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   New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - March 30, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut                                 (Vol. i.)  lie  CoonefticBt.  —-—............ ■ ""'■■ " ■> .....■ ' _. ■ ■ • "  rfdayj March 3O5  azettCp mi m  (No. 7.)  Now SIBI 6ED TOTO CENJTOS SE CREDERE MuNDO.  NEW-HAVEN: Printed md Publiflied by MEIGS & ©ANAp in Chapel-Str^t. «Price Nine Shillings per Annum.  i  p —  Í !  Í -  I .  .àJtLs'SASi ''p^'-'-É'-'"  Dbservatxoks òn the Present Sr-tu.\TioN and Futurb Pììospec-ts oí THIS and the Umted StateSj,  M  Na. ViL  Y. oM friend and copatriot the Con-, ^ ilitutionalill has done me the hon-iSir to fend me the foHovving moil ingenious cifxy, in p/hich his ufiial and mailerly lllle of rfalbiiiiig has Jifcovered itielf in a pro|ro-fal iin improvement in a conilitation vv-hich } had inadvertently deemed perfed. I'his propofal is fo rational, and appears now to be ib cbvious, that I ihouid bludi to ©>vu that the idea had always eluded my feirch, not that the moft obvious  prindpkfi aie.. fregaently overlooked by the greatell philofopher^; and that this in par-titular ha^ eicaped the inveiligation of all ages and nations. I am happy ro exprefs my obligitiorts to this veneraole legiflalor, • hy giving Iiis e.-icellent cifay an opponunity ofaifordingas much ple^fure to the public!-:, as it has to their Jmmble lervant,  LYCURGUS.  To SIR,  LYCÜRGÜ6.  WHEN I firil undertook the guardinn-ihip of the coiiiticution or this ftate and die fiiperintendency of all aits of the j Icgiilature in the charadterof a Public Cen-'for, I exprciTed my wiilies chat my ieeule addrelTes and poos- abilities, not viiiiiland-ing thefarcaim and bui iefque of the .o or fopliiiiry, might raife up .bmj abler /»en £0 explain the principles of dcnncracy, an.i vindicate the rights of the fieeman. I am pleafcd to find my wiihes accompliihcd, and Teturn you my humble thanks fur yonr ncble cilay in yoar lail number. You have fully ^ifplayed the glorious privileges and happy admluiilratio.t ot our preienc coniHiudon, Yet you vvill j^ive me kiave to furniih a few fiintf. in my weax manner, and »vith my tifjal modclty, concerning fome aiteratio..;-: that may be n-quiiitc io complete the plan of n pcrr" democracy.  The fandamental princlpks of a pure de-  oiocracv ixre thefe:  1. Tii.it a!! men a-e c^q.irj, not <> I^/ i t feeeuoin, bat ia ran".;^ it,Liut).c.-, ..udiiiirc-  qaiiitc accompliihments for fullaining any o;Hce Ki tlie leglflative and executive de-. parimeiits.  ii. lhat all power is dangerous, and ought never to be tmited in the hands ef any periòii, yyithouc fuiHcient checks to render him incapable of exerting it.  If we apply thefe principles to our pre-fenC conftitution, we Ihall dilcern jnany de-fecbs, and great room for future improvement.  Though we have provided confiderable checks for that power which is delegated to the officers of government, no check has yet been devifed on that power which yet remains in the people.  I mean the power of elefting all the officers of tlie ibi^;, which is the higheil power in the govei lmcnr, and has the abfolate controul of tlie reil : yet, by fome unac-caua table fatalithis p^er is everted . without any check or controul, and ei^er af-ibrJed opportunity to ambitious anddeiign-ingmen to obtain the votes c the frqemen, and continue in office for many years or du-ringthewhole period of their lives, to the total excluhonof the reft of the community, who were equally qualified for thè truft.-^— Such a continuance in office gives them opportunity for perfeiling their deftruftive plans for the diiloiaiicn of government, and aiTords fuli proof that the freemen ought not to be expoibd to their artlficcs, or entrufted wir.h the ualinilted right of elefting and reelecting the fame man during their pleafure. I'iiis d'.'feit -has been long feen by our wi-ieil patrijrs, and many plans devifed for controlli'.nii this dangerous power. It has b^cn propofsd that no m:m fliould be Governor or L'cu onant-Governor more than one year in his life, Ailiftant more than two years, or Repreientatix'c m.ore than three years together : or in a word, that whoever had been once cliofen to any office, iiiould he rendered forever after ineligible. But thcic are only p;ircial remedies, and would not oorrecl the orio-iu of the diforder.  Fr.^m my nr.l poAiion it will evi ]e!>tiy ?p-pi'ar, iiiai i;i a perfect democracy, all oirtccj ihiV.iJd be jioklcn in rotation, and not hiied  i coniiuacd by tlie ua igerous mode of < .''^'•>."0,1 : from tlvr fecorul it will apDinr tnat the oiacers when ciiWiCii u.iad in r^ucd  of further diecks to prevent the ill ufe of tlieir povyer.  i know it has been objected by the ambi-r tioas advocates for Ariftccracy, that offices ihouid be filled by men of the firil abilities who are woft properly qualified to difcharge themV aiid that men who have held any offices for fome time, are better acquainted with the nature of the truft, and more capable of difcharging its duties, than thofe who are wholly anikilled in tho buiinefs. But our danger arifes from this very foarce.— Men who can do good, can alfo do hurt, and power with abilities is never tobe truít-ed. Í ñiall, therefore, with tho utmoft diáidence, propofé to the freemen of this fiaso the following plan of a per^él dem^ cracy, in which all power ihall bs fuiHcient-ly checked, the due rotation of offices amply provided for, and the juíl ideas of modern patriots completely carried into execution.  I. In order to eradicate the dargerous influence of large anrd exteníTve corporations, I propofe that 7 wenty-Two new ccim-ties be immediately made, z's many ncv/ towns as ihail make the number of Two hundred in the whoie, and ^Ninety Five new-cities incorporated, and that a new fíate íeal be immediately ilruck at the copper mint whofe device fnall he. The (otruus if Coiinediciit reprcjmied in the k¿L)it cf a ft-naiinjc, and employ id  male  brccmy nvith the Hon,  C if  liiuk:-:^ a ^ "-ft <t  attending as herJlfif and bajy iii- d:i'idit:g ¡t.c Jplinters.  II. That the Governor of the ftate be chofen in lotation throughout tlie two hundred towns, beginning at the eifxri-mcil town in the ftate, and annually prtcceJ:'".g weilward, according to the K^luraland mn-al progrefsoi empire ; and the next Lieutenant Gcvernor in the Wtikmcioft tcv'. n, and to proceed annually in a ci ntjary'dijcc-tii)n ; and that one ^ffiiiant be annu;..''y chofen in each of the thirty coenticr, i:; a. fmilar rotation thiough each icv,'n in luch •county.  III. That the Civil Aufhori^y, Si'r.^-•men, Conlbble^, and Graiid Jury of t;.ch town fnall anniially iPtct, anU c:.oo:e Tv^eDty of their able, judirious.  crs, worth F^y lav.'.u: n/Ci'cy  eitch, to fcanu ir> nuiii'.uution icr vc^   

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