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Northwest Arkansas Times (Newspaper) - April 21, 1945, Fayetteville, Arkansas THE WAR TODAY DEWTTT MACKENZIE-" With the mighty Kussian bnt- .tlc-front again surging forward the strategy to follow junction of Muscovites western Allies becomes the question of the day. The Reich is slashed in two what then? Well, we remain in much the same position forecast by General Eisenhower and his com ma ndors it hi n the last few days. That ts to say, there still are a lol of isolated pockets of GeVmans to clear up. Tn short no calendar and say: ''This is (he man can put his finger on the date of V-E Day." That's n keen disappointment to a lot of home-front folk who jumped to the conclusion, from the speed of the Allied tank columns, that the war was over. However, we shall do well to swallow this strong mustard and make up our minds that there's still some distance t Of. course, if II i tier should suddenly change his mind and de- cide to surrender as head of gov- ernment, that presumably would end all German resist- ance. However, up to now he every sign fighting to the cml and there is no other body of Germans who could speak for the many pockets of resistance in the matter of surrender. So we must continue cleaning house. With the enemy divided into two zones the southern theater will comprise Hitler's fortress in the Bavarian Alps near his Derch- lesgaden home, and the northern will be made up of large pockets along the coast clear to Norway. We must link Hitler's last stand in the Alps with Hint of. the Ger- man army which is fighting in Northern Italy. The Allied forces on the peninsula are now in the full swing of an offensive to annihilate the Hitlerites. How- ever, the latter have n strong folce some 25 German divisions and about five Italian divisions and the advantage of terrain which is cut by numerous rivers. 1 should say we have here the prospects of a tough and bloody battle. Now as to the German stand in the far north: There is no rloubt that the Nazis intend to defend the capital so long as pos- sible not an eviable task in view of the way the Allies arc closing in on both sides and are threatening to cut the German corridor previously mentioned. When the capital succumbs, the defenders will do their best to retreat to one of the pockets on the north coast. The measure of Iheir success is highly problcmat- ical, because the Russians arc driving hard to cut the German line above Berlin and thus sur- round the forces holding the Organization Open To Nations Promised Bristol, England, April Prime Minister Churchill declar- ed today "a world organization which we must build and shall build will be free and open to all the nations of the world." Speaking only a few days be- fore the opening of the world se- curity conference at San Fran- cisco, Churchill asserted that "na- tions must live in peace nnd jus- tice with one thus en- visaging the ultimate inclusion of even present enemy nations in a world peace organization. 'There must be always the necessary- force to restrain ag- lie said. QffitfalI Stale Tribute to Mr. Roosevelt I i'.tle Rock, April 21-M'J-Ar- J kansas paid official tribute to Franklin D. Roosevelt yesterday in a ceremony on the steps of the Capitol. Governor I.aney. i Male Supreme Court Chief Jus- lire Griffin Smith and ministers .if nil faiths eulogized the depart- ed leader. _ Governor I.aney said. His deeds will always be remembered md his achievements arc a chal- to us to dn our THE PUBUC INTEREST IS THE FIRST CONCERN OF THIS NEWSPAPER Local Fi.ycUeville and vicinity; Cloudy ami .shov.-or-i tonight and Associated Press Leased Wire Service Associated Press Feature Service VOIUME 83, NUMBER 230 FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY EVENING, APRll 21, 194S PRICE FIVE CENTS U. S. and Soviet Troops Near Union Prisoners Burned And Killed Before Town Falls German Guards Responsible For Atrocity Bodies Sprayed With Flaming Acetone And Set On Fire By HAI, BOYLE Thekla, Germany, April 20- charred bodies of 220 polilical prisoners who were sprayed with flaming ace- lone and burned and shot to death just before American troops cap- Hired this Leipzig suburb still were sprawled today in postures of agony. Some lay in Ihe ruins of the concentralion camp barracks. Olh- ers were caught on Ihe shan spikes of barbed wire enclosing Ihe camp. Of 324 Polish, Russian, Czech Yugoslav, French and llalian po- lilical prisoners in Ihe camp only about BO survived. A Czech barbe who managed lo short circuit thi electrically charged barbed, wir enclosure led them to safety. This atrocity took place in plant No. 3 of Ihc Erla works, which made Messerschmitt airplane parts. The camp, in Ihe middle of Ihe; factory buildings, was a di- vision of the notorious Buchen- wald "murder factory" near Wei- mar, From here the Germans were marching prisoners by the hun- dreds to points farther cast until last Saturday. When guards learn- ed the United States Ninth Ar- mored Division had swung around east of Leipzig they decided to deslroy the'last 324 left on Iheir hands. Toms Is Back, His Funeral Big Mistake Greensboro, N. C., April f Tom, 13-year-old feline favor- te could talk, he'd probably pull he Mark Twain gag about news of lis death being exaggerated. When he failed to appear and the Benjamin Harrels found a carcass in a storm sewer that .coked like Tom, he was buried in .he garden, with floral wreath and all. But Tom came back. Jlc'd jeen locked in a neighbor's cellar. Center of Berlin Under Big Guns of Advancing Russians Capital Being Asch Captured By Forces Of Ilirkry Is Married A former All-Scm'.hwcst Con- ference football nnd basketball Mar at the University, Ensign Howard Hickey. and Miss Ccilia Smina of Clarksvillc were mar- ried in Clarksvillc Thursday, the Associated Press reports. Ilk-key was a star end on the 1938, '39 and elevens and played stirtrd on the basketball team the same years. THE WEATHER Arkansas: Considerable cloudi- ness with scattered showers m ex- treme west portion this afternoon and in west and extreme south portions tonight and Sunday, not much change in temperatures. Missouri: Showers and thur.der- -.tnrms tonight and tomorrow. Thunderstorms ami rain snrf uimnrro... Some Escape "All were scheduled lo be killed that said the Czech barber, Carl Tykal. "But for some reason the guards de- cided to wait until the next day. During the night 30 men managed to climb over the fence. Most of them liid in holes and corners of the factory. "To get them out of hiding the guards went around the next day carrying big steaming cans ol potato soup and shouting that ail who came out would be fed. Most of those hiding were so hungry they fell for this trap. "There were almost 300 men ii the barracks. The guards saw tha soup was served to all and then while they were eating quickly nuns; blankets up outside the win- dows. Other SS men ran into two doors, threw cans of inflammable acetone over the prisoners, and then set the building'on fire. Shot As They Leave "It went up like a tinder box. 1 could hear my friends screaming and praying as the flames seared them and they tried lo run through the doors and climb through the windows. "The SS guards and one Ges- lapo man were ready. They fired into both doors and every win- dow.-' i I walked over to the ruins of j this 40 by 150 foot building and snw the charred skeletons, more than 25 at each door. They had burned into a mingled mass of bones. Two miles away young German mothers were trundling habies peacefully along American-pa- trolled streets. The barber continued: "So many prisoners managed lo run out of the building with their clothes flaming that the guards i began to throw in hand grenades I Some prisoners managed to craw out on hands and knees and burn- ed lo death blindly on rolls of 1 walked over and found four crisped, burned bodies resting on sharp spikes. One man had bitten his finger in [half in his agony. Another, whose sufferings were erased by a bullet j through his head, and stuffed the end of a burning cloth into hi: mouth. Blood from his head wound had run down and put out the. llames. Role Educators To Play After War Stressed Representative Of A.E.A. Speaks At District Session Role In the Future" was the theme of a dis- ;rict conference ot the Arkansas Congress of Parents nnd Teach- ers, here yesterday. There were 11 registered delegates from Washington county.'and 10 of the county's units were represented. Educators will have more re- sponsibility after the war, Carl Parker Little Rock, representa- .ive of the Arkansas Education Association, told the group. Many organizations will foe concerned with material things after the war; it is up to educators and groups likes the P.T.A. to em- phasize the importance ot ideas and ideals, he declared. A panel discussion on oppor- tunities of the P.T.A. in postwar planning for youth, led by K. S, Root, also emphasized the role of the P.T.A. in promoting ideas and ideals. Participating on the panel were Mrs. Henry Cochran, county Council president; Mrs. Harrison Hale, organizer of the first Arkansas J. U. Ken- nan, county superintendent; and Virgil Blossom, superintendent of Fayetteville public schools. Appointment Approved Local units of the association from Leverett, Wcstsicle and Washington schools gave skits P.T.A, meetings, including a model meeting with Mrs. Roy Guinn, president of the High School P. T.A., presiding. A resolution expressing ap- proval of the appointment of Dean Virginia Gildcrslecve as delegate to the United Nations conference at San Francisco was adopted. It vill be sent to President Truman, Dean Gildersleeve, Sen. J. W. Pulbright, Rep. J. W. Trimble and all delegates to the confer- ence. Awards were given to ou'.stand- ing units in the county at a luncheon at the Washington ho- ;el. Superior rating awards for iccomplishments during the past year went to Fayetteville High School, Jefferson, Leverett and Washington schools in Fayette- ville, Washington and the high school in Springdaie. Excellent rating awards were won by Wcstsidc school, Fayetteville, and West Fork. Huntsville, Lin- coln, Prairie Grove ami Oak Grove received honorable men- tion. The awards were presented by Mrs. R. D. Stevens. Musical numbers were given by the Fayetteville High School trio, I girls1 sextet anci Glee Club.! State officers present for the conference included the president, Mrs. Elston Leonard; Ircnsurer, Mrs. Edgar F. Difcon; parliamen- tarian, Mr. Root, fifth vice pres- ident and director of education, Mr. Rlossom; and tiie director of District One, Mrs. Nolan Rllter. Train Delayed The south-bound Frisco passen- ger train, due here at 6; 14 this morning, has been delayed seven hours, officials at the passenger depot here said this morning. Ap- parently high water resulting in J the derailing of n freight train Enveloped By Red Forces Suburbs Of City Are Entered As Battle To North Rages London, April 21-W-Thc Ger- mans said today that massive Rus- sian forces were enveloping Ber- lin through suburbs on the east, north and southwest, and were shelling the Potsdamer Platz in Ihe center of the doomed city. Soviet forces, by enemy ac- count, had fought their way into Berlin suburbs at five Bernau, Strausbcrg, Fuerslen- walde, Koenigs-Wuslerhausen and Zossen. The Russian drive to Bernau, three miles from the city limits, was announced by the German High command. This action con- stituted part of the northern en- velopment move against Berlin. In a swift penetration of Nazi defenses below the capital, other Russian forces advanced to posi- tions southwest of the capital, the German Transocean agency an- nounced. In this sweep the Rus- sians reached the vicinity Beelitz and Treucnbrietzen, re- spectively 12 and 22 miles south- west of Berlin's great south- western suburb of Potsdam, Truman Names Three to Official Posts ird Army President Truman has named these three men to Important posts. Matthew J. Connelly, led, ot Massa- chusetts, Truman's secretary when lie was vice president, was named presidential secretary in charge of appointments, John W. Snydcr, center, St. Louis banker, was named head of the Federal Lonn Admin- istration. J. Leonard Rcinsch of 'Illinois, who handled radio arrangements for the Democratic National Committee las! fall, was named to act as press and radio secretary with the title of adminis- trative assistant, to the president. The three arc shown leaving the White House, (International) The German hig'a command communique announced a 35-mile break-through by Marshal Ko- nev's First Ukrainian Army had reached Juetcrborg, 27 miles south of Berlin. To Ihc north tho First While Russian Army, making a frontal assault on Berlin, was battling Nazi defenders of the capital along the Fuerstenberg Strausberg Bernau line, the German high command said. Still farther north other Russian forces were declared, lo have forced two bridgeheads over the Oder between Schwedt and Stet- tin, guarding the northern ap- proaches to Berlin. 15 U. S. Ships Sunk in Month Guam, April on Southern Okinawa raged fiercely today as Japanese troops fought HERE AND THERE Btf THE OBSERVER Band Meet Opens With Marching Contest At Harmon Field; Parade at Stadium One explanation for the rusty, dirty water that comes out of some water pipes in city homes is that there has been so much rain that we are practically using rain water in our city pipes. This is much softer water than ordinarily we in FayeLtcvJlle have water system, and this soft water breaks loose particles of rust in the city mains and in hoi water heaters and so forth. Thus, when the faucets are turned on and the water starts circulating at a rapid rate, it snips off par- ticles of rust and this "muddies" the It seems that soft, water will do this where a harder water wil! not. At any rate, flush- ing out the hot water tanks and the mains helps temporarily. But vuwuj un soon along comes some more of a stubborn defense action aghinst that very snft water and more of three American divisions driving the same kind of unpleasant color _ toward Naha, the island's capital. Admiral Nitnitz' communique yesterday said 15 American ships of all types were lost during Oki- nawa operations between March 18 and April 18. The Japanese Sost 100 vessels, among them the ton battleship Yamata, Added to this total in son.land- air warfare were blasted Japanese planes. American losses included five; destroyers, a destroyer-transport, two mincer a a gunboat, four landing craft and two ammunition vessels. Fire Damages Home Fire starting from a short cir- cuit in the nlectrical wiring re- sulted in some damage lo the Roderick home at 231 South Lo- cust about 5 o'clock yesterday aftor noon, Firemen who ex li ng uishcd the blaze sriul thai a hole was burned through the floor and that one wall was damaged. becomes evident. Since we have bad already much more than half as much rain as we generally get in a whole year, and this is still the early part of weather prugnosti- cators of the amateur type are forecasting some very dry, hot weather ahead this summer. Looks like a bad year for crops fill the way 'round, is the way Victory gardeners hear it. .Surely they have hat! little or no chance get much out so far. Siloam Springs may hr.ve a new telephone exchange building. An independent company, the Unitti Telephone Company, tr.vns the1 exchange with the He! System operating lon% distance lines into their switchboards While most of us think of Ihc. telephone industry ns one gi cnncern. actually there ;irc I independent companies Opening at this .ilh a marching hand contest at larmon Field, the first annual jand meet of the Northwest Ar- kansas Conference got under way with Jl bands and three orches- ras representing eight high schools on hand. In addition to the band meet .ho yearly track meet with the [Julldogs as host was to bo off during the afternoon. Five ligh schools, Fayetteville, Spring- dale, Van Burcn, Alma and Rog- ers were to take part in the track and field events. During the morning, from R until the band concert con- tests were hold, while in another part of the building solos and mixed instruments were schedul- ed from until 11 o'clock. The track meet this afternoon was to open at 1 o'clock with a parade of all bands in Ilazorback stadium. Awards consisting of ribbons for individual winners and certifi- cates for bands and orchestr; II be given, high 'school offi- cials said. The awards will be sLmerior, excellent and good. Welcomers Named A Chamber of Commerce com- mittee to welcome two representa- tives of the National Geographi' magazine to this part of thi country has been appointed. Dr C. G. Tvlclton is chairman, and J. K. Gregory ami Sam Gearhar arc members of the committee An associate editor and a photog- rapher of the magazine are ir Arkansas working on materia for a story with pictures. Independents in this part of th stale include exchanges at Harri- son, Green Forrest, Berry villc, Uussellville and Clarksvillc. big power responsibility which to be written into the world or- itself the principle Mo., caused the I that on fimil (legions the major i delay. i nations should al all limes concur, Changes in Dumbarton Oaks Proposals af Conference Predicted Lt. Epperly, War iero, Dies In >lane Crash T.ieut. L. K. Epperly, 20, war Lero son of Mr. and Mrs. G. W of Fayctluvitlc, has been tilled near Swcclwatcr, Texas n the crash of a transport plan vhicrh took the lives of 11 oflicurs ind 14 enlisted men. His hotly will JR returned to Fayctteville Tor iLirial. Lieutenant Epperly was hack in he United States from service against tho enemy. He flew as Bombardier in a I1-2-J Liberator with a veteran group which took in more than 120 missions >f combat and won a unit cita- lion. He was the holder of an Air Medal awarded for his cour- age. He participated in bombing attacks against such key Nazi strongholds as Munich, Vienna, Linz nnd Budapest. He was home recently on leave, after his return from the war the atcr. Lieutenant Eppcrly had been in the Arrny Air Forces since hi-' enlistment December 15, 1942. He was commissioned at Victor Gal. A member or the Haplist church, lie is survived by his par- ents; bis paternal Silas M. Eppcrly; hi.s maternal grandparents, Mr- and Mrs. George W. Stout of Qu.'ipaw. one brother, Darnel Lee and two sisters, ami Mrs. Lloyd Leashor, the 1 alter of Kansas City. Funeral arrangements, under the direction nf Moore's Funeral Chapel, aye incomplete. Siin Francisco, April 21.-Wj- Thc big-four nations sponsoring the San Francisco security con- ference cut off the redoubt rom Czechoslovak war factories. 60 from Pilsen. Gen. ral Pntlon's troops farther south n Grafenworh were 58 mllej rom Pilsen nnd 125 from Prague. tu.sslan Guns Heard Red army front dispatches laid Uissian nnd United States patrols verc as close ns 25 miles south nf Berlin, and a junction on the Elbe 75 miles soulh of the Ger- man capital was believed imini- nenL Jt was clear that the two forces now coulrl meet almost at will, perhaps within the next 24 to 48 hours, A British correspondent with the United Slates Ninth Army rlp- clarcd the thunder of Russian gunn could be heard. Two (Ninth Array divisions opened a flank attack this morn' ing west of Wittcnberge, about midway between Berlin and Ham- burg, and thrust halfway through, the Gnrtowcr forest. The 84th Infantry, In a seven-mile gain, cleared Prezclle, 15 miles west of Wittcnbergo. The Fifth Armored Division gained up to three miles. Drive on Ports British Iroops wore a mile from the suburbs of Hamburg, second city oT Germany, and now domin- ated 20 miles of the Eibe south- east of the cily. The Canadian First Army tensified a drive on the naval porti of Emden and Wilhelmshav- en against bitter opposition. Polish tanks captured AschendorJ on the railway to Emdcn, and patrolled into Papcnbvirg, 20 south of Em- den, Germans deepened flood wat- ers along their Grebbe line in Holland guarding the great cities of Utrecht, Amsterdam, The Hague, and Rotterdam, but Canadians skirting the flood push- ed to within a mile north of Am- crsfoorl, 12 miles east of Utrecht. Other Canadian units were within three miles of Delfzijl, port on the Ems estuary opposite Kmden. Nuernberg was firmly Ameri- can-ruled today. Sixth Army p headquarters announced the Seventh Army had killed or wounded Germans and cap- tured more in Ihe bitter four-day battle for the city. I United Nations meeting open in in -San Francisco Wednesday. Toughest and gravest questio the long list of problems to h discussed by Molotov, Secretary of Stcttinius and British Foreign Secretary is Allied i policy nn Poland. There was some hope thai the Russians would hack down on their tvrice-pi'cscntcd demand I the present provisional j crnmenl in Warsaw be invited to S.m Francisco. American diplo- I mats were prepared to stand firm i in their refusal to admit the War- saw until it is reorganized jjlnr.s the lines laid down a! Yalta. Tin Can Pickup lo Move into West Side of Cily The '.in cnn pickup drive which stnrk'd Monday
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