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Bridgeport Telegram, The (Newspaper) - January 17, 1918, Bridgeport, Connecticut Largest Morning Circulation in Connecticut rain iM> THE WEATHER Probably Snow See Bottom First Column VOL.. 87. BRIDGEPORT, CONN., THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY EIGHTEEN CENTS. RDERS EVERY SHOP IN EAST CLOS OR FIVE DAYS BEGINNING TO-MORROW Junker's Ambitions MAY ASK PLANTS TO PAY EMPLOYES FOR IDLE TIME Teace-By-Agreement Sec- tion of Germans Com- promises on Annexa- tions on East and West Although the peace pour- parlers between the Bolshevi- and the Teutonic allies lave been resumed at Brest- the peacc-by-agree- lent section of the German [opulace and some of the Newspapers continue their ex- pressions of dissatisfaction nth the ambitions of the Jan-Germanists and the terms hat .have .been advanced by German delegates at Jrcst7Litovsk as the basis for peace. 'Amsterdam dispatches announce that an understanding has been peached, between the political and lilitary parties in Germany on the basis of the Russian program of no annexations or indemnities in the east and leaving to Field Mar- jshal von Hinde'nburg in case of a 3erman victory, the liberty of lealing1 with possible auexations in Ihe west, out the eviaence tends f.o show that the factions are still Additional meetings at ch' speakers' endeavored to out- the viewpoint of the militaris- tic element have been broken up, nd it is announced that Chancel- r von Hertling is to be permitted to deliver his delayed address on Jermany's war aims mr.in committee of the reichstag next To prevent industrial unrest il was saiil to-iiig-lit the gov- ernment might make a. formal request on industries affected by the order of the Fuel Ad- ministralor to pay their em- ployes during the time they are idle. Oflicials lo-night foresaw that the German government might distort and make much of the order to improve the morale of the German people but they said this danger was negligible when compared with that bI permitting the fuel sit- uation to continue unimproved, The order was issued under authority conferred in the Ijcver food act which provides ii fine of or imprison- ment for violating of its pro- visions and warning was given that it would be strictly en- forced (Continued on Page 11) mds Way to Neutralize Sub Attacks Washington, Jan. [Maxim, the inventor, to-day out- lined to the Senate ship investigat- ling committee, plans for ship con- struction which he claimed woulct (minimize the effect on- merchant (vessels of explosion of torpedoes, [by instantly disintegrating: through la cooling' process the gases formed Iby the explosion. He said he had (sought in vain to interest the (Emergency Fleet corporation In I his proposal and that he came to (the committee in the hope that the (government would conduct experi- [ments to determine its worth. His plan, the inventor said, was (to line, the inside of the hulls of vessels with cylinders containing r with a steel screen behind (them. When the torpedo ex- Iploded, the water tanks, he said. be hurled against the screen I atomizing the water which would disperse the heat and absorb the I gases. A cargo such as apples, po- tatoes and similar produce con- taining a large percentage of water serve just as effectively as. I the tanks, he said. Concrete ships, the said offer a greater advantage in com- batting the submarine menace than steel or wooden ships, as they give I greater, resistance and absorb heal better. A concrete hull, he said localize an explosion, and he strongly -urged construction of con- crete skins for steel vessels. Fight Same Spirit as Founders United States Called Upon Again to Defend Free Institutions Says For- mer Premier of Austra- lia. Washington would lot concede to George III we ;hail not concede to the Kaiser and Lincoln's Avp'rds, ,'govem- nent of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish from the earth' shall be said- Craw- ford Vaughn, former premier of Australia, at the rousing- meeting under the auspices of the Council of National De- fense at the High school last WEATHER REPORT. New York: Local snows Thursday or Thursday night; Friday'generally fair. Southern New England: Fair Thursday, probably local sjiows at night and Friday. In the east low pressure prevails as a rule and is lowest over Lake Superior. Snows we.re general in the northwest and rains and snows over the .north districts west of the Rocky mountains and there were also local snows and rains of little consequence in the lake region, the central valleys and the south. There-were no decided temper- ature changes, low temperatures continuing generally east of the Hooky mountains and moderately high temperatures to the west- ward. There will be local snowy Thurs- day and Friday in the lake region1 rri'.l Thursday night or Kriday in New England. There will be snow Thursday in the upper Ohio valley nt-.d Thursday or Thursday nig lit iii the middle Atlantic status followed by fair weather Friday. There will also be local rains in the south Atlantic states Thursday followed by fair weather Friday, while in the lower Ohio valley, Tennessee and east Gulf states the weather will be. fair. ALfMAXAC. Sun in. [Sun Sots............. p. in. Water.......... p. m. iW Water.......... p. m. p. in. it." night. It was a rousing- meeting'and there was a large delegation of working men in attendance. Bridgeport's Liberty .chorus did the singing for the occasion and following the speaker's remarks, Chairman John J. Phelan asked for -three cheers, and they were given with a will. Fight Same Spirit. "The centralizing power against which Washington fought is the policy which the kaiser would en- force upon the world the speaker said. "George III owed his ideas, as he owed the bulk of his troops to Hanover, Germany, and this great country is now asked whether this principle for which their forefathers struggled are worth maintaining at this hour. "The German policy has at least the merit of consistency, for just as Frederick the Great tore up his treaty with Austria and said trea- ties were mere filigree, pretty to look upon but to be broken when required, so William Hohenzollern tore up his treaty with Belgium as a mere scrap of paper and plunged, as Frederick did, a peace- ful world into a bloody shambles. Belgium's acceptance of the chal- (Continued on Page 11) Says Germany Is Still Far from Famine New York, Jan. the people of Germany are living un- der a rationing system which pro- vides much less food than was ob- tainable before the war conditions in that country do not in the least approach a famine, according to Jliss Lillian Goldman of this city, formerly connected with the Amer- ican embassy in Berlin, who left the German capital about two months ago. Although Germany is not starv- ing, Miss Goldman said three and a half years of war have created a shortage in necessities that is felt throughout the empire and oflicialy have averted calamity only by establishing drastic conserva- tion measures. Germany did not realize the true character of America before this country entered the war. Miss Goldman said. The declaration of war was a surprise, she added, to a people who had convinced them- selves that America would not fight. "I am sure thai when the Ger- man people ooirK- to understand the determination of America and her she added, "a profound im- pression, will bo created which may lead them to demand an end of tlje war. Clearer understanding' they must have. They must be made to sec one country's relation the world as a whole in the same light .-is xlemocfiftic peoples look upon Men Who Pass 31 Mark Safe Will Not Be Taken on Draft if Last Birthday Was June 5 or Before- New Delinquent Lists Given to Police Final Day to Return Ques- tionnaires. Registrants oi Bridgeport who have passed the age of 31 since June 5, 1917, and who have not yet been called into military service may escape being drafted by the United States government. Secretary Baker yesterday advised the Senate military committee that the War department favors discharging' from draft liabili- ty men who have passed the ags of 31 since June 5, 1917, and without having been call- ed to the colors. Will Exempt The exact number of men in in tliis city who will escape serv- if the recommendation Sec- retary Baker is adopted is not known at the present time, but it is expected that over will be exempted. To-day is the last day in which filled out questionnaires may be returned to 'any local division board. The number of delinquents up to the present time has been small arid thanks to the efficient work of the police in rounding up the late ones, local boards are having little difficulty in getting the papers returned. Many questionnaires have been acted, upon, classified and filed away by the division boards up to the present date, and it is believed that the greater portion of this work will be completed next'week. Some cases of appeals which have been turned over to the Third Ap- pellate District board will of course not be settled immediately. Because of the large number of men been sent to Camp Devens in poor physical (Continued on Page 11) Move R. R. of West to Help East Washington, Jan. meet the shortage of machinists and other skilled railroad workers in the east the railroad administra- tion to-day took steps looking to moving a number of these men from, western railroads for a few weeks until the overburdened east- ern lines can make delayed re- pairs tl locomotives 'and freight cars which now cannot be oper- ated. Meanwhile, it was stated to-day, some eastern roads already have asked the less burdened western and southern lines to furnish them with machinists and car repairers 3t was made plain that efforts will be made to transfer only those men willing to make the change and that no attempt will be made to coerce workmen. Railroads plan to take advan- tage of the shut down of indus- tries the next few days by order of Fuel Administrator Garfield to hire idle mechanics and other workmen for railroad work. This will be left to each local railway executive. Rising temperatures in most o the country and clearing weather led railroad administration official to-night to hope that the traffi paralysis in the middle west anc extreme sluggishness .in the eas would be relieved materially with in a few days. The director general to-day con ferred with vice presidents of th four railway brotherhoods, who urged that the provision of th railroad bill authorizing the Pres ifleut to include railway employe iu the government disability com pensation system be made man da t cry. In a conference with state rail yorul and public utilities oommis sioners the director general to-da emphasized that, government ron- trol does not contemplate nullifica- tion of any existing state laws nor abridge the functions of state au- thorities over roads. The question of whether the government plans to operate the many short inde- pendent railroads not conected di- rectly with the national system, was before- the house interstate commerce commission again to- day and Interstate Commerce Com- miVsinner Anderson explained that the administration could not deter- mine, for some time, precisely which Abstract of Provisions Included in Order Issued By Dr. Garfield Washington, Jan. abstract, which was said to cover all of the provisions of the new coal order, given out by the Fuel Administration, was as follows: further order of the United States Fuel ad- all persons selling fuel in whatever capacity shall give preference'to orders .for necessary requirements, railroads; domestic consumers, hospitals, charitable in- stitutions and'army and navy cantonments; public utilities, telephones, and telegraph plants; ships and vessels for bunker purposes; the United States for strictly governmental purposes; not including orders from or for factories or plants working on contracts for the United States; municipal, 'county or state governments for necessary public uses; manufacturers of perishable food or of food necessary for immediate consumption. "The order further provides that on January 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22, 1918, no fuel shall be delivered to any person, firm, association or corporation for any uses or require- ments not included in the foregoing list until the require- ments included in the list shall have been first delivered. "On January 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22, 1918, and also on 'each and every Monday beginning January 28, 1918, and continuing up to and including March 25, 1918, no man- -ufacturing plant shall burn fuel or use power derived from fuel for any purpose Such plants as from their nature must be con- tinuously operated seven days each week, to avoid serious injury to the plant itself or its contents. Manufacturers perishable foods. Manufacturers of food not perishable and not in immediate demand who may burn fuel to such extent as is authorized by the fuel administrator of the state in which such plant is located or by his representative authorized therefor upon application by the United States food ad- ministrator. Printers or publishers of daily papers may burn fuel as usual excepting on every Monday from January 21 -to March 25, 1918, inclusive, on which-days they may burn fuel to such extent necessary to issue such editions as such papers customarily issue on important national legal holidays, and where such papers do not issue any editions on a holiday, they are permitted to issue one edition on the said Mondays. Printing establishments may burn fuel on Jan- uary 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22, to such extent as is-necessary to issue current numbers of magazines and other publications periodically issued. "On each Monday beginning January 21, 1918, and continuing up to and including Monday, March 25, 1918, no fuel shall be burned (except to such extent as is essential to prevent injury to property from freezing) for the pur- pose of supplying heat for: Any business or professional offices, except of- fices used by the United States, state, county or municipal governments, transportation companies, or which are ocj cupied by banks and trust companies or by physicians or dentists; Wholesale or retail stores, or any other stores, business houses or buildings whatever, except that for the purpose of selling food only, for which purposes stores may maintain necessary heat until 12 o'clock noon; and for the purpose of "selling drugs and medical supplies only, stores may maintain necessary heat throughout the day and even- ing; Theaters, moving picture houses, bowling al- leys, billiard rooms, private or public dance halls, or any other place of amusement. "On the above specified Mondays, no fuel shall be burned for the purpose of heating rooms or buildings in which liquor is sold on those days. "No fuel shall be burned on any of the foregoing speci- fied Mondays for the purpose of, supplying power for the movement of surface, elevated, subway or suburban cars or trains in excess of the amount used on the Sundays previously thereto. "The order' provides that, nothing in this order shall be held to forbid the burning of fuel to heat rooms or such portions of buildings as are used in connection with the production or distribution of fuel. "The state fuel administrators are authorized by the order to issue orders on special applications for relief, where necessary to prevent injury to health or destruction of or injury to property by fire or freezing. "The order is effective in all of the territory of the United States east of the Mississippi river, including the whole of the states of Louisiana and Minnesota." GARFIELD ALSO MAKES TEN MONDAYS HOLIDAYS Blame R.R. for Coal Famine Miners Say Plenty of Coal Is Produced to Supply All Needs, but Railroads Do Not Furnish Cars Miles and Miles of Coal Cars Unmoved for Months. Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. Leaders among the dele- gates here from the 21 coal producing states of the coun- try attending the biennial convention of the United Mine Workers of America express- ed sympathy to-day for peo- ple and business interests in many districts that are suffer- ing from fuel shortage in the present severe weather, mid put the blame on the -ailroads. The -announcement from Wash- ington shutting down manufactur- ing industries for five days made the miners realize more than ever before the of the sit- uation an'd the importance of their work to the comfort and pros- perity of the people. As serious as the situation is the miners say they feel they have done all that is possible under present conditions to relievo the situation, Blame Ktillrontls. "The trouble is with the rail- said John P. White, for- nier president of the Miners' union, who is now associated with National Fuel Administrator Gar- field as labor adviser. Mr. White, (Continued oji Page 18) To Ask Wilson that U. S. Take Packing Plants Chicago, Jan. imme- diate taking over of all the pack- ing plans in the United States will be urged upon President Wilson by a delegation. representing every craft in the industry and headed by John Fltzntvtrick, president of the Chicago Federation of Labor, which departed for Washington to- night. The workers who propose to President Wilson that in case the plairts are taken over they will en- list as the first members of America's industrial army and will guarantee the government full handed equipment for every pack- ing plant in the United States. They also propose to leave'all con- ditions of employment and wages to the government. Differences between the packers and employes reached a crisis early in December when the workmen reported that the packing house representatives had refused to con- fer with them and ordered a strike vote taken. Drastic Order, Approved by President, Includes Muni-> tions Manu- facturers of Food Exempt Administrator Hopes to Clear Coal Situ- ation by This Means. Washington, Jan. manu- facturing enterprises with but few excep- tions, in all states east of the Mississippi river, were ordered by the government to- night to suspend operations for five days ber ginning Friday morning as a drastic meas- ure for relieving the fuel famine. At the same time as a further means of relief it was directed- that industry and business generally including all normal ac- tivities that require heated buildings, observe as a holiday every Monday for the next ten weeks. This will close down on Mon- days not only factories, but saloons, stores, except for the sale of drugs and food, places of amusement, and nearly all office buildings. .j While the order does no't mention shipyards, it is known that they will be permitted to continue operations as usual, although munitions plants will be WILSON APPROVES. The government's move came entirely without warn- ing in an order issued by Fuel Administrator Garfield with the approval of President Wil- son prescribing stringent re- strictions governing the dis- tribution and use of coal. It was decided upon hurriedly by the President and govern- ment heads as a desperate remedy for the fuel crisis and the. transportation tangle in the eastern states. Even mufti- tion plants are not exceptecl from the closing down order. Officials to-night would not dis- cuss the fur reaching effects the action would have on the indus- trial fabric, and questions as to how the order was to be inter- preted to meet specific problems went unanswered. Preferential Ust. The order prescribes u preferen- tial list of consumers in whose in- terest it was drawn. These users will get coal in the following or- der: Railroads. Household consumers, hospitals, U. S. to Tell of Caillaux as Traitor charitable institutions, and navy cantonments. and army of these short lines would be Suspect Hun Plot in Dynamite Found in Coal Greenwich, Conn., Jan. 16 (Spe- excitement prevailed here to-day when proprietors and janitors nearly went into hysterics when warned by drivers who brought them coal to beware of miner's fuses or other explosives which were discovered by direct- ors of the Greenwich bureau of business affairs. The explosives, w.'iile they may have got into the coal in an accidental manner, may have also been placed 'there by agents of Williamstrasso. At first the people of Greenwich laughed at the warnings, but sev- eral explosions brought them to their.senses and they are now con- demning those who are to blame for the explosives in tlie coal. Business Men Not Pleased with Order N'ew York, Jan. A.d- ininistrators in Xew York to-night applied a voluntary censorship to their comment on Administrator (iarfield's drastic order for conservation of fuel. They the de- clined to talk about it until they had an opportunity to digest the new regulations which came, as a complete surprise to them. It was the concensus of opinion, however, that for the next week they would be the busiest men in Xew Business men were not .so re- ticent and it was easily gathered from their remarks that they did not look with favor upon the nrrtor. Most of them, especially newspa- per publishers, expressed more or less confusion as .to just what it Washington, Jan. which will play a part in the trea- son trial of former Premier Cail- laux in France was given to the public by the state department to- day in another series from the de- partment's store of intercepted diplomatic correspondence. The messages, exchanged be- tween Count von Bernsiorff, for- mer German ambassador here, and the Berlin foreign oflire, show that during his visit to Argentina in 1015 Caillaux was in communi- cation with Gei-man agents, con- demning flip French government and asking that his position at home not damaged by praise from the Gorman newspapers. A final di.spatfh gave notice that the captain of the ship on which I'.'aillaux sailing carried im- portant papers, and urged that in rase the vessel was capered Call- Public utilities, telephone and telegraph plants. Strictly government enterprises excepting factories and plants working on government contracts. Public buildings and necessary government, state and municipal requirements. Factories producing perishable foods and foods for immediate consumption. Announcement of the provisions of the order was made by Fuel Administrator Garfleld after White House conference which was attended -also by Secretaries Baker and Daniels. Earlier in the day Dr. Garfleld had sought the views of other officials and it was the unanimous opinion that the contemplated was neces- sary under the circumstances. from Thursday. As first drawn and as approvec at the White Housfe the order -jail- ed for the closing of factories be- STUNNED BY ORDER. Stunned by the portent of the drastic and comprehensive order of the Fuel Administra- tion, manufacturers of Bridge- port, when advised by The Telegram of the decision of- he nation's fuel administra- or, .begged for time to reflect Before they could give any tatement. The suddenness'of he- order surprised complete-.- y the managers of Bridge- port's great munition; plants, in some cases reassuring itatements were necessary be-. ore the portent of the order vould be believed.. Manufacturers Surprised. The manufacturers who were vpproached by The Telegram last night were almost, unanimous in, 'heir surprise that not even muni- .ions factories 'had been exempt 'rom the order, and were equally- surprised at the fact-that the or- der goes into effect so quickly. Clarence E. Bilton, president of he Bridgeport Manufacturers: sociation, expressed the'feeling, of the majority of the when he said, "The manufacturers of Bridgeport will do anything they can'to1 help the government: The mamifacturers_are absolutely oyal, and will act in the interests of the government as they are directed." Asked as to what effect he be- ieved the drastic plan might have, Mr. Bilton, who was the head.-of- the Bridgeport committee that met the fuel authorities in- Washington, replied, "I am afraid it will have an opposite effect." "Our committee met the fuel 1 a 11 x an unobtrusive way be treated with every courtesy and consideration." The were furnished to the French government before Caillany.'s arrest. It is understood that they -were made public here by arrangement with Paris. g Thursday morning This was changed upon the considera tion of the confusion which wouk result when millions of workers went to their duties unaware of the government's step. Inclusion of war industries among those to which the fuel wil ho denied caused some surprisi but fuel officials explained that war plans have been produc ing so much more material thai the transportation .systems can handle that no serious effects wi! be felt. War supplies manufac Hired for export have seaboard faster than moved 10 ships dim move them. An exception is marie in the case of shipbuilding plants because of the great need of vessels to move supplies already ready for ship- ment overseas. Fuel administration officials will make effort to increase produc- tion at the coal mines during the period that other business is sus- Continucd on Page Four) Continued on Page Four) Child Swallows Poison Pills for Candy, May Die Unable to overcome her -childish" craving for sweets little Dottie Coyne, 3, of 36 Clinton avenue, is to-day in St. Vincent's hospital in5 a very critical condition suffering from the effects of poisoning that she received late yesterday after- noon when she mistook a number of poison pills for pink candies'and swallowed a mouthful when her mother was not looking. The little three-year-old girl was found, rolling on the her parents': in great pain. According to the members of the girl's family shu had asked them several during the day jiist what the. little pink pills were and time they tohl her that they wore poison and she must not cat them. For several hours the little girl iooked longingly at the indigestion- pills but soon deckled that they were candy and when her mother was absent from the room for fow miiu-.f-s she ate a number cf poison pills. At St. Vincent's hospital last eve- ning physicians reported that little girl was in a critical condition but has about an even to
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