Oakland Tribune, December 25, 1942

Oakland Tribune

December 25, 1942

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Issue date: Friday, December 25, 1942

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All text in the Oakland Tribune December 25, 1942, Page 1.

Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - December 25, 1942, Oakland, California DELIVERY SERVICE Call your Tribune boy 'dealer by telephone, if you miss your paper. If you cannot reach him, telephone TE-6000 and everything possible will be done to correct your service. tribune EXCLUSIVt PRESS Wl R EPHOTO Wl DE WORLD PRESS HOME EDITION VOL. 5c DAILY D OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1942 15c SUNDAY NO. 178 Nation Slows War Tempo For Yuletide JJAP5 PUSHED TO LAST DITCH IN BUNA AREA Curtailed Some by Rationing; Armed Forces Pause The spirit of Christmas burned brightly in Metropolitan Oakland as throughout the Nation today. But its traditional joyousness. dat- ing back centuries to the birth of the Prince of Peace, was tempered in ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, Dec. troops, in a double envelopment, have over-run the main Japanese positions in the Buna area of New Guinea and have driven the trapped enemy troops back to their last line of defense, General MacArthur's headquarters announced today. As a result of the maneuver, in which Australian and American in- fantry, tanks and artillerv par- hundreds of homes with sorrow for ticipated> lhe Allies now contro] the absent sons and daughters aU of thg Buna Airdrome 3 world's battle fronts h ing on the !and have pinned the Japanese down bring pe.ice once more to this a coastal strip about a mile The traditional feasting was our-1long and 300 to 600 jards wide, the tailed in comparison with other said: The battle to wipe out the last Axis Plot Seen In Darlan Slaying; Anxiety Grips Washington Chiefs Parley Called To Pick Leader Assassination Is Denounced By Roosevelt in rears by comparison the shortages of manv Japanese iorces on tlie Papuan the holiday bird was Peninsula thus had entered its last missing from, many dinner tables. But residents were cheerful about their own wartime menus, knowing that the reason for it was a Govem- 3nent which carried out its pledge to bring the best possible Christmas feast to its million service men over- seas and its other millions on home territory but separated from their families. TOTS FOR WAR phase, but Allied headquarters in- dicated that fierce fighting still was in prospect before the goal is achieved. "It is a prepared and fortified citadel of the commu- nique said tersely of the last Japa- nese defense line. Allied airmen, meanwhile, in a series of operations ranging all the way from Timor to New Brit- am, were credited with sinking Under Christmas trees last eve- an enemy destroyer and two mer- ning and this morning children and j chant ships, damaging a tanker and Continue! Tugc 2, Col. 7 grownups found an abundance of gifts. If the toys were not the sturdy quality of another year, there was no dearth of them and there was sat- isfaction in the knowledge that ma- terials sacrificed were safeguarding our soldiers, sailors and marines in the best war equipment. An unusual solemnity marked church Yulelide services, where the music of the Christmas season mingled with prayers for fighting men and fighting Allied Nations. For the fullest observance of the day. the shipyards and war plants of the Bay area were quiet for the first time since war descended upon this country 18 days before last year's Christmas. WORKERS HAVE REST The thousands of workers were given a holiday to be with their families on this most important King Gives Yule War Message New Hope for Peace Expressed by Ruler In Radio Address LONDON. Dec. George VI broadcast a message to today, declar- ing that despite "the dark shadow of war" Christmas still meant "hope for ho rpf peace and good will." Organizations o fall kinds, U.S.O., The King said it added to Brit. clubs, chic and fraternal groups. ain's happiness this year to share worker units brought some measure Christmas "with so manv of our of consolation to service men away from home through special plans Ukraine Will Be Liberated, Pledges Stalin Soviet Forces Press Don Attack, Move on Millerova, Rail Center By EDDY GIL.MORG MOSCOW, Dec. tion of the Ukraine from the Ger- man invaders was pledged by Pre- mier Stalin and Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov in special message today as the Red Army pressed into the eastern border lands of that granary area in one of four Winter offensives. Already, military circles declared, these four offensives have won back more territory from the invaders than the whole Russian comeback drive last Winter. (Comparative mileages were not disclosed) "The Ukraine is and will be Soviet." the Russian war leaders told the Central Committee of the Ukraine Communist, party. "Units of our troops of the south- western front have already entered into and liberated the first Uk- rainian villages. Let liberty-loving peoples struggle, expand and strengthen in the Ukraine in the rear of the German robbers." MOVE ON MILLEROVO The Red Army moved closer upon Millerovo, key rail junction, 120 political vengeance, or miles north of Rostov, with the .2-.Thc first of a_senos of assns- capture of Kilodezy, 15 miles to the northeast. They already had won No Basic Change in U.S. African Policy Is Expected to Result By WADE WEKNEK WASHINGTON, Dec. 25.- The hand of a Christmas Eve assas- sin, abruptly ending the career of Adm. Jean Darlan yesterday, ended also an international argument over the usefulness of the former Vichy leader to the United Nations' cause in French Africa. The assassin's bullets, however, injected a new element of violence into a situation already complicated and delicate, and caused anxiety to Government leaders here. President Roosevelt promptly rec- ognized the menace of such an act in a statement denouncing it as cowardly "murder in the first de- gree" and calling for swif, and just retribution. TWO THEORIES Observers familiar with the role assassins have played in the spread of war and terror through length and breadth of Europe watched intently for further devel- opments, that might indicate whether Darlan's murder was: isolated act of personal or VICTIM OF ASSASSIN'S BULLETS Voloshino, directly west of Millerovo and Olkhovy Hog, directly east. 4K, Caucasus v.-as reported to have returned German conquered comrades in arms from the United States of America." territory to Russian hands and em- phnsired anew the peri' to the Nazi Armies in southern Russia. After announcing in a special com- for the day in the thousands] "We welcome them in our homes j muniquc last night that Russian at gayly-v.-rappccl gifts whcch were' llld lheil bOjuuu, heie v.ill not only1 continued Page 2, Col SAILOR FOUND IN HOTEL ALLEY DIES SAM JOSE. Dtc. all, a happy memory for UP, but also. I hope, the basis of enduring under- standing between our two peoples." King George said he spoke "with firm confidence about the future" as a result of the Allies' recent victories. "On the southern shores of the Mediterranean." he said, "the First Eighth Armies our fleets and troops southeast of Nalchik moved to the offensive and advanced 12 miles, the Soviet Information Bu- reau reported today that the ad- vance was continuing. Several more populated places were reported captured and more than 1000 Ger- man mines and 24 damaged enemy tanks were said to have been seized in one sector. RUSS .SEIZE ALAOnt sinations calculated to create an atmosphere of turbulence and terror in French Africa compelling Ameri- cans, French and British forces there to concentrate on maintenance of internal order. Should the latter be the case, the threat to Allied hopes of driving the Axis out of Tunisia would be grave and immediate. On the basis of reports available early today it was Jar from clear what motives lay behind the .--Uiyiny or what peisnns. factions or enemy intriguers have a hand in it. YOUNG ASSASSIN One fact on which most agreed was that the assa.--.Mn was ai young- 20 or this description had a most Jnmiliar ring. It suggested the tj pical po- litical assassin who lias figured in so many talcs of intrigue, revolt and fa- Adm. Jean Darlan was assassinated at his North African headquarters by a youth whose motives had not been made clear in iirst reports. Associates of the slain officer attrib- uted the assassination to pro-Axis Wirephoto, found in a hotel alley here last nixhf. his skull fractured. Patrolman Keith Kelly discovered Leggitt. then unconscious, back of a hotel at First and San Carlos Streets in the downtown business district. Police were investigating the pos- sibility of murder, involving at- tempted robbery or a fight, or a fall Irnm q nf 1ho hotel Leggil! had been drinking, ac- coiding to police. He was lying on his pea jacket when found, his sailor cap and wallet several feet away. Nearby was another sailor cap. "Tremendous blows have been Continued Page 2, Col. 2 Night Club Owner Slain in Chicago CHICAGO. Dec. 25. fTj Shot through thc head, thc body of Rob- owner and former president of the Good Luck to You, Eisenhower Message ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. NORTH AFRICA, Dec. Lieut. Gen. Dwignt D. Eisenhower sent a Christmas message to the Allied forces under his command in French North and West Africa, declaring his confidence in their ability to meet "every test in the future." "I extend Christmas and New Year's greetings to all members of the Allied forces in North the message said. "My admiration for your accomplishments in the past six weeks is equaled only by mv romplet" confidence that vnu will meet every test in the future Germans, the Russians reported, and Red Army troops moved along the railroad to seize Ardon. 25 miles northwest of Ordzhonikidze, and several other towns just off the railway. The Russians brought the German drive in this area to a halt weeks ago. The Nazi Army apparently was attempting to get in position for a Continued Tafe 2, Col. 4 Car of Christmas Mail Stolen in S.F. Santa Claus will probably fail a lot of San Francisco families today, and all because of a Christmas Eve party and a thief who may or may not have known he was tampering with the Government rnaiK Allies Keep Hold on Vital Height 35 Miles From Tunis Axis Counter-Attacks Stopped, Patrol Activity Increases, Big Battle Hears LONDON, Dec. lhe first significant offen- sive action on the central Tunisian front in two weeks, Allied troops were reported today to have driven the Ger- mans from a height dominating the important road junction continued rage c. Col. to Mecljez-El-Bab, and held the position against enemy niques indicated 'authorities were uncertain whether Italian or' German inspiration lay behind the deed. There was no comment from the State Department but President Roosevelt n.lerruplcd a quiet Christ- mas Eve observance Jn the White House to issue this statement: "The cowardly assassination of Injured Flying Sgt Married in Hospital TAMPA, Fla., Dec. Sgt. Charles Stuart was married yes- terday to his 22-year-old sweetheart, a Jackson, Miss., music teacher who refused to 'Jet thc form of nn airplane between i them. _ Russell Barnecut, 20. of 2267 18th ne Eve rrmmnnv ,-v.Ci.ut. buu an BAi.ru pcrformeci ln th0 counter-attacks. The success announced by Allied North African head- quarters in a communique which also reported an increase in patrol activity on the northern end of thc front and sharp fighting on thc southern flank, where French troops WCIP said to have repelled Axis attacks west of Kairounn. LONDON HOLDS GIRAUD LOGICAL AS SUCCESSOR Five High French Officers Meet Tomorrow To Choose Successor; Giraud Meanwhile Assumes 'Maintenance of Order' in Africa By NOLAND NORGAARD ALGIERS, Dec. Jean Darlan, who sur- rendered North Africa and yielded Dakar bloodlessly to the Allies, was shot to death on the eve of Christmas, and one of his closest associates said today the assassination was inspired by the Axis or its collaborationists. (The Algiers radio announced that Gen. Henri Honors Giraud, implacable foe of the Germans and Dalian's com- mander of French forces in the North African field alongside the Allies, had taken over "maintenance of order" in French North Africa. (Thus, for the moment at least, the old-school French general, who said he preferred fighting to politics, stood vir- tually in the little admiral's place, at the head of the North' African French.; (The Morocco radio said the Imperial Council would name Dalian's successor tomorrow. The council, set up by Darlan to govern North Africa and "defend the interests of the French Empire" until France is liberated, included Darlan and these five men, one of whom probably will be chosen: (Giraud, Gen. Jean Marie Bergeret, former Vichy air minister, and the three Governors General in French North and West Africa, Gen. Auguste Nogues of Morocco, Pierre Boisson of West Africa, and Yves Chatel of Algeria. Nogues Leaves Rabat for Algiers (The Morocco broadcast said Nogues had left Rabat by plane for Algiers early today to attend the council meeting. It announced that a special mass would be celebrated in Darlnn's rnpmorv tomorrow in "RnKnt The assassin was caught in the Government palace a few seconds after he fired the close-range shots which took the life o[ the one-time commander of all Vichy's armed forces, high-placed member in Marshal Petain's collaboration cabinet, who said Petain sent him to North Africa as his deputy. Gen. Jean Marie Bergeret. former secretary of aviation in the French Cabinet, and close associate of Darlan. said the Admiral was "the victim of an assassin inspired by'those who did not pardon him for having taken up arms "on the side of the Allies against Germany." The assassin was said to be 22 years old. There was no official announcement immediately'identifying him or giving a specific motive for his act. He used a .25-caiiher revolver. Bergerer Appeals for French Unity I The Federal Communications Commission reported hear- ing a Paris radio broadcast cleclaung thai Darlan was killed by a young Frenchman.) Bcrgorct called upon all Frenchmen to unite "for the only fight that liberation of France." General Bergerel, who was present in Compiegne Forest when the German armistice terms were handed to French representatives in June, 1940, and stood by Marshal Petain and DarJan throughout the trials of the Vichy Government, said that "all attempts at dividing the population will be crushed." Thus less than 12 hours after the assassin ended the puz- zling career of Admiral Darlan, new realignments were in Continued Page 6, Col. 1 Checker Cab Company, was found j thsfortin1de and deer-' ut.. man hired delivr Christmas I mail, was making a final delivery round last night in his own auto- a" ranks. was believed McLaughlin had been I killed elsewhere and the body dumped in the alley behind the 5 assocated with thc Cr.nen Sexton stove cu v'iL" ulc where it was discovered thi.s morn- chapel of the j Allied thrusts w Macdill Field Tliel guests were ooclors and patients oflniancj the hospit.'i The groom was in a wheel chair He was the sole survivor of n B-2G ei'c rc- and the Gerniiin high com- saul "a larjie number i Americans'' were caplmcd. Side ni rliib burned December 14 when a fire routed than 100 Ho the -second member of the' FOODS I UIC c T I He had been invited to attend j a party at 20 Taraval Street, and on j his route .topped in therr to on September his friends Merry; Christmas. His 27. His. legs were broken and jsutomooilo, with quite a sizable load teeth had "been knocked out when -vas parked at LONDON. Dec. jlenti iiuinjic Un.iuu, MI uncom- promising of the AxK took of I over "maintenance of order" 'n French North Africa today, thc Reuters reported that the Moroccn rndio ns -1 McNcU> GlYCS family to meet a violent death gono. police ilopf, ,0 fintl thc car His brother. Eugene "Hed" Me-' WASHINGTON, Dec. 25. 'he mail still intact. Laughlin. known to the police a? L'cut. Gen. Leslie J. McNair- com-'-------------------------------------------- "the man of 100 crimes." was slain j Bander of thc U.S. Army ground in 1930 at the height of the pro-1 said today that "our fighting hibition gang wars. Imcn a million of, After visiting with his iBarnncut returned to the curb-but four minutK on tablc. car anci tne loaci mal1 malic quarters here watched closely the aftermath of the assassination of Admiral Jean Dai Ian. The implication: of tiic biicf Al- Continurd TUCK fi. Col. S i J LI Alexander MflS WHERE TO FIND IT Subject Page Church Nev.-s Classified Advertising Comic S'HDS Puzzle Editorials and Columns Fraternal Notices Geraldine Knave Lipprr.ccir. 6 16 11 9 20 18 8 13 23 vr I F J have given us the best, of; I UlC TOOO TTlfh Christmas gifts- mate victorv." the promise of ulti-j In a Christinas radio address di- rected to troops in training through- out the country, he urged that they remember their comrades overseas "who are carrying the load and lead- ing the way." "To thc officers who are building our he continued, "your first duty is to make yourself fit to command the finest soldiers in the world." Gor. Olson Spends Christmas at Desk CAIRO, Dec. 25.- Sir British corn- mander-in-chief in the Middle East, was present at a Christmas lunch- eon today when 1500 soldiers sat down to turkey, plum pudding and beer. Following a Christmas cus- tom in the British Army, officers waited on the enlisted men. It was necessary to amputate Japs Build 2 New Airfields in Burma CHUNGKING, Dec. fDc- ladio broadcast a French commu- CoiHiniictl Fajfp 2. Col. Retain Appeals for 'Honor of France' LoxDox, Dec. Aimee McPherson Henri Philippe Petain. in ;i ChriM-' inaa- Eve speech to the French pcii-; jCriOUSly pie. asked they once J.MIII r A vr-i-T o- in> r IjUri IJCC. flip TTnilorl m-ilra ntfprin the woKl, of I-iance Almcc Soin prom- of cuarmtec of Admnal Jean had been ilicilt for 2Q yeais as un evangelist, M'Ji.mtcc. Pctam's radio metric was ic-j 1S scriouslv ill. New Turkish-Russian Accord Hinted; London, U.S. Approve By VICTOR COUPON LENNOX Nncrial Cable li> Thc Tribune anil the hiracn Daily Xcivi LONDON. Dec. For lhe past United States are doing their ut- wcck. reports have been emanating from Ankara suggesting that new, most to encourage it. Turkey's gcogiaphical position and a long-standing belief that Rus- impressive steps arc impending be- ,K1" 'o7 influe'nc'e twcen Turkey anci Hussin, placingim the Balkans has made the Turks; their relations on a firmer bas.1- of friendship. It ha.s been asserted that this uc'.v step, what- ever it might be. would be endorsed their neighbor. But the war and wowth of confidence and understanding between London and -Moscow have had a reassuring in- layed) spokesman reported today that the Japanese had constructed two air- firlds, each ]900 yards long, in upper Burma where they could te used as bases for planes attacking either India or China. One located at Indaw, between Mandalay and Myitkyina, the other at Hopin, I southwest of Myitkyina. Chinese military ,v "I, vT ,u For lhc flrst tilnc in Uv" decades, ed Sv H the before the I Mrs. MpPhcrsorl was yeslcr. Kcedisari Radio Schscuh- S.ccrts and Theaters: Weed Scenes Vital Statistics and Clubs Flying Fortresses Bomb Japs On Wake Island, Says Tokyo Vjoon announced in France. The aged chief of State told the people of German-Occupied France that, despite the sacrifices it would formally by the United Slates. Some f, American new., agencies film" Ankaia- Ankara have even declared that] TURKS TO DEFEND NATION some The for their part, now seem convinced that Turkey, while These reports coincided with the anivdl back in Ankrini of American determined to maintain neutrality, will defend herself against any tl.-li- the needy, Ambassador Laurence A. Stcinhardt. Axis attack. This has been strongly But for this filct' unUcrliiied by indignant articles a practice her church has been following for many years. Her assistants proffered thc food, and throughout the day Mrs. Mc- they would "give back to.pherson's followers prayed for her France her real standing." early recovery. 5000 SHIP WORKERS QUIT JOBS FOUR HOURS EARLY, RIOT, DEMAND WAGES KEARNY, N.J., Dec. iialled dbiuplly j.'.sl nixii ifhe sprawling yru-ds of the Federal not have been particularly inter- ested. Careful inquiries .show that these reports were largely fabri- cated. JUST CHESS GAME Your correspondent understands that Steinhardt personally has done everything possible to discoura.ge tised piere of confirmatory evi- dence quoted is the fact that Sovie'. Ambassador Vinogradov, lately re- turned from a visit to Moscow, spent thiee hours playing with 'it! 5; K! Shipbuilding "nd Dr- when nioic than mice nour.s piayuiK uieti. wuu A company spokesman said that Turkish Foreign Minister Sarajogluj ,vo-d'l in p'Lpiirutiulio llud been to il WH.S concluded the jnen ,u the workers at a.m., nt thc end! were talking affairs of state. Actu- ls reason of the second shift. Tho yards j ally, there was nothing unusual in v.cre to hr.vc stopped work game, to which botn men nioic tiiaii holiday today. !addicted and at which they fre-j their tfifiK four, the men began lining enjoy SACRAMENTO, Dec. 25. E' kept GAY. Culbert Cfrom Germsn Wake I Dec. 2j. Dispatchesluern raided.) OHon at work todsy. v.ith only a, ,ir. brief time out for Christmas dinner! The Berlin radio quoted a Tokyo'ployec-; put down vith Iris sis-ter. George Han'en.lfrorr- Tokyo said today that Japa-i sorting that business j thC dispatch declared four during a demonstration at the pny- ,f cfficc January 4. appearing in the Turkish press re- jecting the recent warning of Hit- ler's Voelkischer Beobachter that countries attempting to net against Germany would end up like Poland, The Turks consider this definitely aimed against their country and warn: "No Europe country, espe- cially Turkey, will submit to siavtment by Germany." Allied supplies, including notably American lease-lend, now are ready- ing thc Turkish farces in important and the 'Turks feel back up but- reason to think that they w.s Be.eenlinnitiMi-flremilx were damaged. the bombers were shot Down and master's window, Chief Patrick Dolan of thc Hudson County police. an hour. lice established order and the pay were distributed in less KANSAS CITY, Dec. talked that day. it of to the UniVtnMjr true that Russo-Turkishiof Kansas City by William VoHtW, relations actually have been under- going steady, progressive improve- ment recently, mod Britain and wholesale merchant and pist, announced univtrwly bwrd at ;