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New Haven Gazette Newspaper Archive: May 4, 1786 - Page 1

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Publication: New Haven Gazette

Location: New Haven, Connecticut

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   New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - May 4, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut                                 m»  . i  fÊ  irxj.  azme.     (VOL. I.)    Thurfday,    May 4, M.E)CC.LXXXVI.    (No. 12.)          Now 3ÎBI SED    TOTO GENITOS SE CREDEP.E MtJNDO.         NEW-HAVEN: Printed and Publiihed b/ MEIGS & DANA, in Chapel-Street. Price Nine ShiUhtgs f^r Anmm.  NEW-HAVEN: Printed and Publiihed b/ MEIGS & DANA, in Chapel-Street. Price Nine ShiUhtgs f^r Anmm.  I  I  f  The Friend, No. VL  By James Littlejohn, Efq ;  II E R E is no more faíhionable to-^ pic of converAitioa than the praife of cand:^ur and liberality, -and the condemnation of prejudice and contradlion. My habitual attention to nianneia has frequently led me critically to examine the diiFe^ent meanings annexed to theie terms by dirTer-cnt perioijs. This examination has con-zinced me th.it they arc uied with lignilications totally oppofite, and rhat many perlbns, if they were properly mdeiftood, would be fou:u-i to patronize prejudice under the name of candour, and to íVigmatiz»? candour under the. name of prejudice.  Candour may be defined, a difpofition of mind, which wiiii'igly allows to every argument, caufc, artd charaAer, its real weight aid importance, it ought here to^ be remarked, that it i.^; wholly a difpofirion., i.5 by no means neceifarily connected with genius, or learning ; butisfound in every degree of abilities, both natural and acquired. •  If t!iis'.I'.^iinitinn be juft, nothing can be m ^re remote froTi candoiir than the ideas nfren affixed to it, nor can any thing be more rorrel)ionJent with it than the conduct, which is often ceniureJ as the height of prejudice.  Truth is of great and inelHmable importance ; ar»d error is not only worthlefs, but coTtemptible. Candour muil of coiirfe eil-cem truth of the hif^hell: worth, and adhere to it with the utnioif ii.vity. ' A conilant ad- ■ licrence to truth being therefore the neceila-rv coiiducl of candour, indifference to trcth u its immediate oppoiite, Virtue is of infinite v.-ilue, digaitv, and lovelinefs. According to thef: charncleriftic.s muih't be viewed by candour, and every view of it, which varies from-thtfe charaCleriftic.s, iofar varies from tlie vic'.vrof candour. In conformitv' with thcfe rcm;u-k-i, the Being, who is poiT-eff'-d of i'lnnltc candour, regards truih and vl;-(ue witli infriire complacency, ard vice and error with iv.iinitc loathing. In his adherence to truth ^n { virtue, there i? no va-mtlon., or intermiiTion, nor the ¡cail rehuc-  ation in his hatred of error and vice.-  Hence the ftridell adherence to a good caufe, and the firmeft oppofition to a bad one, is not only a conformity to the molt perfeil candour, but its neceifary didate.  BN E vo Lu s is a pcrfon of eminent know-edge and virtue. To his eye. Truth is ornamented with charms wholly irrefiftiblc ; and a virtuous adion recommends its author to him more than thepolleirion of a fcepter. His heart and hand are always open to the wants, and the welfare of mankind; and even the woril of wretciies, in real dilL-els, will ever command his alTiilance. An argument fairly exhibited to him will be allowed its full weight, and, in fpite of authority, or multitude, an opinion fuppoi ted by evidence will receive his aficnt. Virtue, even in rags, inftindively engages his reverence ; and I have often feen him pull off his hat, vvith a very complaifant bow, to an . honell beggar. But he pays no refpe^l to folly, nor allows it in any circumllances the titles of wifdom. Of all men living per-h.ips he regards villainy with the Icali com-plaiiance, and the leail indulgence. He neither dares, norwiiiies to fay, ;et the opi nionsof thofe around be ever To different from his own, ti>at among various fenti-meius he thinks there is no preference.— As he knows that praflices are wholly the refu't of principles, that truth is th. natural parent of virtue, and error of vice, no temptation could induce bim to ex pre fs an indiirerence concerning fubjcds of fuch mighty importance. To the torce of argn-ment, could it be produced, he would yield up his philofophy, his politics, or evtn his religion ; but to falliionable opinion, or to the mere names of great men, he «oukl not concede the difference between tweedledum :and tweci^^^e. He would cheerfully fpend a day, or even a week, in per-fuading a peifoT, wlmm he eilecmed errone-neous, that his principles were miilaken, and that others v/erejuft; and Hiouki all his endeavours fail of luccefs, he v/ould ilill treat his antagonift with entire civility, and -tender him every of-ice of good will. I'he reputed improbability, or the difreputable novelty of an opin'on, has no influence on his fcrutinies, or his belief; and, couid but reafonable evidence be oiFered, he wculd recede fiom every opinion he has once ent- ,  ertained, and admit Hume was a man of candour, Voltaire a philofopher, the earth fupported by a great turtle, or the moon a large cheefe, freih from a Welihwo-man's dairy.  Gallio entered the years of manhood juft before tlie late war commenced. Debates at that time ran high, and every circle teemed with politics, warmth, and contention. The caufe was mighty and inter-eiîing, involving property, freedom, hap-pinels, andiife. On fuch an occafion, virtue demanded feeling, and to be indifferent was feitiihnefs and malevolence. In the courfe of numerous debates, at wiiich Gallio was preient, and many of which were managed with reafon and propriety, I never knew him fail of winding up the con-verfation, with a felf-approving ihrug d fecurity, and a declaration that h.e was oi neither fide. If you aik him hiE opinion, concerning two parties, however refpedable the one, and however unworthy the other, he uniformly expreiles it in that contemptible refuge of indolence and infenfibility-  there is blame on both fides. Choofe him an arbitrator of difputes between ycu and your neighbour, and he will invariably ////# the difference. In a colledion of Chriftians, ilrenuoufly afferting the evidence of revelation, he will obferve, that it is very diiTi-cultto anfvver their arguments ; in a cL-cie of infidels, ftrenuoufly oppofmg it, he will remark, there is doubtleis much weight ia what is advanced. With Calviniib he paf-fei for a Calvinift, and with Arminians for an Arminiar/ ; without aifenting to either fed, or approving of the opinions of either. V^'irh Whigs he is, in their opinion, a Vv^hig, and with Tories a Tory ; but is neither a ,Tory nor Whig, nor did he ever declartî himfelf of either party. If he hears his bell friend lîigmatized for a fcoundrei-, he ob-ferves-r—All men have their failings. If his,Maker is iuiulted in his prefence, he re-marjcs-r—^—Men will mtike their obferva-tions. Gallio is neither the friend, nor the enemy of any man, party, or caufe.:— Ali perfons of unworthy charaders. engaged in difreputable parties, or holding opinions incapable of being fupported, are pleafcd with Gal.lîo ; for he never cenfures their charaders, opinions, or purpofes ; bur miikes fuch obfeivuiions, as look like approbation.   

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