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Eureka Humboldt Standard (Newspaper) - August 6, 1962, Eureka, California Marshall Plan, Started With Billion, Rose To Billion France re- repaid the last of its Marshall Plan years ahead of (he due date. The fol- lowing dispatch deals with the origins and results of that his- toric experiment, without which Western Europe might today be part of the Communist empire. By HENRY KEYS United Press International WASHINGTON (UPI) _ Four teen years ago the United Stales Congress approved a plan le spend billion lo help a pover ty-stricken and slarving Europe pull itself out of World War II. Surprising' 'enough the ruins of was that Congress would authorize such an outlay on the heels of this coun- try's staggering wartime spend- ing. Even more surprising was the fact that the plan was cleared by the Republican-controlled, 80th Congress which was at odds with Democratic President Harry S. Truman over nearly every detail of domestic policy. Led by the late Sen. Robert A. Taft and then Speaker Joseph W. Marlin, Ihe 80th Congress passed the Taft-Hartley labor manage- menl law over Truman's veto and pushed through a major tax reduction program against his wishes. They feuded over spend- ing and a host of other Jtems. But there was near unanimity among.Republican and Democrat-i over Ihe need for t Marshall -Plan, 'as th'e aid pr gram quickly'became known. Only A Beginning Actually, as time" .has prove it was only a'beginning. U. aid spread to country after cou try some militantly '.'anti-Corn munist and some determined on to preserve' their cold war ne trality until it now totals som billion. Some was in the form' of loan such as the Marshall Plan ere its lo France. But most of it" wa in direct grants. The Marshall Plan has bee praised as an unparalleled e Jeriment in internalional human .arianism. H has been damned a i thankless give-away of mone >etter spenl al home. Bui fe would deny Us influence on Ih course of world affairs. The -pattern for the vast ai >rogram was set by Gen. Georg C. Marshall, wlio. was one of th irindpal architects of Allied vie ory in World War II as chair man of Ihe combined chiefs laff and who later served a ecretary of state under Truman The scholarly soldier-stalesma poke for Ihe conscience of a n'a ion, once known for ils isolation sm, in a speech at Harvard Un ersily on June 5, 1947. While de laring that Europeans must hel lemselves, he said: "At Ihis critical point in his ory, we of the United States ar eeply conscious of our. responsi 86PMOF STBWt WHISKEY ME DISmilM WMPOT. FMNTOUT bilities toward the world, know that' in' this trying perio between a war that is over a peace'that'is not yet secur the destitute and oppressed of th earth look chiefly to us for su tenance and support until the can again with self-co fidence and self-reliance." Seen At Weapon Some in the United States an abroad saw the Marshall Pla jrimarily as a weapon again he postwar surge of Communi nfluence in a broken rand embi .ere'd Europe. Marshall disi vowed any such odea. In measui ed, even tones, he said: "Our policy is not directe against any counlry or doctrini iut against hunger, poverty, dei leration and chaos." Unquestionably because of iombination of both and 'self interest- Congress 10 months later in Apri 948, aulhorized the spending 12 billion in 18 European nation luring the ensuing 3W years. The Europe of 1948 was largel Europe without hope. Th ream of its young manhood wa ead. Its factories were in ruins griculture was al a slandstil Millions were unemployed. Hun er was commonplace. Clolhinj heller and fuel were scarce. Europe desperalely needet elp, not only lo feed itself bu Iso.to lift it off its knees. Drabness Disappears As food and materials flowei nlo Europe and drabness of lifi egan lo disappear. Men.were a ork again driving tractors am arvesters over the farmlands inging up dams in huge irriga On and hydroelectric schemes estoring or .making new roads reducing. suils and socks am iocs and dresses. Bells which had been tightenei ?ainsl empty bellies began to osen, and 'malnutrition began to sappear along with Ihe near arvation-diel ration books. The price lag of Ihe Marhsal Ian was vasl indeed bil on in all. Of Ihis, billion was the form of grants. The other .3 was in repayable loans. The Marshall Plan, of course as only the beginning of this mntry's vast venture in foreign d. All told, it has distribute ore than billion overseas nee World War II billion economic loans and grants am billion in mililary assistance Was il all worlh il? There is me disagreemenl on lhat. Bui le writer has likened the dollars stributed under Ihe Marshal] an to seeds, the harvest from lich is being reaped today. And at least one result is the ct thai Western Europe now is Ip'ing less fortunate nations in ard the economic strength and If dignity il has allained with e help of U. S. aid dollars. For George Callell Marshall, if were slill alive, il would be complete leel. revolution of the Recreation Highlights Question Man... By PHIL DEAN Do you have any collections? Goldie Lowery Star Rl., Trinidad Housewife "Salt and pepper shakers. itarted about three years ago. I lave some from overseas." Mary Mateus 1459 llth St., Arcata Elementary School Student "I only collect marbles, but don't know where they are. Wh y children in a slate-owned build- ng." The Constilution, Clark said, provides that the governmenl should lake no part in Ihe eslab- ishmenl of religion. "No lo me means he told an overflow audience. "That is all he courl decided, nol lhal there hould be no recognition of a supreme Being." Clark said the decision had irompted Ihe biggest mail re- ponse he could recall in his 13 'ears on Ihe my irothers lell me it was the mosl oignanl." HUMBOLDT STANDARD Monday, Augi i. 5 Pension Aide Gives Up In Esles Probe AMARILLO, Tex. (UPD-R. E. Clemenls, businessman and co- ounder of Ihe Townsend plan for ic aged, surrendered himself lo sheriff loday as one of three nen indicted for felony Ihetl and onspiracy by a grand jury in- 'estigating Billie .Sol Estes. Warrants were out for the ar- 'est of the other two men, one sf them from Pecos, Tex., and vere not to be idenlified until actually arrested. Clements, prominenl in Amaril- o for charilable work and a for- mer real estate agent in Lon Beach, Calif., posted bon n the indictment charging felon left, conspiracy and restrainl rade. He was former owner of th uperior Manufacluring Co. whicl lade fertilizer tanks used B; stes in his business manipula ons. Clement sold Superior Manufac iring to Harold E. Orr and Rue lexander in April, 1960. Orr anc lexander have been indicted b; federal grand jury wilh Esles nd bolh have pleaded guilly to ur counts of a 29-counl indict- ent. Teslimony in a stale Courl of quiry said Clements took part his payment for Ihe firm in gus chattel mortgages and lhat was aware they were fraud- enl. Clements was indicled on Iwo unls of theft involving sums ol ore than In Amarillo, Clements w a esidcnt of Ihe local U ni I e d und charity drive and was ac- in organizing cultural pro- ams. Be was a cofounder with Ihe le Dr. F.E. Townsend of the pression-era Townsend plan to ovide the aged with pensions. S. F. Dairy SAN FRANCISCO (UPD-Dairy ices lo retailers: iggs: Case 30 dozen: FSMNS-Large AA 34-40; large 32-38; medium AA 26-32: me- um A 25-31; -small AA 17-22; nail A 15-21. Nulaid AA 35- medium AA 27-32; small AA -22. Sylvester AA 42; edium AA 31; Small AA 22. Butter: and A 1 Ib print -70 bulk A !hcese: FSMNS Single daisies !i; processed American loaf 5 43V4-45V4; Mild American eddar 40 Ib block 40Vc43Vi. course, shorter, Pyke's modern roan Is n conformist who has been _ cut (o a size and shnpc to (it IlicjJ DUST OILING We are equipped to dust oil your roads, driveways and yards Your distributor of Standard Heating Oils Eureka Oil and Burner Co. BROADWAY HI 2-32i9 prices OFF Ooo! We can't look! There's nothing wrong with these swim suits from the collections of two famed makers. It's just that Monday, August 6th, is the day we must throw old prices away. Dive right in! Our four store pool of sun- styled fun suits will dry up fast when they're all priced at off. There's a lot of sun in the summer yet, so buy now, pay nothing down on B-10 at all four Bistrins. JUS Arcata, Eureka, Fortuna, Garberville
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