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Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - February 20, 1942, Oakland, California THI TRIBUNE tf your Trtbuni does net arrive, phont TEmplebir 6000 before p.m. (Sunday, i.m.) Paper will stnt at onct DILIYERY SERVICE IS GUARANTEED tribune EXCLUSIVE ASSOCIATED PILES S WIR.EPHOTO UNITED PRESS HOME EDITION VOL. 51 5c DAILY D OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12c SUNDAY 40 PAGES War Zones for I Nation Ordered I Roosevelt Directs Stimson to Set Up Military Areas From Which Aliens or Citizens Can Be Barred or Removed WASHINGTON, Feb. Roosevelt has authorized and directed the secretary of war to set up mili- tary in the country from which any person, either alien or citizen, may be barred or removed. The executive order of the President mentioned no spe- cific areas, but it was no secret that this action was directed to a large extent toward citizens of Japanese extraction whose presence at certain stra-' tegic points might be deemed inimicable to the war effort. Officials said that the order did not constitute application of martial law, but it appeared to be only a step short of it. Of course, the executive order apply-to citizens of German and Italian descent as well, and for that matter, to native-born Amer- icans of any ancestry. The executive order, signed by the President yesterday and with- held until today at the request of the War Department, directs the secretary of war and military com- manders he may designate to "pre- scribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the ap- propriate military commander may determine, from which any and all persons may be excluded, and with respect to which, the right to any person to enter, remain in, or leave ahall be subject -to whatever re- strictions" the secretary or com- mander may impose. 'Oust Soy Farmers Aroused farmers in Tulare county demanded today that alien Japa- nese, banished from strategic coas- tal defense zones, be prohibited from re-settling in California's in- 'tetior valleys, and warned that the situation might soon be "out of hand." Alarmed by the arrival .of more than 100 evacuated Japanese fami- lies at Orosi and Lindsay in the cornm- of Tnlnro Pnlintv within the past 10 days, District Attorney Walter Haight declared that he would seek relief before the Congressional committee on National defense migration which opens sessions in San" Francisco tomorrow. The committee is headed by Hep. John H. Tolan, Oakland j Democrat. At a mass meeting last night at Orosi, the farmers adopted resolu- tions demanding the instant re- of the migrating Japanese the public safety and for their own safety." Pointing out that Tulare County contains or adjoins six important air bascc and training centers, Haight-declared "the danger from sabotage is great." The district attorney said the mass migration to his county began two days after a Los Angeles Japa- nese language newspaper printed stories outlining plans for settling Jap nationals in and around Orosi. As the vexing situation developed, Continued Page, b Col. 1 Bali Invaded, Japs Lose 8 Ships; Brazil Craft Sunk: U-Boat Blitz On IMPERIALS STRIKE BACK IN BURMA Vessel Shel ed Off U.S, Coast BRITISH CONVOY WINS SEA BATHE LONDON1, Feb. 20. (7P) The British Admiralty and Air Ministry announced today that enemy speed- boats and planes were destroyed and others damaged when they staged an Unsuccessful attack on a British convoy last night. Two Nazi E-boats were sunk in the all-night battle. No casualties or were inflicted on the damage First Lady Quits OCD Resignation Sent To Land is; Action Halts Agency Critics WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. (iP) Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt today re- signed her post as assistant director of the Office of Civilian Defense. James M. Landis, director, ac- cepted the resignation in a letter voicing gratitude for her "vision and but saying he could not ask her to continue "to give so greatly of your time and your gal- lantry." Mrs. Roosevelt recently made known her intention to resign as soon as her division was functioning efficiently. "That is now her letter of resignation io Landis said, "and by remaining I would only make it possible for those who wish to attack me, because of my beliefs, to attack an agency which I consider can prove its usefulness so completely to the people, that il should be free of attack, in order to render its maximum service. X "No individual is more important; than a good program. I feel that yours is and will be a program vital to the well-being of the people of the country." Both her letter and that of Landis made reference to the recent out- burst of criticism at OCD. "I need not tell you, what the world Landis' letter to Mrs. Roosevelt declared, ''that you brought to the Office of Civilian Defense the vision and energy to carry out those portions of the ex- ecutive order that directed us to mobilize the energy of everybody behind the defense, now the war. effort. "Not a farm nor a home but is now conscious of the imprint of your spirit; indeed, no one but now knows that they have a task in civilian defense. This has been true building of America's fighting faiths beside which criticism is puny, at- tack misplaced." Mrs. Roosevelt's resignation was made effective today. TEXT OF CORRESPONDENCE The text of the Boosevelt-Landis correspondence: .Dear Dean j_anCiiH. "I feel that the Organization for Civilian Mobilization is now com- plete as far as the Washington of- fice is concerned, and therefore I am giving you my resignation to take effect on Friday, February 20, 1942. "As you know, I recognize fully the importance of civilian protec- tion under your direction, but I also believe very firmly that all civilians in our country must be mobilized RANGOON, Burma. Fob. 20 and Indira defense forces are counter-attacking repent- in attempts to hold their hard- pressed line on the west bank of the Bilin River, an Army com- The war bulletin said, "Fierce fighting has continued during the Nazi Start Major Drive North Atlantic RAIDS FAIL 10 KNOCK OUI PORT DARWIN past 24 hours behind the Bilin River." "Successful air action yesterday had a considerably heartening effect on our the communique added. Elaborating the reference to air activity, a Air Force com- munique said "Our bombers and fighters carried out a number of attacks yesterday on enemy posi- tions, stores and transports in the Bilin Eiver area." 'TIGERS' HALT JAPS (The United Press quoted a Ran- goon radio report received in Cal- cutta 1hst attacks by American and British air squadrons had tem- porarily checked the Japanese ad- vance on the Bilin River.) The RAF. reported little enemy air activity over Burma. (The United Press said it was be- lieved Japanese losses in combat with American and British fighter planes caused the slackening in enemy air raids.) RANGOON ALARMED Last reports from the battlefront indicated the British were standing their ground in the face of heavy Japanese attacks, but Rangoon prepared to hear at any hour that uiu invciuuiM nau lorcou a crossing of the stream. Loss of the Bilin River line prob- ably would mean the British would have to fall back upon the Sittang River, 30 miles to the west and last natural barrier protecting Rangoon. The Sittang is only 20 from Pegu, which is barely 50 miles north of Rangoon on the railway connect- ing this port with the Burma supply road to China. With the menace to Rangoon clearly defined, it was estimated that approximately Indian residents already had departed from the city, bound mostly for India. Japanese Fleet Sighted Off Coast of Burma CHUNGKING, China, Feb. dispatches from Kunming, Chinese terminus of the Burma Road, said today that a large number of Japanese warships and transports had been sighted off the Burma coast. It was asserted that the enemy fleet was approaching a flat, sandy and undefended' part of the coast. Dispatches said it was believed the Japanese might try simultane- ous trccp landings zi many puinU on cither side of the Irrawaddy River delta. The British were reported to have mined the mouths of the Irrawadriy, which empties at the southeast cor- ner of the Bay of Bengal, and the LONDON, Feb. many has launched a major sub- marine offensive in the North At- lantic from the Azores to Green- land, to co-operate with Japan by keeping United States naval units in.the Atlantic and preventing re- inforcement of the U.S. Pacific fleet, informed British sources said today. These sources declared that, ac- cording to information from the Continent, the Nazis had 34 U-boats at sea in the North Atlantic early in February. This probably means, they added, that actually there were three times that many operating in this area at that time. Japanese demands for naval co- operation were said to have been made at an Axis conference in Ba- varia early in January. Vice- Admiral Karl Doenitz, in command of the U-boat fleet, was said to have told them he would use "pack tac- tics" on the sea lanes near Europe while his largest submarines and best crews would range the North American coast. AHEAD OF SCHEDULE Original opening date for the cam- paign, according to these reports, was April I. Instead, renewed Jan- Lii-giut, luu me IO open their campaign two months ahead of schedule, the sources added. German U-boat building was said to have been stepped up this "Winter at inland factories. The attacks on Allied tankers moving out of Aruba in the Dutch West Indies and along the eastern coast of the United Stales were seen as designed to cripple the world's dwindling tanker fleet. WARSHIP ATTACK But British sources predicted that the Germans, after three months of the heaviest U-boat offensive that ever has been seen, might gamble on sending one of their larger war- ships into the Caribbean to attempt a knockout blow at Aruba and its refineries. By then, according to this plan, the submarines already would have forced the Allies to dis- perse their heavier surface ships and such ?n operation might be ex- ecuted successfully. The informants said that among the submarine commanders operat- ing in the western Atlantic are Cap- tain Hardcgcn, directing operations of a flotilla off the coasts of the United States, and Captain Von credited with the sinking of the Barham in the Medi- terranean last November. 22 Survivors of Sunk Ship Land in Canada Rangoon River which empties a! AN EAST COAST CANADIAN little to the cast, at Rangoon, intolpoRT, Feb. the GuU of Martaban. [survivors of a ship torpedoed in the Western Atlantic have been landed here, while two other lifeboats from the ship still are unreported, it was announced today. in inc. A near-gale prevented a search Jpossible. For that reason, I reuion of Germany during the missing lifeboats. Those res 'Pocket-Sized' Sub Crash Dives as U.S. Hcvy Plcr.cs Approach NORFOLK, 4080-ton Brazilian freighter Olinda was sunk by an Axis submarine, described as "pocket off the Atlantic Coast Wednesday after- non: and crew members, two of whom were taken aboard the sub- mersible for questioning, said the submarine "crash dived" later at the approach of U.S. naval planes. The Fifth Naval District author- ized release of details of the sink- ing after the entire crew of 46 was picked up from two lifeboats by a rescue ship and landed here. The men were rescued after drifting and rowing for 20 hours. Navy of- ficials withheld any further details concerning the operations of the U.S. planes. Francisco Nogueira of Sao Paolo, Brazil, said that he and Capt. Jacob Benemond were ordered aboard the submarine by its commander and were questioned concerning the na- ture of their cargo, where they were from and their destination. 18 SHELLS FIRED The submarine, -which lired "11 or 18 shells, more or at the before the her. snnt P tornp Battle for Last Sea Base Near R.A.F. Raids Ruhr LONDON. Feb. Ited with destroying one enemy bomber and damaging four others. Earlier the E-boats fast motor torpedo the first sur- face attack, before midnight, but were sighted by the British de- stroyer Holderness and promptly turned away under a smoke screen. Later the Holderness was said to have engaged two more E-boats, de- stroying one with her first salvo. Continncl Paje 11, Col. 4'today. No planes were missing. night, the Air Ministry reported cued were suffering from exposure in the near-zero weather. Story of Heroic 9-Day U.S. Battle Is Told By CLARK LEE WITH THE 3IST INFANTRY Japanese Army at Abucay THE FIELD ON BATAAN PENIN-1 Hacienda in the Bataan area. SULA, Feb. It's a story that glorifies the al- The second was sunk in a I Here's a part of the story of ready sound reputation nf this rcgi- general chase by British destroyers, j "America's Foreign jmcnt of diverse racial background The action was fought in the'31st United States its and equally varied service record. 'heroic nine-day battle against the jit tells of new deeds of gallantry by old-timers, veterans many an Asiatic station, who have been with the outfit since it was organized at North Sea. Talk Subject Page Classiiied Advertising 36 Comic Sirips 32 Crossword Puzzle 25 Editorials and Columns 40 Fashions 25 t_ _ t rt I A Fraternal Notices 35 Geraldine 24 Knave 33 Mackenzie 40 Magazine Features 24 Radio Schedules 25 Society 26 Sports and Sportsmen 30 Theaters: Wood Scanes 23-29 Vital Statistics 35 i 26 vascular saturation, we have a have the Bataan defenders be-, condition where the theoretic dis-lfore thev assume the strong i cumbobulation (positions they now hold. -Hold everything, said, Tne Hacienda battle proved alsoj Casey. "You sound just like a Manila, August 13, 1916. It recognizes the spirited conduct By EARLE ENN1S the regiment's younger mrn. rc- asked Casey, office brought from the United of the Dilly "Weather Bureau, "why does fog come in mostly at night." said Colonel Dilly, "the isothermic coefficient of thermo- metric declension being allergic to drove Philippine units on the night of December 31. Lieut. Col. Jasper Brady, of Se- attle, Wash, gave his third bat- talion a crisp command: "Fix bayonets and attack with a rush." The battalion rose from positions behind an irrigation wall in a rice paddy and charged across the field. The Japanese scattered and fled. After that first taste of direct conflict, the 31st regiment WE Continued Page 2, Col. crew abandonee info th about amidships after the crew had taken to the boats, Nogueira said, adding that the freighter went down about an hour
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