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New Haven Gazette Newspaper Archive: March 23, 1786 - Page 1

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Publication: New Haven Gazette

Location: New Haven, Connecticut

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   New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - March 23, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut                                 h  lie  : i  , i í..  îv^-i ■ -thuraiy, ySé^cf^'^^ -'M ' '  Non sibi sed r toto cenitos se credere' mukdo,  ■J  -J. .. w-l-  HEW-HAVEN: PHiïtcii. sfîd, Pdbliilîçd by-MEIGS & DANA, ; in Ghapel-Street., fnceNine _Sy¿¿ivgs psr ...Annuii. ,  ■ j  OBSBRVATroNS on" the Present Si-. ttr/,tiok and f-uti/re pao'jpccts of this and the United . sfatec-o  ' Ni>. VI.  H E three forms of government are Monarchy, AriilocrAcy and Democra-  cy.  An abfolute monarchy is defined, a go-■ycrriment in which the lives, liberties and properly or'ail the fuhjeds are wholly in the power and devoted to the wiil of the faon-arch. in fuch kiogdoins, their tyrants, checked by their fears of popular infarrecl-ions, and influenced by the party oa whom ejicy depend for iuppart, have uiually provided for the general fecurity and fafety of sheir iubj>:ihthough theif adminiftratioa deftroys all political liberty, ' t. .  Jn an abiplatc arillocracy. all power is lodged in the hands: ¿of an hereditary nobiii-iy,i aad the people are di veiled of all title to' poihical freedo/n.  In a jdemocracy* the power remains in the pe6p}e, and every fubjeil enjoys his full lhareof liberty and iegiflation. But there is a great diiterenee between an abfolute democracy and a form of government either wholly or partly democracical ;'for an abfo-i lute ttemoci:acy, in which all power ihoald rcm:un in the liands of the people, andele. gated :to any magillrate or reprefentative, is a perfcii^ anarchy, and dcterv^es -not the iiame of a government: but in a democrati-cal gov;ernment, all power is entruHed in the hands of the magiitrates, juciges, repre-fentativgs, and other oi-Hcersv eligible on!y by the people, chofen for ilated periods,, and iiccountable for their condu6t in olKce to-proper judicatures. ' . . •  Between an.abfoliite democracy and a de-mocratical government, there is a certain ^lode ,of politic.'il exiftciice,^ in a hich all forms of government are preferved, m.igiil-rates, judges and ochc^r ofSc'jrs duly elefted, nominal authority amply bellowed, but no real power given out of the hands of tlie people. Taxs mode is the mo'Lfivourablc to the liberties of the iubjccb -andl congratulate my country that it ls complctelv ad-opicd in the general couiUtution of our empire, and its grand oatlines dciuKated  the prefent adminiilration of the ilate. of Conneélicut. Every patriot will join with me in adopting; and applying to it, vàth trembling apprelienfions for its fate, the famous expiring wifli of the Venetian hiftori-a.i, " ESTO PERPETUA !" Oh that it might laft forever '  For this fiee and happy conftitution is greatly endangered by the efforts of a nume-: rous party in this. Hate. They continually exclaim, that it is neceffagr.tpgive fome degree of ibrce and engEgyi/öo t ctar government, that the power ofi Jthe Jegiilative and* executive departments ihouîd not only be-nominal, but. real, that Congrefs ihoald be enabled to fulfil their engagements, that the public feith-and cr<;dif Ihould be prefer-ved, public promifes facredly perfonned, $nd >^mcar^rêsfeiFe£hially. taken to. enforce obe'dîencé to all a£ls of the legiflatöre, and ail deciiiöns Qfiùe ciiài magiftrate. As it is ever .expedient to give our adverfaries fome odioijs name^ I' fhaiF, in conformity -ivith our democratic patriots, ftyle this party The Ariftocratical FaQion.-—-I  firil- toolt «p- my peti to oppofe their efforts foi- thé-deftVueì.ion of the'ilatei %'ndi 'Bç amazing^ ftìccéfs^ (>f'my firft ëiFays,- infpîi'èj me with the greateili àiaCrity ih thè? profecuìiorì' of the fùbjeil; I thf?ll thei'éfore fpënd a fëw' moments in demonftrating. the difàdvanta-' ges that muil arile ffOnï rèiloririg" authority' to government, and in fliewing the happy eiTcits that have i already %rifen "frbrii' ' the want of energy, power,' and puniïlïality.  It is a kaovva iViaxim that every peribn in* aliate oflbciety iiirrenders ä portion of his liberty, for the iatce of the proteéttonof government, artd his fecurity in the enjoy-^ nient of the reudüe. This is-'a full acknovv-kdgemént that all government is an infringement oa thè'natural rights of the people. In confeqüfiriöe, that ^[overhmené which- has the leail^eHergy is the only govern»' ment in Vt'hich the fubjed i? free, and that power which can never^ be execnted^ is the only power which canfafely be trufted in the hands of individuals. Thé famous qiieilioh concerning the belt: forrn of- government,-may, on thcie princfpî'èslj "be oâûiy detérm-^ ined. That forîn of govcwme'ntis-the bell:,' which is mer-eiy a - form, withtìtìt pbx^^c^r/ iiihtwincc, or reality. When vib: take biitk wich O'.ie-hund ilut portion of liberty, and  that {hare of authority whieh;we nOminalIy • grant with the other, we preíerve our whole : quo^ of rights and !privilegesy.,and are no ¿ lofers by ,the transfer I for^ pmcr neyfi,t^exer<', ted, as we have, happHy/eKpei^encedj^^ equiv^ent 4b lio^ing, and equally harm-i. lels. ' ' ' .;. ' . . , -i..,;  . Sliouíd-an energetic government iake> place, agreekbly to the wiíhes<pf the /ínílo-.. cratic Fadion, ■ ihould power be really grsp-ted to the Congrefs, tWiegilîativf ,an.d e.t-. ecutive • departraentSs dvi| on  cers have the courage; a^pd Jnde^eadencQ to ; execute their 2uthority^.,ivh3tfubje^;oC ,this. ilate could ilyle himfelf. a frecn^ajj The-^ laws would be ailually 0beyed¿ ^e ¿public • engagements per^rmed;, the taxes, pûnâu- . ally paid, the obedience of the people en-ibrcedj, the deílraílipn of our íibefties would bè'^the' rie'celTafy confeqiience, and like the huibandf of imperious wiyea^ sve ihoald become flàvés to an aathority /impofed by our voluntary choice. . ^  ^t ÜS take a re^ôfpeél of paft tranfafti-ons, a'nà enquire whether the following glorious viftories obtained by liberty ove? power, could ]ever iiâve, bee^ gaiiieain governme,nt/pp^3ed offpirit and energy. ,, Could fq many a0:s p^.the iegiflatuje, ; ap- . med AVith the Teyerelipcaaities, and defi gn-ed_ to enforce our belief in the promifes of the fíate, and the value of .public fcGuritieS;,.; have proved only political fcarecrows, aaá been réropyed a& ibon as the fliarpers,. ilock-». , jobbers, ahS' othet bjjrds of prey, whpn|.; tfièy'ivefé\dcígned; to'iqtiraidate, had the t difcretión tó ùhlerilàn'd and difregard them When the feveral towns in this Hate were ordered under a . large penali:y :to conpleat-their quota of foldiers, with which a great part at Hill heavier expence immediately , conmlied, \vouId the penalties incurred by;; théaelinquerit towns h^ve been reduced tOB; merf? trifle, and even that trfflç left unccd-levied ? When taxes to a large aoiount have-at various times been laid in cur-rencje$'un-> depreciated, in ípecífic articles, and in^Id or filver, and chearfúlly paid by the: Jnp^-numerous .and patriotic pr.rt jof the community', Vv'Oüld the refidue of the Avorthleisj, Jn^, imical, ând'ù'âprtnpipîed.havebeen AÎÎou eà,' " aftçr eyçry- áuvantage of adalcjonal abate-»;-ments, to pni' theii-|\-opurtit)ni in biîîs wh'^o-iy or iccu-rulr? at ii.e   

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