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Bakersfield Californian (Newspaper) - May 1, 1970, Bakersfield, California THE WEAIHEB Temperatures High Yesterday 77 Low Today 54 Expected Uich Today Expected Low Tomorrow Expected High Tomorrow 90 Sunrise Sunset pm Rainfall Total Season Normal Isabella Dam Reservoir acrefeet Kern Elver Flow In 880 cfs Out 722 cfs Forecast Continued fair today and Warmer temperatures and 83 10 CENTS PER COPY MONTHLY DELIVERED MAY SIX SECTIONS 52 PAGES 274 KEEN PRODUCTION Assessed Value Aerlculture Bank Deposits BuildinB Permits Population Telephones Kern Couniy Board of Trade Figures Second Class postage paid in Bakeri Published dally by The Bakcrsfield Californian at 1707 Eye Send Form 3576 Cbange of Address to Bin California President Explains Decision WASHINGTON AP In a stunning turn of Presi dent Nixon has launched a surprise offensive by and South Vietnamese troops against North Vietnamese and Viet Cong sanctuaries in He declared the assaults were essential to save American continue his Vietnam troop withdrawal and help end the Nixon announced his controversial decision to the nation Thursday in a dramatic televised speech in which he acknowledged it might make him a oneterm president but argued the stakes were too high for political Whether I may be a oneterm he is insignificant compared to whether by our failure to act in this crisis the United States proves itself to be unworthy to lead the forces of freedom in this critical His decision was immediately assailed by a number of leading although some others praised In the Im mediate aftermath of the speech there was no doubt Nixon faces a bitter and prolonged battle in the A White House official said the thrust into Cambodia should last six weeks to two Thousands of and South Vietnamese troops are engaged against an estimated enemv force of Nixon charged the Communists in the last two weeks have been overrunning Cambodia and turning it into a vast spring board for attacks into South He promised that once enemy forces are driven out of these sanctuaries and their military supplies we will But no one in Washington could predict how much of a fight the enemy forces would put up or how long the expanded phase of the war would The reactions of Moscow and apart from expected angry were also ad mittedly In words which seemed to recognize the risks of Russian and Red Chinese Nixon sa1 These actions the strikes into Cambodia are in no way directed at the security interests of any Any govern ment that chooses to use these actions as a pretext for harm ing relations with the United States will be doing so on its own responsibility and at its initiative and we will draw the ap propriate Congressional leaders were briefed by the President and some Cabinet members immediately before the There was no evidence they had been consulted before the decision was Nor was there any evidence that other than South had been Informed officials said Premier Lon Nol of who had asked Nixon for arms and military had not asked for In Cambodian officials said the action would be Nixons decision drew immediate fire from Senate advocates of disengagement from the war and from foes of any ex pansion in such criticism as reckless and But Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania called on the nation to trust the President who alone has all the see 10 NATIONAL Mississippi Bans TV Show NEW ORLEANS IB Sesame a nationally syndicated program for preschool has been banned on Mississippis public educational television system be cause of its highly integrated The TimesPicayune said In a dispatch from its the news paper said the Mississippi Commission for Educational Television reportedly voted 3 to 2 against the Mailmen Threaten New Strike WASHINGTON II A dissident group of the National Association of Letter Carriers voted Friday to resume postal strikes if Congress does not enact a promised additional 8 per cent pay raise by May The vote was taken at a meeting conducted by Gustave New York letter carriers official who led the postal walkouts there several weeks Mafia Pickets FBI Office NEW YORK tn A picket line that appeared ia front of the Manhattan office of the FBI Thursday was led by reputed Brooklyn Mafia boss Joseph Time Has Come for Italians to Take a Why Are Only ItalianAmericans Involved in Organized and FBI Why Frame Italians read their Wirephoto President Nixon poses in the White Hou after his announcement to the nation that American ground troops have at his a Communist complex in Nixon points to area of Vietnam and Cambodia in which the action is taking ON INDOCHINA WAR Senate Unit Asks Talks With Nixon WASHINGTON UPI The Senate Foreign Relations Committee today asked for a meeting with President Nixon on the war in Indochina the first such request in 51 The committee action came as criticism mounted on Capi tol Hill to Nixons decision to send American combat troops into By unanimous the Foreign Relations Committee sent a letter to the White signed by Chairman William expressing the feeling that on a matter of this importance a top level conference is The committee asked Nixon to arrange a meeting at his earliest The last time such a conference was requested and held was in 1919 when Woodrow Wilson was Presi The subject then was the League of Nations and World War I peace Fulbright declined to make public the text of the com mittee but recalled the groups unanimous statement Thursday expressing the feel ing that expansion of In dochina fighting into Cam bodia was a grave develop He said the committee wanted to discuss the implications of it with the We always hope for an Fulbright We believe we have a constitutional responsibility to participate in these very grave Nixons decision found some support in Congress and but criticism cut across party lines and was A monstrous said Harrison Wil A mistake of tragic echoed Charles R Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield said the action puts a Vietnam settlement beyond the scope of the Paris It may well lengthen the widen it into an dochinese increase casualties which now number almost dead and almost Mansfield Eugene He expressed concern increasingly clear that Presi dent when he came to office in had no policy about ending the war in Viet said It has become Communist China might now Vice President Spiro Ag new predicted in a speech minutes after Nixon finished his address Thursday night announcing direct combat intervention in Cambodia that the Presidents decision would evoke a new wave of dissent some of it by selfseekers and enemies of the Presidents Decision Finds Criticism on Capital Hill WASHINGTON AP President rejected the great bulk of domestic political advice and accepted foreign policy risks in his surprise decision to send ground troops into The storm signals were already flying high on Capitol Hill when Nixon made his disclosure Thursday nig Critics of his policy were pick ing up support and many Nix on backers were cautioning against his going beyond support for South Vietnams previously announced foray in to Sharp limits must be set on any aid to was how Harry Byrd put Sending troops into Cambodia goes beyond that he Nixon was admittedly aware of the political future at and ne sought to allay fears that his decision ran against his campaign pledge to end the war and tiring the boys home from Vietnam The strike would be on ly he It was against North Vietnamese in territory they held andthus not an invasion of Cambodia it would save American help bring about peace and allow the continuation of his GI withdrawal Under Nixons American forces will pull out of Cambodia in six weeks to two months after smashing the enemy But he still runs a risk of foreign developments that could upset his timetable or otherwise damage his Vietnam White House officials disclosed that one of these possible Red Chinese decision to enter the conflict as she did in the Korean been con The Nixon it was was the risks were greater if the North Viet namese were not hit in Cam Other risks boomerang from violatirg Cambodias Cambodia says it did not accept and will protest the Vietnamese at The White House portrays this as an understandable posture for a neutral Cam bodia wanting to avoid han ding the Communists a pretext for taking over Phnom the capital It also says Cambodian officials in fact welcome anything that removes the Viet Cong from their further escalation of the war by North In the Nixon administration could step up the fighting for a limited But what the North Viet namese expend on this would have to be subtracted from their planned summer of fensive in S oat t h Viet their sanctuary in Cambodia they will not have the means to do involvement by the Soviet Union on Hanois The White House reasons that while Moscow will be tempted to score propaganda advantage from what was termed a technical incursion against the Soviets will weigh its overall position see 10 American Troops Cross Fishhook SAIGON AP More than American and South Vietnamese troops pushed deeper into two areas of Cam bodia today but for the most part encountered only light It appeared that the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong had anticipated the allied drives and pulled back to the American combat troops and the Air Forces big B52 bombers extended then operations into Cambodia to day for the first time in the Vietnam war in an attempt to smash the headquarters of the Communist high command for South After an advance bom bardment by about 35 B52s and nearly 100 artillery pieces at nine firebases along the a force of about Americans and South Vietnamese crossed this morning into the Cambodian area known to the military as the 70 miles northwest of Hundreds of tanks and armored person nel carriers were in the force resistance was light and scat and advance units penetrated 20 miles into Cam About 55 miles to the one of the four South Vietnamese task forces that invaded the Parrots Beak area of Cambodia Wednesday linked up with Cambodian troops defending the provincial capital of Svay and the South Viet namese and Cambodian com manders This force had advanced 30 miles into Cambodia along Highway The other three South Viet namese forces were sweeping the Parrots Beak area for enemy base A total of South Vietnamese troops were in the four and about 100 advisers were the only Americans with But American helicopter gunships and artillery were supporting The South V ietnamese military command claimed 462 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops killed Wednesday and Thursday in the Parrots a claim other sources said was Field reports said 32 South Viet namese had been and 168 South Vietnamese and three Americans The first casualty report from the Fishhook said two observation helicopters of the 1st Air Cavalry Division were shot down early in the Actress Inger Stevens was found dead Thursday in her Hollywood Police said a friend found the body of the 36yearold She is shown in March when she was awarded the Golden Globe for the best tv perfonnance by an AP wirephoto Sleep Pills Blamed in Actress Death HOLLYWOOD AP Inger blonde Swedishborn actress who often complained of loneliness despite a busy career and fre quent is dead at The talented clad in a was found on the kitchen floor of her ranch style Hollywood Hills home Thursday by her longtime friend and Lola Coroner Thomas Noguchi said death was caus ed by acute intoxication from a common in gredient of sleeping Miss who lives in the Stevens home but was away for the said she talked with the actress by telephone Wednesday night and all seemed But upon receiving no answer to a call Thursday she went to the Miss she opened her eyes and tried to but She was pronounced dead en route to a hospital in an am Miss a native of came to the United States with her parents at the age of She got to Hollywood in 1956 and found almost instant Yet in 1959 she tried to take her own see 10 and one crewman was slightly Both helicopters were The offensive launched today was under tne command of Robert assistant com mander of the 1st Air His task force included four maneuver three South Vietnamese airborne the llth Armored Cavalry Regiment and a South Vietnamese armored Associated Press cor respondent Jay Sharbutt reported from the command post at Quan in South that a threeprong thrust was under way from Route 7 to seal off a triangular area running 20 miles east to west and 12 miles southeast to The operation plan called for infantrymen to sweep through the perhaps taking as long as six weeks to two months to destroy whatever North Vietnamese and Viet Cong base camps they Their main target was the jungle command post for all Communist military and political operations in South known as the Cen tral Office for South or But COSVN is a mobile command and senior South Vietnamese of ficers said it had moved deeper into Cambodia several days apparently in an ticipation of the American of The offensive began at Saigon an hour and a half before President Nixon went on the air to announce see 10 NY Stocks Take Big Plunge NEW YORK Stock market prices dropped sharply in opening trading The Dow Jones industrial average had plunged points to by a hah hour after the opening Declines were outrunning advances by about a 3 to 1 margin on the New York Stock Analysts had predicted in itial heavy selling in light of President Nixons Cambodia speech Thursday nigh I they said investors eager to buy at lower prices could possibly push the market forward in later Opening Big Board prices included down to American down to down 7f cents to down to and General down 50 cents to The stock market failed lo keep a oneday rally goint Thursday and the DOW average of 30 industrials slipped to Reader Index Paee Sec Business and Finance 47 5 Classified38 5 Comics32 4 Editorial20 2 Features 21 2 Metropolitan Section 11 2 Oil 47 5 Radio 8 1 Sports 27 4 Television 8 1 Theaters 9 1 Vital Statistics46 5 Womens 23 3
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