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New Haven Gazette Newspaper Archive: February 23, 1786 - Page 1

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Publication: New Haven Gazette

Location: New Haven, Connecticut

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   New Haven Gazette (Newspaper) - February 23, 1786, New Haven, Connecticut                                 The NeW'Haven Gazette Connediciit  and the  {Vol. I.) Thurfday, ! Vebruary 23, M.DCC.LXXXVI. (No, 2.)  NqN SIBI 3ED TOTO GEMTOi SE CREDERB 'MUNUO.  ♦ , '  NEW-HAVEN: Printed and Publilhed by MEIGS & DANA, in Chapel-Street. Price liine ShiH'nrgs per Annum.  Observations on the Present Situation- and Future Prospecis of this and the United STArti,.  No. II.  firft and moil important part of i the fiibjeft I have undertaken, in which 1 wiih to indulge rayfelf and my readers, is that fingular PoUticul Union, from which the empire of America receives' the denomination of the Umtcii Siata. it is with peculiar propriety that we ilile ihis extenfive nominal combination a Political union. The fcience of politics haa ever been co:ifidered as the moil intricate, in-vifible, a ul incomprchenfible of all fcien-CC3; it is that by which the groat body of mankind in all ages and nations have been led forward without an object, and iinper-eep'ibly impelled to their own happincis or mifery, without knowing any r.uional me-tiiod of purluingcirh r. The epithet i'o-y/7/V,i/thereibre, which is the fame as imperceptible or invinble. is moil happily applied to that luppofed u lion which leems to bo contained in our Articles of Confederation. It is not a oflentiment;-  it is not a union of intereil;——it is not a union to be feen—ir felt—or in any manner perceived,—but it im Poiiiicai union. This i thoug -.t it nccelTary to premife, as_ an accurate attention to tiie deiinition of . terms will help us to be a.ideriiocd in tneir application.  (.»ur political Union therefore being fix-f d as ...the fimdam'ental principle of the glory, happineft and perpetuity of the American empire, we will now attend 10 its operation On the three gre.it objeiVsof national atten-tio.i, DEFENCE, COMMERCE, and NATIONAL CHARACTER, or PUii-lAC CREDIT; The laft of thefe I leave to be treated in my next number, and af-iign the prefent to the diicuflion of tiie two former. .  Some have fuppofeJ, as the'iKilleauium is to take place in this country, and i.s probably ncrir at iiand, that any means of de;e,icfe are unneceflary, and ought'o be avoided in our coniUt\jtion ; but as the Indians and Algcriacs „feem not perfectly ready to a;lr.pt this paciiic fyitem, I have rejected tiie idea for the prefcuc, n :d Hiall endeavour to prove that our conJiiiutioial pr'!p,ii-itio.i5 fijr dcfcuce v.vv amply fuilici- |  ent forany poible exigencies of a republican soveramcnt. There'is no need there-fore of recurrirg to the millennium in order to excufe the iramers of our federal con-ilitution, w'lich gives Congrefs the nominal power of mdkiag peace and war, and of raiii ig v-r-aici., wi:hout giving them the meiins 01 induci: g a fingle ibidier to enliil.  in the liiil pio^e,———our government is now, and ever ihall be, a aemocrancnl government, ni wnich every citizen is equally free and iiidcpcAvicnt—now tiic ieail at-ccntion lO miluaiy diicipiii.e implies a degree of iuburdination, js an iiifringement upon penonai liberty, and fo far tends to overturn t])e conlbtution. Befidcs, every peiibii capable of bearing arnjs is able to ciciend hiiiiieii ; aud luppofi;;g among the thr.e millitus of inhabitants contained in thcic ftates, five hutidred thouiand are ca-phbieci pcrfonui tiercnce, 1 think in this Laic wc are per toiliy lecure from any invafi-en, as it is probabie tnrit no foreign force will ever vnit oar coails wiui the fifth part of- that number, and ihould an army cf half a niiL.o.i ..¿luaily invade cur country, with ■a dcfign to di;pciijls tiia iiihatiitants;—if wea.e uiihciently poor, as a republic ought tv) be, rnd th y find no lions of v.calth amailed . in any particular places—they would nuvurally i'^^nge arid itatier over the ct)u;irry in iearch of prey, wlierc eicli of our able-bodied yroiiijn could eafily kill his mill, w-iiich would at once dcllroy the whole army or aggreiior^. Or fecondiy,—llippo-iing, ffOin the compaft iituadon of the for-eigii force, it fhouid agr.in be neceiTary to ruife an army to opvofe them ; the method is plain, tlie exped'ent lias been tried with aoi'.ndant fucceis: Congrefs can emit a few millions of paper currency on the faith of the United Sr.-.tes, and your army is raifed, your enemies dc eated, and your country completely fecured- I am ienfible fome ob-jcdious U'Oidd be miide to this mode of payment f^r fervices rcnJered the public— Thoie objc'dioas I fludl fully anlwer in my noKt number, in treating on public jullice and national'charader : but as to the general propriety of pap r currency, it needs but one argument to prove it no: only far preferable to any other medium of trr.de, but that no other ought to he in roiiuccd in this coantry. it was the policy of i.jy venera  ble anceilor, the ancient Ly;curgus, to exclude from his republic all money and com merce ; and fo much of the blood of that great legiilator fiows in my veins that I cannot look upon what we call l^iJrd money, but with a degree of indignation that it ihould even be tolerated in this independen': empire. To my eye it always carries v/ith it che marks of ilavery and defpotifm, while its very found is but the clank of a chain. \7hcn we confuler that flaves are employed i 1 digging and rciining the ore ; that it i^ tr.miported to a land of oppreflioii, and there receives the image and fuperfcrip ion of a tyrant; that it then recroiles the Atlantic, and is often e nployed for the vilefl: purpofcs, we ought to baniih the peft from iocicty, and refume the native currency of  our own foil.-Shall we, who have io oí-  ten paid our devotions at the pole of liberty^ and boafted to the world of our independent fpirir,—(hall wc cf^nfent to wear in our pocket thia bad^-e of ilavevv, this mock of for-  o # ' '  eign majcicy ? forbid it, freedom ; and forbi' it hou'-ur !.....We are an independent people, and, as fuch, we have rags— we have paper-mills, andwehave printing-prtiles; befides, we have men enough who can write their names, and may be employed in figning oiT dollars by thcufands and  by millions-Thefe dollars are natives,  they aie attached to the foil, and will never leave their country ; they are independeat of funds, as we are independent of credit ; for money is its own fund, and what ii credit to a man or a nation v/ho can make thfir own money  Thus far it appears that the power of defence ib in ourfelveSj whenever we have occaiion to exert it. But the prefent fitua-tion of our frontiers, and theeucroachme^ts in that quarter, are thought by for e to de-»-mand our attention, and require a military force to fecure the claims of the laic u taty of pcacei Perfons who reaibn thus aie either enemies to our political union, or ignorant of the true intereils of the country. Several reafons occur why the weflern frontiers ought, at Icait for tiie prelent, to be totally neglcéled. ''  F^)//, Every encroaclrnent of foreigners leiiens the territory of the United States, wilich are already much too large. The great Lycurgus of Sparta madíí it a capital   

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