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Independent Press-Telegram (Newspaper) - March 24, 1963, Long Beach, California JFK's Special Committee Reports to Him HALF-BILLION AID CUT URGED WASHINGTON UP) 'A special committee headed by. Gen. Lucius-.D. Clay recommended to President Kennedy Saturday thai he cut his foreign-aid program by half a billion'dollars as soon as possible and reduce it ,'even further in the future. the group endorsed principle of continuing substantial assistance pro- grams under tightened-up manage me h t and -with closer controls over the way, the .-recipient nations use the U. S. aid. The committee, dividing 9 to 1, said'the guidelines it laid down would result in a 5500-million reduction in the present level of aid spending. But ..it said an immediate cut'of .that size is not feasible because of commitments already made. -I'We. the com- mittee said, "that .we are indeed attempting too much for too many, and that a Higher quality and reduced quantity of our diffuse aid .effort in certain countries could accomplish more." Clay, retired general corporation executive, put it less formally in a New York interview. "I feel that a lot of money has been: he said. "It's got to be tightened up, 'To continue to give economic assistance to countries that have done little or nothing to help themselves is throwing money away." Clay and eight other prominent citizens on the presidenlially a p p o i n ted committee agreed oh the recommendations for a smaller and more tightly administered program. The dent asked an expanded program. Key members of Con- gress hailed the report as constructive and thought- provoking. Those who com- mented were nearly unani- mous in predicting that the committee's findings would make it doubly difficult for Kennedy to get anywhere near the billion he has budgeted for foreign aid in the coming fiscal year. That is an increase of 51 billion over the estimated spending this year. Perhaps with the con- gressional situation in mind, Kennedy refrained from any immediate public endorsement of the.broad recommendations made by the committee. Without mentioning the proposed cuts', Kennedy thanked Clay in a public letter for the committee's "important, service" arid found "very heartening the committee's expression of support for properly ad- ministered mutual defense and development pro- grams." The 25-page report'of the advisory group climaxed a three-month study ordered by Kennedy on how well the giant overseas assist- ance program is contrib- uting to U. S. security. Some of the committee's major conclusions: I. "Properly conceived (Continued Page A-2, Col. 3) Southland's OWN SUNDAY Newspaper Phone HE S-1161 Classified No. HE 2-5959 PRICE 20 CENTS ndent The Mostly sunny today. High about 68. Complete weather ott Page A-2. LONG BEACH 12, CALIFORNIA, SUNDAY, MARCH 24, 1963 VOL. 31 156 PAGES Cuba Freedom Fighters Form Rebel Republic MIAMI (UPI) Delegates, of 22 anti-Communist' groups in Cuba have set up an underground-government and declared a state of war against the regime of Fidel Castro, accarding to information received here Saturday by private sources from Havana. The report of the meeting and of Dr. Carlos Marquez Sterling's designation as president of the "Republic of- Cuba in Arms" was confirmed by UPI in a telephone con- versation with Marquez Sterling in New York. The report coincided with an announcement in Havana that government forces had annihilated three anti-Castro rebel bands operating in Matanzas province which lies to the east of Havana. A.CUBAN REFUGEE who arrived in Miami from Havana Friday said anti-Castro rebels ambushed and killed 130 members of a militia unit in Las Villas province last week. Reports on the secret meeting said the delegates met as a national assembly "in a place of national proclaimed Marquez Sterling president and declared war "against the Communist occupation" of Cuba. The delegates also said they would abolish the con- stitution of 1940, once the Castro regime is overthrown. In the meantime, they said, the "people should elect dele- WASHiNGTON United 'States has no firm evidence as yet that Russia has pulled any of its estimated combat troops out of Cuba, officials said Saturday. Some may have Been among Russian troops" which President Kennedy reported Thurs- day had been evacuated since Feb. 18, they said. On the other hand, those pulled out may have been drawn entirely from among the military technicians and training personnel which Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev had in the islands up to a month ago. gates to a constituent assembly." The delegates then voted approval of a statute" which would serve as the basis for a provisional government. h; uuJiliui) .v.ii.iiig Sterling as president, the delegates selected ministers of foreign affairs, interior, war, public health and finance. But their identilies were kept secret. THE DELEGATES SAID the foreign affairs minister and a delegate would meet with Dr. Jose Miro Cardona, president of the Cuban Revolutionary Council in Exile, to conciliate their various viewpoints and to negotiate recognition of the underground government with the free world nations. The negotiations, the delegates said, "could lead to a triumph in the war against communism in Cuba and bring Cuba its second and total independence." Volcano Dead Mount to DENPASAR, Bali Sunday Killer-Volcano Mount Agung, which began raining death onto this tropical island a week ago, poured hot lava into another sur- prised village three days ago, it was reported here today. Almost 200 people died. Go.v. Anak Agung Sutedja said the delayed report boosted the official death toll to and it probably will rise again. TAMPERED WITH BOILER Ricardo Mello, 27, above, discharged boiler tender, admitted Saturday that he tampered with the boiler in a San Jose store shortly before it exploded, killing 3 persons, injuring 71. He was held on manslaughter charges. Story, Page A-7. Brazil Due forBigUS. Aid Package Million -Benefits Despite Hostile Attitude By ARNALDO OTERO WASHINGTON Brazil stands to get about million in U.S. aid when negotiations on the new package are concluded Monday with a meeting be- tween President Kennedy and Brazilian Finance Min- ister San Tiago Dantas, it was learned Saturday. The new agreements are being concluded in an atmosphere that may cause difficulties for future finan- cial aid plans involving Brazil. Most of the aid now be- ing negotiated will be used to carry out fiscal and anti- inflationary measures in a complex renegotiation of million in Brazilian debts to the United States this year and the release of previously approved credits. Only what has been described as a "modest amount" of new credits is expected to be announced at this time in order to avoid increasing Brazil's debt. DANTAS will be meet- ing with Kennedy as a con- anti-United States rally, headed by Brazilian Communist lead- ers, opens in Rio de Janeiro. A decision by the Bra- zilian government "not to interfere in any way" with the rally has touched off strong reaction against Brazil in Congress. Officials do not minimize the adverse effect that U.S. congressional reaction could have on new aid to Brazil and future U.S.- Brazilian relations. While the economic talks held high hopes for closer and improved U.S.-Brazilian relations, the two recent controversies over Com- munist activities in Brazil will be a damaging irritant. Dantas won an impor- tant victory in getting a million debt post- ponement from the Interna- tional Monetary Fund. Guatemala Subversives Strike Again GUATEMALA CITY President Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes an- nounced Saturday that acts of terrorism and sabotage by "armed bands of sub- versive elements" have broken out in the interior and are being combated by government troops. He said the first sabotage occurred near a plantation of the U.S.-owned United Fruit Company, where eight telephone and telegraph lines linking the capital with the Atlantic port of Puerto Barrios were cut. "There have been con- tacts between- regular trmps of the National Army and armed bands of subversive lie said, bnt gave no details of where the clashes took place or casualties. U.S. Will Deploy 54 Doomsday Rockets TOO in LB. Undergo Operation EAR SURGERY AIDS DEAFENED By BEN ZINSER I.P-T Mcdicli Editor Dave Bruckheimer, 63, who used to turn up the TV volume to blast-off levels, has thrown away his hearing aid. "I can hear an alarm clock tick he says enthusiastically. For the past five years Bruckheimer, 214 E. Canton St., had been wearing an aid. His hearing began failing in 1938. But the world of muffled sounds and mumbled voices is behind him now, thanks to a relatively new surgical operation. The operation, so delicate ,it has to be per- formed under a microscope designed for surgical use, is that in which' a tiny piece of tantalum wire is implanted in the middle ear. More than 100 Long Beach residents have undergone the operation, it is estimated. The micro- surgical technique is performed at St. Mary's and at Memorial Hospital. The patients are victims of a condition called of spongy bone to cause immobilization of a tiny ear bone called the stapes (pronounced The little bone is com- monly known as the stirrup. As a result of this bony overgrowth, chronic progressive deafness occurs. The stapes, which ordinarily vibrates to transmit sound waves, be- comes rigid and fixed. In the operation, the surgeon folds back the eardrum and removes the immobilized stirrup. Then he inserts a piece of tantalum pros- (Continued Page A-3, Col. 1) SURGICAL technician Robert Shea and nurse Marie Kleinhenz demonstrate mi- croscope used for delicate ear surgery at St. Mary's Hospital. MAY SOLVE PHYSICAL PARADOX Star-Collapse Theory Explains Intense Heat By LEE CRAIG t, Aerospace Editor A 25-year-old astronomer has obtained evidence ex- plaining a stellar mystery which has baffled star sci- entists for more than 150 years. Dr. Charles R. O'Dcll, youthful Carnegie fellosv of the Ml. Wilson and Palo- mar observatories, has de- veloped a logical theory about the evolution of plan- etary nebula stars. These stars, bright blue and neatly framed in spec- tacular, expanding green rings or shells of gas, have the hottest surfaces of any in the galaxy, confounding all current concepts of stel- lar physics. GENERALLY, the more massive the star, the hotter its surface temperature.- Nebula stars, although their mass is only half again as iarge as that of the sun, reach temperatures of to degrees Fahrenheit, compared to degrees for the sun's surface. Through his studies, Dr. O'Dell calculates that every year in the Milky Way galaxy two stars about one and one-half times the mass of the sun finish burning the'fuel in their cores' nu- ciear fires. This type of star, with the fuel gone from its core, is unable to sustain itself and the core begins col- lapsing, developing enor- mous heat in the process. The star's surface layers, about one-fourth the mass of the sun, are blown out- ward in a slow-motion ex- plosion as the inner layers and core begin to collapse EASTER AHEAD! "At the resurrection of the just." Luke In 2 weeks we will palms display And 3 weeks hence 'tis Easter Day Let al! the birds and buds of Spring Join with (he sacred choirs that sing To welcome in the gladsome season Of Holy Week and this the reason The angels from the Tomb pro- claimed That "He, is and we've named It "Easter" and in this connection1. Base on it all spills' Resurrection. JULIEN C. HYER inward, the young astron- omer 'theorizes. This "slow explosion" actually rapid, in astronom- ical terms takes about years to complete. At this time, the radius of the shell is nearly 14 mil- lion million miles. The temperature of Ihe collapsing star, as seen through its transparent, green gas shell, gives it a bright blue color. At the end of the collapse, the star becomes a white dwarf about the diameter of the earth and a million times denser than the sun. THE STELLAR graveyard is populated by white dwarfs, the final evolution- ary stage of all stars. In the case of planetary nebula stars, the shell of gas be- comes a kind of luminous shroud for the star. The term for this type of star stems from observar tions made by Sir William Herschel more than 150 years ago. At first, he took them to be planets, then noticed that they did not move through the heavens like planets. Some 600 of these stars have been identified in the Milky Way galaxy. The nearest one to the earth, the "Helix in the constellation of Aquarius, is about 500 light years away. Riders' Weight Fatal in Crash The impact of his two children and a 90-pound dog on the back of the driver's seat caused the death Saturday" night of Rodney M. Jenson, 41, of 1725 Herrin Ave., Redon- do Beach. Officers said Jensen's car struck another at Temple Avenue and Willow Street at p.m. Jenson died an hour later in Community Hospital from a puncture wound in the back of the head ap- parently caused when the seat back struck him, au- thorities said. Atlas Explodes f on Launch Pad VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASF. At- las missile exploded Satur- day just after it left the launching pad, the Air Force announced. Experts See Menace to Civilization WASHINGTON Without fanfare, and in fact with as much secrecy as possible, the Defense De- partment is preparing to de- ploy at U.S. bases 54 inter- continental missiles of the "doomsday" kind. Many experts think civil- ization would not survive if they were eyer used- against Russia. In terms'of megatonnage of tons of TNT equivalent the 'missiles may pack only a fourth as much power as Soviet Pre- mier Nikita Khrushchev's 100-megaton bomb. But ex- perts said Saturday that that is beside the point. EITHER the American or Soviet weapon could level the largest of cities and spew clouds of lethal radio- acuvity over thousands of square miles. The experts think two of tlio U.S. missiles would probably do more damage than one 100-megatonner. The missile is the Titan II. This is a more ample and much more efficient version of the Titan I. The only of- ficial hint of its destructive capacity came last weekl After firing the missile suc- cessfully more than miles down the Atlantic missile range from Cape Canaveral, Fla., the Air Force was permitted to say: "Payload of the Titan II is double that of a Titan, I, previously the nation's largest." EVEN THAT single sen- tence probably was re- leased only because the Titan II has been selected as the booster for the fed- eral space agency's two- man "Gemini" space pro- gram. It was therefore bound, to become known that the missile is capable of boosting more than four tons of payload into orbit around the earth. A simple mathematical formula which was valid two years ago and has been improved upon in nuclear tests since, shows that a four-ton warhead would re- Continued Page A-2, Col. WHERE TO FIND IT 'LITTLE LONG BEACH' is just one of the communities of flatlanders who have run for the hills to escape din, bustle and smog. For story of San Bernardino Mountain retreats, see Page A-8. OFFICE WORKERS IN BLUE'DENIM is the story of the Federal Correctional Institution on Terminal Island where prisoners of both sexes work side by side in a new rehabilitation program. See Page A-6. C-20 Beach Combing B-l W-4 Classified ,........C-l, 19 Death Notices.......B-0 Editorials............ B-2 Finance A-18 Music and Radio-TV.......TV-U 20 Real Estate........... R-l School Menus.......W-2 Ship Arrivals....... A-18 Sports D-l, 6 Omarr A-9 Women's News W-l, 8
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