true eontrali to the fore groutd. It is J.S placid and delightful as that is v/ild and tremendoua. For the mountain being cloven afunder, ihe prefeots to yoar eye, thro' the cleft, afmallcatch of fmoothWee hori-Koo, at an infinite diilance in the plain country, inviting you, as it were, from the tumult and riot roaring around, to pafs thro' the breach' and pariicipaie of the calm below. Here the eye ultimately compofes it-lelf; aneth .t; way too the road happens-actually to lead. You crofs the Pa ovvmac aoove ine jun£lioR> pais along its fide thro' the bale oí the moentairi for three miles, its terribk precipices hanging in fragments overyois, asd within about 20 miles reach Frederic to^m and the fine country round that. This fene is worth a voyage acro(s the Atlantic. Yet here, as in the'neighbourhood of the Natural Bridge, are peo-plevvho havepaíTed their lives within half a dozen miles, and have never been to furvey thefe monuments of a war between rivers and mountains, which muit have lhakca tha earth itielf to its center. Felling Springs Ji HE only remarkable cafcade in this coastry, is that of the Failir.g Spring in AuguMa, It is a water of James river, where it is called Jackion's river, rifmg in the warm fpring mountains, aboot tweaty mtlcs South-Weil of the warm fpring, and iiov/inginto that valley. About three quarters ofa mile from its fource, ii falls over a rock 200 feet into the valley below. The iheet of water is broken ia its breadth, by the rock, in two or three places, but not at all in its height. Between the Iheetatuithe rock, at th^ boi;ora, yon may iWaik acrofs dry. This caiaraft wiil'^bear no tompiiri-ipn vvii-h that ot Niagara, as to the quantity of water com pofnig it; the il\eet being only 12 or t5 feet wide almve, and fo.tjc-wbat more, ipread bfiow j but it is half as hig'i agai'!, tbc kiter bolrig cn:y 156 feet, •¿.ccoriing cotne m.-nfuraiion made by order - of M. VaüdreuiíJ' Governor of Canadas and 130 according to a more recent account. A Blowing Cave, __T the Panther gap, in the ridge which divider the waters of the Covs and the Calf pailure, is what is called the Blowing Cave, It is in the fide of a bill, is of about 100 feet diameter, and emits con-llantly a current of air of fuch force, as to keep the weeds proftrate to the diiîance of twenty yards before it. This current is fcron jeil in dry, frofty v,/eather, and in long fpellsofraia weakeft. Regular inipirationo and expirations of air by caverns and fiiTures have been probably enough accounted for, by fuppofir.g them combined with intermitting fountams ; as they rnuii of.coarfe inhale air while their refcrvoirs are emptying themfeives, and ¿¿aio emit it while diti^. are filling. Eat a coailant iiTue of air, 011-j Jy varyihgin its fores as the weatîier is dryer . or damper, will require a ïéw feypothefis. i Tí:)e Natural Bridge. c> _ HE Natural Bridge, the moil fub-lime of Nature's-works, though net com^ prehended ui-der the prefent head, muft not be pretermitted. It is on the afcent of a liill, which feemfi to have bean cloven thro' its ieiigth by fome great convulfion. The finVsre, juft at the bridge, is, by fome ad-nveafurements, 270 ieet deep, by others only 205. It is about 45 feet wide at the bottom, and 90 feet at the top j this of courfe determines the length of the bridge, and its height from the water. Its breadth in the niiddie, is about 60 feet, but more at the ends, and the iKicknefs of the.mafs ae the lumrnit of the firch, aboiit,4o feet. A pari oí this thicknels io confti'tuted by a toat of esrths which gi v€s growth to mi'.ny large trees. The reiid ie, wijh the hill on teh fides,, is one foiid reek of liinertone. The arch approaches the Semi-elliptical ibio 5 but the larger axis oi the el%iis,
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