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Bridgeport Telegram, The (Newspaper) - January 1, 1918, Bridgeport, Connecticut ggram THE WEATHER Fair Warmer See Bottom First Column BRIDGEPORT, CONN., TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1918. FOURTEEN CENTS. WORKING ORDERED TO EAST -owder Declares Circumstances Must Determine Adequate Support Hartford, Dec. Holcomb to-night re- eivcd from General Crowder instructions for local exemp- boards in relation to providing adequate support in sol- Jers' pay and war risk allowances. Reasonable adequate upport cannot be determined, he says, by a rule of the humb, but must be determined with common sense and ympathy in the facts of each individual case. What would be adequate support in one locality or in ne set of circumstances might not be adequate support i i another. The question of adequate support must be etermined by the boards after careful consideration of ic interests of the dependents on the one hand and of the overnment on the other and with the thought always in lind that the present classification scheme is designed to our armies with a minimum of hardship and suffer- those who are to be left at home illies May Forestall Peace Bid isider that Notice Must Je Taken of' Insidious Efforts of Germans to nvolve Entente in Rus- sian Parley. Washington, Dec. jus efforts of the Germans nvolve the United States the Entente allies in the :e negotiations proceed- with the Russian Bolshe- have developed to such a e that in the opinion of .e officials here notice of propaganda must be" taken an attempt made to neu- ze it. the British and French pre- s are to meet in Paris soon for pmpose of discussing advisa- f of receiving and answering proposals of the Bolshevik! to icipate in tho negotiations, as been reported by a leading erv'ativo British neAvspaper. will act in accord with the rigidly adhered to by he entente allies until the de- on of Russia, not to entertain peace proposals from the ene- vithout consultation with each In diplomatic circles here ly it was said that any deci- from such a meeting would. romptly laid before the. Amer- state departmrnt. Counter Attack. ;rmany is believed to be pre- d to offer almost any conceiv- bait to an individual enemy in r to enter a wedge into the 5 and cause its disruption, and ig succeeded measurably with ia, is trying to get that nation ifiuence her late allies, imors that have existed for ast fortnight, to the effect that tier peace proposal was about s launched by the central pow- either through the Vatican or i neutral state, are believed avo their foundation in the it attempt of the German ne- .tors to use the Russian dele- j for that purpose- But in ;r case if there is to be an- peace proposal through those nels or if tho Russian nego- >ns are to be made the vehicle irry forward the German de- it is believeed in some quar- herethat the time is ripe now i strong and well-considered by the entonte powers (Continued on Page 11.) iughtin Chase of Six Years .turnout, Texas, Deo. S) (Spec- -Cbrresponding to the de- :ion of Charles A. Long c'f :eport, who is accused of steal- :opper wire valued at the Western Union Telg. at a man was arrested by the police t'o-day. i man was taken into custody cling to the police, on a war- issued at Bridgeport in 1912, ent here by John II. Iledgate, intendent of police. He was I working with a section gang niles from this city, and had recently from Dallas, Tex., g the last six years. Long oeen sought continually and d to have traveled frc'm place ice. Tho Bridgeport authori- lave been notified. KXPOUTS PASS SIX BILMOX MARK. ishington, Dec. were estimated to-day at iepartment of commerce' to have passed the mark in 1917, a new high record. DAWSON CITY HAS 86 BELOW Dawson, Y. T., Dec. six below zero is the record for this season for the recent cold which began several weeks ago. This was at the mouth c'f Polly River, 150 miles up the Yukon river from here. At White Horse, 72 below has been registered. Promises Full Rifle Supply General Crozier, Defend- ing Himself, Says AH American Soldiers Will Have Rifles Within a of Remodelled Enfields to Be finished in a Week 'Washington, Dec. plete supplies of rifles within a month for all American forces under arms were prom- ised to-day by Major General Crozier, chief of ordnance, testifying before the Senate military committee, Spring- fields for every regular and national guardsman will be ready before February 3, he said, and ,the manufacture of remodeled Enfields for the first national army will be finished in a week. Ready by July l. As to machine guns, the gen- eral said, a full supply of Ameri- can make should be ready by July 1 next. Rifles for the next draft he declared would be on hand be- fore the men were in camp. General Croziei- appeared par- ticularly to answer charges made by Colonel Isaac N. inven- tor of the Lewis machine gun. He submitted a prepared statement detailing the official record of the War department's dealings with the Lewis gun, and then submitted to a cross-examination of several hours, during which many inter- esting points were developed. In reply to assertions made re- cently by other witnesses that the allies had furnished heavy guns to the American expeditionary forces, only because the Americans were worse off than they, tho gorferal submitted 'official documents to prove that England and .France voluntarily offered to provide can- non, their output having de- veloped to the point where a sur- plus wns being produced. General Crozier refused to shoulder responsibility for the fail- urn to equip the army adequately with ordnance before the war. He said it belonged to the country and cited the refusal of the secre- tary of war and Congress in the past to approve "modest" ordnance programs. The general vigorously defended his course in regard to tho Lewis machine gun, He grave the com- mittee the record of the various tests to winch the gun was put and reports of the army experts to show that it had not been demon- strated to be a satisfactory wea- pon until April, 1916, after which orders for them were given 'by the department. When General Croziei1 finished Senator Hitchcock, who has been one of: his chief questioners, an- nounced that he was entirely sat- isfied with the records before tho war, but still did not understand why more of the Lewis guns were not ordered afterward. Among other things General Crozier told the committee that the government already was build- ing a powder factory that would have a daily capacity of 1 -unds. He denied stories of wooden guns furnished .'n the can- tonments, explaining that what had been taken for guns were sticks for bayonet practice. New Draft Query is Flypaper Hundreds of Successful Dodgers of First Draft Caught in Searching Intricacy of Question- naire Surrender to Police and Are Shipped to Camps, Hundreds of draftees of this city who dodged the first draft, either by failing to appear for examination or by keeping un- der cover Avhen their quotas were called have been snared in the questionnaire net and they are coming forth from their hiding places by scores to surrender themselves to the police. The questionnaire has proved a sort of sticky fly pa- per. Yesterday brought forth a large additional number. They succeeded with compara- tive ease in escaping the flrst draft with, its pink and green card sys- tem, but the questionnaire system with its pertinent and complete and searching inquiry into their whole career, and the cities where they have worked for the past 10 years has proved the downfall of their slacker ambitions, and con- fused by the intricacy of the plan, they have taken the shortest way have applied- -to the draft boards to- b.e enlisted. The draft boards of the city are giving' them short shrift. They are sent to camp without the op- portunity to avail themselves of the appeals of tho questionnaire system, of any of-the rigljra given thereby. Want to Enlist. Now that the questionnaire sys- tem is well under way, Bridgeport, draftees who failed to appear for physical examination when sum- moned for the first draft, are ap- pearing every day at their local draft boards, with tho request that, they be enlisted at once. All of (Continued on J'nft'o U. S. May Pay Railroads for Taking Over Washington, Dec. tion to provide a basis of compen- sating railroads under government operation, and to authorize gov- ernment purchase of equipment to be leased to roads, was completed to-day by President Wilson's legal advisors and was discussed by the President with Representative Sims, chairman of the House In- terstate Commerce committee, who will introduce the measure in tho House soon after the President de- livers Ills address Thursday. In the Sonato the same bill will tie in- troduced by thfi new chairman of the Interstate Commerce commit- tee, Senators1 Smith of South Caro- lina and Pomerene are contesting for this honor. Joseph W. Folk, chief counsel for the Interstate Commerce com- mission and John Barton Payne, counsel for tho shipping1 board, who has boon retained by Mr. Mc- Adoo as legal advisor, will have charge of most legal questions arising under government opera- tion of The Railroads War board to- night gave out a final statement, in the form of a report to the Senate Interstate Commerce committee, attributing the recent congestion to Iho overwhelming amount of freight dumped upon the carriers by war industrial activities. "Tho railroads had already co- ordinated their activies before tJic.ir taking over by the govern- said the statement, "and for eight months have been op- erated as a unified continental sys- tem. The increase alone in traffic handled by the railroads in 1917, as compared with that of two years ago has been over ton miles, or substantially enual to the combined total traffic for a year of the railroads of Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Russia, Franco and Austria. In the first six months after we entered tho war, the railroads hand'ed as much freight traffic as they did in the entire year 1906." The board also outlined its ac- complishments since organization and referred to the difficulties un- der which the railroads labored. Director General McAdoo to- night ordered railroads to close their accounts at midnight, and open them to-morrow as of a new year fof government accounting purposes, aa directed by the Presi- dent in his proclamation. No change in accounting systems is re- quired, he specified. This was is- sued as general order number 2, ACCEPTS PLACE AS HEAD OF WAR BUREAU JUDGE GEORGE W. WHEEEER Hartford, Dec. George W. Wheeler of the Supreme Court of Errors has accepted from Gov. Holcomb the appointment pC chairman of the war bureau, in Bridgeport, which has been estab- lished an auxiliary to the state council of defense. Huns Lose Gain Made at Cambrai Brilliant Counter Attack By HaigVMen Makes Tenure of Position Short Lived Heavy Artillery Duelling on Italian Front Notwithstanding the fact that deep snow covers the ground along the western front in northern France, bitter fight- ing -has been in progress be- tween the British and Ger- mans on the Cambrai sector. After .having captured British front line positions Sunday and later lost the greater por- tion of them in a counter 'at- tack, the Germans Monday again set forth after a heavy bombardment in quest of a much desired Welsh lies to the south of1 the Ma'rcoing. in the old Hindenburg line and offers a special advantage point for observation. Attacking over a front, of about yards and uwintj liquid five against the defenders of the ridge the enemy succeeded momentarily in entering one of the British trenches.' His tenure, however, was of short duration, as Field Marshal Haig's men in a brilliant counter attack completely regained their lost ground. On the other part of tho line the Germans were met with a withering fire 'and- com- pelled to retreat with heavy ca- sualties' Artillery Duels Violent. Aside from this battle little fight- ing of moiment is in progress on anj' of the fronts although violent artillery duels continue at various points in Prance and Italy. Es- pecially heavy is the duel around Monte Tomba on the northern Italian front. Here the opposing tro'ops even under the rain of heavy shells are also indulging in vicious grenade encounters. It is (Continued on Page Three.) Arrest Engineer and Fireman for Cedar Hill Wreck Cold Wave Abates, but Two Fall New Haven, Dec. a coroner's finding holding them i esponsiblo for the death of I-Itrold R. Small, a railroad fireman, Charles 11. Clark, engineer, and James J. Dunn, conductor of a switching crew were arrested here to-day on ,the 'charge of man- slaughter. The men arrested caused a light engine to get in the path of an ex- press train from New Haven at Cedar Hill on the night of Decem- ber 22 and Small was killed in the collision that resulted. Small was fireman of the switcher and resided in Springfield. Clark and Dunn, both of this city, are held in bail for preliminary trial in the Hamden town court on Monday next, _ Unknown Teamster and Ship's Carpenter Fall Victims to Intense Cold Mercury Drops t0 Four Below. Last night the cold wave which has gripped Bridgeport since Saturday passed on, but in its wake left untold suffer- ing in many homes where there were scant supplies of coal. Yesterday the weather claim- ed one victim when a teamster, prostrated, fell from his seat at the corner of Water street and Railroad avenue. Leslie Slo- cum, 39, a ship's carpenter, was picked tip on the street suffer- ing with pneumonia and he is now under treatment at St. Vincent's hospital where little hope is held out for his recov- ery. At midnight the thermometer registered six above zero and that was comparatively warm to Sun- day night when tho same instru- ment registeredy four below the zero mark. Every hour the mer- cury was mounting1 higher and It looked, very much like the predic- tions of warmer to-day with fair and warmer Wednesday. Streets Deserted. Last evening, during the early hours, the -streets were practically deserted'for those who had a warm place remained there and did not venture out to get a whiff Old Boreas' breath which was. rather Jrtrong at that-time. the New Year approached, however, cold wave with its broken back was still a 'gay old bird ana fluttering for its.existence, bht in a greatly'modi fled spirit. Jack..Frost's ticklers kept busy nnd 'although it was cold at mid- night the .temperature seemed warm with that of the late after- noon. Tbe wave's life was practi- cally spent when the new day en- tered and do.ubtless many wished it God speed. ..There was plenty of lifts on Main street at midnight and restaurants which had been deserted practically on Sunday night were again woll fllled with patrons who were out to salute the incoming year. Teamster Overcome. Overcome by the Intense cold yesterday afternoon a. teamstet whose name and address Is xm- known to the police collapse'd and fell from the seat of the team that he was driving at Water street and Railroad avenue. Tho man was picked up in an unconscious con- dition and taken into an adjacent store from where v a call lor tho .Emergency hospital ambulance was sent in. The doctors of the Emergency hospital found the man in an unconscious condition, badly frost bitten and with a fractured skull. He was removed to St. Vin- cent's hospital. According to the report of Or. S. I. Aranki of the Emergency hos- pital staff, who-answered tho call, the unknown man had evidently been out in the cold all afternoon driving in the biting wind and when he arrived at Water street and Hail road avenue where pedes- trians told the doctor they had seen him fall sidewise into the street, fracturing his skull in his fall. Search! Pockets. When the doctors from the hos- pital searched the man's pockets they found several keys, some to- bacco and a quantity, of paper but nothing was found to establish tho man's identity. At the hospital last evening physicians reported that the man had not regained consciousness and he is in a, critical condition. Teach All Must Save to Win War Washington, Dec. New Year's plea ,for war time economy to assist the United States in finan- cing tho allies was issued to-night by the. Federal reserve board in the form of a suggestion to banks to' promote thrift campaigns in their communities. ''Let the public says the statement, "that it is more respect- able in such war times as confront us to be seen in old clothes than in new ones. "The banks are urged to teach in their districts the meaning and i.he necessity of saving and its re- lation to the successful financing of the tell the city mer- chant and the country storekeeper that this is not the time to' buy and stock up with luxuries. "tet the people everywhere be (Continued on Page 14.) LACK THREATENS MUNITIONS WORK Bridgeport Manufacturers Send Imperative Request to- Orders Eastern Railroads to Clear Congestion Re- gardless of Priority Orders. As though the imperative demands of the munitions manufacturers of made by telegrams to Washington yester- day, had deeply impressed government of- ficials with the gravity of the situation, Director General McAdoo last night ordered carloads of coal, held up on the Penn- sylvania lines, moved towards New England. The extreme seriousness of the situation was presented to members of the cabinet in a forceful way by Bridgeport men interested in its industries, and the orders of Secretary McAdoo were unequivocal and comprehen- sive. PLEAD TO RUN PLANTS! Pleading on the ground that vital government munitions may be held up, and skilled 'war-workers thrown cmt of work, the manufacturers of Bridgeport, through the Manufacturers' association, yesterday afternoon addressed their appeals for immediate aid in the matter of coal supplies to the highest department heads of the government With a situation that "was never more serious staring them in the face, the Manufacturers' associa- 'tion and tho Bridgeport Chamber of Commerce yesterday afternoon addressed telegrams to Secretary of War Baker, Secretary of the Na- vy Daniels, Director General of Railroads McAdoo and Federal Fuel Administrator Garfleld, ex- pressing in frank terms the exact fuel situation in this city. The telegrams were in the nature of ultimata, demanding" immediate shipments of coal to this city, with munitions of war that tho govern- ment can ill afford to spare, as the penalty for delay. A meeting the special advi- sory committee of the Manufac- turers' association was held yes- terday afternoon, with Carl IT. Sie- mon, chairman of the local com- mittee of the United States Fuel Administration and Harry W. Walker and R. E. Beers, represent- ing the local coal dealers. State Russell, of 'H-artofrd, was also present. The exact situation on tho coal proposition with the fac- tories of Bridgeport, the plants that are providing the forces of the nation with all kinds of sup- plies, was brought outsat the meet- ing. Plans along1 several lines were discussed by the manufacturers and coal authorities. It was gen- erally agreed that the seriousness of the situation, which has not been exceeded at any time during course of the war, warranted the curbing of all non-essential enterprises. Closing Churches. The idea of closing- saloons, the- atres, and churches for certain periods of time was discussed, and it was the general sense of the meeting that this course must be followed, in view of the acuteness of tho situation, and the effect that a continuance may have upon the American conduct of the war. The committee decided, though, that it would be unwise to close the schools of tho city, the idea, being that they were more, essen- tial to the nation than the other places for which suggestions on closing were entertained. Shut Down Xon-EssenllaJs. The matter of shutting down on non-essential enterprises was con- fined at yesterday's meeting to'dis- cussion, but direct steps were tak- en to see that Bridgeport's muni- tions plants are immediately sup- plied with the coal needed to keep them in smooth operation. The .telegrams echo the alarm felt by tho manufacturers and oth- ers who attended the meeting, which was held at the Algonquin club. They state the position of the factories here clearly, and im- mediate action is anticipated. Two telegrams each were ad- dressed to Secretary Baker, Secre- tary Daniels, Director McA'Qoo, and Fuel Administrator Garfleld. One telegram was signed by the Bridgeport Manufacturers' associa- (Continued on Page 14.) RAILROAD ORDERS Washington, Dec. ders went to eastern railroads to-day from Director General McAdoo to clear, up freight congestion regardless of previ- otis government priority reg- f. ulations, passenger schedules and.any hampering practices under the old competitive sys- tem, and to pay special atten- tion to movement of coal and food.' Lines of the "West and South were notified that soon they be called on to furnish locomotives and. other equipment to lighten the traffic burden in tlreS East and a committee of govern- merit officials was created to work out a plan for diverting export freight to ports south of Xew York; Quantities of coal actually wera started moving to New England to relieve the serious shortage there, and priority orders -were suspend- ed for roads east of the Mississippi and north of the Ohio river to tha extent necessary to clear up con-, gestion.. Dissolves "War Board. At tho same time the director general dissolved the railroad wai; board at its own request and nam- ed a temporary advisory cabinet of five members. One of these, Halo Holden, president of the Bur- .lington and a. member of the waif board, will be retained to super vise the machinery which, the board has created within the iane months to co-ordinat roads of the country. Other members of the visory cabinet are .Tohn Williams, comptroller of _ rency, who will have charge financial questions arising cmt of eovernmont operation; Henry Walter, chairman of the board of tho Atlantic Coast Line, who assist on operation problems; i ward Chambers, traffic director the food administration, who have general charge of traffic, and Walker D. Hines, assistant to director general. Other railway heads who mada up tho war board, Fairfax Harri- son of the Southern, who was chairman; Itea, the Pennsyl- vania; Kruttschnitt, of the South- ern Pacific, and Elliott, of the New- Haven, will return to the active supervision of their roads, but all the sub-committees and organiza- tion of the board will be turned over to Mr. Holden. Treat Men Fairly. The question of increased pay for railroad employes will be taken up soon by Mr. McAdoo. He said to-day he had given little thought to wages and did not know what his attitude would be. Heads ot the four brotherhoods will with the director general day t. his invitation, and probably will urge that with tho scarcity of railroad labor it will be necessary to pay higher wages to retain men. Many advisors of the director gen- eral advocate. increasing wages, particularly for many unorganized classes. T'cie federal board of mediation and concilation will continue to pass on wage disputes now pend- ing, it was announced after a con- ference of the board with Mr. Mc- Adoo, but eventually the director. probably will handle wage tlons directly. The government's attitude toward wage cliangea "will on 14-g
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