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New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - March 16, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut ! > ' (Vol. I.) . .Thurfday, March ló, M.DCC.LXXXVÎ. (No. 5.) I/.. Now SIBI S2D TOTO GÜNITOS £E CREDERE MuNDO. r i NEW-HAVEN: Printed and Publiihed by MEIGS & DANA, in Chapel-Street. Price A7w Shillings per Annum. OnsERVATioKs On the pai-r.ent Situ at j on and Future Paosi'ects of this and the Uíntied Siatci. No. V. Y N my lail paper I endeavoured to point - out the modern,and molt íaíliionabie mode of c.xecunng du;ics in the execuri\:e departmenrs oí goveinmcut;—my pr^lent • deiign is to düiineate tiu; quaiilies which ought to be found in iho c iii¿a who arj dc-iignutcd co iegiilute for the pcHjplc. "l: mail be Ovvned that no body of men. though cuiled and ieleded witii the greatell care, ciin paiHbly reprei(:ntin periection the original form fyom which they are copied.--^ In the early ages of iocicty tliere was none-C"ñifv to.i-thía expcdicrit—^ev.erymember of til • iuáity had a direil vote in the pub-J iC wv' .i acils, and ratified or rtjcLtcd mca-I jres as tiiey appeared to-him proper o; improper. But wlien men becamc extended over large countries, it wr.s foinui iinpolii-ble for every ci ti z'jn to give p.rionai atccnd-ance, 'ttnd men thei íjegan to tiur.k of lend-in,-'" i:hc.'iroai?.ioi!S by proxv. it appoar:> "iicicnt niltory, that the Von.juins, a vvife people of Eúúoph, ab-' out (ulve íhoafjnd y.Tii-.s ago, were the hril. who adopted this , idea, and it feems nmch trouble a-ri coiiiention a:o'e ahoui: tlie mode f>' r^'p.cicriratiorL. It was thrre faid that all inj 1 WL-rc i-y nature equally fiee—and that no ralevvai by w'iich the rcprt-fent- aiiv^'. could be didinguiilicd from the great of rne peop! :-,—that to intruil thepo -v-cr of iinhing laws '.vith'mcn of knoivJedge and a,)iiity, would be dciir.uctive of that cquaiiiy waich wp.s a law of reafon and na-íurí^ and abb that fooK could by no means r.ccomp'iih the buiinefs which they found n'.'ceiiluy fnould be traijiaded. The truth fif tlicie porsrioihs couid not be denied, and ti:e gr.'at [-..ilin-.-is of tlic'poiirlcian' was to coitruT fome rein-dy f)r thctediiiiculties—■ A rr. r .nany <>i-nve dei-ates it was at ienp'th T »1 • ^ d-"t'-r;niiicd, that a ccrtaia number of the mo'i popvilar demür^ügues íiiouid meet for th^ p^'|■[-'Oi^s iflcgiiLitioa ii) their o'vnrighi-, îiad a-: liu' !a\>;' of n Unre <iid iiot aiccitain who Oil;::in propi'iiy lo jvprt ícat tlu- pef)ple, that jor the picvciuioii of U':a .i:y aii iluuld -At the fame time it i I remain at home.- was ordered that each diftrict iliould provide a fcatue, or a v/ooden repreientation of a man, at the public expence—that ids limbs ihuuld be h conilrutled is to be capable of motion, and that his countenance Ihould re-prefent fuch palions as v/ere mof: agreeable to hi.i coulliiueats.' Thefe llatues 'Acre placed In order in the Hall of Council, in Inch manner that by means .of mechaii;cul powers t.;eir hands might be raiiedor deprelTed at fieaiare, and one porion was a];poi;iied, vvno by the jielp of a pulley coatroui d the aiTent of theie wooden icgiflators. Tne demagogues made iuch p-o])oials as they thought would bell advance their private intereilr, under pretext 0/ public advantage, and when ihey agreed upon a.iy mealbre, it became a law, if tlie ope/ator could be induced to pull upon liierightllring. It is eafy to conceive that no fmall ikill wa'^, uecciVar)» to crgani^.e l^^ch a Phv.ife of AiTernbly, a'id hiilory invnrnts that fur ma- -ny years tiiere Vv'as but cniC pcribn capablo of managing the political mac'dne.-—I'his r-ia\i ioon became feniibleoi hio l.^iportance, and frcq'uently occafioned much delay and cmbHrraifment in the public bufintf- fometiines he would extort large iiiin;) or money fron: the public before he woald iuffer the houie to co.ieui', urjd.-r pretence rlir.t foa:iC iO^ic or wheoi was out oforder, tho:)n-ii 4 * ' - ^ Jt was cb.erved that \v);er) any meaiure ¡a-voarabie to his private intercic was piopo-fed, the members were very unanimous in fentiment. Jn this age a number of new phniCcs were invented, which haw been tranilatcd into all languages, and^re common in tne mouths of politicians of every ration.- I'he term B^/y PoLii--, which is now aj?pli-cd .to all focieties and combinations of men, theii referred to th^i complex machine which lias been defcribed ; wnat we now caM ¡i:^ Siaj-i-vs of C/v-r-.'■ ..vA't .V/', w ere then the iopes by which it was régulât -d ;--and, by a llrange perverfjon of ancient iue;.i, the Oil with which the Yonquir.eie artiù lubricaîcd his fprings and puîiies, has- oy n;odcrn ilatefmeii, been repre^ciitrd ^s the fan^e tiling with the ■ - now laid upon tju" people ibr the fappori: of government. It is true that the ideas affixed by us to tliefe cxpreilions, are di/ierent from thofe of the antient people of Ethiopia; but, in juf-ticc to them i mail obferve, that their mode of fpcaking was more rational than ours.—The foliy of fuppofing money to pof-fe/s a lubricating quality, is jelf evident, as it is a very g utinous fubiVance, and is ever found to adhere cloiely to the fingers or thofe who handle it, .. In proccis of time, the wife Yonquins diicovered that their political machine was lometiines abuled to bad purpofes, and that it did not entirely anfwer the purpoies of its conftruetion. It was then propoiedthat the images ihould be difcliarged from office, and real men fuuiUtuted in their room—thedem-agogues were not averfe to this raeafure,. 43 it had been previouily agreed that fuch men as moil refembled the former lleprefentaiives fnould invariably be chofen. It is faid that t'lis great revolution was not attended vvith thofe bad'C¡Teds which had » been feared by fome prudent people,—the human reprelentatives .were found to agree as implicitly with the wiihes of a few artful men as thole of wood, and many fatisfaitory anfwers were obtained refpeding the condition of the roads., and the proper men to he appointed" ^neekoes and IViggerSy* which could not be expeficd from legiilators altogether mnte. it is faid that thde reprefen-tatives poi!tiled the power of making laws for the nation, though the Vonquins woald by no means admit that they were reprefent- atives or tne TC-tU L they were accordingly filled repriji nuiU-vt:s cf the l^cliiical /nacbine above defcribed. The above hiilorical remarks v;hich I have faithlully copied from an ancient miin-uiciipc ir* my poirciTion, may ferve toilluf-tfate tlie origin of reprefentation, and the„ charaders proper for legifiators, agreeably to this moil perfeilfyilem of ancient government, and here i mutl; confefs that the hiilo-ry of mankind, fo fir as it has come to my knowledge, has not afforded an inflance of any people who have.complied fo invariably * / i!nii-:rjTu,-id ¡hat ihd. Sneekoes and Wiggrrs -xlr/v cjjicyn peculiar fo il f Tunc-ui- h:J n tio".-—"Their ¿li^iies fomc-Lvhixi rc- jcinilcU,:: jl uj Coloiiels cf Militia and Juili-ccs of the Peace. f /
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