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New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - May 18, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut ne (Vol. I.) Thurfday, Maj i8, M.DCC.LXXXV; L ^ (No. 14. ) Now SXBI SED TOTO GEKITOS SE CREDERE MuNDO. r NEW-HAVEN : errrstrr:-—-- Printed and Publiihed by MEIGS & DANA, in Chapel-Street. Price Nim ShillÌ7igs per Annum. Mefiieurs Printers, Pkafe to give the following pace a place in your ufeful magazine, and you will oblige a number of your friends and cuflomers-, and it is hoped, not dtJolUge the public. /"f^^HE human fpecies foon after the creation bccime lubjeit to number-lefs evils, among which bodily pains, dif-eafes and infirmities in all ages have been the moft frequent and formidabJe. Whether celeilial beings, according to the heathen mythology, firll taaghc mankind to op-poie thefe invaders of their happinefs, by the qfe of various plants, herbs, and other remedies, or whether they were firft direded by their own reafon or inil'irift, it is probable that the praftice of medicine is almoft coeval with their exigence. Theraildnefs and falubrity of the climate where the human race were firil planted, their fimple manners and modes of living, and perhaps other caufes of a moral and phy-ficul nature, feem to have exempted them before the flood, from thofe frequent and fatal attacks from difeafes, to which fince that period they have been fubjeiled. In coniequence of which they enjoyed a degree of longevity, which would be utterly incredible to us, if we had not the moil certain evidence of it from the facred hiltory, Eut when thrffti caufes of health and longei^ity ceafed cooperate, the invention of the race was ilimulated to feek for the moil effeilual aid againft thefe increafing evils from the practice oi medicine. Hence in procefs of time, it became cuil-omary for a number of men in every com-munity to devote tiicmil-lves wholly to the, fturly and praflice of the healing- art._ In Egypt and fome other nations, th-iir kings, prieib, and other diiiinguifhed characters ilndied, cultivated, and patronized rhe art. They evaded laws whereby phyfjcian^v v/ere obliged to devote their attention and practice to the difeafes of iome particular organ' of the boiy, with levere penalties on thofc who prefumeJ to intermt'dJie with difeares v.'ii'Cii uid not belong to their p,irticui;;r de-l-artiaoai, aud for igiior.iace ¿.ud jnal-Piuii- ice in thofe which did. The fick were carried to places of public concourie and reíórt, that they might receive the cafual advice of travellers who in their own perfons, or am-ongll their acquaintance, had been conver- fant with the like diieafcs.—-When they recovered, they were obliged to repair to their temples to givQ thanks to the Gods for the/r reftoration, and to leave a hiftory of the difeafe of which they had been cured, with an account of the remedies by which the cure was effeded-Thefe hifto- ries were carefully preferved in the temples for the benefit of others. Phyficiansand philofophers, Ib'mulated by ambition or philanthropy, intvelled from one country to another in queil of medical knowledge. At length fchoois for the inílruélion of ftudents in the art were founded andeílabliíhedjcand the fcattered and disjointed fragments of medical knowledge began to be colleiSled and digeiled into form, and to affbme a fyilematical appearance by the fuperior wif-dom and abilities of the great Hippocrates. This incomparable man who is juilly ftiled the Father of Phyilc, collected with incredible induilry, the knowledge of preceding ages, which he enriched and enlarged with nis own experience and obfer-vations added to thofe of his numerous pupils. His faithful and accurate hillories of difeafes are ftill read with admiration, and have been imitated and copied, by the moil eminent modi-rn writers. The healing art having now alTumed a fcientific and fyftema-tical form, and bcng enriched with many hiilories and fu£ls in anatomy, patholog}', materia medica, and pradice, it might have been e?;pefled that fucceeding ages would have iucce-sfully puffucd the road which had bet n fo happily marked out for them. Bat mfortuüate'y for mankind, they did noL catch that fpirit of enquiry and obfervation, wlilch animared the great father of phyiic : a blind and f:rv]ic adniira-tion of his works Jec'ovfu his rjccefíors írcm thc,il^:dy\')f nr.'iiro, huge. voirniKS of com-ni-^iiiraries were ina^lc upon lii;; writings, anvl it war. no I'liio-er t.hc en'.iu^'y wjiciher i,n ' oni.iion was íi>i¡!'Jr?ci in natuie and vs?.íoñ. but whether it .var to be iouad in works. l\he ar:- bein;-. thus unharpÜy checked in t'le beo;inniiiu'o;" irs cnreer, received a íliíl more iiiUi ilop CO its nr-j^'.-i-fs, by the iiuro- duiSlion of the PlafDnic and Ariiloteliati philofophy into the fchcols and writings of phyficians. Their philofophical principles were hypothetical and vifionary ; ufelefs fubtleiies and unmeaning jargon ihut up the avenues of fcience, and the true fpirit of philofophical inveiligation was wholly corrupted and deftroyed. The unhappy eifcds of this departure from nature and truth, have continued down to the prefent time, and are ilill to be found in medicine, theology, law, and almoil every other branch of fcience, though happily for mankind, they have been gradually lollrg ground for fever-al centuries. It would be a curious enquiry to trace out the caufes which gave fuch force-and permanency to the wil4 conceits and vifionary fyilems which for fo many ages en-ilaved the human mind. The moil obv.'ous caufes were their ignorance of experimenral philofophy ? the fcarcity ofbooks j the fmall number of learned men ; and the credulity common to unenlightened nations........— When the number of faf^s, hiilories,' and obfervations, were confiderably; increafed, and the qualities and powers of material bodies began to be laid open by the introduiti-on of ChemiHry and experimental philofophy, and when, books were multiplied by. the art of printing, the darknefs which'had" io long involved the world began to be dif-pelled, the human race awoke as it were from-'a dream, the ignorance and prefump-tion of their former mailers were detedled, and true philoibphy was once more reinila-tedin her ancient feat. At this period the-healing art began again to be cultivated with aSiduity and fuccefs. The writings of Hippocrates which had been neglciled for the dreams of Ariilotle and uhe Ichcolnien, were again lludied, not with blind admiration andiferviiity, but with attention to his-manner of in\-eillgating the knowledge aud. cureoi difeafes. rhom the ccmmencesiient of the fifteenth century to the proient dny, Anaiorny, Phyfiology, Pati.olcgy, Ph.-^.nn-acy. Botany, and Chen.-iiliy have been cultivated in every part oi Europe v.i.h alton- • iiliing atHuuity iind lecc<'is, and wirhin tiJs;-ihort period, t!ie art has airived to. a degree of periedioa ,vho'i/ unj.'nown to the an. cients. To trace iht heaven-bora arj ■ i!)rcngh the i!cpi: of thl^ h.5ppv -prc- gjciiion, vvoiud be iniiauCiive..
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