Northwest Arkansas Times, September 16, 1968, Page 7

Northwest Arkansas Times

September 16, 1968

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Issue date: Monday, September 16, 1968

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Publication name: Northwest Arkansas Times

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Northwest Arkansas Times (Newspaper) - September 16, 1968, Fayetteville, Arkansas N. But Are., ITsyetterflk, Arimui 7BM PhiM BOkmt MMt MlkM every except by FAYETTEVILLE DEMOCRAT PUBLISHING COMPANY Fended Jne dug Postage Psid at Fayetteville. Arkansas MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Auociated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of ill news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this pa- per and also the local news published herein, All rights of republication of special dispatches herein are also reserved._______________________ SUBSCRIPTION RATES Per Week (by carrier) 35c Mafl rates in Washington, Benton, Madison counties Ark. and Adair County, Okla. I months 6 months 1 YEAH 114.00 City Box Section...............................116.00 Mail in counties other than above: months 6 I9.50 1 YEAB 4 Monday, September 16, 1968 The Ultimate Responsibility An issue that has been mired in subjective reaction for well over a year now, comes to a head tomorrow afternoon in the council room of the City Planning Commission. A public hearing is scheduled at that time on the matter of municipal zoning accommoda- tion for future fraternities and sororities at the University of Arkansas. Specifically, up for decision are two items of considerable importance to the future in- tegrity of planning in Fayetteville. One is a proposed amendment to the city's zoning or- dinance. The second involves the creation of a site for location of sororities seeking to come on the University campus. The first consideration would allow the city to approve of fraternity and sorority housing in a wider range of residential areas (R-2, R-3, and under a special set of standards and conditions. Under the pres- ent ordinance, sororities and fraternities arc allowed to build only in the least restrictive residential classification (R-4) and under somewhat loose minimum standards and con- ditions (as far as legal enforcement is con- The potential danger in rezoning prime residential neighborhoods to allow fraterni- ties and sororities, at the present time, lies in the fact that, such rezoning also permits the worst sort of apartment or tenement con- struction. That this is not a real danger, however, 5s reflected in the uniformly excellent build- ings that house the group of sororities on the University campus. In any event, the pro- posed change in ordinance removes even that reservation. It merits quick approval, re- gardless of other considerations. A second important issue to be resolved by the planners tomorrow deals with the spe- cifics of setting aside a strip of land along Cleveland Street as a site for those sororities as may come on the Arkansas campus in the next decade or two. In spite of a regrettable reluctance to co- operate on the part of the University (indeed, the chairman of the Board of Trustees ad- vised the city some months ago that the Uni- versity desired in remain detached from the entire fina.l responsibility inevitably belonged to the city in providing creative planning leadership regarding overall plan- ning, land use and zoning. In this case the city is being railed upon by necessity to aid and abet the orderly growth of the University and its institutions. It should do no less. Optimism Rules Auto Industry By RICHARD SPONG (Editorial Research Reports) The word from Detroit is that everything's coming up roses. Inasmuch as the automobile in- dustry is a bellwether of Amer- ican business, the news is par- ticularly good as the economy heads into the uncertainties of an election campaign and the effects of the new tax bite. Earlier this year an invest- ment survey suggested: "The long-range outlook for the auto- mobile industry still appears to be favorable. We expect in- creased demand for both cars and trucks in the United States during the next several years. Although some overseas mar- kets are weak, we believe that foreign subsidiaries will achieve significant overall growth in the future." In a four-page statement of Sept. 5, James M. Roche, chair- man, and Edward N. Cole, pres- ident, of General Motors said the market in the coming model year "could reach 11 million units, including 9.25 million passenger cars and 1.75 million commercial vehicles." Later es- timates indicate that both the 1968 and 1969 calendar years will surpass the 1965 peak of 9.3 million passenger units. "Ward's Automotive Reports" suggests that the automobile in- dustry will continue to bolster the economy at least through the end of the year. The in- dustry oracle reports that auto- makers are scheduling October production at an all-time peak of assemblies, topping the Cars of October 1965 and rising 16 per cent higher than any previous October. "Ward's" says: "The October schedule is the first tip-off to what looks like a significant contribution by the auto indus- try to the general economy dur- ing October-November- Decem- ber." Time They Aeeejfted JBy PUP Aim, Emphasis Changing In Negro 'Revolution' Be Safe An elderly resident of Fayetteville stood anxiously looking first east, then west along Lafayette Street a few mornings ago, search- ing for a moment when it would be safe to cross to the other side. At length she made a dash, just as a young fellow, apparently late for class, zoomed up from the east side of College. Tile driver could have gotten the old lady, but he slowed clown and let her make it safe- ly across. This, we think, is to be com- mended. Among other little known rules of the road, which involve elemental rules of safety and courtesy as may account for the fact that they are so obscure in practice one requiring that intersections be left clear of traffic in cases of stalled, or slow moving lines of vehicles. It is a fretii'pnt sight in Fayetteville to find traffic backed up more than a block (from the signal light on College Avenue west along Maplo Street past Highland Avenue, for All too often a line of cars jam together at one corner and close off the next intersection in their eagerness to get past the signal light at its next green light cycle. Courtesy for the driver attempting to cross the line of traffice dictates that the in- tersection be left clear. Safety is involved, too, in as much as emergency bulance, police or fire some day need to get through on a matter of life am! death. Last, but not least, litllo kids on their way home from school and little old ladies In tennis shoes, (cm deserve a chance to pet across with some degree of safety. Evidence Is In We've been rioing a bit of undercover re- this fall, as students teem back to town. We haven't been able to determine yet if they nil have two ears each, or if it just seems that way. We have established, however, beyond much doubt, that the co-eds prettier and younger than ever. We have corroborated this evidence with number of older male acquaintances. The automobile business eats up 2C per cent of all the steel consumed in the United States. More than 60 per cent of all rubber used in the country is accounted for by Detroit and its satellites. One of every six firms in the nation is in some way part of the automobile business. Mak- ing, selling, maintaining, and using automotive vehicles puts more than 13.5 million people to work. The automobile busi- ness keeps millions of others employed in related activities. The optimism emanating from Detroit is entirely characteris- tic. The big makers always pre- dict sales rises in September. Nevertheless, little in the econ- omic outlook stands to prove them wrong this year. As the model season opens, all companies will have a good supply of new cars Sn dealers' hands for introduction. Sales have been running at record levels for the past four months. In recent weeks, executives of the Big Three and American have estimated the pace will continue to be strong into 1969. Prices will be up, in part be- cause of new safety equipment. At the same time, the market will be even more "fraction- alized" than ever, as they say in Detroit. That is, there no longer are low, medium, and high price levels. The competi- tion goes all the way up and down the line. Detroit confidence is based on high employment, rising in- come, and increasing consumer spending on goods and services. Considering the influence on the economy of the car industry, the news from Detroit is good news just about everywhere. Questions And Answers Q-Who published the first newspaper cartoon in America? Franklin in his Pennsylvania Gazette in 1754. The illustration depicted the colonies as the parts of a dissected snake. The caption read, "Join or Die." favorite pastime ol the Middle Ages is still an of- ficial state sport in the United States? the official state sport of Maryland. is unusual about Co- lombia's coastline? is the only South Amer- ican country that faces both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. David Livingstone buried in Africa? native followers buried his heart beneath the tree under which he died. His body was taken to England where it was honored by burial in Westmin- ster Abbey. is the nation's larg- est academic library? University Li- brary with 7.6 million volumes. Second largest is Yale and third the University of Illinois. Q-Whlch is the oldest at- lant winged insect? cockroach. ances- tors were important on earth ns long as 300 million years ago. THE WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND New Reports Add To Flap Over UFOs By DREW PEARSON JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON Dr. Edward U. Condon is putting the final touches to a re- port on flying saucers which al- ready has space scientists in an uproar. Under Air Force contract, the respected 66-year-old physicist has directed a University of Col- orado study of the flying saucer mystery. The Condon report will present a painstaking, cspe-by- case analysis of flying saucer sightings and will conclude that these offer no "hard evidence" of visitors from outer space. However, (he opposite conclu- sion has been reached by a se- nior University of Arizona phy- sicist, Dr. James E. McDonald, who has been conducting his own independent study of uni- dentified flying objects. "My position." he said, "is that UFOs are entirely real, with the strong possibility that we are under surveillance by an extraterrestrial intelligence." He has interviewed dozens of witnesses around the world who have reported seeing flying saucers. The separate descrip- tions they gave him are re- markably similar, he told this column. Even before the Condon Re- port is published, space scien- tists already are taking sides with Dr. Condon or Dr. McDon- ald in a controversy that is growing increasingly acrid. Dr. Condon had no comment, but associates suggested that some flying saucer advocates might have a profit motive. Some specialize in writing books about flying saucers, and others would like to get money out of the government for flying sau- cer research. The Condon sympathizers charged that Dr. McDonald had urged a multi-billion-dollar gov- ernment spending program to find out whether UFOs are spacecraft from other planets. They also accused McDonald of using Naval funds, intended for atmospheric research, to in- vestigate flying saucers. Penta- gon regulations give the Air Force sole responsibility for UFO investigations. Yet McDon- ald spent the Navy's money, they charge, to visit Australia and Tasmania, where he inter- viewed 80 flying saucer wit- nesses. Dr. McDonald told this col- umn that his flying saucer re- search and his expenditures had been approved by the Navy. Meanwhile, it looks as if the Condon Report may exacera- bate the flying saucer controver- sy instead of settling it, as the Air Force ha.d hopes. prepared text. Finally, Park an- nounced at the 19th meeting mat he would break off the negotia- tions unless the American side made a new offer. The U.S. came back with a proposal that the crew be turned over to a neutral nation while an international commission, acceptable to both sides, inves- tigated the Pueblo incident. If the commission found that the Pueblo had violated North Ko- rean's territorial waters, the U.S. offered to apologize. As this is written the Korean Reds were still "studying" the U.S. proposal. In the past, how- ever, they had always de- manded an abject apology as the first condition. McDonald got hold of a pre- liminary memo, for instance, in which Robert J. Low, a former Condon associate, stated that the University of Colorado study would be conducted "almost ex- clusively by nonbelievers." McDonald cited this as evi- dence that the forthcoming re- port will be biased. He charged that Condon had formed his con- clusions in advance, then had set out to justify them. At press time, 20 secret meet- ings had been held at Panmun- jom, the Korean truce site, to negotiate the return of the 81 surviving crewmen who were captured last Januarv aboard the U.S. spy ship Pueblo. For the American negotiators, the talks had been frustrating and fruitless. Maj. Gon. Park Chunk Kuk, the sullen North Korean negotiator, invariably would read an insiiltintr slalp- ment about the "shameless act of aggression" committed by the U.S. Usually, he wouldn't even re- spond to the points raised by Maj. Gen. Gilbert Woodward, the chief American negotiator, but would stick grimly Over the years, the confronta- tions at Panmunjom have been so exasperating that the United States changes chief negotiators every six months. The truce agreement calls for military ne- gotiators, and the U.S. has com- piled scrupulously. But N o r t h Korea has sent in hard-bitten political negotiators in military uniform. As evidence, General Park, who for years had headed the North Korean delegation, can usually be stumped by raising a technical military question. The Communists have tried to turn the Panmunjom talks into a propaganda show. At the truce site, the North Koreans painted all their buildings green, then turned loose a flock of pigeons that had been trained to roost on green buildings. Communist guides would point out to visit- ing groups that the "doves of peace" would light only on North Korean structures. Once, the pigeons were lured (by tasty bird food, it is sus- pected) to land on South Ko- rea's mult i-colored Freedom House. The Communits fran- tically captured the errant doves and sent them north, presum- ably for a reindoctrination course. Hatlo's They'll Do It Every Time e A FEW RMS ASO 6REMADINE WA5TBIXINS HER POP ABOUT HER FAVORITE MUSICAL. KH'T THAT REALLY THAfS OUTS SQUARE! REALLY fiCJUWiE! NOW THE SOUND IS'SQJJASH THOSE GRAPES" THE WAY, YOUNG LADY- SP6AKING OF AND RECORD "CHIPS AMP DIM WELLES-HEARTED PAP BOU0HT THE RECORD FDR DAUGHTER'S BIRTH- SO WHAT ELSE IS HEW? By RICHARD L. WORSNOP Etifcrial RetMrcfc Repsrts WASHINGTON The Negro revolution in the United States has acquired a new moed and direction under new genera- tion of leaden. The old goal of integration assimilation of Negroei Into white American society is now widely rejected, at least for the time being, at a form of "painless genocide." The new goals include racial pride, cult- ural sepanteneH, and econom- ic and political self-sufficiency. The word "Negro" itself is fall- ing into disfavor. "Black" or "Afro-American" are often pre- ferred, especially among young- er people. Until around three years ago, the Negro civil rights movement was basically a middle class movement. The South was the principal battleground. Federal legislation in such fields as vot- ing, public accommodations, ed- ucation and housing was the major objective. Active partici- pation of white people in the movement was welcomed. The newly emerging Negro leaders, in contrast, seem con- cerned primarily with problems of the lower-class black ghettos of big cities outside the South. Civil rights laws are generally dismissed as irrelevant to the needs of ghetto blacks. White financial support of the move- ment is still accepted, but whites are less welcome than formerly in decision-making positions. Establishment of a distinct black cultural identity within white society is a key element in the movement to enhance the power of black people. Black cultural assertiveness can be seen in the growing popularity of African garments and of "Afro" or "natural" (as opposed to "processed" or artificially straightened) hair styles among young Negro men and women. The essence of black cultural identity is said to be "soul" an elusive quality that supposed- ly separates black Americans from white Americans. There is "soul food" chitlins and col- lard there are "soul singers" Ray Charles and Aretha Franklin. Above all, soul means "getting down to the nit- ty-gritty, that is, moving di- rectly to what is basic without guise and disguise." Black control of black ghettos has replaced integration as the immediate goal of most Negro leaders. The trouble is that big- city ghettos have many prob- lems akin to those of develop- ing nations. Would-be Negro businessmen usually lack the re- quisite managerial skills, in part because of past discrimination in hiring and promotion. Capital, always in short supply in the ghetto, has become scarcer than ever due to investors' reluctance to put money into riot-prone areas. Moreover, like most develop- ing naUoni, the ghetto suffers from a "brain drain." White in- dustry now actively recruits bright Negro college graduates. Ghetto businesses, almost al- ways small and marginally prof- itable, are rarely able to of- fer the graduates comparable opportunities. A prime complaint of Negroes is that they are caricatured in the entertainment media. As a result, it is charged, both white prejudices and black feelings of inferiority are reinforced. Until a decade or so ago, Negroes ap- peared in movies or on tele- vision only as singers, dancers, servants, or low comics. These old stereotypes have disappear- ed, but some critics maintain that they have been replaced by new ones. Today's TV stereotype of the black man is said to be the Negro "second banana." The pattern was set in the 1965 tele- vision season, when Robert Culp and Bill Crosby, the Negro comedian, co-starred in the high- ly successful adventure series "I Spy." Since then, several other dramatic series with Neg- ro supporting players have been introduced "Mission: Imposs- ible" with Greg Morris; "Iron- with Don Mitchell; "N.Y.- with Robert Hooks, among others. In each case, the Negro actor plays a clearly sec- ondary role with respect to a white star or stars, and he rare- ly is involved in a romantic sit- uation. Similar criticism has been di- rected at the recent films of Sidney Poitier, who was ranked fifth among the top male movie stars in terms of box-office ap- peal in a recent poll by "Box- office" magazine. Poitier, his critics charge, is creating a "Noble Negro" stereotype, for example, in "Lilies of the for which Poitier won a best-acting Oscar in 1963, the actor portrayed a good-humored drifter who helped a group of foreign-bom nuns to build a church. Both the plot of the movie and Poitier's role in it were criticized as a typical of the current racial situation in this country. However, both mass media appear to be responding to cri- ticism of this sort. One of this autumn's new television series will be "The whose two stars portray a former slave and a former slave owner team- ed as bounty hunters in the post-Civil War West. Advance reports say that the two men rarely will be cordial to each other. "Up a movie now in the final stages of shoot- ing, will show the activities of black militants in the Hough area of Cleveland. The film, with a virtually all-black east, is said to be the most "daring" film about Negroes yet produced in this country. A young black actor in the movie predicts that "It's gonna blow whitey's mind." The Delicate Task Of Crowd Estimates ByARTBUCHWALD WASHINGTON Now that the presidential election cam- paign is off and running, we are starting to get our first reports on crowd estimates. Estimating the size of crowds that come out for a presidential candidate is one of the most exacting sci- ences there is, and can have a tremendous psychological effect on the outcome of the election. I talked to Selwyn Schacain- ery, the best-known crowd esti- mator in the country, the other day. He said, "Crowd-wise, the 1968 presidential campaign should be as interesting as any in American history." "Why is asked him. "You've got added factors this year that you haven't had be- fore. In the past you assumed that most of the people who turned out for a presidential candidate were for him. But this year you may have more peo- ple turn out to demonstrate against the candidate than to hear what he has to say." "Will you include the demon- strators as part of the crowd "You have to. A crowd's a crowd and I'm not concerned what the'ir reasons are for be- ing there. My job is to esti- mate the number and if I can come within an accurate figure, give or take then I've done my job." "Is there that much leeway in crowd "That's not a lot when you've got an election at stake. Before the age of the professional crowd estimator, the news me- dia were dependent on c r o w d figures given out by the police. In a Democratic city a Republi- can was always shortchanged, and in a Republican city the Democratic candidate was giv- en a bad count. "But now, thinks to the sci- ence of crowd counting, it's im- possible for any hanky-panky to take place. Each candidate hires his own crowd estimator and the figures are official." "But if you're paid by a pres- idential candidate, aren't your totals "Absolutely not. All licensed crowd estimators take an oath that they will tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but tha truth, so help them God. Our ethical standards are very high and if we find anyone overesti- mating a. crowd he can be de- mobbed." "How do you go about esti- mating a crowd during a presi- dential "First you check the route the candidate is going to take. Then you multiply the width of the sidewalk by length and you figure how many bodies this will hold. You add this to the square of the plaza where tha candidate is scheduled to speak, and then you add 10 per cent to whatever figure tha opposing presidential candidate claimed he pulled in that city. Once you get the total you immediately give it out to the press." "You really have to be an I said in amazement. "It's very ainery admitted. "Most presi- dential candidates like to go through a city at lunch hour, and this complicates the count because you really can't count people who are going to lunch as part of the crowd, can "I guess you can't." "Well that's how wrong you he said. "If anyone chooses to go to lunch when candidate's in town, he gets counted whether he likes it or not." "Then if you're a Republican and Humphrey comes to town, the best thing to do is to Keep off the streets until he "That's true. And U you're for Humphrey and Nixon comes to town, I wouldn't even look out of the window." ;

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