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South Riverside Bee (Newspaper) - March 1, 1888, South Riverside, California ... -^.f'^yMrr: - ■ Socta Ritkkside is on the fliverside. Santa, Aba und Los Aiigeles BaUtOBd, a branch of the great Santa Fe system, fifteen miles txom Riverside and twenty-six miles from Santa Anar;'tn the heart of the finest orange belt in the world. South Riverside lands have no superior In the State for oran^ or raisin culture and prices are much less than-in older sections. If Vou want a home iii California come to South Riverside. SocTH..KivEBaibKha»,coal,Jto,Lflre„artd; potter's clay, and many other valuable.minerals; u through line to San Diego, another nearly built and a motor rond building from Sun Bern iirdino; one of thefincstpiped water systems in theiJtiite and newly developed arte.siun water; a brick yard and lime kilns, a porphyry quarre and the iissurance of a factory to make vitrined ptpe. Come and iiispectpur claims for preference. VOLUME 1. SOUTH RIVERSIDE, SAN BEENARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, MARCHl, 1888. NUMBER 40. . EOK SALE ON EASY TERMS. 23,000 Acres of the famously RICH CHINO RANCH IS NOW IN THE MARKET IN TEN ACRE TRACTS. THOUSANDS OF ACRES ARE MOIST LAND AND NO IRRIGATION, And may be made IMMEDIATELY PROFITABLE by cultivating gardeji vegetables, alfalfa, etc. The inimense size of the ranch enables buyers to choose tracts eiacUy suited to vegetables and alfalfa; to oranges, limes, and lemons; to olives, grapes, pears, prunes, peaches, plums, apples, berries; to, walnuts and other nuts— all staple products with steady and improviug markets. FULL BEARING ORCHARDS AND VINEYARDS Are growing thriftUy WITHOUT IRllIGATION on lands immediately adjoining the dryest part of the Chino lands. No other lands in the State give surer guarantee of the LARGEST PROFITS (at so sntall a cost) realized in the growth of vegetables and all citrus and deciduous fruits, and from $200 TO $1,000 FER ACRE ARE REALIZED In different parts of the State from many products. The Soil is of Unequaled Fertility. It iB mainly decomposed vegetable matter, with sand enough to prevent baking in dry and becoming muddy in wet weather. Moisture Rapidly Rises to the Surface. The whole tractis smooth, without brush and ready for the plow, without gulches orrocks. With a uniform slope of 20 to 40 feet to the mile, jus t right for best drainage without washing ARTESIAN AND 8UBFACE WATER Is plentiful, pure and soft. Artesian is flowing from wells 150 to 300 feet on different . parts of the tract, and an abundance of unfaUing surface water from 6 to 18 feet. More artesian wells are being sunk. Plentiful supply is fissured. The whole tract lies near Pomona and Ontario, in San Bernardino County, which has fine public improvements, cash ahead and enjoys the Lowest Tax Rates. THE TITLE IS ABSOLUTELY PERFECT. EAILKOAD facilities are good and will soon be better. Depots of the two great Oteblakd Lines are neari The Chino Valley Narrow Gauge to connect Chino with Ontario on the Sbuthern Pacific, and the broad guage Pomona & Elsinore which passes nearly nine miles over the Chino Ranch, via China Town, are under actual construction. Chino will have close connection with the great Southern Pacific and Santa Fe g^nipeting overland systems. The Town of CHINO Is eligibly located in the centre of the tract, with large lots, broad streets, alleys and \ reservutioiSs for SPACions Pabks. It will have two steam railroads and artesian water. It is certain to be THE BUSINESS CENTER For a large extent of the richest land in California. The tract now offered will SUPPORT 2000 FAMiHES. Buildings are going jip. Many are decided upon, with newspaper, bank, etc. The land is offered at Veby Low Pbices at which High Intibest can be made upon the cost Nq other equally valuable land is offered so cheap. Prices are sure to rapidly advance. The most critical inspection is invited-iO0l HOME-SEEKERS, INVESTORS AND SPECULATORS Bhpuld examine this property before pttfchasing. One-third ca.'ih and balance in one and two years at i per cent interest Carriages and drivers always ready to show the property. mCHARD GIRD, Proprietor. POMONA, CALIFORNIA. river8idç : LA RUE & CO. WAiCflES, CLOCKS, DIAMONDS, JEWELBY. A«KNT8 FOR THE lioht running domestic sewing machine. RIVERSIDE; CAL. O. W. PACKATM), - □DEliT'TIS'r, CaSTLEMAN'S BuI1,DINO, - UiVERSIl>K, Cawf. Nitbous Oxide Administ. bed. All work warranted. GET PRICES AT CITBUS PBUITS. & Cover's DEALERS IN Orange AT HALF PRICE. I am now prepared to furnish fine, large, iirst-class Orange Trees for the season of 1888, at the following prices: Per 100 trees. Washington Navels, June buds________f tO Washington Navels, 2-year-old buds. . . 100 Mediterranean, Sweets,2-year-old buds. 75 Sour Stock Seedlings, 4 years old. — 30 Indian River Sweets, " "" ....... 50 Unshiu of Japan, 2-yearTold buds, smaller trees........................... 50 And other varieties cheap. Send for circulars. Reference, Riverside Banking Company. J. H. FOUNTAIN. Riverside, Jan., 1888. hincon. riverside : A. A. WOO,D Wholesah and Retail Dealer in Stoves, Hardii^are & Tinware, Crockery, Glassware, Agate-iron ware, Pumps, Gas-pipe, Water-pipe, Wagons and Agricultural Implements of all kinds. JOHN NOBLE -DEALER IN- Dry Goods, Gocerries, Boots and. Shoes And all Goods usually kept in a GENERAL STORE At prices as low as they can be bought elsewhere. RINCON, - CALIF. MEDICmES, VARNISHES, BRUSHES AND WALL PAPER. KIVEKSIDE, Cal. E!. S. STjÄ-lsTTOtSr, Attorney & Counsellor at Law. (Notary Tudlic.) ROOMS 9 & 10 CASTLEMAN BLOCK. Rivkhside, California. C. P. HAYT. S. K. KLINEFELTBll. Hayt & Klinefelter, FHSHION STÏÏEÎLe. Carriage and Saddle Horses. I=?.i-versicie Oa.1 i fornia,. Good Rigs Furnished on Short Notice, and Drivers Supplied when desired. Horses Boarded by the Day, Week or Month on Reasonable Terms. Public Hack in waiting on the Street at all Hours. W. G. McVICAR. A. A. RIDDELL IvUMBER. Eooifiso and Pluhbiho a Spkcim-ty. Main St., Riverside, Cala. A. KEITH. PKKSIDENT. O. T. DYER, E. C. DYER, CASHIEE. J. A. BRENNEMAN, VICE PBEST. MANAGEE. J. H. GOODHUE, ASBT. Cabhiee RIVERSIDE BANKING COMPANY. ZII'ViEBRIUpB:. CUkUFORSTXA CAPITAL PAID IN $200,000. INCORPORATED FEB. .12TU, 1885. Time Loans NegoUated ommproTeil Beal Estate anil First Class Securities BongM and Sold. SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO COLLECTIONS. " ( / -v^ .....CÖÄ!E2,ES:P03SrX)E2iTTS : . NATIONAL PARK BANK, Nevir York. PACIFIC BANK, San Francisco. MERCHANTS NAT'L BANK, Chicago. , FIRöT NAT'^L BANK, Los Angeles. south eivebside. LIVERY & FEED STABLE 1 i 1 I=>. "hJSi, OOBXJRlsr; Frop. Fashionable. Turnouts. Rigs Furnished with or without Drivers; Bus Meets alJ Jrains. So-ULtla IRl-versid.e, Oa,la. MCVICAR & RIDDELL, -DEALERS IN— IvUMBER, Doors, \Vindows AND Blinds SOUTH RIVER3IDE, CALIF. SOUTH RIVERSIDE. This New and Elegant Hotel in the Queen Colony of Southern California and Gem City of the Citrus Belt is now Finished & Elegantly Furnished. Beir.g supplied with PURE MOUNTAIN WATER, SUNNY ROOMS with opportuiiity FOR FIRES, ELECTRIC ^LLS and every modern improvement for the comfort and convenience of guests and the visitor to this new and enterprising Town will iind this well appointed hostelry, a charming' and healthful place surrounded by beautiful scenery, lofty mountains, fine hunting and fishing within easy access, and the famous BLACK AND WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS BOTH HOT AND COLD only. sfYeiKmiles distant. The California Central R. R., a part of Ahe Santa Fe system passes through South Riverside and within full view of the Hotel, and the Pomona, South Riverside & Elsinore Railroad will soon be finished, making the new Town accessible from all quarters. The Hotel , Tbmescal is now open for the accommodation of guests ar^ ' it will be conducted in first-class style at moderate rates. RATES $2 TO $3 PER DAY, an essay of great ikteke9t to orange growers. J. H. Fawqet^ Manager», O. A. Smith, Proprietor. There is probably no Èetter authority on citrus fruit culture tha^Hon. George Rice, of this city.' Some time ago a Tribune representative asked Mr. Rice to give a condensed statement of his ideas on the subject, and the result is herewith given. To the prospective as well as the experienced "orange grower the paper will prove of great value, if attention is paid to the hints contained in it : There is a facination ijn thé "very name of orange groyver, and to the new arrival it is the' dream of his fondest hopes. The reality, especi-all with a "bug" ridden orchard of oranges, lemons or limes, is a nightmare to the owjier. The writer takes it for granted that the nursery stock has been grown under the most favorable circumstances ; that the trees are thrifty, clean and healthy, grown on the home place or near by, and do not cost to exceed !f 1 each, ready to transplant in the orchard. The location of an orchard of citrus trees is one of the greatest importance, and should be as nearly free from frost as possible, warm, but where the circulation of air is free without danger of windstorms. The soil should be deep, rich and warm, no hard-pan nor any water within ten or fifteen feet of the surface, with a natural drainage ; a sandy loam, or rich light-colored soil is best; gravelly soil is in most localities very suitable, providing extra water and fertilizers are used. , The great desideratum is sufficient water, not for forcing the young trees, which should bo grown , with as little water as possible, but for the more mature and fruiting trees an ample supply of water is a necessity. One inch to ten acres is an abundance in some localities, while in others one inch to five acres is not enough, a point toat must be decided by the would-be-fruit-grower of an orchard, for if treated more at length it would require a volume on the subject. The irrigation may be done in two practical ways, i. e., by the basin system or by allowmg the water to run slowly in small furrows the whole length of the orchard. The latter method is preferable, not allowing the water to stand or drain against the trunk of a tree, and immediately after cultivation is necessary to thoroughly loosen and pulverize the soil around the trunk. The time between irrigation must be governed by the appearance of the trees, never allpjwing the trees to wilt. At the same time care should be taken not to irrigate too much so as to make the ground cold, soggy or sour. The Washington Navel should be the prit^^ipal tree |)lanted with a good many small St. Michaels, next in value to the Navels ; a few of the Mediterranean and a lenser number of Maltese Blood, excelsior and sour seedlings.' As to lemon buds on orange stock—<iistance 23x23 to 30x30—I would recommend the Eureka only, as it has so far proven to be the best, in every instan^ at fairs or by analysis or in the fiiarket. Limes are so tender that only a few localities can be relied upon to produce them successfully. Plow deep I deep I deep 1 after thorough leveling, so that irrigation can be easily done ; the deep plowing breaks up all the old gopher runs and prepares the soil for the young and tender roots to «make a good start. Besides it allows the rains to sink deep into the soil, storing up moisture fpr feeding tjhe growing trees without irrigation. Never resort to deep plowing but onoe each year, at the commencement of the rainy season, and avoid plowing up any roots of the trees and use great ' precaution in not breaking the bark on the trees nor to tear away the surface roots. The citrus trees send their roots down deep after food and moisture with a mass of surface roots near the body of the trees. These strong, deep ' roots have many lateral roots the ends of which are like a bunch of fringe reaching in every direction in search of nourishment. / Follow with ehallo^Y but frequent cultivation, living the top of the ground finely pulverized, and never hard or bated, holding the moisture, thus attracting from ,tjie atmosphere and from the depths belôw the moisture, the very life of the citrus tree. It has been demonstrated,-time and again, as clear as a problem in geometry, that shallow cultivation—a thorough and frequent pulverizing of the surface —18 the best mode and needs no argument in these few words. ■Pruno to give the trees a.proper shape, avoiding crotches, and always with a leader. Remove decayed or useless branches, to admit air and sunshine all through the tree; grow the limbs low.. Prune early in the season, and never in very hot weather. Make all cuts clean and close, so the bark can easily close over the cut. Visit orchards that are well pruned and take lessons, or employ a practical man who has a good reputation to prune for you. I call more attention to the subject of fertilizing in my essay than all others, in the hope that our fruit-growers will take this as a warning and commence to apply any and all kinds of waste matter about tlie farm to the trees that are fruiting. See the small oranges on many large trees that would be large, juicy, salable fruit if judicious fertilizing was resorted to. It is better to keep the soil up to its original fruitful standard, beginning at the very start while the trees are growing. The well-fed, vigorous orange or lemon tree, properly pruned to admit of air and sun, will be but little troubled and slightly injured by insect pests. I detest above all other persons an alarmist. I do not wish to scare any one, but the language cannot be uttered too strongly warning the grower of citrus fruits against the many injurious insects that infest the orange, lemon and lime, and especially the cottony cushion scale. Once this terrible inSect has gained a place in your orchard it means a ceaseless war to keep it in check, as extermination is impossible. The orchard that has been most thoi-oughly treated to-day, killing every insect in sight or to be found, will in a few weeks show quite a good representation of lively insects bent on the destruction of the orchards. Spraj', spray, spray —"eternal vigilance" ^—keep the scale away; if you hdve none— avoid it as you would small-pox, yellow fever or cholera. For remedies and best plan of fighting the bugs see bulletin No. 2, issued by the Horticultural Commission of this county. The greatest trouble, oven after you have cultivated, irrigated, pruned, fertilized..... and sprayed (sprfty even for black scale), and unlfiss you can raise a fair sized orange, a medium sized lemon, arid they are both clean and bright, you need not go to market. After all this work is done the fatal mistake is in marketing. The fruit-growers (and I mean growers only, no dealers), of Southern California should have an organization, with honest, capable men at the head, to manage. Each section or . locality should have a sub-organization of the central one, the boxes should be bought by the train load or ship load and delivered to the fruitgrower at the minimum price. Cooperate with some strong, honest commission house, or establish agencies directly, so that the central association could direct the shipment to such markets as needed the fruit, where the demand was greate'f(t; in short, where the most money'could be realized for the consignmeixit./ Thus no markets would be glMted. The sub-organizations could distribute bcjies, wrappings, at net cost, grade and ship—only shipping in; carload lots, as directed by the central office. This is only a hint on the subject, the important one, and the one that we leave with your citrus fruit growers to solve and carry into successful operation, if you intend to make a profit from growing citrus fruits. My 2,000 or less words'^are said. If I have said one word that will do some good I am satisfiedv-r-L. A; Tribune.- Palm Valley Water Co. The annual meeting of the Palm Valley Water Co. was held in Los Angles yesterday. The following board of directorc were elected : L. M. Plolt, A. J. Twogood and H. A. Puis of Riverside, H. W. Bordwell of Palmdale, and J. G- McCollum of Los Angeles. The board organized by electing tho following officers: President, L. M. Holt; vice-ptesi-dent, A. J. Twogood; secretary, M, F. Hudson of Riverside; treasurer. Riverside Banking Company. The principal place of business of the company was moved from Los Angeles to Riverside, and the company's office will now be in the Press business office, Riverside.— Press. Orange Fritters.—Stir half a pound of flour to half an' ounce of butter, add the. yolk of two eggs and milk enough to make a batter that will drop from the epoon. Boat thoroughly and add a half toaspponful of salt and the whites oftwoegjgs. Peal and cut oranges in thin, round eolices, using a very sharp knife. Dip _the slicefl in the batter and fry. Southern Califomian News. The building boom in San Bernardino continues unabated. San Bernardino has hopes of being made a terminal point by the Santa Fe. The East Side Champion has changed from a weekly to a semi-weekly; ' Sales of land in Palm Valley for the last six weeks have amounted to $27,400. Ten thousand orange trees have been purchased at Rialto to be set out there this season. Gèn. Vandever has introduced a bill to establish a harbor of refuge in San Buenaventura. San Bernardino failed to carry the question of re-incorporatioa with a larger territory. The first shipment of sewer pipe, from tho works a1 Terra Cotta has been made. It was of excellent quality. A company with a million capital has incorporated with the purpose of mining gold in the San Gabriel can.von. The Courier says that Col. A. B. Hotchkiss raised 35,000 boxes of raisins on 200 acres of land at Eti-wanda this year. Tho amount of local freight received at Los Angeles in excess of that received at San Francisco last year was 50,000 tons. The celebrated Temescal Tin Mine case now before the Supreme Court has been argued and submitted and a decision is soon expected. The Senate committee on publie buildings has decided to increase the appropriation for the publie building at Los Angeles to $300,-000. Booth and Barrett were ofTered $3,000 to play one night in San Bernardino, but on account of previous engngeniente they could not accept tile offer. Miss Delia Bashor has taken the place of Mr. J. S. Eckles in the firm of Conloo and Eckles, proprietors and publishers of Uie Gladstone Exponent. Card Pugh was defeated at Lo's Angeles on the 22nd Feb., in the 3y mile race by Pryor. It was a very close contest from start to finish. The time was one hour and eight minutes. The Los Angeles, San Pedro and Utah Railroad has filed a mortga-^for $1,500,000 to secure bonds for the construction of 75 miles of road. It will take in the Altedena Railroad. During tho week ended February 10th, there arrived at the port of San Pedro twontv-oiie vessels, discharging 3,475,000 feet lumber, 691 tons general merchandise and 1204 tons coal. During the same period" twelve vessels cleared for other ports. Hon. J. B. Grinnell, of Grinnell, Iowa, will spend the winter in this State. He is the man to whom Grocly gave the ,oft-quoted advice: "Go west, young man, and grow up with the country," more than a quarter of a century ago. The advice was heeded and to-day Mr. Grinnell is one of the leading men of his State. He never fails to give Mr. Greeley full credit for what he has profited by it.—Riverside Enterprise. Who owns the Seventh street Railway, i^ the question agitating the public of Riverside. It was built by J. A. Studabecker uijder a franchise obtained from the city in consideration of $20,000 to be paid when the road was completed or at the end of two years. To secure the payment of the $20,000, tho city took a lien on the franchise, roitd bed, rolling stoOk, etc., none of whiiîh Mr. Studabecker then had except the frinchiij«i; Now a nuri.-ber of people to whom Mr. Studa-becker is indebted for labor done, and materials furnished sue the city and Mr. Studabecker jointly for payment. It appears that the road has been built without the expenditure of a dollar by the builder and it seems to be a question who owns the road. Opinion of an JEmminent Horticulturist. To the question—Etoes this country meet your expectation? Secretary Ragan of the American Horticultural Society, replied to a Riverside Press reporter as follows : The truth is that before coming here I had but a faint conception of the beauty, wealth and prosperity of your valley and this end of the State. No man c»n sit do<Fn in the East and convey a correct idea of this country to a person who never saw it. ■ Language fails. I had no idea you could get together such^ a collection of citrus fruits. The beauty and grandeur , of the exhibit w^a a^urprise to me, and those who cairiex with nie appear to have all reached^hg same conclusion. Our -travel^^^^igh the State has been ooe of conUaual^ surprise. • ^
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