Saturday, September 24, 1887

Corona South Riverside Bee

Location: Corona, California

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Corona South Riverside Bee (Newspaper) - September 24, 1887, Corona, California iÉBMia VOLUME 1. SOUTH RIVERSIDE, SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 188Ì. NUMBER 16. South Riverside Bee. PiriiLIHHEl) EVr.UY ThVIWIIAY MoIININí; liV l-RANK J. ])YWt. E.litor ¡iiid rropni'tor. -------»------ , - TKIOÍ3 OF STIBSCKTVTIONS: I yciir.............■.....' . .........Í2IK) .11 niouth.s . ■,... . ., ............... • nirinths............................. Tiiu Bee will bii .-ont to ¡my ìmoìkh ¡"1-ilrOi's by ii-.iyiiig ,"\iI)scrilifT'; f'lr $l..'iii [lor ¡limimi. ' SilbscriplioniJ i)iv;iri:ibly i" :iilviilir.>. Letters of nöws-itoiii.s aiul gcncnil infi.i--iiialióii «^nlicitcil. Tiiiç Br.i;,, i^oiitli líivi'iíílilc, C¡ilii. South Riverside As a Place oí Residence Present and Future. Perfection of Climate-Raliroad Facilities-prospects'oí Fiitnfe Greatness—ValnaUle , , Mineral DeDOSlts-Openlag for Mannfactories. A M(>Di:i. AMEHICAX COflONV—f=C'H<»OI.H AND cinniriiKB—FoirNOATroN OF A LAIKiE CITY. ; A_____ No place, perhapH. can lioast of more solid attractions as a plaoc of residence than South Riversi'lo. Our climàttMsahy-word—almost— throughout < he coriti lien I. it i.aH ; fièon ex'pialed upon hy residents and ,'isitorB until the world almost knn-.v.'i qualitic.sand poculiarifies b)' rote. Almost under tlio tropics, ^ it is yet not tropical, but equable, salubrious, refre_shing a"nd invigorating the year round. The summer cljinate differs little from that ,of winter, and although the mercury sometimes climbs the graduated thermometer tube until it indicates more than 100 ° , the heat is temp^ ered by cooling sea breezes, and is not as..oppressive as 90° in the east—a statement sufficientlj' well proved by the fact that a case of suhstrpke- is never known here, while tho hospitals of eastern'cities are filled with patients who have been stricken doT^n by the intense heat of a "temperate climate's" summer sun. Any kind of climate required by the invalid or for personal comfort, may be found within half a day's journey, from the coast to the mountains, although for an all-the-yoar-round climate, nO place - has the iidvantage over our own "Queen Colony." Our winters, however, exhibit the' perfection of climate. The days are not as warm as in summer, and the air is more bracing, sending the blood tingling to the very finger tips. The nights ai'v. simply perfection, and the moon shines with a clear refulgcnce unknown in the less clear atmosphere of the far east. Upon this one subject, our climato, we can never say too much. Of it We have'every reason'to be proud. But we possess many things which make this a desirable place of residence, in . addition to the climatic conditions which never fail to fill-strangers, with enthusiasm-. Our location is peculiarly favorable. Situate upon a traYis-conti-: .nental line of railroad, yvG are on - one of the great' popular routes of travel, and in direct, conimunica-tion v/iih the great eastern commer-ciàl centers. We have an outlet to the coast in three directions and : the comptetion of the Pomona, ' South Riverside and ElSinore Railroad will soon opon up another, besides giving us a feeder up ' the Temescal canyoa, which will at no distant day be an important piece of territory tributary to our mer^ chants and manufacturers. Here will be built up a thriving city, nestling under tho shadows of mountains rich in ores' and .jniner-' als, coal'and granite and marble, all of whicJi wealth will , be poured into the lap of the Gem of the Cit-. rus Belt. Fourteen thousand acres, every foot c.arefully and profitably cultiva yated and planted to the orango^the .j-ï'iïlkœandilie grap.e,win be factor in^upbuilding a city, where ten acres A^l^Biippprt a family in CQmfgrt and eifen.m luxury. Add to this the beantifdi^tn^ prosperous teîî acres enoü&h. port a Family oh Ten Acres of Ground. AN ESHAY READ BEFORE THE 1/)S ANOELES COUNTY I'OAI-OLOiilCAL SOCIETY AT oi'vANGE. .lULY 7, BY I). HDSON SMITil, OF ANA. I have iiskod to'iit lo you on this occasion souK' of my ideas aK to "liow to make ton acres support a family." To tho^e who liave only lived in largo grain-growing and sloek-raising regions, thi' Hotel Temescal. vears. Rvnuioate has valley of RincOn with its producing vineyards and orchards, and the fertile and picturesque Temescar-. ;; -—:—^^ canyon with its vineyards, peach - . . . j rt and orange orchards and coming lAOW tO .IjI'VC and olive groves, botli of which 'are naturally tributary to our 'y/romising town, and you have here all the elements which are considered nec-ccpsary for the building and sus-taining'of a city. • This is truly a woiulcrful country; until very reccnlly thr i^ole, heritage of the Spaniard—who, with Ihr easy indolirle of hi.^ race, lived on from year lo year, tliinlc-ing only of his tlofk.s and hcrd.'i and dreaming not (if the tabuloiis po.ssibilities of these russet mountains and barren mesas,—it is now awaking from the sleep of contili ics. touched by the magic wand of American enterprise and ingenuity. Its reso'U'ccs are as yel only hinted by the few discoveries of mineral.'i and valueablc deposits that' have bcMMi made. Within the Ixnvels of the nujuntaiil ranges, we know there exists coal, for a ' vein is opened not half a score of miles from town. Prosjioctors ■ have found ledges of gold bearing quartz and other auriferous rocks, veins of silver and lead ores in al)\mdanc(;. Within an hour's drive s tsadt'he famous tin mountain on the Sobrante grant, the title (o which has been in litigaiii>n for twenty and for which an English otlered -t 2.r,(.i( l.0( K t, and .beds of fire i-!ay,le«iges i.-f limestone and marl)l(^ and a fine 'juality of graniti-, f.\i,-n in inexhaiistable quantities in our iminediate vicinity. With po much raw material lying at our door, and coal under our feet, there is no reason why this should not iñ a few yea'rs be the seat of extensive , . manufactories. A sprendid-chancé offers itself for the establishing of a woolen mill, a boot and slioe factory, a tile works and manufactory of fine pottery, gas works, charcoal and Uine kilns, granite quarries, ■ packing houses and canning facforiesj' etc., and capital will soon seek the advantages offered here for safe and paying ihvestmentH. This- colony is 'ji representative American iettleiiient. It is not o composed of foreigners, but of au intelligent, thrifty and cultured class of people who for various reasons have come to this new Eldorado and here have united, heart- and hand in establishing a model colo-_ ny. That they have commenced on the right lines and in the proper spirit, their work will show. School facilities and churches were their first care and these have already been provided for, for some time to come. Believing implicitly in the future greatness of their beautiful city, they have láid the foundation broad and deep. There will,be no transition period here from the wooden to the brick period in; our history, for brick arid stone form the favorite building'ymaterial from the "beginning, and several brick business blocks are'already completed or in process of erection, one of them a bank block which in point òf architectural beauty of design has no superior in this country, if indeed it has an equal. Mány more brick structures will go up before winter, and over 800,000 brick are now made and waiting to be called into use in their construction. With the indomitable energy of our people and their faith in our city's, futiire greatness-,.backed by the .ivatural advantages of our city as a place of business and particularly-as a place of residence, who can tell where tlie prosperity and fame of a colony whose birth has been under-such fixvorable auspices shaliend. 1 and bear ,ih mind that you want to so pla,nt as to have all rows as long as possible-i so as to avoid frequent turning with horse and: cultivators. With, only: ten acres wijh wliich to support a family, from ithe start I should.plaht m^ trees and vines on tho square;; plan, rathor than the triangulaf or quincunk, so as to better utilize, the siiace .between the trees, as I shall hereafter show. These preliminaries ; arranged, plow'deoj,ily with four horses, using a -!iubsoil(>r behind the turning p|ow to looHcii. but not to raise the lower soil, am! barrow till all i.-; ai-snuiulli ¡is.ciin lie made. Tlii.'S iuiirtt !)(• ildiH- when tlio soil is in ju.<t (he jirupiM' eondilion from rains or irri-galinn. The wliole ten acres should be li'Vfl (hnt y.ovi e:in g<it irrigating «-¡iter on all ¡larts of it with little hibnr. Lay oil" a half acrt' near your liarii, put a good liank aroiijid it, and sow twenty iiomul.- and cow. One good horse is ample, after your ground is fitted to plant. And the team for this labor had better be hired. Now the remainder of your land to two or three varieties of fruit trees, or fruit trees and one kind of vines-The apricot, fig, peach, petite prune (Bartlett, Clapp's favorite, and Winter Nellis pears,)orange, lemon' and Muscat grape will ever be, in good demand, and with these to select from, almost any ton acres in the valley may I»; made l.o yield a handsome iiu-onie. say Diie tliou-sand dollars a year, m-t. aftei-. eoin-ing into full lieiirin'i:, ami this is .much more tiian lln' rami,- ot' the 1'nile.d States aveni.ire. Hut while tliese freest,,tind vines are emning iiato full boaritig, the family must in some way lie e!(itlied and fed. To do thi^!'iilly. put tho jM'ound betwei'ii t' into the highost low: <late of ( he ot tr(!0S ultivation the same time give it the proper cultivation, and return to the soil a little more plant food than you take out in crops,and your land w'ill increase in fertility, arid your trees will do better in every way, than by the usual treatment of those who object to planting between the trees. Between my rows of trees I planted all of the before mentioned vegetables and it was not long before our table was well supplied, and there was plenty of corn, fodder and beets for the cow and horse. The acre of barley was also '-ready to cut in Mayafter which I Ave.t the ground, thoroughly plowed it and phinted it to corn, which produced a large crop in corn and fodder. After the winter rains had thoroughly wet this ground. I again plowed it, and planted walnut trees 40 feet apart, and sowed barley. Tho second winter I planted pear and prune trees between the nut A GOOD three-year-old raisin vin-yard, under favorable circumstances, should yield an average of twcihty pounds per vine, or six tons per acre. The yield of grapes when made into raisins would be a little over two tons per acre, worth about $120 per ton. Wine grapes are noi as profitable, as raisin grapes for several reasons.' ^hey yield, crops.:per acre. , but the , .price; rules much^lcAver, ari.^^^'-have to be disposed of in a fresh state to wineries or to dealerii,—Fresno Republican, For so now a town. South Riverside may. well feef^ proud of her elegant Hotel Temescal. Erected at a cost of .'!;40,000 in the infancy of the place, demonstrated the faith of the pro-jeetorsofthe colony in its success. Tiie interior ap-pearonce is fully equal to the exterior, of \vhi;'h tiie adjoining eiit gives a faith. fiil rf[)r('8f'niafioi». 'J'lic furniture is suhstantial and elegant ; antique oak, in phi.sii and si'k, willow rockers, perfect gems of mantels and imported brussels carpets. The rooms are all large, airy and well lighted. The etrvicc is first class and the table is not excelled anywhere in ' this part of the state, ' . Ó. A; SMITH, PROP. HÖTEL TEMESCAL, SOUTH RIVERSIDE, CALIF. . , - J. H. FAWCETT, MANAGKH. idea of supporting a family on .ten acres may seem absurd- But I be-^ licve the conditions are mainly la-i-vorable, in this valley for a large number of families to be comfoita-, bly.supported on ten acres each. Of course ideas difier as to what, constitutes a comfortable suppOifl; and much also depends on the ¿rir? gal habits of the .partner who conducts the ten acres. What I rnean is that average men and wom^-^jvho have to earn their support hard labor and economic babijli) may go onto ten acres in altriq% any part of this or other valloji8^i(n: Southern California, and live-^¿v w-ell as the average farmer in states who works his 60, 80, or iOO acres. Of course if the land is itew, the partnership should also have been of recent date; and the in-' crease of family healthily grow with the growth of the trees and vines of the farm. With these definitions, I can say that I have practically solved for.myself the problem of how to make ten acres support a family. In the first place find out by examining the neighboring ranches what kind of trees and vines do best in your special locality.' For this country is not like the vast country of Illinpia and adjacent States, where corn will grow equally well in any portion of it. Here a short distance often makes a great difterence in what is best to plant. But this valley has been so long and generally settled that with reasonable observation few mistakes need be made on this score. It was diflerent when I cajue here five years ago. ■ Then We had to '/cut and try!" Fortunately for me, my ten acres proved to be in that wonderful belt near Santa Ana, and is by no means a small one, on the border of the so-called damp and dry lands, wher6 a variety of fruits can be grown to perfection. And in all sections ofour valley more than one profitable fruit can be grown. I would not advise planting mpre than five or six acres to one kind of fruit where you have but ten acres ; because all fruits are Ijablo to have their "oiT years,", and if the family support depended entirely on one kind, and that should fail.fai%\vo. eonseeutivo. ycftEfl.. the-family.might be reduced to quite ¿traightened "circumstances. Having decided on the varieties to plar p jn'ake a plah^of your entire plno.o; of clean alfalfa seed on it, and thoroughly cover it with a light hairbw'. This may à good deal of-seed.for' half an acre,, hut you can^ afford to sow'less ^as you are sitniated,: ..... ' .. If walnuts are /adapted to your place, plant a row pf soft shells on all sides of youp. ranch, 35 feot a^art, as rient the,edge as you défaire having a fruiting tree, although r;prefer thé pepper tree for- a wind-ibreak. If the walnut is not adap-'ied to your locality the fig will be ,ànd,may be Bubstituted for the nut plittihgvt^^^ 25 or 30 and plant sweet corn, potatoes, peas, heana, cabbages, cauliflowers, tomatoes, melons, peanuts &c. With proper caro it will not belong before you have an abundance to eat and to sell. I am aware that there are those who earnestly protest against growing anything between the trees, if the trees are to be kept in their best condition. But I think, it will be found on close examination that those protesters are closely related to that class of people who niove their barns when their mauure piles got so big around the doors that it is RIVERSIDE FLUME. feet apart.. Plant the ."White Adriatic pr Brown .Smyrii>K In one corner of your ranch also put ono or two acres of walnuts or figs, "putting the nut troos 40 feet apart aiur the fig trees 20 feet. As the alfalfa •vvilLW a-' Uttlo. ^itivv In; gettiutf': a, start, it will bo host the fVrst - year to sow tho, spaces between tho nvit and fig trees to barley, ao you \vill havo soraft earlv feed for the horso I difficult getting over thom. There are thousands of acres in the vicinitj^ of Now York, and other old citieSj that havo had every foot of ground occupied by growing plants^ for the past hundred years, and; tliiii: ground is morö pj'.p.dut!tivi>; today than (iver before. '- Take . as? heavy and as frequent crops as you choose fi'om any land, attending to a-proppr rofation of crops, and at trees, and potatoes between these ; and last winter I put raspberries and blackberries between the irees on this acre. - To return to the firs fi year., By June alfalfa was ready Jo cut, and was cut three times moroj during the first year. The sccond yOflr I cut it eight times, irrigating after each cutting. Besides the milk, cream and butter used in the family from the one cow, we sold $75 worth of butter the first year. The sales from peanuts, potatoes, butter, eggs, peas-, beans, tomatoes and other vegetables amounted to several hundred dollars, while the cash outlay for subsistence during the same time was only $GG.Oü ; being largely for meat, flour, sugar aiid fresh fruit for canning. The only fruii we had the first year of our raising was blackberries. But after that our place yielded us berries, peaches, grapes, guavas, oranges and dwarf pear.-'. .V good, properly kept Hock of hen,y will prova a constant source of income. Ik'gin small and gradually increase your tloek as your knowledge of that industry increases. With the method of farming 1 hav(i suggtisted, you will bave to kcei» youv fowls contined and'buy feed l'or tiieiu, , (iradually contract your vegetalile growin^^, and in-creitse your sñ'iált fruit Vii'i.sihg between 'yon r trges^ till at ;.thg:' èpd Of ten, y'iàrs, if you have Aiepri: toinptHv ats in ali .thingSvi'vdiietriòiie^fr^ and joyful, you''\vjlivd()ubtl.es8; 'find yourself B,urrpuridod by ; »I' stiiaU but' very ' ,'h,ealthy ' arid happy -'familj', with: a o(;t; irilioùiè of;'Quft.; thpusand-d pita rfj 'it '^iii r ^ oil : ^n a vBi^gc^^^^ -có^jitio'riíil, j^y toke ■■Híi-áiveragiií'S ■place for :c.<am¿iieí ; lOO- ttíriyq'ár:^ arid ' uiiward walnut treps^-'í:: iOO pounds ffoii '.at'''iix-' córits á poiùì.d, $(ìO'O'j' ií^; : pi-tìno ,ireos, ■ avèr^ tropr-^tóp;; ; ÌDO; peii? ; trees, averaging $2 à tree, $200; 40 orange trees, $3 a 'troo, $120 ; .100 fig forces, $3 a ti-co, $300; 180 apricot troos, $l a tree, $180; 1.} àcrps of grapes, $150, 'Total, $1G70;^; I thiiik there will be no question but that theise estimates' arc low enough for an average. This leaves $j070 for exp.Gnje^^^^ .I.bayo also left out of tho account tho ' family supply of vegetables, ' tho - jirpceods from the cow and poultry- and all of fhe fruit HTüTn-the blaokberrioR, raspberries, strawberries, guaves, 2 leinon trees, 25 quince trees. 1 olive 1 almond,'2 pears, . 25 peach, 5 plum and 12 apple trees. But in order to make a success of raising a family on ten acres, there is another very essential thing to be done, which I have reserved mention the last, in order that the im-piessipn may be more lasting. You may do all I have suggested in the foregoing article, but if you are not ambitious, and progressive enough to keep abreast of the age of improvement by joining the Los Angeles Pomological Society, and attending its meetings, and yearly subscribe for and carefully reading the Rural Californian, at least, you will not, you cannot, make a complete success. To sum up then : Let the would be supporter of a family on ten acres in thi^^'Edenic valley, properly plant his land to at least two kinds of fruit adapted to the soil; cultivate the intervening space with a rotation of Avell selected crops that will not shade the trees nor vines; put back in the shape Of manure all the plant-food taken from the soil by the growing crops; be industrious, cheerful and temperate, in all things; bo quick to take advantage of all improved methods relating to his iridustry, cSriiing through this - sociéty ; take the Rural Californian, a.nd success is inevitable. D. Edsori Smith. Santa Ana, Cai., July 7, 1S87. How to Iri'igate, (loo. 11, Norman, of Cridley, has practi«!ally solved the question of how to irrigate lands in the Sacramento valley at a nominal cost. He tried wind-mills and horse-powers till he was convinced that steam-power was better for ordinary use. The firm of TruipiaTi; ~ls-ham it Hooker supplied' hini with an I X L Engirie and pump for $225 laid do4n in Gridley. This is a well-made, and compact machine, which Mr. Norman ha« tested for three months, and is highly pleased with it. He lifts the water 40 feet high, averaging about 3,000 gallons an hour,while he can pump .5,000 gallons an hour where the \vator is only pumped high enough for irrigation. He says, three wheel-bai'rojy loads of wood will run it for a dity, and his only repairs cost but 75 cents. This steam engine is very simple in its construction, and a boy ten years old can run it. It is cvideritly just the thing for those who de|iro to irrigate fruit trees and vines or to water largo numbers of cattle or horses.—Orovillo Register. Subscribe for tho South Rivert , side Bee, $L50 a year, $i.i)Q for six months, and learn all abbut^ Southern California. Wo are indebted to the Pacific Fruit (.frowor and the Rural. Californian of Los Angeles, and thé Press and Horticulturist of Riverside for courtesies extended in the use of cuts. , Mr. T. T. Eyre is marketing his guava crop at $2 per bushel,- and regret.s that he did not set out, last year, 5,000 trees instead • of 500, as he is confident he could find buyers for iiny quantity .of fruit. Ho has one tree of sour g\iavas that take the preferancc for jelly, and lie is taking pains tq reproduce it frani thè seed, having planted several thousand. Mr¡. Eyre is thus realizing cash froni a crop planted out just a year '^o, a\iuick enough return in all fliinscîerioç, when wo consider that the brily expense he incurred was to gôr arOurid and dig up the young Çuàvh.'i where' ever ho could find them: and. SQ't t^eni; out. They grow everywhere dowin here—in the foncé ç^nor8,ùn. Üió side, in" tliè woods' ìilleys arid by ways. —Fort Myers (Fifí.IPress. $3,600 will buy a Siock Range, GO head of cattle now on tho place, 160 stands of bees, two honey tanks, extractor,&c. House of five rootnô. " 30 acres of tillablo land. This Range wilLcarry 100 head of stock, and is ono of the best beo ranches in the country. Enquire,^ï>#^A. H. Brown, Tenaèscal, San Bernardino Co., or HèrbTX! Foster So. Biver-sidejCalif» -

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