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New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - April 27, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut ■The , o d 9 Conmdácut Magazine (Vol. I.). Tliurfdayj y^/>r// 27^ M.DCC.LXXXVÍ. (No. 11. ) NOM SI3I 3ED TOTO GENIT03 SE CREDERE MuNDO. NEW-HAVEN : Printed and PubJidied by MEIGS &r DANA, in Chapel-Street. Pried ^hilUiigs per Annum. ' 1 ............................:.............................■.....,.....,, î- ^ f I. I : I T I The Friend. No. V. By Jaaies Littlejohn, Efq ; ---Ajftrt your/elves................ Cj" Your publication of my firil addrcfs to you will render an apology for the rencwni of my corrcfpoiidence uiinecefiary. The reaibns, on wiiich the fentimenta then mentioned were grounded, 1 iliall now lay belbic you. It is a trite, but important maxim of common íeníe, that the mind is whoJly influenciad by motives. When theie motives are inrcreAing, the mind is rouikd and animated to action, and, in the view of important rev/ards, is, quickened to illuitrious furpofes and vigorous exertions. When fuch motives recede from its apprehenfion, it returns to its original indolence and in-iigniiicance. If fuch motives are never pre-fcnicd, it never enierges from that ihte ; but países tíirough its earthly being in a fnail-like torpidity. Tliis is the real realon of that mental debility obfcrved in ila\es. Neither property, liberty, or importance, ever held out to their minds a iingle object, to tempt them 10one animated.effort ; but their whole horizon of prolpecl is overcail xvirh an unvariegatcdgloom of darkneis and defpe;ratior). ■ 'i'nc great motives, which animate men to icienoe, art, and elevated political exertions, are found in property, intluence and reputation. Vv^hen the path to thefeattain-jiionts lies open to tlic laudaMe atten?pts of every individual, agcneial emulation is at once excited among individuals v, ho are poíTcíTtd of capacity eíientiíijly to ferve mankind. 7"hc neceííary effjcîs of fuch an emulación are eiforts iunilnr to thofe which riiifed Greece to 'uprcme dilVindlion, and the hi'!'ry of wh en co-i¡litutes a principal part of modern erud'tion. Greece then nro-ÚUC. -2 iK)gieir. r men, than India new produces ; but in Grccce, a coincidence of all awivna'-v g object:;, i:i tj.e >aiieit prüfpcíl of attainment, originaced e.xcftions b- 'un Í b. iiei'. a^d la a Jew jvars î ught the mind of man an acquaintance n-ah re-f afvC:;, aud c..:.ac;r.cs, widen, ta.uugh a thoufand centuries of fervittide, would never have appeared, even to the dreaming eye of Conjeciure. In this country exift the means of furni-ihing the happieft union of motives to improvement, hitlierto known. Among other circumftances, in which the ftate of America, ia this rcfped, is- fuperior to that of Greece, the entire fecurity of advantages g.uned is of the firil importance. In this country, as in Greece, all enjoyments are opened, by our political conltitutions, to the honell and vigorous efforts of every citi-5icn ; and, from this circumilance, all great and dignified exertions may be expected. But, by the preference given to Europeans, tiie influence of this combination of incitements upon our own countrymen is deftroyed. The man, who fees a foreigner of inferior, or equal abilities, preferred to himfelf, who h obliged to languifh in ohfcurity and want, after great labours to obtain the regard of his countrymen, while mere Europeanifni elevates, muliitudes around him to property and character, will ibon lofe his moit laudable ambition, in difcouragement and lafli-tade. Make this the general ilatc of our country, and ics natives will foon be diftin-guiilied from their fcrvants, by nothing but their colour and features. How great a calamity would this be to America and to mankind!-In the moil friend!}'ier.i Co improvement, fince time began, wich all natural and political advanta-ge.i to encourage and allure us, with an al-moft in tire freedom from habituation to the iyJlems and prejudices cf Europe, with minds unfettered by authority, and, in the preient general fluctuation, ready to fettle, wheie the weight of evidence may preponderate, we might doubtlefs make large additions to the llock of human attainments, lead the imagination through new paihs of beauty and grand-ur, and highly ennoble every conilituent Of dignity, amiablcnds, ajd glory, in the juiman charatier. With theii means of pcrfonal and national importance, properly ufed, Fraiiklin would foon be but tlie lalleil in a clump of i^hiiolbpi"-:rs, and Waihington but the ori^hteil fiar in a conftelL'.tion of Heroes. I'ho ts we ha\e vdreadv made in art and Icii^nce, unticr al' c<;'oiii..h'i:advanra_?ei, a. e iuch, as ought ro teacii very reircC'ifui iJeas of American genius. The ph lolb-phyofDr. Franklin is the objeil of unrivalled admiration through every country of Europe; the moral fcrutinies of Mr. Edwards have received the higheil applaufe ia moil Proteilant countries, even from the fixed oppofers of his opinions. The Quadrant injurioufly called Hadley's, was the invention of Mr. Godfrey of Philadelphia ; Mercurial inoculation was the difcovery of the late Dr. Muirfon ; the M' Fingal of Mr. Trumbull is ranked by the Engliih reviewers, with their own boalled Hudibras ; and the paintings of Copley and Weft find, even in Europe, little competition. The memorials of Congrefs have been claiTed in Europe alfo, with the iiril produélions of that nature hitherto publiihed ; and the moil enlightened nations of that region, by ornamenting, with every panegyrical teilimony^ our military and political charaiters, have rendered our ovm applaufes totally unne-ceffary to their glory. Of no other natioii can fb honourable things 5e mentioned, ac fo early a period of their exiilence. At the fame time we have every reafon to fuppofe, that in moil nations of Europe, genius, or at leail the exertions of it are on the decline. Few fignal efforts of the human mind have characterized the decadence of empire. The rife of nation? is often diflin-guilhed by great exhibitioiis of abiliry ; but the evening of the faireil dominions, beneath the fun, has been principally marked by the feeble, melancholy emanations of departing glory. How inconfjftent, howcontradiftory a cha-raiter ispourtrayed in the conduci of Americans, refilling all the povv^er and policy of Britain, through aforniidr.ble war, and, at the momejit of returning peace, fervilely foJiciting very ordinary members of the idmf^ communitv to take the direilion of their policy, fcience and religion ? hov;' greatly is this ablurdity increafcd by its in-ti'c-duciion at the hour of triumphant conteils. and moil proiperous -iiefc-ociation} hew itrcagly dees fuch a triumph refemble thai: which a modern Peruvian boaits of gaining ovf^r a wild bull, when the animal loiTes him itito the air, and leaves him plunged in the riiri. ? Nor 33 ir.confjilency the only debaferaent 01 ch-iti iftcr we atl.;ch tocuile.'vc5Ì;Y tiic con.-
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