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New Haven Gazette: Thursday, April 13, 1786 - Page 1

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   New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - April 13, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut                                 ca-  ni  lent  (Vol. L) Thurfday, April \ 13, M.DCC.LXXXVI. (No. 9.)  Non sibi sed toto genitos se credere Mundo.  NEW-HAVEN: Printed and Publiihed by MEIGS & DANA, in Chapel-Street. Price .^im Shillings per Annum.  Observations on , the Present Situation and Future Prospects of TUis and the United States,  No. IX.  ÁLATE cclebriíted hlñorian has given an account of a iMcc oí nqp-oe» in tlie mid'üümoA paitjoi Aliic;'., who are ai white as iViow, and vvh^r-' eves ar^ round, exa-fliy reic.nbiing ihofe of a partridg-'. lit- iays rhcy look a(kevv~diat tlie wool t.i.it coví.Tí thi.;ir litada, ;tnd arches their ey:-browò, ii, i,Kc r:nc v.'l.itfc cotiOM ~tiiat they ave inüírior to tiic hj.ick.^ in boduy Krenjlh and underilandin?. ; a-;d f-'- iri /v.f'-ndi.d hy nature as the next fpccies ^t-tcT tli'j N'wroes and iJottencotR, veri^in? near on the ruoiilicy ravc. he fays iie ha^ (ten one of tiioie, c: atv.r^. at i'aiii, whx!; a negro merchant biuu^lit c'.i-r vvitii tiiro.  is one of the fiirprifinp varieties'of the hü-nan forai, th .t has fst fome of tiie ncuíeíl phiìolo-phe!s to dif:iuting'vvli(uha-the v/iiole human race SI crlhe dd^en^iants of une ovi^^inal pair ? Un tlie one i':de Ir ib tii«t liittcience of olimaie, foil,  t vodition, anii .hahits of living, are fuííicient to jil t'le varic'y t!;.it appears in ali ih- regi-r¡;s Ci thiî earrh : on the otiier, it isafRrm'rd, timt Lhert.'<re ineeiihie bodily maikioi fpccxc ciiircr-cnce, w'-i^h r^üíet iuico .wn not ad.ipted to produce, Avfilch an original üimp oi nature alene coidd CkVeil.. < Vn this í':de.toc-. ir is lushed, tiiat there is as jiiuch difl-erence in tlicir n.tt.tai peweiv, as hodiiy  forms.--Bavinji made uiany tedious cxperi-  jiii-nts 10 eiiicidare tîiis jxdüt, J rtidll not helaate to <'-;c !«re, I ha-e no c-ubt bnt tliat the whole luMiian race defcende.'. .'\djni: a: tlie fatno  r'.inc Ibinc of r.iv 'oMtrvai.oKs and lixperiinciits have Hiadv; nie conclude with equal certainty, tharthe' IjUriian race arc ful jccl to both meriial .v.vd corporal de.ícncnicy in e.jn'inu'.n wich t';e inicnor otdeisoi .^nd th'.- various jirodtiii'iuni of vcrctalde nature. INor is iris muic lij¿n that cur  iiiircp turn liairy rn he rg cariicd to:hu V. cfi-inmcs; t>r that ¡lime Kiiuis of grain turn to chefs by bad culture and injuries from froil. 'I'his dejjeneracy i^ems to aher tliofe it aiitdis, at every (lep of its progrefs, more and nioie toward the white negro likenc'fs in all reij^'dls, orcept tiiat tiie hair, n^ics, tyes, eye-brows, and ihins, feetn but little or 110-tiiing altered ; thou^^h as they have but lately appeared, 1 cantiot fay %v!iai time may eiied j lor 1 iho:ig-]y ú;ipc¿i lliat tin; trar.iforn.ation beeins in the pine-ili gh.nd in ihe brain (where Defcarres fuppofcd tiie ioni to relide) and extends itfeh i^radualiy over all parts of the outer man. And liowever llrange my inirodudory account of tliefe white nt'j¡,roes may fcem to tiie lefs curious a;idobierving of my readers, ] trull 1 ihall mal.e it appear, in th.is paper, tliat tlie fame fort of animals have exifted a long time in Ingland ; that they have Liicly made tiieir appearance even in th .fe ftates—that they are rapidly in-crtalimj among us—and are likely in a iV.ort time to become the ntuil ufcful of all our doriieillc  So that this paper, if I may be allowed to infert the title in the body of tlie work, may be aptly enough called  The History of  v/hite negroes;  HP  _ I fiiE fi; ft that we hear of ihefe creature."; among Engliflmien is under the Feudal government; the ipirit of which was rcin. rlc^bly adapted to tran:;torm the lower elalTes of people into this race of beings. So tiiat fcon after the cftahlifhment of the Feudal Svdem we find that the great landholders coniider-ccl tiieir tenants as vaiTals or flavts, and ufed to Urannnii tiiem \vi;h the foil by falser conveyance, ii'jt Uiis traiiiformation was fo rapid, violent, and comjil'jte, being i-nei)-cd by mere Ibrceof the feudal iniliiutif.n (which, being of a military nature, was very eiierjttic) and without any of that inftincllve cr fj ontapcoiis tendency towards the white nep;ro likenefs, which appears in tiiofe of our people who are tending that way 5 that it .occaT'oned great and veiiCiai (iiicarmtf^, v.liicli in proccfs c»" rimo broke out irro ijpcii violtoce, and occai:oji;;ii revch;tion, wiKrchy the v. lite ni'gioes appreciated b«.ek a^ain  to the jUito (jf fieen.en.-Tins taught the  tr.giiih nobility that the- moft abjecr, ur.diigtiifa! iJavery wiLs too much cioifnig the grain of thci'e y/licm the.r ¡aw-govcrnuicnt had transfor.'r.ed Into this fpecies of ilaves. 'i hey tiiSrtforc fet about .-/c-lul n:cdiodj v.hcreliy t.! erted'c theLnie tiling in a manner more ily, gradiuil, and impe.x-.prible.——  r length they bethpi;i,n'c themlelves of taking rne-tl.odi, to run tiie nation in cciit tofln airiazirg amount, hy a perpetual ici.:::. ci v..-.! botii by ica aud land~-by laying outiar^e ia;:is to buyo>.'cr thenicii turliulwP.t and iiTtiuential jRit5r.i>{.is ot paiiia.iicnt to theirinfereu—by aiving Inrce fui.iS :c the Algtruits tij bccome pirates on the trade oi other jiations, and I'.i linshiii tiade go frcir, ¿cc. tvc. ^it the lame tiint the} caic to provide for the punctual payment of the annual intereil. Thefe mtth.ods they well knew would ma.-ce white negroes, fulik-icnt In number, and of the inoil profitable kind, whenever tiiey could riife the debt fo high that all the wealthy peopb, ortofpeak more properly, the mailers, could lay cut as much as thej chofe to purch-afe into liic national funds j whereby they might fo irianage this fpecies of property ab to keep It 0« compound inteielt, and at.the fame time hijve national kcurity for it. Ihey ¡ound thls^msthod much more proiitable than ¡nii>orting blacks from Africa fcr their own ufe ; accordingly, though they have dealt largely in the African flave trade, 5'ec they have proliioited the ufe of black flaves in rheh'own realm, and fold their blacks in otlier place;. I bis fccond attempt fuccecdtd to tlieir wiP.ies; but the fuccefs was alrt>gether owing to the moft artful management j for they not only n.an.iged as above rel.i-ted. but they oftenf'bly provided to pay but a^out four or f'\e and a half per cent aunuaiiy on their debt i o^j.r.uiuUo  which were rapidly increafing it, they would borrow money among the mailers on the fecret plan 0: takingfeventy, feventyfive. or eighty pounds (according as they could agree) of the lenderj and counting a hundred to him, and giving intereft; accordingly. Together with this, they took care to infpirc their flaves with fanciful, delufivt? notions Engliili Liberty—taugirt them tu conneft the idea», of flavery oaly with monarciiy, and on this account^ to defpife thcar neighbours tiie French, as llave£. They alfo allcvved them twelve holidays annually, to drink and revd in the moft diflijJated, diforderly , manner j and by contriving to have their general ekftionion the holidriys, they found it an eafy mat-ti;r to fill up the houfe of commons v.-ith fuch as had been previouny eiccled in the cabinet of the niaileriv-to carry on tins white-negro-makIng bulinefs.  In tiiefe ftates this transformation of men ! .ji been eflecled in a furprifmgly diiierent manner; a.id at a very fortunate time too } juft when many oL our blacks had oljtained their freedom in tile war, and the reftgrovVn uneafy and unprontable by bc-luld-ng many^of their breth-en return from a g.ori-ous and fuccefstul war as free as tlieir former maft-tis. And it is curious to remark that tii s tlavJh. transformation among our louer ciairrs ci pcoj/ij has taken place in greater perfection than an.ct.g rhe Biitiih, not only without the leaft ir.tcriererci ; f Ccngrefs, or any of our Icgillatlvts, but (iiiecliy a'^aaill rheir plans and advice. Indeed it I'tx'a.s r.> have been the refult of an iiiftiniTlive v\ hich had been fo long llilied (pe:iia^s by the rj,ild -. ncfs of cur government, and having oiacka tiutUtU for ilaves) that it brokt out st a v.ry unexpe<f:t-j time, and cn an occalion that fcc;jit.d aliogethe»- in..-dtquate to tlie effeii. It is tru-; the public debi, here as well as in England, fervcd as an occauon o:' making this ufeful fpccies of animals V but then our debt at the dole of tiie war was computed to be but about fourteen millions of pounds (a fum very lit -tie larger than the annual intereit ol tlie Britisli nari- ■ oiial dcLt; and Congreis forefeeinga very favcurab.e opi-orturdiy to pay it ott' by funding it and laying" an impoft on foreign articles, which the Britiih them-felves were ready to pour in upon uu in the greatelt profufiun at the hrft dawn of peace ; though.t to pay iroft" ealily, fpeedily, and in a manner that v/ould b.e attended with little or no direii taxation : and in a way the ealieft for the labouring claires of people, and 'briEg the burden in full proportion on thofe who are able to coniume foreign luxuries and gewgaws. I confefo this leems to have been rather lmp>olitIc in Congrcfs, asourblacksWereln a fair \>'ay to apnr<i-ciate fooii to the ftate of freeman—as it was at a yun&iii-e vyhen the operation of fuch a plan might forever have prevented cveiy kind offiaverj'in thefe ftates—and'as it feemsto have been thidelign of na-t:ure, chat cne part of mankind ia moft countries,. and elpecialiy in this, ftiould he" flaves to t.he other-Kowovcr, on the promulgation of the plan, tiierc ;ip};cared in the country, in the northern ftates elpecialiy, a great and general concern li^bat th-yjhiud iJ; :: h. ichia nig!c-.5,_ Thl> genenil conctrn ll'cir.ed to be enkindled by a iiind of New-Lighr-State F'reachers, whole Tjcl ticai i^eivV was c-Uiaihcd \>iiiiih. aiu'.but.i v';" iDjuiUet^iid   

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