Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - September 18, 1936, Oakland, California linn' weather Oakland and Fair tonight and Saturday; cooler Saturday; gentle west- erly winds. TEMPERATURES Chabot Observatory......Max. K, Min. SI Oakland Airport..........Max. Mln. 46 Cxcliwie rs LTU vyy uvu EDITION NEWSPAPE VOL. CXXV-THREE CENTS-SUNDAY TEN CENTS OAKLAND, CALIF., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1936 48 PAGES D NO. 80 Insurgent Defenders Slaughtered Amid Ruins in Hand-to-Hand Battle When Madrid Trooos Storm Shattered Walls Two Yreka Murderers Surrendered by Mother SHYERS Hurricane Roars North Toward N.Y. Floods Coast CAPE MAY, N. JL Sept. than iO persons feared lost at sea as 80-mile-an- nour hurricane winds, howling up from the south, battered the New Jersey Coast late today. (Copyright, 1936, by the Associated Press> NORFOLK, Va., Sept. thousand miles of the Atlantic Coast was slashed savagely today by the winds of a hurricane whirling along the shoies of seven States. Communications were wrecked on the coast in North and South Caro- hna and there was no way to deter- immediately how great the HMediation at Salinas Is Blocked; Governor Races to Labor Parley WOMEN, CHILDREN GET CHANGE By JAMES C. OLDFIELD ICapyright, 1936, by the Associated Press) MADRID. Sept. tremendous blast from two huge mines ripped Toledo's crumbling Alcazar to pieces today, and, government authorities estimated, killed or maimed more than half nf the building's 1700 Fascist defenders Despite the blast, which tore great gaps in the west and south walls and blew the whole southwest tower high into the air, the remaining Fascists fell back into the deep cellars and, standing there, fought off' the government invaders in hours of the most bitter, hand- to-hand battle. Women and children among the barricaded insurgents were be- lieved to have taken refuge in re- mote corners of the subterranean passages and to be safe, lor the most part. But the government high com- mand estimated only about 700 Fascists still were fighting. Government dead were estimated at only six, with about 70 wounded, as a result of a vicious assault, in the face of machine gun fire, over the debris of what once was the home of Moorish and Castilian kings and later one of the most famous military schools in Spam. LAST CHANCE GIVEN WOMEN AND CHILDREN Two mines remained to be ex- ploded, but the government de- layed touching these oil to give the Fascists another chance to let the women and children out of the I sub-cellars. The mines were set off at a. m. after an hour of intense bom- bardment of the Alcazar from two government 6-inch guns, posted on a sloping hill a mile and a half to the north This battery has pounded the Al- cazar for 59 days. A great throng of citizens of To- ledo, most of which had been evacu- ated in the early morning hours, saw a gray column of smoke nse, heard a deep and rumbling roar and saw the southwest tower lift in a mass of splintered rock which hurtled through the air. A great avalanche of stone came flown on top of the already ruined citadel. Other tons of debris showered down on nearby shattering: roof tiles and filling Action Filed bv Young Oak- j gates from next week's League of streets with powdery wreckage. J Several houses collapsed and thousands of windows were shat- tered. SOUTHWEST TOWER TORN OFF BASE Hunted Men Give Up After Parent Effects Guarantee Of Safety From Lynchers District Attorney Takes Two Fugitives on Secret Dasli Through Yreka to Prison Puts Action Up To Executive THREAT WAITS Unions at Gathering Delay Action to Enter Dispute SACRAMENTO, Sept. c Surrendering at the plea of an aged SACRAMENTO. Sept. 18.-m- mother, John and Coke Bute were The State Federation of Labor lodged in Folsom Prison today to marked time today with respect to Salinas lettuce dispute while ofVee men near on AUoUSiJU. peaccfui negotiation of the con- After hiding in the hills lor nearly three weeks and avoiding many posses, the Brite brothers Way North For Labor Discussion 7' of Citizens Gets Organization HUNDREDS JOIN Mrs. Martha Brite, who surrendered her two sons, John and Coke Brite, to District Attorney James Davis of Yreka, because she "wanted the State to handle the and didn't want to see the men killed. The two Brites have been the object of a seaich since August 29, when they escaped after killing three men. They are in Folsom Prison for safekeeping. losses in life and property might be Two men were listed dead in early reports. The area hit by the storm disturb- ances included not only the Caro- (Continued on Page 2, Col. 8.) Smaller Nations Object to Lamlon's Running Male 'F o r m u 1 a' for Excluding j Be Welcomed by Kossi in Haile Selassie's E n v o v i S. F.: Speeeli to Go on Air By JOSEPH E. SHARKEY Associated Press Foreign Staff. GENEVA, Sept. revolt by Col Frank Knox, Republican vice-presidential candidate, will ar- rive in 1hc Bay district this even- ing to address a huge gathenng to- some smaller Nations against a big j njgnt at Dreamland Auditorium in power plan to bar Ethiopian dele- j San Francisco. His address, pait of the Colonel's land Woman Against San Nations assembly became apparent begm a't 9 15 Francisco Insurance Broker tonight Such sentiment among the lesser States was manifest at the conclu- SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. I of the first private session of p m The party will arrive at the Ferry Building in San Francisco at 6 52, wherp it will be met bv The southwestern tower was support of a 2-year-old girl t-nmniptplv frnrn it's base leaving was fiVd in Superior Court here the "centeral portions of the west today by Celeste settelle, 21, of face and the southeastern section of the Alcazar intact. Both northern towers previously had been destroyed by artillery fire. Fifteen minutes of intense artil- lery bombardment followed the blast; then 1500 picked assault gaurds and militiamen stormed the wreckage, The assaulting forces crawled up Oakland, against Bruce K Sisson, 26, insurance broker of San Fran- cisco Sisson, whom the suit declares is the father of the girl, Brucine, is the con of Dr. E K Sisson, Burlmgame dentist. Excerpts from a diary were filed in the suit by Daniel R. Shoemaker, who with John F. O'Brien, is at- torney for the girl. It mentioned the steeply sloping front of the another baby, a fon, Arnold, who Fascists who rushed chine guns Han fought man while band grenades, exploding, echoed wierdly through the chattered caverns and the deep cellars where scores of women and chil- dren, some of them hostages, crouched in terror. After two hours of fighting th will rrtt pnor to the giant rally at Dieamland Auditorium. STUDENTS WILL SERVE AS USHERS The auditorium doors will be returned to their parent's cabin at Horse Creek. Mrs. Martin Brite, their mother, then journeyed to Yreka and m- foimed Distiict Attorney James Davis the brothers were willing to surrender if promised protection. "I don't want my boys killed" said the elderly mountaineer, who came to the State fiom Missouri, had said "I want the State to handle the case." Davis the grej-haired mother the biotheis would be pro- tected by law He and Dr. Eail E. Harris, formerly of Oakland, then went up the trail near the Brites' cabin. Neither carried a weapon and the brothers likewise were un- armed when they gave themselves up. Word from Yreka said the town was "aroused" by the surrender the details of which were un- known even to Sheriff W. G. Chandier. John and Coke Brite, interviewed b> newsmen at Folsom, v.eie quoted as follows: "We lay hidden on a hillside during the first day of the man- hunt while possemen passed within a hundred yards." "I'm glad it's John said. The two had their first bath in more than three weeks and reveled in a change of clothing. On advice of District Attorney Davis of Siskiyou County the pus- oners remained silent regaiding the Horse Creek shootings. MADE WAY TO FOOD CACHE ON STERLING PEAK CLAIM After darkness the first day of the man-hunt they stalled towaid Sterling Peak where they had a cabin on a mining claim which they had opciated It was well stocked with provisions. Three days and nights wrre re- quired to reach it, John said. "We had to lay up days and do most of our footing nights. It was tough going but once we got there we had plenty to eat as long as we kept Within reach of the cabin." Most of the fol.owing two weeks fhpv remained hidden, he said, in a hollow log on the heavily wooded slope of Sterling Peak. "We wanted to sec John said, and talk over giving ourselves up. "We finally decided to do it. We hiked back 60 miles. Didn't have no trouble getting in. We told mom to tell Jim Davis we'd come in if he would get us out of that county. Jim came and got us." Sheriff Chandler had conducted a widespread search for the broth- ers, marked by the near-lynching of a suspect whom a woman identified as John Brite. He was saved when he identified himself as a crowd began to gather. To prevent any trouble. Dis- trict Attorney Davis spirited the brothers to Redding by automo- bile and then drove to Folsom Prison. The brothers had been sought for the killing of Deputy Sheriff Martin Lange and Constable Joseph Clark tioversy. The vent to i Pomona yesterday to open the fair, sent word he was leaving Long Beach for the capital early today. Meanwhile the federation pro- ceeded with a runoff election for president. The convention delegates es- pecially resent the reported ac- tivities of the California High- way Patrol and have called on the j Governor to order them slopped, i The Governor has denied the patrolmen hare exceeded their lawful functions. The convention is on iccord favoring a recall of the Governor if he does not bring about a peaceful end of the strikes. The federation decided on this move at its convention here last night was told by Edward D. Vandcleur, secretary treasurer, that the Governor promised to ad- vise him by o'clock if the let- tuce growers and shippers would meet a committee from the fed- eration. The suggestion the federation committee meet with tne growers and shippers was outcome of a LONG BEACH. Sept. 18. Gov. Frank F. Merriam paid a brief MSit to his home today and then left by automobile for Sac- ramento "because of the trouble up Mrs. Merriam said. The Govcrno- has kept in close touch w ith the tense situation cre- ated by the lettuce strike in Sa- linas. He was originallv scheduled to participate in the opening of the Los Angeles County Fair at Po- mona today, but Mrs. Merriam said she informed the Fair man- agement that the Governor would not be able to be present. The Governor was accompanied on his return trip to Saeramento only by his chauffeur. He left at about a. m. Pickets Remain Off the Streets. Are Held Readv for Call Disagreement (her Joint Contract Causes Marine Union to Reject Offer meeting of the Governor and a today. FRANCISCO Sent gotiations between the Sailois Union of the Pacific and shipown- eis for a new contract to supplant the 1934 frdrral arbitiation agree- ment weie bioken off abuiptly federation committee dunng the afternoon. The Governor before leaving the city advised Vandeltur he had com- municated with the Salinas grow- ers and they were meeting to con- sider his proposal. SEVEN RECOMMENDATIONS HELD IN ABEYANCE Less than 24 hours after the be- ginning of negotiations, the union, through Harry Lundeberg, secre- taiy of the union, rejected the first point offered in a proposed ship- owners contract. This point was that the Union sign a joint agreement with ao- proximately 30 operators. Lunde- SALINAS. Sept. organization of the sheriff's citizen ''army" was effected here this morn- ing at the same time that Federal S'atc effo' H ?t mediation of lettuce stuke were reported blocked. Hundreds of the special deputies, diafted throughout Monterey County m the past two days, reported at the National Guard Armory at 10 o'clock for an hour-long organiza- tion meeting and to recive instruc- tions Walter G. Mathewson, Federal mediator, reported that represen- tatives of the 3000 striking lettuce- shed orkcrs had agreed to submit the dispute to arbitration but that he had made no progress in deal- in? with employers. Mathewson said Chet Moore, sec- retary manager of the Western Growers' Protective Association, met his offer of mediation with- thc declaration "the matter is out- of the hands of the Shipper- Grower Association and in the hands of the Citizens' Committee." Cruse Carricl, secretary of the Citizens' Committee, told newspapers men that Shipper-Grower AssodSr tion officers asked him to say they knew nothing of any efforts at medi- ation. STATE EFFORTS APPEAR AT STANDSTILL State mediation etforts as well those of the Federal Government apparently were at a standstill, Carriel said the Citizens' Commit- tee leaders told him they knew nothing of any conciliation efforts by Governoi Frank F. Merriam or the State Federation of Labor. Charles Brooks, secretary of th% Grower-Shipper Association, con- firmed Camel's report regarding lack of information about the arbi- tration demand the State Federa- tion made of Governor Merriam. The demand of the Federation was accompanied by the warning u i uv The committee which visited Sa- declared the union would, oily (he Federation linas reported seven iccommcnda- J S'S" separate agreements with the lhc slrike conlrol if the Governw lions to the convention which weie Carious companus adopted but will be held in abej- Breakdown of negotiations fol- ance until after the Governor conl- lowed reading of a statement bv municatcs with the fcdeiation of- Lundeberg which characterized teims of the omploj-crs' pioposal submitted by Thomas G. Plant, as "so and ungeneious that it is clear do not mean us to I consider them seriously." After reading the statement, the made no move by o'clock this morning. The Governor, at ficcrs. The recommendations included having Chief Rajmond Cat< of the highway patrol prov or re- tract his statement, which was quoted by the Governor, that Communists are the leaders in the strike; a telegraphic hanafe on the Governor fiom trades unions generally to have him end highway patrol's activities in the strike region, and to tclegiaph President Roosevelt a protest on the action of the sheriff "drafting all males, 18 fo 45 years old. to act as strike-breakers The committee also recommended joint contract. An exchange the starling of a recall against the j twccn Plant and Lundeberg pt oposals were taken up by the icotiatois and Lundeberg announced i the union's stand on the joint I agi cement When employers m- i sisted is be accepted, the union mm announced they would reti'e would have to study the request and left at by auto reportedly for Sacramento "because of the trouble up there." Only indication after the deadlini passed that the State Federation miftht "take over" was the calling for tonight of a special meeting ot the Salinas Central Labor Council. U was not known, however, if the Federation will be represented at the council meeting. to then offices to consider the pro- posal Plant mfoimed (he croup theic was no use in comipg thry weie ready to asree on a be- uiin-iaia neic Iielu tele- phone conversations with Sacra- mouu lne morning, but b'ick made no announcement of plans. Mobilization of a large part of the 1500 special deputies Sheriff fol- an appeal assistance attorneys prescnf That's out Plant Governor if he continued to refuse i lowed when Lundeberg wanted to to "curb lawless activities" of the t know "why do you have so many highway patrol and railroad unions for carrying out the "iiot cargo" lettuce plied "You can have ten if you ban The committee made recom- mendation that the convention hold a one-day meeting in Salinas but this was changed to have a com- mittee see the Gowinor lodav and for the executive ccmmittce to go Carl H. Abbott has drafted was di- rected by a loud speaker car which, drove through the streets. want them Previously Limdebcrg informed Plant the opinions of the union on the employers' proposal. "It was rather Furprismg." he said, "to find that at a lime when all cncumstanccs ate considerably bet- tor than those- pxistins in 1134 vour croup would propose an agreement ithat actually involves a net rcduc- U. Salinas if S93.1 COLLECTED TO AID STRIKERS tjon m wagc, gnd aUcrnpi, to ]m. Thp ronvenli'in coiVcicd pose working conditions longer anrt for the Salinas Valley lettuce work- crs' strike and then __________ The officials said they expected ea I Siscon, according to the attorney. Haile Selassie's delegation of three oppppd at p. rn to accommo- could I is married. His wedding occurred due in Geneva Sunday, to be the huge crowd. Phi) Shapiro's wedding shortly after Brucine was born, Today's Tribune Subjecl Amusements and Plays Classified Advertising Comics and Strips Cross Word Puzzle ;C.aitGiiais and Columns Features Financial and Stocks Geraldine Columns Daily Knave Column Marine News, Weather Martha Lee's Column National Whirligig P.-T. A. and Clubs Radio Schedules Sports and Sportsmen Theaters and Screen Viltl Page 27 45 38 36 43 35 42 37 35 34 37 35 26 40 o 30 47 Shoemaker said. He is now resid- on the ground: they do not repie- seats at the assembly table i band will entertain the crowd until ing in Los Angeles. The diary, made public in part by Shoemaker, read: June much today. Little blue because Bruce hasn't written. August 28, darling Ar- nold is 2 years old today. Happy birthday, sweetheart. I wonder 51 he looks like Bruce. I hope so. September 4, born about Baby Brucine weighs 7 pounds 10 ounces, 20 inches long. Lots of hair and she's real chubby. Decided to name her Brucine Ce- leste. September haven't really seen the eyes yet. but I am sure they are brown. She seems to have Spice'" month Tlyei no certain color yet. PARENTS' AND SON'S VISITS ARE MENTIONED September 20, and Mrs. Sisson came over to see the Salva- tion Army adjutants. Denied every- thing. Adjutant took my diary. October 15, re- turned my diary last week. and doctor came over tonight. Bruce flatly denied all relationships be- i tween us. Hurt terribly but I didn't I sent an effective government. NOT PREPARED TO RECOGNISE CONQUEST They added, however, that the League is not prepared to recognize the Italian conquest of Ethiopia. which it tried so hard to stop, or to declare an independent Ethiopia non-existent or even out of the League. The officials expected Italian delegates would remain absent until Premier Benito Mussolini is satis- fied that minor powers will raise no objection when the Italians come to present their credentials on be- half of the King and Emperor Shortly before the diplomats con- vened in the 93rd session of the ment launched a gigantic financial campaign to repair its domestic de- fenses. MAY EVADE ISSUE BY CURTAILING TITLE In turn, the League may accept the credentials without mentioning which might imply rec- ognition of the Italo-African empire created by annexation of Ethiopia. Urging Swiss citizens to subscribe to a defense loan of 235 000 000 n, fec.L aOrtii. j iOi Ucuiui iCuuenujr me the East to go to college tomorrow, j government asserted: Oeiober dedicated arrival of the candidate Young Republicans will act as ushers, and will be assisted by Mills College and University of California stu- dents. The speech wHl be broadcast at 9 15 over KPO, KFRC, KFI and the entire Don Lee network. S. F. B. Morse, chairman of the Northern California campaign com- mittee, will act as chairman of the evening. He will introduce Mrs. Florence P. Kahn, candidate for re- election as Congresswoman the San Francisco district, who will make a short talk. Lieutenant-Governor George Hat- field will introduce Colonel Knox The candidate's train arrived in California at Dunsmuir, where Colonel Knox started p of six addresses, all given from the rear platform of the train. MARTINEZ IS LAST STOP SCHEDULED FOR SPECIAL The train left Dunsmuir, and stops were made at Redding, Bed Bluff, Willows, Woodland during the morning and early afteinoon. The last stop the train was to pull into San Francisco was at Martinez. Colonel Knox was scheduled to 21, was "Instability in Europe and efforts today in chapel. She I of antagonistic forces may -precipi- sucked her finger so loud that at any moment a catastrophe couldn't help but laugh. I even more tragic-than that of 1914." make a ten-minute talk, and then of Vallejo. Calif, when the officers went to arrest them on an assault charge. The men awakened the brothers and a gun fight followed. Then the brothers took to the hills, after informing their parents they fcaied they would be lynched if captured. District Attorney Davis faces a recall movement for promising the brothers trial by law should they surrender or be appre- hended. Also in FoUom Prison for safe- keeping is Robert Miller Barr, whose asserted companion in the killing of a police officer, was dragged from a Yreka jail a year ago and lynched. The lynch vic- tim was Clyde Johnson, accused of shooting Police Chief F. R. "Jack" Daw of Dunsmuir. The Brite brothers, bewhisk- ered and weary, appeared to be glad their long days of hiding: were over, Davis said. Without them through Yreka and 300 miles to Folsom Prison, where they arrived at 8 a. m. after an all night drive. Davis went to bed immediately after turning the prisoners over to Warden Larkin. Larkin ?aid the brothers were unwilling to talk and he forbade intervews. The brothers fled into the wilder- ness ot the Siskiyou Mountains Sun- day. August 30, after they had killed m the run off president were bein; tho b-'l- elrct for counted adopted several resolutions. One of them endorsed 1'je candid.icv of The delegates voted on the- 1 President Rooscvrlt. cheered when resolution. Another more 'ovcrc than the agreement un- der which we arc working "You propose that the SailniV Union make an agreement, with the Union a? the first paity and approximately 30 steamship ownm, companies as the second paity fav- ored .strengthening the linornpl ).v- mcnt Reserves Act. The convention foi the re- pool of the Criminal Syndicalism Act and the of live men and three convicted in Sac- ramento for violPtlon of lhc act Belief in the innocence of Tom Mooney and Warren K Billings, convicted bombers, was reaffumcd but the matter of appropriating for a defense fund was re- ferred to the incoming executive committee. Mooney, in a telegram, asked the Federation to take over the han- dling of funds received for his de- fense. The San Francisco Labor Council i has been handling it. RUN-OFF VOTE NEEDED TO ELECT PRESIDENT A run-off election was nec- essary for the convention today in the election foi president. When the ballots were counted last night no candidate had re- ceived a majority. R. L. Ennis, Sacramento, received the lowest number of votes anJ will not be in the run-off in which James E. Hopkins, San Francisco, the in- "This is imprver, as you must i have been advised The relation- ship brtwcrn all of vour steamship companies is not joint, the seivice is not joint, and the emplojmcnt is not loint." The statement continued by re Some 800 of the armed _ mally business men, farmers and at the armory to hear their leaders, leaving ft sparse guard at packing sheds artd other points. PICKETS REMAIN OFF STREETS Pickets of the striking Fruit and Vegetable Workers' Union re- mained off the streets, deserted yesterday at the command of their leaders, who warned of "a trap" set for them. Police Chief George Griffin, ont of the speakers at the "army" or- gamzaiion meeting, said: "This peace and quiet yesterday and up to this morning doesn't mean a thing. You men, citizens of Salinas, must be ready to de- j fend the city. "There arc at least 200 men ta town whose business it is to com- mit acts of violence under condi-_ tions such as exist today." City Clerk Frank E. Heple, a National Guard captain who has served as commander of the special fusing to agrr.s to peimil shipowners to employ non-union seamen, re- fusing to relinquish control of the hiring halls, refusing to permit the shipowners to discharge or refuse to employ any person, and refusing to post along with the ship- owners, as a forfeiture fund from which to deduct penalties for con- tract violations. BIG LEAGUE SCORES AMERICAN LEAGUE Chicago 0 St. Louis ......................0 Batteries: Whitehcad and Sewell; Thomas and Hemsley. Cleveland ................30000 Detroit ..................10010 Batteries: Feller and George; Bridges and Tcbetts. (Only games Seaborn, former navy lieutenant- Francisco, and J. Bnzzell, Los speed onward to San Francisco, commander who was on a hunting Angeles, again stand for election. NATIONAL LEAGUE St. Louis .................0 0 0 0 0 Chicago ..................00093 deputies, spoke of the "60 hours you have spent in this army" and ex- plained provisions for shifts to per- mit 24-hour service. As the orgsnization meeting closed Heple kept 50 of the "in- fantrymen" at the armory, saying "this is a danger point and we'll need between 200 and 300 more men here." Col. Henry R. Sanborn, San Ra- fael, publisher of an anti-CommU- mst paper, who said he came to help authorities, spoke before the group at length before the spe- cial deputies were sent out to theil poctc afjai" tn th'ir rest for other shifts. He said 1000 more men needed in the and urged the men to call on their irkndi gam recruits. LAW EXPLAINED, PENALTIES TOLD "We're not interested In wftft wins this Coltnel born said. "It can be tetttoi II 24 hours if the strikers of town the known His tram will pass through 16th (Continued on Page 3, Col. 1.) i. vacation, had gone out Saturday (Continued on Page 3, Col. 2.) point out those people.'' Sanborn explained the law Harry Bridges, San Francisco, be (Continued on Page 2, Col. 5)
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.