Friday, February 20, 1942

Oakland Tribune

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Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - February 20, 1942, Oakland, California THI TRIBUNE tf your Trtbuni does net arrive, phont TEmplebir 6000 before p.m. (Sunday, i.m.) Paper will stnt at onct DILIYERY SERVICE IS GUARANTEED tribune EXCLUSIVE ASSOCIATED PILES S WIR.EPHOTO UNITED PRESS HOME EDITION VOL. 51 5c DAILY D OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12c SUNDAY 40 PAGES War Zones for I Nation Ordered I Roosevelt Directs Stimson to Set Up Military Areas From Which Aliens or Citizens Can Be Barred or Removed WASHINGTON, Feb. Roosevelt has authorized and directed the secretary of war to set up mili- tary in the country from which any person, either alien or citizen, may be barred or removed. The executive order of the President mentioned no spe- cific areas, but it was no secret that this action was directed to a large extent toward citizens of Japanese extraction whose presence at certain stra-' tegic points might be deemed inimicable to the war effort. Officials said that the order did not constitute application of martial law, but it appeared to be only a step short of it. Of course, the executive order apply-to citizens of German and Italian descent as well, and for that matter, to native-born Amer- icans of any ancestry. The executive order, signed by the President yesterday and with- held until today at the request of the War Department, directs the secretary of war and military com- manders he may designate to "pre- scribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the ap- propriate military commander may determine, from which any and all persons may be excluded, and with respect to which, the right to any person to enter, remain in, or leave ahall be subject -to whatever re- strictions" the secretary or com- mander may impose. 'Oust Soy Farmers Aroused farmers in Tulare county demanded today that alien Japa- nese, banished from strategic coas- tal defense zones, be prohibited from re-settling in California's in- 'tetior valleys, and warned that the situation might soon be "out of hand." Alarmed by the arrival .of more than 100 evacuated Japanese fami- lies at Orosi and Lindsay in the cornm- of Tnlnro Pnlintv within the past 10 days, District Attorney Walter Haight declared that he would seek relief before the Congressional committee on National defense migration which opens sessions in San" Francisco tomorrow. The committee is headed by Hep. John H. Tolan, Oakland j Democrat. At a mass meeting last night at Orosi, the farmers adopted resolu- tions demanding the instant re- of the migrating Japanese the public safety and for their own safety." Pointing out that Tulare County contains or adjoins six important air bascc and training centers, Haight-declared "the danger from sabotage is great." The district attorney said the mass migration to his county began two days after a Los Angeles Japa- nese language newspaper printed stories outlining plans for settling Jap nationals in and around Orosi. As the vexing situation developed, Continued Page, b Col. 1 Bali Invaded, Japs Lose 8 Ships; Brazil Craft Sunk: U-Boat Blitz On IMPERIALS STRIKE BACK IN BURMA Vessel Shel ed Off U.S, Coast BRITISH CONVOY WINS SEA BATHE LONDON1, Feb. 20. (7P) The British Admiralty and Air Ministry announced today that enemy speed- boats and planes were destroyed and others damaged when they staged an Unsuccessful attack on a British convoy last night. Two Nazi E-boats were sunk in the all-night battle. No casualties or were inflicted on the damage First Lady Quits OCD Resignation Sent To Land is; Action Halts Agency Critics WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. (iP) Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt today re- signed her post as assistant director of the Office of Civilian Defense. James M. Landis, director, ac- cepted the resignation in a letter voicing gratitude for her "vision and but saying he could not ask her to continue "to give so greatly of your time and your gal- lantry." Mrs. Roosevelt recently made known her intention to resign as soon as her division was functioning efficiently. "That is now her letter of resignation io Landis said, "and by remaining I would only make it possible for those who wish to attack me, because of my beliefs, to attack an agency which I consider can prove its usefulness so completely to the people, that il should be free of attack, in order to render its maximum service. X "No individual is more important; than a good program. I feel that yours is and will be a program vital to the well-being of the people of the country." Both her letter and that of Landis made reference to the recent out- burst of criticism at OCD. "I need not tell you, what the world Landis' letter to Mrs. Roosevelt declared, ''that you brought to the Office of Civilian Defense the vision and energy to carry out those portions of the ex- ecutive order that directed us to mobilize the energy of everybody behind the defense, now the war. effort. "Not a farm nor a home but is now conscious of the imprint of your spirit; indeed, no one but now knows that they have a task in civilian defense. This has been true building of America's fighting faiths beside which criticism is puny, at- tack misplaced." Mrs. Roosevelt's resignation was made effective today. TEXT OF CORRESPONDENCE The text of the Boosevelt-Landis correspondence: .Dear Dean j_anCiiH. "I feel that the Organization for Civilian Mobilization is now com- plete as far as the Washington of- fice is concerned, and therefore I am giving you my resignation to take effect on Friday, February 20, 1942. "As you know, I recognize fully the importance of civilian protec- tion under your direction, but I also believe very firmly that all civilians in our country must be mobilized RANGOON, Burma. Fob. 20 and Indira defense forces are counter-attacking repent- in attempts to hold their hard- pressed line on the west bank of the Bilin River, an Army com- The war bulletin said, "Fierce fighting has continued during the Nazi Start Major Drive North Atlantic RAIDS FAIL 10 KNOCK OUI PORT DARWIN past 24 hours behind the Bilin River." "Successful air action yesterday had a considerably heartening effect on our the communique added. Elaborating the reference to air activity, a Air Force com- munique said "Our bombers and fighters carried out a number of attacks yesterday on enemy posi- tions, stores and transports in the Bilin Eiver area." 'TIGERS' HALT JAPS (The United Press quoted a Ran- goon radio report received in Cal- cutta 1hst attacks by American and British air squadrons had tem- porarily checked the Japanese ad- vance on the Bilin River.) The RAF. reported little enemy air activity over Burma. (The United Press said it was be- lieved Japanese losses in combat with American and British fighter planes caused the slackening in enemy air raids.) RANGOON ALARMED Last reports from the battlefront indicated the British were standing their ground in the face of heavy Japanese attacks, but Rangoon prepared to hear at any hour that uiu invciuuiM nau lorcou a crossing of the stream. Loss of the Bilin River line prob- ably would mean the British would have to fall back upon the Sittang River, 30 miles to the west and last natural barrier protecting Rangoon. The Sittang is only 20 from Pegu, which is barely 50 miles north of Rangoon on the railway connect- ing this port with the Burma supply road to China. With the menace to Rangoon clearly defined, it was estimated that approximately Indian residents already had departed from the city, bound mostly for India. Japanese Fleet Sighted Off Coast of Burma CHUNGKING, China, Feb. dispatches from Kunming, Chinese terminus of the Burma Road, said today that a large number of Japanese warships and transports had been sighted off the Burma coast. It was asserted that the enemy fleet was approaching a flat, sandy and undefended' part of the coast. Dispatches said it was believed the Japanese might try simultane- ous trccp landings zi many puinU on cither side of the Irrawaddy River delta. The British were reported to have mined the mouths of the Irrawadriy, which empties at the southeast cor- ner of the Bay of Bengal, and the LONDON, Feb. many has launched a major sub- marine offensive in the North At- lantic from the Azores to Green- land, to co-operate with Japan by keeping United States naval units in.the Atlantic and preventing re- inforcement of the U.S. Pacific fleet, informed British sources said today. These sources declared that, ac- cording to information from the Continent, the Nazis had 34 U-boats at sea in the North Atlantic early in February. This probably means, they added, that actually there were three times that many operating in this area at that time. Japanese demands for naval co- operation were said to have been made at an Axis conference in Ba- varia early in January. Vice- Admiral Karl Doenitz, in command of the U-boat fleet, was said to have told them he would use "pack tac- tics" on the sea lanes near Europe while his largest submarines and best crews would range the North American coast. AHEAD OF SCHEDULE Original opening date for the cam- paign, according to these reports, was April I. Instead, renewed Jan- Lii-giut, luu me IO open their campaign two months ahead of schedule, the sources added. German U-boat building was said to have been stepped up this "Winter at inland factories. The attacks on Allied tankers moving out of Aruba in the Dutch West Indies and along the eastern coast of the United Stales were seen as designed to cripple the world's dwindling tanker fleet. WARSHIP ATTACK But British sources predicted that the Germans, after three months of the heaviest U-boat offensive that ever has been seen, might gamble on sending one of their larger war- ships into the Caribbean to attempt a knockout blow at Aruba and its refineries. By then, according to this plan, the submarines already would have forced the Allies to dis- perse their heavier surface ships and such ?n operation might be ex- ecuted successfully. The informants said that among the submarine commanders operat- ing in the western Atlantic are Cap- tain Hardcgcn, directing operations of a flotilla off the coasts of the United States, and Captain Von credited with the sinking of the Barham in the Medi- terranean last November. 22 Survivors of Sunk Ship Land in Canada Rangoon River which empties a! AN EAST COAST CANADIAN little to the cast, at Rangoon, intolpoRT, Feb. the GuU of Martaban. [survivors of a ship torpedoed in the Western Atlantic have been landed here, while two other lifeboats from the ship still are unreported, it was announced today. in inc. A near-gale prevented a search Jpossible. For that reason, I reuion of Germany during the missing lifeboats. Those res 'Pocket-Sized' Sub Crash Dives as U.S. Hcvy Plcr.cs Approach NORFOLK, 4080-ton Brazilian freighter Olinda was sunk by an Axis submarine, described as "pocket off the Atlantic Coast Wednesday after- non: and crew members, two of whom were taken aboard the sub- mersible for questioning, said the submarine "crash dived" later at the approach of U.S. naval planes. The Fifth Naval District author- ized release of details of the sink- ing after the entire crew of 46 was picked up from two lifeboats by a rescue ship and landed here. The men were rescued after drifting and rowing for 20 hours. Navy of- ficials withheld any further details concerning the operations of the U.S. planes. Francisco Nogueira of Sao Paolo, Brazil, said that he and Capt. Jacob Benemond were ordered aboard the submarine by its commander and were questioned concerning the na- ture of their cargo, where they were from and their destination. 18 SHELLS FIRED The submarine, -which lired "11 or 18 shells, more or at the before the her. snnt P tornp Battle for Last Sea Base Near R.A.F. Raids Ruhr LONDON. Feb. Ited with destroying one enemy bomber and damaging four others. Earlier the E-boats fast motor torpedo the first sur- face attack, before midnight, but were sighted by the British de- stroyer Holderness and promptly turned away under a smoke screen. Later the Holderness was said to have engaged two more E-boats, de- stroying one with her first salvo. Continncl Paje 11, Col. 4'today. No planes were missing. night, the Air Ministry reported cued were suffering from exposure in the near-zero weather. Story of Heroic 9-Day U.S. Battle Is Told By CLARK LEE WITH THE 3IST INFANTRY Japanese Army at Abucay THE FIELD ON BATAAN PENIN-1 Hacienda in the Bataan area. SULA, Feb. It's a story that glorifies the al- The second was sunk in a I Here's a part of the story of ready sound reputation nf this rcgi- general chase by British destroyers, j "America's Foreign jmcnt of diverse racial background The action was fought in the'31st United States its and equally varied service record. 'heroic nine-day battle against the jit tells of new deeds of gallantry by old-timers, veterans many an Asiatic station, who have been with the outfit since it was organized at North Sea. Talk Subject Page Classiiied Advertising 36 Comic Sirips 32 Crossword Puzzle 25 Editorials and Columns 40 Fashions 25 t_ _ t rt I A Fraternal Notices 35 Geraldine 24 Knave 33 Mackenzie 40 Magazine Features 24 Radio Schedules 25 Society 26 Sports and Sportsmen 30 Theaters: Wood Scanes 23-29 Vital Statistics 35 i 26 vascular saturation, we have a have the Bataan defenders be-, condition where the theoretic dis-lfore thev assume the strong i cumbobulation (positions they now hold. -Hold everything, said, Tne Hacienda battle proved alsoj Casey. "You sound just like a Manila, August 13, 1916. It recognizes the spirited conduct By EARLE ENN1S the regiment's younger mrn. rc- asked Casey, office brought from the United of the Dilly "Weather Bureau, "why does fog come in mostly at night." said Colonel Dilly, "the isothermic coefficient of thermo- metric declension being allergic to drove Philippine units on the night of December 31. Lieut. Col. Jasper Brady, of Se- attle, Wash, gave his third bat- talion a crisp command: "Fix bayonets and attack with a rush." The battalion rose from positions behind an irrigation wall in a rice paddy and charged across the field. The Japanese scattered and fled. After that first taste of direct conflict, the 31st regiment WE Continued Page 2, Col. crew abandonee info th about amidships after the crew had taken to the boats, Nogueira said, adding that the freighter went down about an hour <md a half later. Nogueira said the undersea raider was "small enough to put in my pocket." The submersible had one deck gun and two machine guns. Crew members said U.S. naval planes were sighted approaching while the submarine was still on the surface and that the submers- ible immediately crash-dived. When the submarine first ap- peared Wednesday afternoon, Radio Operator Noguiera said the sub- mersible fired a number of shells across the bow and over the ship. The sub was two miles away at the time. The first shell, he said, carried away the radio antenna, rendering impossible the sending of distress signals, More shells fol- lowed and the captain gave the order to abandon ship. CREW QUITS SHIF The crew left the ship on two lifeboats and pulled away. Officers on the sub's deck commanded the two boats to approach, and as the ilfeboats drew near, the comman- der, speaking in English, Spanish and Portgucse. ordered the captain and radio operator to come aboard. Noguiera boarded the submarine first and was questioned "between six and ten minutes." He was treated courteously, the radio op-j orator said, and "they took my pic- ture once." The sub's crew also took pictures of the Olmda's life- boats, When Nogueira returned to his lifeboat, Captain Benemond boarded the sub and stayed about ten min- utes. The sub commander asked SYDNEY, Australia, Feb. official communique tonight reported Australian air facilities at Darwin escaped vital damage in the big Japanese raids and that casual- ties among defense forces were light. Air Minister A. S. Drakeford re- ported that known casualties among air, land and sea personnel do not exceed eight killed. Civilian cas- ualties numbered 24 killed and 24 wounded. Prime Minister John Curtin ad- mitted shipping at the port suf- fered some damage. SYDNEY, Australia, Feb. third air raid alarm in two days screamed for the lonely little naval harbor of Darwin, which has been catapulted into sudden, vital importance to the United Nations by the loss of other naval bases. No bombers appeared, but this may "have meant only that the Jap- anese were scouting the effects of their two destructive air slashes yes- terday' or feeling out the defenses of Australia's far northern coast for more forays on the town and its valuable harbor. Australian fighter planes and anti- aircraft guns gave battle to the 93 Japanese bombers and fighters which roared over in two waves to put the Australian mainland under an invader's steel for the first time in its history. SIX SHOT DOWN They knocked down six, but were bomb damage both ashore and in the harbor and casualties, including 15 persons killed and 24 wounded. With some presumed operating from an aircraft carrier, the first wave of 72 planes, twin-engined bombers convoyed by fighters, split into two groups. One smashed at the wharves and shipping. The other attacked inland. A second wave included 21 bombers. Several ships were hit, wharves and buildings were among them several service and civilian hospitals which were bombed and no vital services were destroyed, a communique said. It acknowledged, however, that some Australian planes were dam- aged on the ground and that some damage, although not serious, was done to airdromes. SHELTER HIT Among the casualties, Postmaster General W. P. Ashley announced, were nine postal employees killed and 11 injured when a direct hit was scored on a trench shelter in Enemy Closing in on Java; Dutch Fight On in Sumatra and Bali as Warcraft Sutler invasion Fieer And U.S. By JOHN K. MORRIS BATAVIA, Java, Feb. Japan closed two giant claws on the United Nations' only1 remaining East Indies base of Java tonight with the conquest of the islands of Sumatra and Bali. Fighting is still in progress on Bali, where Japanese inva- sion forces landed after American airplanes bombed or sank eight of their warships and transports, and resistance pre- sumably is continuing on .Su- matra. But enemy forces pushed across Sumatra to Sunda Strait opposite Java and lor all practical purposes two islands flanking the Allied main. base of 'Java on both the east and west are gone under the tide ol enemy offensive. Tonight Java if braced lor the decisive battle. ATTACK ON TIMOR As yet there have been no report! of enemy landings on Java. Further eastward, the Japanese have been bombing the Portuguese Island of Timor, which lies northwest of Australia's Port Darwin. Military and Government authorities here sai'd that up to a late hour tonight they had received no information regarding Timor Isle Falls to Foe Portuguese, Dutch Areas Are Occupied, Is Claim of Tokyo from enemy conntHen nre pnlillnlicd with the warning; tJint they frequently contnln statements Intended for him for his shjip's papers, tuC but which they were refuged. Although Australians were sur- prised that the enemy had been able to muster such air strength off the northern coast, Australians had recognized the probability of an- altack on their home soil and took the news calmly. Prime Minister John Curtin frankly called it "a severe Continued Page 2, Col. 3 States every two years to keep the ranks at fighting strength, j General MacArthur will say that, but for the 3'sfs grim fight at Abucay, ihe Japanese migh', well British Destroyer 'Commits Suicide' To Save Troopship LONDON. Feb. 20. W) Under first time that American j the heading "This Was Their Sac- tion official explaining why cs" outfight rifice" the Evening Standard pub- nublic has to nav to stand un was costly proof. The 3Ist rcgi- lished today the story of a destroyer uddcd with the .which sailed into the path of a public has to pay to stand up was coslly Proof. his busses. Let me off here rOEt" is stu I'll walk home.1 And threw himself closed his eyes. ,e." j names of dead, wounded and miss- U-boat'? torpedo in order to save a rine awsy cfhvi-s hr-oc: i Uoopihip bringing hundreds If on the floor and Although, slons the rest ofijjAF. pilots, observers and navi- es.______________- gators to Britain Irom Canada. j OI uc.ij i Aeidrmrnv -sll were aboard the ship. FREIGHTER TORPEDOED Benemond returned to his life- boat and the sub then torpedoed the freighter. The Olinda listed heavily, turned over on her side and went to the bottom about an hour and a half after the crew entered the life- boats. The Olinda was out of Bahia for New York with a cargo of cocoa and castor beans. Pedro Lama, fireman, of Belcm, who was in the boiler room when the attack began, told newsmen that fire broke out during shelling in the ship's No. hold and in the engine room. Two Ships Flash Distress Signals in Csribbssn BALBOA, C.Z., Feb. tress calls from two steamships in j dropped _anum- the Caribbean war zone sent Alliei defense craft searching new areas today for German submarines which Fire Bombs on Bafaan Lines New Attack Met by MacArthur's Forces In Beleaguered Jungle WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. UP) The War Department reported to- day that fighting from fixed posi- tions continues on all sections of the front in Bataan, and that en- emy airplanes have dropped a num- ber of incendiary bombs or instal- lations behind ihe defending lines. The text of the communique. No. 116, based on reports received here up to a.m. P.W.T.: "1. Philippine theater: i "Positional fighting continues on all sections of the front in Bataan. purposes.) TOKYO, Feb. (From Japa- nese Imperial headquarters announced today that on Timor Island and the Govern- ment Information Bureau said they had been directed to oust British and Dutch troops which occupied the Portuguese section of the island last December. The landings were effected under the guns of Japanese warships, -the announcement said, near Dilli and Koepang, which are respectively the capitals of Portuguese and Dutch Timor. The information bureau declared the Japanese troops would be with- drawn from Portuguese territory as soon as they had expelled British and Dutch forces, which they said had moved in without the consent of Portugal and in violation of In- ternational law. PLEDGED The Japanese Government, the bu- reau added, is prepared to respect the territorial integrity of the Portu- guese colony so long as the Lisbon Government maintains neutrality. Japanese fliers were declared in a n o t h er announcement to have "raided the Buitenzorg air field yes- terday, shooting or destroying on the ground 27 American and Dutch planes." "The Japanese planes relarnul to their base without a single the communique said. (Buitenzorg lies about 40 miles below Batavia at the western end of Java. It has one of a series of military protecting Ban- doeng, Army headquarters and site of a huge arsenal, 70 miles to the southeast.) AUSTRALIA THREATENED (The Japanese Interest in Timor is obvious, the United Press points out. Four hundred miles oi 'iimor lies Darwin, Australia. Continued Page 2, Col. 2 of incendiary bombs on instal- lations behind our lines. An ex- amination of these bombs discloses that the Japanese are using white are operating over a 700-mile stretch are using wmie of the South Atlantic from Vene- Phosphorus as an "ccnd.aiy filler. zuela to British Guiana. The Cli'ilcari Isavy retried last night that Chilean steamship had heard a distress call from an Amer- ican ship, and Venezuela reported a distress call from another steam- ship. I "General MacArthur, in behalf 'of his trcsps. acknowledged with appreciation the cordial greet- ing transmitted to him oy arsenal of the Ordnance Department of the Army in the United States. United States Army headquarters! 2. There is nothing to report oflhad announced yesterday explosions 'which damaged but did not sink two steamships in the anchorage at early in January near Layac The destroyer and all but seven her crew of more than 100 st. But the troopship with her while the U.S.A.F.F.E. of each of still withdrawing into prepared had had at least a year's sitions on Bataan. flying in British and United States After strong anillery Army schools and in Canada, sailed larft forcei of "Japanese inf antry' safely into t Scotti.'h port, British Port of Spain, Trinidad, and submarines were blamed. Curacao Island was hlacked out completely last night, The Nether- lands Indies News Agency reported from Willemstad, and United States and Netherlands forces were on the alert throughout the area for Ger- man lubmarinei. ai TOKYO (from Japanese broad- casts i, Feb. The Amer- ican front lines on Bataan Penin- sula and Marivalcs fortress at the southern tip of the peninsula were under heavy aerial bombardment throughout yesterday, Domei re- ported today. Large formations ot army bomb- ers carried out the Domei reported. vaded and that the Australian de- fense troops there had. been drivea back or wiped out, (Tokyo broadcasts said that Japa- nese troops landed on. Timor early today and other Axis reports said the Australian defenders were being repulsed and annihilated in bitter fighting.) The situation far as Java ta concerned is very grave. Thefa are some American forces here but very few other than the air and naval personnel that has been light- ing in the East Indies. BATTLE AT SEA Allied naval forces, including sub- marines, joined with American forces and Dutch land troops in furious fighting around Bali, but it was not definitely known whether American warships were involved. Communications on the island of Java are very difficult because of heavy demands on the limited ia- cilities and there is considerable movement. (The censo? interrupted briefly at this point.) The Japanese invasion troops are within one brief water jump or both ends of Java Island. On the western end, striking distance of the capital of Batavia, the enemy is just acron the 15-mile wide Sunda Strait, ac- cording to a message from Harold Guard, United Press correspondent. who visited the western tip of the island this morning. Newspaper headquarters which have been at Batavia will probably be elsewhere in the next day or two. All civilian movements on thft island, however, are prohibited without special permit. bo'.h Dutch sad British troops which fought en Continued rate 2, Col. 1 F. R. to Present Picture of World At War in Broadcast to Nation WASHINGTON, Feb. The address President Koosevelt will make to the Nation, 7 to (P.W.T) Monday night, the While House said today, may touch on strategy but probably will be di- rected principally to the presenta- tion of a picture of a world at war, as the Chief Executive sees it. The President's press secretary, Stephen Early, told reporters today: "I think when he has finished the speech it will be made very clear that the oceans on each of our coast lines are no longer the savings or the protection of the country they were said to be by some not so long ago. "Also I 1'nink it will show that military actions and naval en- gagements wherever they are fought thousands of miles from here, have a definite effect on each little com- munity, on each man in a workshop, on the production lines." CANCELS CONFERENCE The President canceled his press conference today because he still had a head cold. Early said the Chief Executive had planned to the press and radio to say: "If the people of the United States will be pood enough to open their doors and let him in to talk to them, he hoped they would have a of the world or a world globe be- fore them to that iu that might more clearly and better derstand as' he talks with them." Asked whether this meant thtt the President, in general terms, would discuss world strategy or operations, Early then replied that he believed the address would devoted chiefly to painting a picture of a world at war, HAS WDESFP.SAU DATA He pointed out, that in order tot the President to see this picture, ht has available copies of every Army and Navy report and dispatch, other channels of information to the Government, and an inter- change of information among and between the United Nations. Early's rerr.ark tile proUC- tion offered by the oceans recalled the Chief Executive's sUtemmt to a press conference Tuesday Uut, under certain conditions, New York might be shelled and bombed the following night. Cuiiceueu ioo, that an attack oft Alaska was not at all impossible. The cold kept the President fined to his for the second straight orders of the White House phyitelfn, Host T. Mdntin. jfo formal engagements the President, ttt he speech for Monday, but Itrly i he probtbl? mwld penotu for