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Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - March 16, 1964, Oakland, California New Tribune Phones: CIRCULATION 273-2323 CLASSIFIED---------273-2121 MAIN OFFICE 273-2000 Branch Offices in Local Directory Jjfritiune HOME EDITION tSTADLISHED FEBRUARY 21. 1874 OAKLAND. CALIFORNIA VOL. 178, NO. 76 A MONTH MONDAY, MARCH 1964 273-2000 Classified, Caii 273-2121 IBJ Vows Latin Aid to Block Reds OAS Hears Reassurance On Alliance By MERRIMAN SMITH WASHINGTON dent Johnson today pledged the full power of the United States to resist the intrusion of com- munism in any Latin American nation. Johnson spoke before the Or- ganization of American States on the third anniversary of the Alliance for Progress, a American development program sponsored by the late President John F. Kennedy as an exten- sion of the so-called good neigh- bor policy of the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The President said there must be increased cooperation, a greater degree of self help on the part of Latin American countries to make the alliance effective. MUST PROTECT "At the same he said in his prepared remarks, ''we must protect the alliance against the efforts of communism to tear down what we're building." The President cited as evi- dence of the Communist tear- down in Latin America recent "Cuban aggression in Vene- zuela." "We will soon discuss how best we can meet these threats to our he said. "But I now assure you that the full power of the United States is ready to assist any country whose freedom is threatened by forces directed from beyond the shores of our own continent." "The enemies of freedom seek to harass us at every Johnson said. He said this in- volved "a struggle for the des- tiny of the American republics." OPTIMISTIC He was, however, optimistic about chances for the alliance to i prosper and defeat the threat of communism. "Our alliance will prosper be- cause we do have faith not idle hope, but the same faith that enabled us to nourish a new civilization in these spa- cious Johnson said. "And in that new world we will carry forward our Alliance for Progress in such a way that men in all lands will marvel at the power of freedom to achieve the betterment of he said. Johnson made no specific ref- erence to this country's prob- lems with Panama but said, "De- spite occasional conflict, we have peacefully shared our hemisphere to a degree un- matched by nations anywhere." He also emphasized that in the councils of the Alliance for Progress partners "all nations sit as eguals." GIVES EMPHASIS The President had three areas of emphasis: need for increased co- operation, not only among na- tions but between private and public institutions in the field of investment In this connection he pointed out the need for "maximum effective use of pri- vate capital" and in an oblique manner, warned against seizure of businesses financed from the outside. t help. He said progress In each country depended largely Continued Page 5, Col. 1 De Gaulle Tries For Beachhead In the Americas By RAYMOND LAWRENCE Foreign News Analyst Charles de Gaulle today in- vaded the Western Hemisphere. The French president, in a bid for trade and prestige in Latin America, received a tum- ultuous welcome from a million Mexicans. Traveling under unusually heavy security precautions, De Gaulle and his party spent the night on the French island of Guadeloupe in the Caribbean before arriving in Mexico City. The strong security precau- tions were prompted by two bomb threats, which police blamed on cranks, that delayed departure of his plane in Paris. PUBLIC RELATIONS President de Gaulle's four- day visit to Mexico marks the beginning of a spectacular pub- lic relations job to sell Latin America on his foreign policies that have brought France into painful conflict with the United States in nearly every quarter of the globe. This effort to boost French in- fluence in a traditionally Amer- ican hemisphere is the prelude to visits this fall to Argentina, Brazil, Peru and Uruguay. According to an AP dispatch from Mexico City, the capital was festooned with the French tricolor and the flag of Mexico. Newspapers splashed welcom- ing headlines across their front pages. Huge portraits of the French leader hung over the main boulevards. WASHINGTON WORRIED In Washington, there was, however, concern over De Gaulle's incursion into Latin America. President Johnson, with re- markable timing, countered the French president with the dec- laration to the OAS that the United States will devote the full power of this, country to sisting the intrusion of commu- nism in any Latin American na- tion. This is of primary import- ance because de Gaulle hopea to convince Mexicans and other Latin Americans that they have an alternative to the choice be- tween Washington and Moscow. It is that France constitutes a "third middle course between communism and cap- italism, sponsored and inspired by Prfris independently of any other center of world power. ANOTHER CHOICE De Gaulle, in other words, wants Latin Americans to know that their choice of friends is not' limited to Communist Castroites or imperialistic Americans. This is 'his so-called challenge to the United States, which will be reemphasized later, that is next fall when he spends some six weeks touring other Latin American nations. Fundamentally, the challenge is similar to De Gaulle's propos- al for neutralization of former Indochina (South Viet Nam, Laos, his contempt for the United Nations, under- Continued Page 5, Col. 2 WHERE TO FIND IT Astrology .............47 Aunt Classified Ads..........28 Comics Crvwwonl Punlo.......2i Financial ..............43 BtllFittt...............13 Ann Uncters...........22 Martha -----26 AJ Spom ................37 Vtob.................36 World of SPEOAl Unfm small world UPDOWN TfMFtftATURES (24-hcw ftrted emIWji mon OtMtmJ .74 17 72 wW tf If Afnwrf WEMfWtt 8W MWl W FRENCH PRESIDENT CHARLES DE GAULLE ARRIVES IN MEXICO He is embraced by Mexican President Adolfo Lopez Mateos at Viet Reds Kill 6 More U.S. Fliers ON THE INSIDE New Way of Life Church Hall comes down in preparation for community advance in Fruitvale. Page 8. Intellectual Disaster Bill Fiset reports on a frank liquor approach to the new tax Page 13. Hopes Revisited Herb Mi- chelson interviews a beauteous star who is started in a new di- rection. Page 19. Snakes in Ireland Alan Ward discovered Irish didn't give St. Patrick's Day the slightest tumble. Page 22. Tax Reform Lou Grant de- picts how the big one got away. Page 23. Baseball Observer R-ay Haywood apparently lays claim to intelligence, discernment, and right to'return from his dollar. 37. Playwright Behan Gains In Life Fight DUBLIN Brendan Be- han was reported in improving health tonight in a Dublin hos- pital. The 41-year-old play- wright went on the danger list yesterday suffering from dia- betes and jaundice and was given the last rites of the Ro- man Catholic church. His wife Beatrice spent t h e night by his bedside and re- mained there today. Behan has been hospitalized three times since Christmas. His condition was not helped by his enthusiastic celebration of the birth of his first child, a daugh- ter, last November, according to friends. Angry Wife Crashes Airport PERRY, Iowa (AP) Mrs. Roy Lang, 38, was charged with reckless driving and destruction of public property Sunday, after she drove her car through two walls of the Perry' Municipal Airport. Authorities said Lang, mana- ger of the airport, and his wife were arguing as they ap- proached the airport in their car. Mrs. Lang, who was driving, swung the wheel sha approached the adm building and went front and out of the concrete block eials said. ation igh the of the structure, nffi- Copter, Spotter Plane Downed; Toll Hits 124 SAIGON, South Viet Nam more American air- men were killed in South Viet Nam during the weekend as Red guerrillas shot down a U.S. helicopter and a spotter plane. Four of the airmen were aboard the helicopter. It was hit by ground fire during a Vietna- mese government operation Sunday in Ba Xuyen Province, 100 miles south of Saigon. The other two airmen were aboard an L19 spotter plane that was knocked down Satur- day northeast' of Saigon. The six deaths brought to 124 the number of Americans killed in action, in the Viet Nam war since the U.S. buildup there be- ,gan in December 1961. The Defense Department said the dead airmen were: Aboard the spotter plane: Capt. Thomas J. Bergen, Schen- ectady, N.Y., and Ll. Richard Jaeck, Milwaukee, Wis. The crew chief aboard the hel- icopter was Spec. 5-C Carleton W. Upton, whose wife, Linda, lives at 156 Summitt St. Auburn. Others lost on the copter were Lt. Roger E. Gauvin, pilot, Cari- bou, Maine; Lt. Kenneth A. Shannon, copilot, Lynchburg, Va.; and Pfc. Frank J. Holguin, gunner, Los Angeles. The South Viet Nam govern- ment claimed an important vic- tory Saturday at Cai Cai, near the Cambodian border. Seventeen Communist Viet Cong were killed and 300 sus- pected Communists were cap- tured. A U.S. Army sergeant was wounded by a land mine and the government put its loss- es at 4 wounded. An American adviser said 35 of those cap- Continued Page 4, Col. 1 Canadians Bring Cairn To Cyprus NICOSIA, Cyprus An additional 223 Canadian soldiers were due in Cyprus today for the U.N. peace force. The is- land itself was unusually quiet. Although tension remained high, a lull in the fighting be- tween Greek and Turkish Cypri- ots continued into the sixth day. Arrival of the Canadians was considered to have had a calm- ipg effect. Five more Canadian Royal Air Force transport planes were due in Nicosia today. Wearing blue U.N. berets and shoulder patches, battle dressed members of Canada's Royal 22nd Regi- ment boarded the planes Sun- day at Quebec. Additional soldiers were to depart by air today from Que- bec and Halifax. The Canadian aircraft carrier Bonaventurs was being loaded at Halifax'for departure Wednesday with 100 soldiers and 60 vehicles. Canadian officials hope to have the entire Canadian con- tingent of men in Cyprus by March 24. An advance par- ty of 106 officers and men came in three planes over the week- end. Finland, Sweden and Ireland also have promised men for the international army, but there was no word here when any would arrive. Secretary-Gener- al U Thant hopes to create a U.N. police force of men including members of the Continued Page 2, Col. 1 No Trace of Last Body in Tahoe Crash MINDEN, Nev. major search Sunday failed to turn up the 85th body of the March 1 Lake Tahoe airline disaster in western Nevada. Sheriff's officers combed a snow covered ridge south of Genoa Peak all day but failed to find the last body, believed to be that of Mrs. Jack J. Rob- erts of San Jose. Wild Brush Fires In LA. Hill Areas LOS ANGELES (UPI) Swift moving brush fires, fanned by 60-mile-an-hour winds, broke out today in parched mountain areas north of here, forcing evacua- tion of canyon homes. It was estimated that acres had ben burned over on two fronths. Fire dispatchers described the were in the Sunset Canyon area above the community of Bur- bank and in the Whiting Woods area north of Glendale, both in the Verdugo Mountains. Resi- dents fled their homes in each of the trouble spots. A second fire broke out above Glendale in San Rafael hills and caused concern for modern homes in Chevy Cnase Canyon. two main fires as "still wild j Glendale Fire Chief Ray Eiler and going like hell" A thick white cloud of srioke drifted over the Los Angeles basin behind northeast winds and extended to the sea 30 miles distant. Today's forecast high temperature was 89 degrees. The most serious conditions! said there had been reports of roof damage in Whiting Woods but fhe fire was b irninc away from fhe area. was with President Maps War On Poverty Congress Told Of Proposals To Aid Youths WASHINGTON (AP) Presi- dent Johnson gave Congress marching orders today for the war on poverty, concentrating his attack on help- ing needy young Americans. The program to help young- sters in the 16 to 20 age bracket centers on a Job Corps remin- iscent of the Civilian Conserva- tion Corps of the 1930s. "The years of high school and college age are the most criti- cal stage of a young person's Johnson said, in a special message on poverty. ''If they are not helped then, many will be condemned to a life of pover- ty which they, in turn, will pass on to their children." YOUTHS The Job Corps would enlist up to young men, draft re- jects and school dropouts, from ''those whose background, health and education makes them least fit for useful work." These young men would be removed from their slum back- grounds and placed in camps to work on conservation projects and in special job training cen- ters for a blend of training, ba- sic education and work experi- ence. "These are not simply camps for the John- son said. "They are new educa- tional institutions, comparable in innovation to the land grant colleges. Those who enter them will emerge better qualified to play a productive role in Amer- ican society." OTHER PHASES Other phases of the youth pro- gram are work-training and work-study projects, federal grants to provide full or part time jobs to help youngsters stay in high school, take voca- tional training or work their way through college. Coordinating the war on pov- erty will be a new executive agency, the Office of Economic Opportunities, which Johnson said would be headed by Sar- Barry Rakes Johnson on Baker Case gent chief Shriver, of staff "my for personal the war against poverty." In addition to the Job Corps, Shriver also will supervise cre- ation of another new group, the Volunteers for America, a Peace Corps-styled body of 000 to volunteers who will work in various phases of the war on poverty. Both the Job Corps and the Volunteers for America are taken from legislation now pending in Congress the Youth Conservation Corps and the Na- tional lively. Service Corps respec- Cwifimwdl Page 2, Cd< 11 Other phases of the war on poverty asked by Johnson in- cluded: program of grants of up to 90 per cent for urban and rural community action pro- grams, where local plans were drafted to utilize all available community resources, public and private, to wipe out pockets of poverty. PENDING LEGISLATION grants and loans to help boost the incomes of sub- sistence farmers. low interest loans for investments that will pro- vide jobs for low-income fami- lies or persons who have been out of jobs for many months, and also to small businesses not eligible for regular loans from the Small Business Administra- tion. Expansion of a Welfare De- partment program to help train and find jobs for heads of fam- ilies those children now re- ceive payments under the aid to dependent children program. The Econom- ic Act is "the foundation of our war against John- son said. "But it does not stand alone. "For the past three years this government has advanced a number of new proposals which strike at important areas of need and distress- I ask Con- gress to expend those which are already in actio.7, and to estab- lish those which have already been proposed." THE WEATHER STORY BAY AREA Fair tonight and tomorrow. Cooler low tonight, 42 to 41 probably diminishing late Arizonan Given Smashing CRA Endorsement By DON THOMAS Tribune Political Writer FRESNO U.S. Sen. Barry Goldwater had the endorsement of the California Republican As- sembly today following one of the wildest political conventions in either recent Cali- fornia history. The front-running contender for the GOP presidential nomi- nation got the nod last night by a lopsided standing vote after some supporters of Gov. Nelson Rockefeller had walked out of the convention and others stayed seated during the ballot- ing. The action came after hours of hassling during which old time friends among the past presidents of the 30-year-old or- ganization had at each other with a vengeance. MANEUVERS When it was all over, former U.S. Sen. William F. Knowland, GoJdwater's California chair- man, discounted the battle by pointing to the parliamentary maneuvering that goes on in Congress and national conven- tions. But while it was under way, the floor battle was far beyond what most CRA delegates had seen in their prior experience. And when the main issue was settled and proponents on both sides were urging unity, the re- tiring president of the CRA, Wil- liam Nelligan of San Francisco, stirred everything up again with an inflammatory statement call- ing on Republicans to "fight off the extremist guerrillas sniping at our flanks." SHARP WORDS An adherent of Gov. Rocke- feller, Nelligan expressed belief that "fanatics of the Birch va- riety have fastened their fangs on the Republican party's flank" and called for their eradication. "Nobody invited these odd- balls into, our ranks. They mus- cled their way Nelligan said. "They stink up the place." "I recommend that the Cali- fornia Republican Assembly do everything it can to peel off its parasites." The in-fighting started with nomination and balloting on ri- val slates of state officers of the CRA. The wrangle lasted most of the night. While the vote count was under way, the opposing forces went to the mat for more than three and a half hours before winding, up with an endorsement of George Murphy for the GOP nomination for the U.S. Senate. That fracas, however, was not concerned so much with the qualifications of Murphy and his sole rival, Lee Kaiser of San Francisco, as it was with estab- Continued Page 3, Col. 1 'Not a Protege Of President' Claim Contested By JERRY MARTIN Tribune Staff Writer CRESCENT CITY Sen. Bar- ry Goldwater said today that President Lyndon Johnson should press for a complete in- vestigation of the Bobby Baker case "This is not a stereo set. This is the Gold- water said Goldwater told an airport ral- ly here that the moral tone of Washington has been reduced to the era of the ''deep freeze and vicuna scandals." He said he also contested Johnson's statement that Baker, who resigned under fire recent- ly as secretary of the Senate Democratic majority, was not a protege of the President. EVERYONE KNEW ''Everybody in the Senate knew that Bobby Baker was Lyndon Johnson's Gold- water said. He said Johnson should de- mand a full airing of Baker's multi-million dollar business deals in order to clear the White House of any suggestion of scan- dal. "I don't like this doubt hover- ing over a Goldwa- ter said. He stated that Baker was involved in million-dollar deals while earning a salary of only a year. TV STATION OWNED Goldwater also jibed at John- son's televison station owner- ship. He said "it is a peculiar situ- ation that a city the size of Aus- tin, Tex. (about popula- tion) had only one TV station." "It's not ha, but 'peculiar Goldwater said to about 250 persons at the airport here. A band representing the Del Norte Arabs, dressed in color- ful sheiks' costumes, greeted Goldwater. They had a giant camel float emblazoned with "Goldwater for President" stick- ers. DAY'S SCHEDULE Goldwater was initiated into the local civic organization in an airport ceremony. He planned a stop at Eureka later today and will wind up the day's campaigning at Sacramento. Goldwater began his swing into Northern California after receiving word that he had won the endorsement of- the California Republican Assembly convention in Fresno. Jt is the second major Repub- lican group to officially back the Arizona senator's bid against New York Gov. Nelson Rocke- feller in the June 2 primary. Goldwater already has been endorsed by the Young Repub- licans. He said he is looking for- ward to receiving the official backing nf the United Republi- cans of California, the only other major GOP group expect- Continued Page 3, Col. 3 Key Meant It About the Stripes BALTIMORE Francis Scott Key wasn't kidding about those "broad stripes" when he wrote the Star Spangled Banner in 1814. The flag which withstood the British bom- bardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore and inspired Key to write the song that became the national anthem had stripes two feet wide. Seventy-five Maryland women have used more than three miles of thread and aoout stitches in reproducing the flag, reputed to be the largest American flag ever flown in battle. It measures 42 feet by 30 feet and weighs 75, pounds. Although five of the 24-inch stars have not been sewn on, the flag will be displayed today in Baltimore at a meeting of statewide com- mittees of the American Legion Women's Aux- iliary. When the flag is completed it will be dis- played in the Maryland pavilion at the New York World's Fair. MANY OAKLAND STORES OPEN TONIGHT
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