Redlands Daily Facts, April 15, 1953

Redlands Daily Facts

April 15, 1953

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Issue date: Wednesday, April 15, 1953

Pages available: 14

Previous edition: Tuesday, April 14, 1953

Next edition: Thursday, April 16, 1953 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Location: Redlands, California

Pages available: 165,266

Years available: 1952 - 1992

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Redlands Daily Facts (Newspaper) - April 15, 1953, Redlands, California fa cfe Vol. I23B 63rd Year No. 64 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1953 Pages 5 CHALLENGE AT RUSS First Allied War Prisoners Reach Kaesong Fted Stop Before Futtffom; Answer On Tofts Mieved On Way PANMUNJOM, Korea (UP) Red trucks and ambulances today delivered the first of 605 Allied sick and wounded war prisoners to .stop before free- the United Nations com- mand indicated it now may be willing lo resume full scale truce negotiations. The U. N. notified the Reds it wants a meeting of liaison officers twnorrow to deliver a letter from Lt, Gen. William K. Harrison, head of the United Nations truce del- egation The letter, addressed to North Korean Gen. Nam II, presumably is the U. N. reply lo repeated Communist demands for a special conference to arrange resumption of the long stalemated armistice talks. The Reds have been grumbling at delays in delivery of the U. N. answer, Four Diyj -from Freedom Gen. Mark Clark, supreme U.N. Commander, and other Allied of- ficials have indicated they be willing lo consider resump- tion of the truce negotiations only after the Reds hud made good on their promise to return sick and wounded Allied war prisoners. With the first of the repatriated prisoners now only six miles and four days from freedom and other convoys of prisoners rolling down Korea's bomb-pilled roads, the N appeared ready to talk busi-j ness. Twenty-four dust-covered trucks bearing the Allied sick and wound- ed for nexl Monday's prisoner ex- change jolted into the Red truce camp at Kaesong today. The trucks were the first and part of the second of three "free- dom convoys" that left far North Korea near the Yalu river earlier this week with an as yet unknown number ol disabled Allied pns oners. Mired in Mud Twelve trucks of the second con voy were delated at Sinmak, 17 mites northwest of Kaseong, when two trucks became mired in the mud. The third convoy was last seen at nightfall near Kangdong, north- east of Pyongyang. The North Ko- rean capital is about 90 miles from Kaesong. This convoy had about one day's travel over bomb-era to r- ed roads before reaching the Red camp. The prisoners will remain at Kaesong, six miles north of the Inice village of Panmwooro, until Monday at least when the momen- tous exchange of ailing prisoners gets under way. With the Reds releasing 100 prisoners to the Al- lies in exchange for 500 from the United Nations. The exchange will go on every day for about 12 days. At the endi of that time, the Communists will) have released 605 Allied prisoners Weather Southern California coastal and] intermediate valleys: Night and morning low clouds and fog with local early morning drizzle but haiy afternoon sunshine tomorrow. April 16, 1953 Highest 72, Lowest 42 ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Highest 82, Lowest 45 Jimmy Cub says this is fine. Little bit of a lot of things but mostly sun- ;hine. Few clouds wound but only there for decora- tion James is sure. James has noticed that he does not see near- ly EO many out of state licenses on cars in Red- lands, he has suspicion that a number of those refugees from snow and ice have gone back home. Jimmy says he is- told that the wildflowers on the Mojave desert are something, James ts pretty well satisfied to stay right here in Badlands and see the flower display we have in every yard almost. Customer: "Say you know that cheese you sold me Crocer: "Yes, sir." Customer: "Well, did you say it was imported or ALLIED PHOTO SPOTS POW CONVOY-Thls sth Air Force i-econnaissanee photo shows convoy No. I of Allied prisoners in Communist bands near Yongsong, eight miles north of the Rufft-Tekpfctto Red c a pi la] of Pyongyang. The trucks, bearing sick and Mounded U. N. prisoners, are headed toward the peace site near Panmunjom, where the exchange begins next Monday. Bomb Explosions HOUSE GROUP VOTES TO Ignite Rioting In Buenos Aires LET RENT CONTROLS DIE i WASHINGTON The House Banking committee voted 1G (o 10 to let most federal rent controls ctie May 1. Democratic members called the vote a slap j t President Eisenhower i The administration had asked BUENOS AIRES Angry mobs surged through Buenos Aires today m a wave of death, burning and rioting touched off by two bomb explosions at a giant politi-j Congress lo continue the ceilings cal rally. Officials said at leait for another five months after the six persons- were killed. [controls act expires April 30, The Unofficial reports said ,150 was to give states more time sons were injured in stampedes'to set up their own rent curbs if when the blasts roc-ked the big'they wanted to. VLza del Mayo ttbere President The bill approved by the House Juan Peron was addres-'committee would federal sing supporters late yetler- controls May 1 from of day. the dwellings still under Fires set in retaliation by pro-'rent ceilings. Peron rioters last mght and early today burned three headquarters buildings of opposition political parlies and the iwank Buenos! I.-J Aires Jockey Club At least three; In IFIQOB fashionable eating places were, wrecked Crash Animal Trainer Held i Police held for questioning a cir-1 HANOI, Indo-China A eus animal trainer, identified as chartered commercial airplane an American citizen, whom a fev., used 10 help ferry troops to the excited bystanders pointed out as' threatened French garrison at the bomb thrower Officials save Nasan, crashed on takeoff 27 Feared Dead thrower Officials gave his name as Esteban Jacyna. of Herkimer, N. Y said lo be the "elephant tamer of a circus nou louring Buenos Aires prouncc (Authorities at Herfcimer said nd one named Jacynfi was, listed in the village records or telephone book Jaeyna stoutly denied the alle- gations. In a statement released by police today, he said he had just alighted from an underground train Plaza del Mayo station when he heard a strong explosion crashed kitting here persons Nasan, today killing all 27 ti board. French Army officials said the plane, one of several dozen being employed to rush reinforcements and supplies to the fortress, 117 miles west of Hanoi, crashed when its port engine caught fire. H was believed all passengers nrd crewmen aboard the plane phne were military personnel A headquarters spokesman said the plane had just lifted off (he Gu Lam airfield, across the Red river from the eastern outskirts of He said he was trying (o get out of the subway uhen demonstrators when the sputtered hurling accusations at him Peon Blames Spies The president, whose ap- pearance climaxed a week of criti- cal Argentine political develop- charged the bomb plot uas the work ut "foreign agents" and said the plotters should be "hanged from trees." The bombs exploded about 400 feet from Peron's balcony. Shouting, torch-bearing support- ers of Peron defied police and ftre squads in a night long wave oC and then caught on fire. The plane plowed into the mud- dy banks of the river and bui'st into flame. British Freighter Swept By Flames; All Crewmen Saved arson. Their first assault came against I LONG BEACH, Calif, explosion in the engine room as headquarters of the Socialist party The rioters hurled furniture the four-story offices of the "news- touched off a fire that swept the paper La Vanguardia which serves British freighter Menestheus 70 'es off the coast of Mexico ear- today but all 80 crewmen were and priming equipment from the, rescued xnthout injuries. windows, then set fires T. R. Walker of Liverpool, cap- torches and burning rags which tain of the ship, radioed represen- turned (he cellar into an inferno tatives of the Blue Funnel Line Other demonstrators broke into; that the American freighter Nava- the headquarters of the Radical and Democratic (Conferva live) like the Socialists, have opposed Peron. Both build- ings were set afire. Then the exclusive Jockey Club, jo Victory would attempt to tow the stricken vessel to either San Diego or Los Angeles-Long Beach harbor If the tow is successful, it would require at least two or three days Democrats said they count on Mr. Eisenhower's influence In I iheir efforts to change the bill on jllie House floor. If they fail, and the Senate accepts the House measure, rent controls will die at midnight two weeks from today in Chicago, Philadelphia, Cleveland, and several other large cities. Other congressional news: TidtlarvcU: Senate Republican Leader Robert A. Taft of Ohio, f.11 led tn an attempt to limit fur- ther discussion of the tidelands bill. Sen, Lister Hilt (D-Ala.) blocked the necessary unanimous consent. Veterans: Rep. Bernard W. (Pat) Kearney IR-N. Y.) said he knows of a Veterans Administra- tion hospital which paid m a single year for con- sultants. Kearney heads a House Veterans subcommittee which will investigate hospitals. Spy ring: Naliian Gregory Sil- ver master, former treasury offi- cial, refused to tell Senate inves- I'gators whether he is "active in a Communist espionage ring Ho asserted in a statement, however, that he is a "loyal" citizen and was "nol a security risk" as a federal employe. Former Cornmu- ist spy Elizabeth Bentley had charged that Silver master headed a Soviet espionage ring in 1944. Professor: Prof. Wendell H. Furry of Harvard told a House Un-American Activities subcom- mittee he has not been a Commu mst since March 1, 1951. But he refused to say whether he was or one before that date, Taxes: Only 25 House members h.ive signed Rep. Daniel A. Reed's petition to force an ear- ly vote on his income tax reduc- tion bill. The to pry the bill out of the Rules com- 218 votes to become effective. Ammunition: Sen. Robert C. Hendrickson (H-N. J said the Senate subcommittee investigating ammunition shortages should call former Defense Secretary George C. Marshall to explain an order he issued which laid out the "guideline" that the Korean war should be over by June, 1951. Red trade: Sen, Joseph R. Mc- Carthy {R-Wis planned to notify the State Department today he has obtained new anti Red trade agreements from foreign ship owners, Hospital care: The House Vet- erans committee took up the ques- tion of free hospital treatment for veterans whose ailments are not due to military service. Chairman Kdith Nourse Rogers (R-Mass.) said she is drafting a bill to bar reported abuses of (he program. 16 Kilted As Blast Shatters Machine Factory .CHICAGO An explosion shattered a four-story screw ma- chine factory today and police said 16 persons, most of them wo- men, were killed. Twelve bodies had been taken lo the county morgue, and fire- men said four more were inside the building. At least 32 persons were treated for injuries at five hospitals. Many injured when they leaped from upper floors as flames shot swiftly through the red brick and concrete building, In addition to the factory dead, two babies died in an apartment building fire aggravated by the fact that a fire engine stationed across the street had gone to fight the factory blaze. High winds fanned the flames and dense smoke hung like a pall over the confused scene. Police said about employes were at work in the plant, owned by the Haber Corp., when the blast occurred. Some leaped from windows of upper stories and were injured. Kelly Tanko, 47, company pres- ident, said the cause of the explo- sion was unknown. He said the plant used no explosives. on fire. Later, demonstrators smashed windows and overturned tables at the famous El Aguila Tea Shop Others wrecked buildings. haunt of the city's elite, was set to reach port, according to J. W. Zundell, representative here of the Blue Funnel Line, which owns the Menestheus. "We do not have any details of the Zundell said. "The mas- ter reported only that it started after an explosion in the engine room. He thinks the greatest dam- age may have been confined to the engine room." The Pacific Far East Line's BERLIN East Ger-1 freighter Navajo Victory respond- man deputy premier, Walter Ui-! eLd to .a. distress call radioed by bricbt, demanded a purge of the'the slrlcken shortly after mid- Soviet zone Ministry of Agricul-i meht and picked up the crewmen, East German Demands Purge UN Group Passes Brazil Proposal UNITED NATIONS, N, Y. (UP) The United Nations Political committee today approved unani- mously a Brazilian resolution de- signed to keep the Korean truce negotiations at Panmunjom. The vote was 60 to 0. The Brazilian resolution notes the agreement at Panmunjom to exchange sick and wounded pris- oners, expresses the fur- ther negotiations there will bring an early armistice and provides that the general Assembly shall recess without further Korean de- bate until a truce agreement is reached or developments warrant a new discussion of the war here. The way was cleared for the unanimous passage of the Brazil- ian resolution, which was drafted in consultation with the United States, Britain, France and several other western powers, by Poland's unexpected withdrawal of the Rus- sian-backed propaganda packed "peace proposal." Boilermaker Murders Seven, Commits Suicide All Wen Members Of Own FamBy; Fate of His Boy, 10, Unknown LAWRENCE, Mass. An unemployed boilermaker with a "persecution complex" fortified] himself with whisky and hacked shot to death eight of his family before taking his own life as police closed in on him, Peter J. Akulonis, 39, staged the day long carnage here and in neighboring Methuen yesterday, finally ending his own life with a bullet in his head. The fate of the killer's 10-year- old son, Peler, Jr was not known and police were searching for him today. The father called for the boy at school in Methuen yester- day, apparently after he had slain the boy's mother and younger brother with a hatchet Family Victim The other five known victims of Akulonis were his 72 year old mother, two brothers and two nephews. The case was one of the worst mass killings since Howard Unruh, a 28-year-old war veteran, went berserk in Caraden, N. J., on Sept. 6, 1949, and killed 13 of his neigh- bors with a German Luger pistol. Unruh was committed to a mental hospital. Police feared that Akulonis had kHled Peter, Jr., after leaving the school and hidden his body, al- though one in a bundle of blood- stained notes found in the dead killer's pockets said: "I love Peter the best of all." However, police said, the slayer might have referred to himself. Some of the other cryptic notes read; "Thanks to the (in "1 hope you "damn all the rats." Police said Akulonis had a police record of burglary and drunken- ness but had not been arrested in the past 20 years, Had Complex Former co-workers at a Law- rence Boiler factory said Akulon- is had developed a "persecution complex." As reconstructed by police, this was the sequence of events in Peter Akulonis' day of horror: He accompanied his brother Raymond to (he tatter's job as a carpenter in Cambridge yester- day morning, then borrowed his automobile on the pretense be was going to look for work in Boston. Theft he returned to Lawrence and called at the home of, another brother, Alphonse, 32. He told Al- phonse he wanted a drink and Al- phonse went out and bought whis- I ky and ginger ale. During his brother's absence, Peter killed his mother Mary, 72, Alphonse's sons, James, 5, and Paul, 2. Tells Them To End War If Peace Drive Sincere Also Demands Russia Lift Iron Curtain, Join Disarmament Pact By MERRIMAN SMITH WASHINGTON Eisenhower challenged Russia's new leaders today to prove their will for peace by ending the Korean war, lifting the Iron Curtain from satellite countries and joining a world disarmament pact that would outlaw atomic weapons. He seized the diplomatic initia- tive from (he Communists in a major foreign policy speech listing specific "deeds" the Hussians can Cost Of Cold War Told By Eisenhower Stevenson Escapes Injury When 'Copter Forced Down lure today and said that "enemy v.ho had taken to lifeboats when agents" had been arrested in im- fire swePt through the Menestheus. porlant East German mines and factories, Ulbricht, who as Communist sec- retary general is the No. 1 Red of East Gerany, blamed the flight shortage of automobile tires may of the East German farmes to'occur throughout the nation this the West on the Agriculture Mm- summer, according to the presi- istry, the East German courts and dent of the National Association of other state organs. Independent Tire Dealers. Tire Shortage LOS ANGELES serious SINGAPORE Adlai Ste- i venson escaped injury today when a helicopter in which he was flying was forced down in the Malayan jungle. The helicopter, carrying the Democratic party leader, two oth- er Americans and a British Army officer, was forced down 13 miles from the Federation Capital of Kuala Lumpur when an engine cut out. It landed in a water-covered rice paddy in a jungle clearing. There were no injuries and the helicopter suffered only minor damage. Stevenson was unruffled by the accident. He joked with the pilot, Royal Navy Air Force Lt. Cradr R. Sutiers a few minutes after landing. Stevenson climbed out unhurt and smiting as nearby British ground force units and armored cars rushed to the area. The helicopter belonged to Gen, Gerald Templer Malayan High Commissioner, Accompanying Stevenson on the flight were Barry Bingham, presi- dent of the Courier Journal and Louisville Times Co.; Walter John- son of the University of Chicago; and Brig. William Lambert, com- manding the 18tb independent in- fantry brigade. There was no immediate expla- nation for the cause of the engine failure. At the time, Stevenson was re- turning from jungle maneuvers at which he witnessed troops of the 22nd special air services regiment parachuting into virgin jungle near Kuala Lumpur. Ike Throws Strike To Open Season WASHINGTON pitch- ed a strike today. President Eisenhower, who warmed up ijy throwing out the Democrats last November, threw out the ceremonial first ball in the delayed opener between the New York Yankees and the Washington Senators as some fans, Re- publicans and Democrats alike- cheered. Without benefit of a windup, the reluctant right-hander threw bis "high, bard one." The coveted ball sailed straight into the waiting hands of Washington outfielder Ken Wood, and Washington's base- bait season finally was under way. For the benefit of the photo- graphers, Mr, Eisenhower threw a second ball, which was missed by Washington coach Joe Haynes and rolled toward the umpires clustered near home plate. Baseball Scores AMERICAN LEAGUE New York ....400 001 12 1 Washington ..000 110 9 1 Sain Berra; Portertield, Sima Consuegra (S) Grasso. St. Louis........000 000 1 1 Chicago........000 000 2 1 Brecheen Moss; Pierce Lollar, Boston ------.200 050 19 0 Philadelphia 110 202 6 15 3 Brown Holcomb (6) and White; Byrd, Harrington Fricano (9) and Murray. WASHINGTON (UP) What is the cost of the cold war? President Eisenhower put it bluntly today ;n a major foreign policy speech: "This world m arms is not spending money alone. "It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its sci- entists, the hopes of its children. "The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: A modern brick school in more than 30 cities. "It is: Two electric power plants, each serving a town of population, "It is- Two fine, fully equipped hospitals. "It is some SO miles of concrete highway. "We pay for a single fighter plane with1 a half million bushels of wheat. ''We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than people. the best way of lite to be found on the road the world has been taking. "This is nol a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron." Reclamation Bureau Personnel To Be Cut 25 Pet. WASHINGTON Secre- tary of Interior Douglas McKay was 'cported today to have issued an economy order that is "likely" to reduce personnel at all recla- mation bureau field offices by ''at least 25 per cent." The report came from Chairman A. L. Miller of the House Interior committee, who said personnel at many of the offices will be cut 25 to 30 per cent in the "very near future." Miller issued a state- ment praising McKay for moving to eliminate "over-staffing" prev- alent vnder the Truman adminis- tration. Miller also said McKay is "not in sympathy" with the Budget Bu- reau's action before the Republi- can administration took office in deleting from the fiscal 1954 bud- get funds to start 18 reclamation projects. Miller said the projects were chopped from former Pres- ident Truman's budget even though they appeared to be "fea- sible." McKay declined to comment on any of Miller's statements, Miller said McKay has sent or- ders to regional directors to cut down on staffs and consolidate many of the offices. "It seems quite likely that all of the area, regional and project offices in the 17 Western states will have a reduction of at least 25 per cent in Miller said. McKay and Clarence A, Davis, Interior Department solicitor, "have assured me" that the order "will eliminate the drones by keeping only those absolutely nec- essary to Miller said. Grunewald Tells China Plane Deal WASHINGTON W. Grunewald testified today the Chi- nese Nationalist government 'paid him for buying the Chinese 100 fighter planet "years ago." Grunewald, Washington wire- puller now awaiting sentence for contempt of Congress, told the House Ways and Means subcom- mittee be bought the airplanes for the Chinese from the North Amer- ican Aviation Co., of California, Grunewald couldn't remember when be bought the airplanes for the Chinese. But he said he made the purchase when the Chinese themselves found that they were unable to get any airplanes. perform, to demonstrate the sin- cerity of their recent peace talk. He said (he death of Soviet Premier Josef Stalin has given his Kremlin successors "a precious chance to turn the black tide of events" sweeping the world to- ward atomic war, but warned that "we do not yet know" whether they mean to do it, Jutt Mr. Eisenhower interrupted his golfing vacation at Augusta, Ga., and flew here to deliver the word address before the American Society of Newspaper Editors. He planned to return to Augusta late this afternoon, Diplomatic citeles bailed the speech as a "momentous" decla- ration of the new administration's readiness to negotiate a just cold war settlement with Russia. The main points of the broad U.. S. policy he sketched were: 1. This country is ready to enter into a five-point world disarma- ment treaty providing for an out- right ban on atomic weapons, def- inite limitations on the size of each nation's armed forces, and "a prac- tical system of inspection under the United Nations" to enforce the rules, in 2. If disarmament can be achieved, the United States will join other countries in setting up a "fund for world aid and recon- struction" out of billions saved on military preparations. 3. "The first great step" toward a general world settlement "must be the conclusion of an honorable armistice in Korea." This should be followed immediately by "po- litical discussions leading to the holding of free elections in a Unit- ed Korea." 4. A Korean truce "would be a fraud" unless the Communists si- multaneously call off their aggres- sions against Indo-China and Ma- laya. The Soviet attitude on this question will show whether the Communists seek "merely an ex- pedient truce in Korea" or "gen- uine peace in Asia." Good Faith Program 5. Russia can demonstrate good faUh in Europe by (A) freeing Communist satellite countries to choose "their own forms of gov- ernment; (B) releasing thousands of prisoners still held from World War H; and (C) agree- ing to an Austrian peace treaty without further delay. 6. The United Slates is willing to work for a "united Germany, with a government based on free and secret elections." But the Ger- man problem cannot be separated from the broader question of lift- ing the Iron Curtain throughout Europe to open the way for "free movement of persons, of trade and of ideas." Mr. Eisenhower said the whole world will be waiting to hear Rus- sia's answer to these challenges, and asked that "whatever the answer be, let it be plainly spok- en." Cautiously Hopeful "The hunger for peace is too great, the hour in history too late, for any government to mock men's hopes with mere words and prom- ises and be said, "The test of truth is simple. There can be no persuasion but by deeds." He was cautiously hopeful that Russia may now be ready for peaceful deeds. "A new leadership has assumed power in the Soviet Union. Its links to the past, however strong, cannot bind it completely. Its fu- ture is, in great part, its own to make." He appealed to the new Kremlin leaders to face the grim fact that there is no real hope for any na- tion unless the opposing powers halt their present atomic arms race. Porlli of Prtstnt He said, "recent statements and gestures of Soviet leaders give some evidence that they may ognize" perils of continuing on the present road. The least this country can do, (Continued on page 7) lEWSPAPES! SPA PER! ;