Oakland Tribune, June 11, 1973

Oakland Tribune

June 11, 1973

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Issue date: Monday, June 11, 1973

Pages available: 36

Previous edition: Sunday, June 10, 1973

Next edition: Tuesday, June 12, 1973

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Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - June 11, 1973, Oakland, California klanb (Tribune A RESPONSIBLE METROPOLITAN NEWSPAPER 100th YEAR, NO. 162 MONDAY, JUNE 11, 1973 DAILY, A MONTH Clean Air Backers in Court Win WASHINGTON (AP) An equally divided Supreme Court today handed environ- mentalists a major victory by enforcing' a national policy that bars significant deterio- ration of clean air. The 4-4 vote, while not de- ciding the issue on the merits, has the effect of affirming a decision on the issue handed down by the U.S. Circuit Court here last year. The circuit court ruled that federal law prohibits any sub- stantial new air pollution in regions where ihe air is still pure. In other actions foday, the court' Overturned a lower court decision and ordered a re- hearing to decide whether the state of Wisconsin can deny liquor licenses to bars which feature nude dancing. Summarily ordered an Alabama firm to pay to an employe who lost money while serving1 on a jury. The pollution dispute began when environmentalists set out to protect those areas with air that was cleaner than that required by federal standards. The Environmental Protec- tion Agency has established air quality standards setting limits on the permissible lev- els of pollutants under the Clean Air Amendments of 1970. One .set of .standards de- signed to protect human health must be achieved by 1975 No time limit has been set on a second, more strin- gent set ol standards to pro- tect animals, plants, property and the environment. The environmentalists con- tended that the law's slated purpose to "protect and en- hance1' air quality means air quality must not be degraded. The EPA was poised last reluctantly to issue regulaions to comply with the appeals court decision. The high court issued a stay that froze the situation while it was under consideration. To- day's action gives effect to the appeals court decision. The issue was brought to the high court by the Federal Government which argued that air quality need not be maintained at a level above that required by federal stan- dards. The government's un- successful appeal saw the is- Scc Back Page, Col. 7 Wind gust caused landing mishap to helicopter carrying Willy Brandt on visit to Masada, (AP) Narrow Escape for Brandt World Air In Israeli Copter Incident HELPING HANDS HOLD WILLY BRANDT ERECT He was knocked to knees in helicopter U.S. Expected to Prod Saigon Over Cease- Fire Impasse By RAYMOND LAWRENCE Foreign News Analyst Washington, seeking to break another impasse, ap- parently has sent a new mes- sage to Saigon on the current negotiations with North Viet- nam over the shaky cease-fire agreement. Acting L'.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam Charles White- house today met briefly with Foreign Minister Tran Van Lam concerning the stalled Paris talks between Henry A. Kissinger and Hanoi's Le Due Tho, who may resume then- recessed discussions tomor- row. There has been no agree- ment yet the top negotiators, which is beum held up by the Saigon govern- ment's reluctance to accept a new version of the cease-fire agreement. Meanwhile, in Washington a Senate staff report was re- leased saying that four months after the Pans cease- fire agreement was signed the prospect for peace in Indo- china appears bleak. The study, prepared for the Senate foreign relations sub- committee on security agree- ments, said. "If the United States thought that the leaders in Hanoi would abandon their lifelong objectives or that President Thieu would be willing to risk the tenuous security wen lor him In the United Stales, we may have miscalculated badlv." New Contract Assures Peace on Waterfront West Coast dock workers and their employers reached agreement during the week- end on economic terms of a new contract, virtually elimi- nating the possibility of a strike for at least two years. The new pact was signed Saturday night by negotiators for the International Long- shoremen's and Warehouse- men's Union and the Pacific Maritime Association. It was put into effect imme- diately but is subject to ratifi- cation by members of both sides. The old contract, which ex- pires June 30, was signed- in February, 1972, after a 134- day strike which closed West Coast ports to all but military The possibility that the Nix- on administration or Congress will impose new. strict eco- nomic controls apparently spurred the negotiators to reach an early settlement. Hawaiian longshoremen are not included in the new agree- ment. However, negotiations between the JLVVU and anoth- er employer group were scheduled to continue in Hono- lulu today. Details of the proposed new contract were not disclosed. A loint statement issued by the ILWU and the PMA said: "The contract removes any work stoppage threats and as- sures shippers of uninterrupt- ed service. "All economic issues have Set Back Page, Col. 6 In Vietnam the report esti- mated that North Vietnam could be capable of launching a major attack by the Il said. "There appears to be little prospect that peace will be restored by political means, given the apparent continued determination by Hanoi and the provisional revolutionary government (Viet Cong) to displace the existing structure in the South and given the South Vietnamese govern- ment's adamant refusal to af- ford cither the Communists the non-Communist opposition any meaningful role in politi- cal life." The picture elsewhere in. Indochina uu.s reported to bo equally unfavorable. Meanwhile, scattered fight- ing continued in South Viet- nam with hundreds of viola- tions of the cease-fire report- ed on both sides And now for a comment: Washington has said it would not allow President Thieu !o block a revision and clarification ol the original cease-fire agreement. Thieu, deeply concerned about Kissinger's concessions to the Communists, has done exactly that. So, it appears that the present exchanges in Saigon are designed to re- move the differences. The mam hurdles concern increased recognition of the Viet Cong, which Kissinger has granted, and the status of of control. The latter involves the current land- grabbing by both business designed to defeat the cease-fire theory of a set- tlement "in place." So the contention drones on. 2 Companions Slightly Hurt JERUSALEM (AP) West German Chancellor Brandt narrowly escaped a crash today when a gust of wind almost hurled his Israeli military helicopter off a 900- loot cliff to the Dead Sea desert below. Brandi was unhurt when he was thrown to his knees as the ramp of the Sikorsky chopper caught on a rock about 10 feet from the edge of the cliff German State Secretary Paul Frank and the Israeli ambassador to Bonn. Eliashiv Ben-Horin. were slightly hurt, in the accident, but they re- quired no medical treatment. "It could have been very said one armed bor- der policeman who ran after the helicopter to stop it. The incident occurred as Brandt's armed helicopter. loaded with security agents, landed on the sun-scorched plateau of Masada, an ancient Jewish fortress overlooking the Dead Sea. The camouflaged gunship landed smoothly at the for- tress and started to roll to- ward the cliff as passengers were climbing from the tail exit. A gust of wind then heaved the helicopter and the exit ramp caught on a rock, bringing it to a lurching stop while Brandt was on the ramp. Brandt then picked himself up. dusted oil' his sportshirt and said nothing. Later he was asked whether he felt all right after the accident. He laughed and asked, "What ac- Some of the 100 security men swarming around the dusty rock rums to protect Brandt grabbed the big heli- copter to ensure it was firmly- anchored. A German embassy- spokesman said there had been a technical fault in the aircrall Brandt flew to Masada to inspect Israel's defenses of years ago. 11 was there where Jewish defenders held ofl a siege and committed mass suicide in 73 A.D. rather than surrender to the Roman empire. The trip followed a break- fast meeting with Defense- Minister Moshe Dayan. Few details of the meeting were released, but aides said Dav- an discussed the troubling is- sue of Palestinian refugees in the Mideast and under Israeli control, reaffirming that Is- rael could not permit the scat- tered Arabs to return to in Israel. Later in the day Brandl left Israel with an apology for Germany's past and a bid for Sec Back Page, Col. 1 Quake Cracks Walls in Zagreb ;i ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (AP) Chimneys crumbled, walls cracked and window panes shattered when an earthquake j: struck early today at Ivanec, about 4') miles north of Za- greb. Only a few persons were hurt, according to first re- ports. Officials said the area's residents fled into the streets when their houses began i .shaking. a Agrees to Sell Bank World Airways Inc. an- nounced today that it has agreed in principle to sell its 99.5 per cent interest in First Western Bank to Lloyds Bank Ltd. of London for mil- lion. First Western, the eighth largest bank in the state is headquartered in Los Angeles and has 95 branches. As of March 31 First Western re- ported deposits of SI. 161 bil- lion, loans of ?772 million and equity capital of million. At the end of 1972 Lloyds reported deposits of billion and capital and rcserv es total- ing million. Oakland-based World ac- quired First Western in 1968 from Greatamenca Corp for million. In October of 1971 World reached an agreement with Welis Fargo Bank of San Francisco, third largest in the state, to sell First Western for million. The comptroller of the cur- rency approved the merger but the Justice Department filed suit in January of 1972 to halt the merger on grounds that it would lessen competi- tion in the state. Last October World and Wells called off the merger rather than engage in protracted litigation. The Oakland-based supple- mental airline, which held the bank in a wholly-owned sub- sidiary World America Inves- tors Corp is seeking to sell the financial institution be- cause of amendments to the Bank Holding Company Act in 1970. Edward J. Daly. World chairman, said, "The decision to sell First Western complies with national policy of divorc- ing banking from commerce as laid down by the Congress in enacting the Bank Holding Company Act amendments of 1970. divestiture of First Westeni will implement, in a substantial way. the fulfill- ment of that policy He added that instead of reducing the eight largest Cal- ifornia banks to seven, as would have occurred under tile merger with Wells Fargo, the acqtnstion by Llovds will assure continuance (if PVst Western Bank as a competi- Sce Back Pago, Col. 8 TV Probe Bars Agnew Safeguard Lack Cited In Speech ST. LOUIS, Mo. (AP) Vice President Spiro T. Ag- new today said the Senate Watergate hearings are putting the Nixon administra- tion on trial and destroying chances that justice and truth will be achieved in the politi- cal-espionage scandal. "What is critically lacking, as the Senate select commit- tee does its best to ferret out the truth, is a rigorous set of procedural safeguards." Ag- new said. "Lacking such safeguards, the committee, I am sad to say. can hardly hope to find the truth and can hardly fail to muddy the waters of justice beyond Agnew also said that live television coverage contribut- ed a "Perry Masonish im- pact" to the hearings. Agnew made his remarks at the 67th annual meeting of the National Association of Attor- neys General and was given a standing ovation at the end of his 30-minute address. Agnew said widespread publicity and loose procedures may allow guilty persons to escape punishment and may ruin the innocent. "The indefatigable camera will paint both heroes and villains in lurid and indelible colors before the public's verj eves in the course of these proceedings." Agnew said "The orderly procedures which facts are elicited and verified in a court of law are lacking each morning when Sen. Ervin's gavel comes down and the Senate's trial of the. Nixon administration be- fore the court of public opin- ion Sen. Sam J. Ervin. D-X.C., is chairman of the Senate Watergate committee. Agnew called the hearings a Ehrlichman Burglary Denial Contradicted By BARRY KALB WASHINGTON Presidential aide John D. Ehrlichman knew of in the September, 1971. burglary of the office of Daniel Ells- berg's psychiatrist, according to grand jury testimony of another ex-White House aide, informed sources report The testimony was that of David Young, a former mem- ber of the special White House group commonly known as "The whose lead- ers admitted carrying out the burglary. Young's statements to the grand jury directly contradict those of Ehrlichman, who told the FBI in April that he had learned of the burglary only after it had occurred. Young, who resigned from the National Security Council staf'l April 30 in the wake of disclosures about the burgla- ry, was granted immunity irom prosecution in mid-Maj, and appeared before the grand jury shortly thereafter, He reportedly told the grand jury that Ehrlichman knew in advance about a trip which "Plumbers" E. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon to become involved in the Water- gate to Los Angeles around Aug. 25, to "case" the office of Dr. Lew us Fielding, then the psv- chiatrisl of Pentagon Papers defendant Ellsberg. Young also said, according to sources, that Ehrlichman knew in advance of the actual break-in, which took place the weekend of Sept. 3-4. 1.971, and gave his approval for the operation. In a statement to the FBI on April 27. made public May 2 by U.S. District Court Judge W. Matt Byrne Jr., Ehrlich- man said he had not learned of the burglary until "after it happened." "He (Ehrlichman) did 'not agree with this method of investigation." and when he learned about the burglary he instructed them 'not to do this again.' the FBI report said One Justice Department of- ficial who has learned of Sec Back Page. Coi. J Conspirators Got White House Aid See Back Page. Col. 1 Ex-Olympics Chief to Wed Princess, 37 CHICAGO (AP) Avery Brundage, 85-year-old former president, of the International Olympic Committee, will marry a 37-year-old German princess who served as a host- ess at the 1972 Olympic games m Munich. The bride to be is Mariann Princess Reuss, a descendent of a royal family and related to most of the royal houses of Europe. Announcement of the en- gagement was made jointly today by the multimillionaire Chicago hotel owner and the mother of the future bride, Stephanie Princess Reuss. of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Germany. "The princess and 1 common interests." Brun- dage. a strapping K-footer who looks half his age. said. "She is an excellent skier. 1 See Back Page. Col. -i WASHINGTON (AP) Herbert W. Kalmbach was ol- ficially quoted today as saying payments made to Watergate defendants and their lawyers were a "White House project." Kalmbach, President Nix- on's former personal lawyer, solicited from the Fi- nance Committee to Re-elect the President June 29.1972 for an urgent project that he said "had approval of high author- ities." the committee said in a report to the General Ac- counting Office. A spokesman tor the com- mittee confirmed that this is the same money Kalmbach had previously told the GAO he included in payments to the Watergate defendants and I heir lawyers. In all, Kalmbach solicited and paid for this pur- pose, but only came irom .Maurice H. Slans. chair- man of the finance commit- tee. The committee said it never had reported the expenditure publicly because Kalmbach told committee ofticials it was unrelated to the campaign. But the committee it was reporting this expendi- ture jlong with a great main others about which questions have been raised in recent months, in the interest nl lull disclosure .Vews reports have said that Kalmbach is ready to testily that he solicited the Water- gate money on instructions ol lontifT White House domesl ic adviser John D. Khrhchman. On the Inside These reports said that Kahii- bach said he balked at raisin? more money when asked to do so by former White Huu.se duet' of staff H. R. Haldeman. Tlic Nixon committee report to the GAO said that on June 29, 1972 Kalmbach had asked Stans lor "all possible cash funds'' to be given him for the urgent "White House project." This was less than two weeks after five men were arrested inside Democratic part> offices at the Watergate Hotel in the early hours of June 17. 1972. The came from cash contributions, the source of which the committee told the GAO it had previously failed to report. These contributions includ- ed which Kalmbach had obtained from the com- mittee on Fob. 3. 1972 lor "non-usual expenses" but which Stans had determined Kalmbach did not need 'and apparently had asked him to return. Kalmbach also was given S30.000 which was contributed on June 29. 1972 from Philip- pine nationals. The committee .said il had at that point re- ceived the and was trying to determine whether it a legal contribution be- cause ii came Irom foreisin nationals. The coin mil lee saul the iiHine.v was pas.secl on to Kalmbach despite thus suhed legal question "be- See Back Page, Col. I Ex-POWS neglect needed psy- chiatric care. Page 5. Quake experts question Porlo- bello safety. Page 11. Reporter protection bills face key test. Page 1 1. Astrology........15 Bridgt..........15 Classified Shopping Center........20 Comics..........17 Crossword Puzzle ,.16 Editorial.........12 Financial Bicycling spurs boom in tour guide books. Page 28. Berkeley City Council to set recall date. Pate 18. Freighter crosses Pacific five days. Page 7. in Higher discount rale dollar abroad. Page 7. Joe Rudi duplicates World Series catch. Page 29. helps U.S. swimmers wow Chinese in Canton. Page 31. Bill Fiset Funrimc Landers Sports Theaters TV and Radio Vitols World of Women See 4 Fair weather forecast, see page 16 ;

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