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Woodland Daily Democrat Newspaper Archive: January 2, 1924 - Page 1

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Publication: Woodland Daily Democrat

Location: Woodland, California

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   Woodland Daily Democrat (Newspaper) - January 2, 1924, Woodland, California                               i WOODLAND DAILY DEMOCRAT, WOODLAND, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2, 1924: PAGE TRKI1 DA1R POINTS Considerable Red ction in Calf Raising Costs The high cost of raising calves can be considerably reduced by supple- menting their expensive ration of milk with other food, says, Prof. S. W. Mead, New Agriculture. Jersey State College of "The supplemental food method of raising calves has been used with con- siderable success, and while the calves so raised will not be quite a? fat and sleek as calves which are raised on the maximum amount of milk, they will, nevertheless, develop Into healthy, normal animals. "Allow the calf to remain with the dam for 48 hours. The first milk or colostrum Is laxative In its action and Insures the proper action of the bowels for the first few days. "Take the calf from the cow at the (end of 48 hours and feed it from a pail. The amount to be fed depends on the size and vigor of the calf. On the average, three feedings a day, to- itallng six to eight pounds, are given during the first few days. "This amount should be Increased gradually as long as the calf s appetite remains good and as long as scours do not set in. If the calf does scour, the milk should be taken away for one or two feedings and a dose of castor oil administered. "By the time the calf is three or four weeks old it should be given all the I alfalfa and clover hay it will eat and. a good grain mixture. The following has been used with success: 400 pounds of 200 pounds oi oil corn meal meal, old proc- 100 pounds of ess wheat bran 100 pounds ground I oats "The more grain and hay the calf eats the less milk will b'e required. In parts of the country where skim milk Is available the calf should be changed gradually at two, or three weeks of age from whole milk to skim milk. The amount of skim milk fed, how- ever, should not exceed what would usually be given of whole milk. "By the time the calf is four months old the milk feeding may be discontinued and the calf raised on grain and hay. But remember, the calves will not look as fat and sleek- as those fed milk to a later age. though their ultimate development will be the same." Increasing Yield of Tubers by Spraying Average Gain of 60 Bushels Per Acre in New York. (Prepared by the United Department of Agriculture.) With few exceptions, large gains in yield have been obtained by spraying potatoes as a protection against insect pests and diseases, says Farmers' Bul- Jetin 1349, "Increasing the Potato Crop by just issued by the United States Department of Agriculture. This fact has been established by extensive experiments conducted in New York and Vermont. During a 10-year period, at different experiment stations in New York state, an average gain of 60 bush- els an acre was obtained. At the Ver- mont station, during a 20-year period, which involved all possible seasonal ivariations, an average gain of 105 bushels an acre, or 64 per cent over the unsprayed, resulted. In addition, records taken from a business point of view on a series of experiments of a nine-year dura- tion, conducted by farmers under the direction of the New York state ex- periment station, show large gains. The average cost of spraying, includ- ing materials, labor and wear and tear on machinery, was an acre. The nine-year average increase in yield due to spraying was 36 bushels an acre, making a net profit of an acre. When these experiments were conducted the cost of materials was less than at the time the-bulletin was written, but the increased product war- rants an increased expenditure. Copies of the bulletin may be ob- tained, as long as the supply lasts, by writing to the United States Depart- ment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. New Publication Gives Practical Information {Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture The raising of dairy calves, begin- ning with the cow before the calf is born and carrying the young stock along to two years of age. is the sub- ject of a recent Farmers' Bulletin, No. 1336, Feeding and Management of Dairy Calves and Young Dairy Stock. now ready for distribution by the United States Department of Agricul ture, Washington D. G. The new bulletin is full or practical information covering all the essentials in the production of good dairy ani- mals fur breeding aud milk produc- tion. It includes chapters on feeding before birth, weaning the calf, teach- ing to drink, cleanliness, pasteuriza- tion of milk for feeding, quantity and quality of milk fed, frequency of feed- ing, roughage for calves, grain feed, milk substitutes, quarters, stanchions, prevention of horns, water and salt, marking calves for identification, dis- eases, and several Chapters on the feeding and management of young stock beyond the calf age. The bulletin may be had free of charge by writing to the department as long as the supply lasts. Calves to Develop Well Must Have Sanitary Pens If calves are to renain healthy and develop perfectly they must not onlj be correctly fed but must have sani- tary quarters when in the stable. He- cent investigations have shown that lack of sunlight is a powerful con- tributory cause of rickels in all young animals. Direct sunshine kills ccrnis and, therefore-, lessens the linhlUtj to scours and other calfhood ailments. Calf pens are too often 
                            

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