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New Haven Gazette Newspaper Archive: March 09, 1786 - Page 1

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Publication: New Haven Gazette

Location: New Haven, Connecticut

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   New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - March 9, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut                                 ... 7/ i..  'lie-  ■ . Coiiiie£ì:Ì€iic •  ... 7/ i..         . Thu rfd.ay, - March    .99    M.DCC.LXXXVI.    (No. 4.)      -    Non sibi sed toto    genitos    se credere mundo,    1  1      new-HAVEN:    Printed and Fubliflied by MEIGS    & DANA,  • ■. *    in Chapel-Street. Price i^ine Unllh  V,. .....................a:......,.........................    ngs per Annum,  ............................-     Observatxons on the Presbnt' Situation and Future Prospects of this and the United SiVatec.  No. IF.:.  T has been afiertcd by fome curious _ and ipeculative men, that no particular form of government is in itlelf prcicra ble to aiorhcr, but that every thing depends upan the mode of admiiiillration. Though I can by no means admit thele propofitions . to be true, yet J think the queition may be waved, when we conftder the moft excellent adminiltration under which we live. To delineate its various perledlions, would be an arduous, though a pleaiing taik, and I would vvillingl/ coitfcfs my inahiiity to do ' jullice to the iubjeil, had f not obiervcd that fuch profeffions ofm^'deily in an author are commonly accompanied with high pre-tenlions to infallible knovrledge. Among she diiadvantages which reluited from our connexion with Great-Britain, perhaps none may be more c6 liequential than the habit we thereby acquired of confidi'i ing our pub- , lie charafters as elevated in rank: above the j people of the Siate. The deluded Englifli-men have io:ig confidered their kin^s as the f:jiurces of honour and jufrice, and by imperceptible degrees ue have aicribed the iame attributes to rhv?fe men whom we employ in ' the' menial offices of fociety. it is not flrange that they have been ti\us cofi/idered by the vain and ambitious part of inankind, but it ihall be my tdflc toconfidcr them in their proper itatious, and ¡'peak of the char-adlers wiiich are iuited to their refpedtive conditions in life.  The great body of the people alone are truly elevated ; in their aggregate c{iara<iier they poil'cis many. advavitages which it v/ould be abiurd and i/nptons for any individual lo claim : they alone are the finrjl judges of law and policy, the reins of go-vernmentare in their hand: and ir i . ccriii-dently aiTerted that their, ^»piniois u!icn properly coheited, are of cqi;al credit with the writings of infpired truth.  I am not lb great a caloill as tn n dt-ftuke to determine, whether this be.the cale, or afcerr.-'in wJiat orfice a man mui-Vho.d ro dif-<]uali.fy him from a.Tording hi'^ quota of in  fallibility for public ufe: for the prefent I ftiall aiiovv the refpeftable body of Gaugers, . PacLeriy Leaiher'HtutCiSf Fence-Fie^ujers .Ty,hiiig-.Mai» Xo -^oiJiQiSt. 'm equal degree with the people, tli% privilege of not being railbken in a y matter whatever, and for obvious realons iliall coniider the Ccuftable as being on the firil ilep ot political degra-daion.  In the charader of this faithful and inof-fenfive fervantof the public, we have an in-itance ot the public rewards which attend on diligence and fiJelity.'—His firil employment was only 10 hand beggars from town to town, till their place of legal reiidence was iixed—-to walk the ftrects with a black flick in his liand—to prevent boys from playi g oil Sundays—and to afiiil in convoying home fuch of his conftituents as were inadvertently oxcrtakenin liquor. By the mecknefs of his.depojtment in thcie humble empIoyjTients he fo far acquired the confidence of the public as to be einpovvcrcd ;o ferve writs and levy eyecutions, and in the exercileof thefe duties he has difplaycd fuch human ty iaod iorbcarance that he now appears in the more conipicuous and lucrative ■ oillce of colledor, ■  1; have often admired the fagacity-of my ; countrymen in the choice of thefe powej-ful fervants ; the utmoll caution fcems to be neceffary that the liberties of the people be not-abridged by the tyranny which they < have a legal power to exerciic—it is there- -fore to bii hoped' that in future, as at prefent, indolence, fervility," and cowardice, : may be confiderv^d.as efiential qualifications  of a conilable and collector,-—-wheie  thefe offices are not united in the fame per-fon, the danger to the public is. leis, and the aforefaid qualities no: equally neceiHiry. ^ The Jiijiice of Peace hiay be foimdlin the next gradation of public fervants, ami here • it may be neceffary • to obferve, that there is • an effential difference between the real and oftenfible charaiter of this refpeda-ble officer: unhappily for the people, this d:ftin6lion has not been properly attended toi by many juftices, who, by a ftridl adherence to the principles of law, have become dangerous to our lihertiesi; - It is indeed true that the .ftile of the Juftice ijmports, and that the lavv' prejumes that he will do all in his po.ver to prevent litigation, and difor-  . der, and yet the faft is, that his influence and Jeputation chiefly depend on the quarrels which he promotes, and his knowledge of the nice diilinftions in law, by which one man can lay claim to the property o po-- ther. His information upon thele lubjcils ought to be univerial, and he fliould never iail to notify the people of his neighbourhood how they may avoid fulfillirg a contract, and how they may contravene the intention of the law v/ithout being fobjefted t© its penalties. 1 he more diiciT^Jers he promotes and quells, the more his vigilance as a jullice is to be commended, and in fettling private difputes he ihould be .careful to prevent future litigation by. forming iuch -judgments aswillleave both.parties chagri-ned and difappointed.  The pri icrpal qnaliflcations necciTary. fcr this cfecc are, an itn conquer ah te grA'ony, a ■ Jtatiue L'l^ Brck. ^nA agcod Jtana Jor cs • Tavern.' With thefe requiiites a man  cf ordinary abilities siay becoEse a difpen-ferof law, and the medium by which poH-  • tical knowledge is ccmmunicated to the people.  - It is not by means of the iti  - this ila te, as fome liave fuppoicd, that the  • people have acquired that knowledge of fci-ence and that acuteneis of perception for  •which they are juftly diilinguiflied ; it is to -the Juiilice of Peace that we are indebted 'for thefe advantages.  ; In the difcuffionof caufes before this tribù-'.nal, the utmcll myfter-y and doubt ought to appear. Common ienfe. is a vu'gar quality, and if this gcverned the deliberations of the Juilice^ he would not be confidered in any way more learned or wife than the rei! of mankind. The principles upon which he ihould form his opinions ought io be incom.. prehenfsble, even to himlelf, though they ftould be delivered with, fuch gravity and oilenlible wifdom as to' create the moil-aw«  fill reverence' for his charader.——?-The  Juliice's Court is à fchool where the.moil valuable fcience is acquired ; where men forget the vulgar diftindions between right and wrong, and dilcover that thofe propolì-tions which are feemingly moil evident, are moll li. ble to uncertainty and error. Various are the reaibns why a Juiljce cf Pea .e ought to be a Tavern-keeper, excluiive of tlie profits acquired by him by retailing fpi^   

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