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Northwest Arkansas Times (Newspaper) - April 19, 1945, Fayetteville, Arkansas THE WAR TODAY By DEWITT MACKQraE Our of Hie mufti unusual ques- tions our column has encountered ir. submitted by a distinguished citi7.cn who it like tin's: "There arc a lot of folk, in- cluding myself, who deeply rcgrcl tliat when tliis wrtr is over there s'ill be Gcrmntis loft alive. However, there arc others cliidc us for lilts feeling, Will you please explain why we are I ask you! My first iin- pu Isc was to dee! inc lo cl iscuss (he matter, on the ground Dial I might something which would incriminate me. Also, who am I to deprive any man of such ro- grols any more than 1 would de- prive my Scot tic of Ins tradi- tional right 1o one bite? However, the question is con.sidei n- ion, since presumably it has run Innmgh most minds. First off, otic can say thai the regret expressed is understand- able. This understanding is forti- fied when we i end o! such cur- rent horrors ns the German atroci- ties at the Gardelegen, Duchcn- wald and other concentration camps. The Germans who have been responsible foi suuli ;i1.focLlics and for iiuy other a r Kuill, in- c 1 u d i n the launching ol a war of aggres- sion, musl pay Iho penalty, Thai's one ol the chief aims pro- claimed by the Allies. I'll go further nnd say tbnt it would bO a bless- DEWITT MACKENZIE ing to humanity if some cataclysm should destroy Ihc entire Prussian race, JL's Prussian militarism which for genera I ions has tor- lured Ihc world with the aggres- sion IJiat has developed the cx- ct'oscucc of Nazi ism. Indeed, all Germans must slain! responsible morally for llio Hit- Jcriiin crimes, since Ihc peopl a whole at least have Londoticd his evil. However, (he Allied govern- run) particularly ihc Rus- sians, have differentiated bclwcci1 Ihc actual war criminals and the mass of tlie Germans who seem- ingly haven't been involved i war The Allies are on record a promising lhat no Viartn will come to those who aren't concerned in war guil'i. Tho people as a whole will get their punishment in un- conditional surrender, in occupa- tion of their country by AHied troops for many years, in repara- tions for Ihc damage their jumicp have iu Iho huge Gc- ma.n casualty list nnd tho dcsU'uc- Imn which has brought ID the Reich. A County To Keep Print Records Equipment Is On Order FiMgerpnnl records u'ill be kep the first time by county po- lice iti the near future, county officers said today. Sheriff C. I Clulley and his force have ordcrec full equipment for taking, tiling and Classify ing fingerprints. In the past only city police hnvc kept [i record of prints in thei arrests. lsrou-, however, county of- ficers will not onhr kt'ep finger- print rorords ol nil persons nr- rcsied by tlic county, but in ad dilion will be able to lake prinL from stolen cars, stores ;md other things. These prints will be checked ngninst Uic fonnty's records and with and federal police records. Chief Deputy Rill SaUcrficW, a former member of (he Military Police, received training in finger print work while in the army, an< will handle the work for the she.-, iff s office here. German Oliicer At Dermott Is Kilted Dallas, TCX.IF, April -Second Li. Werner Marganu Gorman officer held al the Der motl, Ark prisoner of war cam was shot ;uid killed April 11 he was discovered throwing-pack ages over n tcnce to non-cooper- ative prisoners, Fight h Service Command hcarViuarlcrs an- nounced yesterday. The Gcrmaii officer turned and ran aflev throwing n second pack- age to non-cooperative prisoners, who had been segregated from Iho.ic who nrc cooperative, the re- port A 5entry called to him to halt and then fired when the- prisoner continued to run. He was hit. in the head by one and died about an hour latcr. THE PUBLIC INTEREST IS THE FIRST CONCERN OF THIS NEWSPAPER Asiocia'sed Frets Leased Wire Service Atsoclated Feature Local Kayrllcvillp and vicinity: Most- ly '.'lourly Ion I gilt and tomorrow with scattered showers, slightly warmer tomorrow. Trace of rain. Hi fib, last 24 hours 30, noon 58, low A3. Sunrise iunacL VOLUME 83. NUMBER 228 FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 19, 1945 PRICE FIVE CENTS Crush G Ruh mencans oermans in Kunr; Soviets Within 18 Miles of Berlin Reds Establish Bridgeheads Over Spree Attack On Capital Of Nazis Reported On Gigantic Scale London, April Rus- ans have captured Scclow and Wriczen and advanced to within B miles of the eastern limits of Berlin, a Transocean broadcast announced today. Reporting a Aeries of deep penetrations in the four-day old lussinn offensive by Soviet soldiers, Berlin radio an- nouncements said Forst, a Ncissc river stronghold 65 miles south- east of Berlin, also had fallen. Berlin broadcasts reported lhat he Russians had established bridgeheads across the Spice, Ihc winding, lake-linking waterway which forms the most mil of Berlin's southeastern de- fenses. This crossing, il was in- licnled, was somewhere soulh of. CotLbus, perhaps near Sprembcrg, which is on the Spree. Tlie German communique as-' sci-lcil that the Russians were' alluckini; toward Berlin "with] men mid material an scale litherto unknown." acrmans Losing' Out German broatlctisls declared BOO Russian tanks had been knocked out in the four-day offensive, ranging from a point 30. miles south of Stettin lo the Czecho- slovak "Crosshitf attempts and artillery on Stettin arc indication.1; lhat the offensive will flare up in thiy rcgitm shortly." said one Gcrmaii broadcast. Among indications that the German situation deteriorat- ing rapidly was the Berlin ad- mission lhat the Nazi bridgehead on the east side of the Oder at Frankfurt hail been given up. While the Kremlin still was ..turn about these clashes, the Moscow radio said, "The curtain is falling on the European war and (he lime is at hand for the amiifi.s from the west and east to unite." The German transoccan agency said the Russians had developed a new, heavy breakthrough Unk and n new automatic yun of un- disclosed size, capable of fir-ing 325 rounds of ammunition a minute. The lank is fitted with a 180-mm lonn-rnngc gun and a large caliber grenade ihrower, the broadcast said. Bradley Would Let the Nazis Guess, New Move Twelfth Army Group Hcad- April Uradlcy said today his First, Third and Ninth armies had finished nnc phasic oE Ihc thrust into the heart of tho Reich and "it is lo pause temporarily before we go into the next." "Let the Germans as to what the next is going to he ?aid. Bradley said lhat in his opinion "wo will not be through until we have occupied all of Germany." Letters Returned From Prison Camp To Resident Here Severn! unopened letters ad- dressed to Capt. Warren Wnllers, a prisoner ol war in Germany, were recovered a.t a deserted German prison camp and have been returned lo his father, Clyde Walters, 230 Wesl Meadow street. The letters were found by Capt. Maurice Bedwell of Korl Smith, who knew Captain Warren and had been imprisoned in the camp with him. Captain Itadivcll cs- cnperl from ihe Germans and is now spending a 21-riay leave with his parents in Fort Smith. Closed As Army Trims Camps Thousands Of Hours Donated By Persons In This Locality The community conducted U. S. O. Club, located in tho base- ment of the Legion Hut, has been officially closed. This was an. notmced today by That! Howden, of the Washington county U, S. O. Council, Ilowdcn said lhat in a confer- ence with a regional U. S. O. executive, it waa agreed that Hie local unit has served its purposc. Only a small number of service men come to FoyeUevJMe over the weekends now, and there seems little likelihood that the number will increase. It is con- sidered doubtful lhat nny addi- tional training units will be ca- labliahed at the University, Rowden said, and since the camps located in the area n round Fay- etteville are rapidly closing out, there is no longer a need for a club in Fayeltevillc, This is not the only such club being closet! down, according lo Rowden. The financial support which has been re reived from the national ILS.O. lo help carry on the work of the local club ia being withdrawn, as in other cases where the clubs will cease functioning. This will make more money available for camp shows and other entertainment for Ihe men and women of the armed services now in other countries. wden said today that hun- dreds of Washington county peo- ple, girls as Junior hostesses and men and women RS senior hosLi and hostesses and Council mem- bers, have devoted o! hours to the work of the U.S.O. club here. It hns been staffed en- tirely by volunteers. He expressec appreciation especially to the American Legion and Auxiliary for their cooperation in donating building, paying for the utili- ties, and furnishing many persons lo operate 1iic unit, Mrs, Erncfl Atba and Mrs, Carrie l.ce, who have Fcrvcd as club directory especially deserve a vole Rowden said. Slill Discovered Jefferson CiLy, April 30-gallon whisky still has been discovered in the priion power- house, officials said Today. THE WEATHER Arkansas: Par LI y cloudy lliis after neon, tonight, nnd Friday; slightly warmer Friday and in north portion this afternoon and tonight. Missouri: Warmer tonight, scnl- 1 ercd show tomorrow, Oklahoma: Showers and thun- derstorms tonight nnd lonmrrow. Clothes Which Can Be Worn Sought For Collection Drive Under Way Give clothing for the United Clothing Collodion drive, bul only wearable, usable clothes. That is Ihc appeal going out Lo- rtnj-, SF another collection day ncars. Fridays have been set as the days when clothes may be lakcn to the elementary schools, and pupils call and collect those clothes which are available and where there is no way ol tak- ing them Lo The schools. Women sorting the clothes col- lected last Friday, this week have found n Rood was donated which is of no use, even for rags. This Uihcs ;ime of those workers sorting it, and has lo be disposed of. So the public which is giving clothing is asked to make gifts only of clothes which can be used by rnen, women and children in foreign countries, A large amount of clothing was collected last Friday, nnd prep- arations are being made to re- ceive ever, more tomorrow. The fire station is central headquarters and is accepting clothes lor the drive at any time. The schools collect it each Friday this month and Ihrjse who have no way oJ making deliveries of the clothing to the elementary schools may call and pupils will pick it up. Plans Fqr City Expansion To Be Discussed Merger Of Programs Will Be Considered By Leaders A first official peek will be taken tonight at a rna5ler city plnn prepared by L. M. McGoodwin and W. R. Spencer, under auspices of the Chamber of Commerce, at a meeting of the City Planning Soard, the City Council, nnd the Expansion Committee of the Chamber of Commerce. A possible merger ol this plan with the one originated by the City Planning Board, will be discussed. Jack Hyland, chairman of the Plannnig Board, will conduct the meeting. Med Cushion is chair- men dC Die Expansion Commilloe of the Chamber. The meeting will be held in the Council cham- ber at the City Administration bunding. Several months ngo Ihe Chnm- bcr of Commerce contracted with L. "M. McGoodwin and W. R. Spencer for a master plan of the cily, showing logical means for future expansion and suggesting needed additions to the city. This plan is practically completed, and will be discussed at tbc meeting tonight. The Planning Board nlso hns clrnvsi. up n master plan and pro- gram for postwnr expansion, list- ing 21 points whore repairs or additions to the present city are needed. Germans lo Gel "Solemn Warning" April ID- -Prime Minister Churchill announced to- day Ihal a "solemn warning" to the Germans against prison camp atrocities was being prepared to be issued over the signatures o( himself, Marshal Stalin and President Truman. The foreign secretaries Washington Vyacheslav Molo- tov for .Russia, secretory S'tettin- ius for the United States and Anthony Eden for Britain arc preparing the warning lo "bring home responsibility, not only to the men at the lop who arc al- ready on other grounds war crim- inals in many cases, bul also lo Iho actual people who have- done this foul work with their own Red Cross Still Taking Applications for Relief Applications for Red Cross sislancc in tornatlo nnd, flood dnm- age v.'iJ! be Inken up to April 26 it was announced: loday aL loca! headqnarlcrs. The assistance given will be based on the than the loss. Those desiring such help may apply at the Heel Cross offices, 209 Cravens Building, or sec MiJis Margaret Hatch in the Crosses area, where she is work- ing. A certificate Cor priority for needed materials may be neces- sary from the Red Cross for those who intend to do their own re- pair work, it was said. AH rehabilitation work is under the direction of national head- quarters. President and Family Living in Famous Blair House Above is shown tbc drawing room in the Blair House, where President and Mrs. Truman nnd thel daughter, Margaret, a college student, ore living until Mrs. Roosevelt nnd her family hnvo opportunity lo move" from Iho White House. Doors Ironi the drawing room open onto n terrace. The htnjse Is 12( years old, and is located just across the strccl from the Stato Department. Crowds, learning thnl Presi- dent Trumnn takes nn early morning walk from the residence to the White House, line the streets cheer him. Changes in Roosevelt Cabinet Within Few Days Seen; Kilgore May Be Named President Truman Vetoes First Bill Washington, April es idcnt Truman sent his first veti message lo today, dis- approving a bill he had signed as part of his rouiine duties as vice president. The measure proposed to refund to n. E. Grunstein ol Hud- son county. New Jersey in partial satisfaction of a Judgment against him on a forfeited hail bond on which he was a surety. Exalted Yardman Fremont, Neb., April Midland College President Fred C. Wiegman doesn't, grass lo grow under his students' feel. Students reported seeing Ihe ov- erall-clad president pinch-hitting lor a yardman. Okinawa Losses Nearly UN Navy Casualties Above Army's Guam, April naval, army and Marine casualties of in Ihc Okinawa campaign were reported by Admiral Nimitz today, as United States Marines overran the northern end of tliat strategic island and doughboys virtually ended the conquest of little Ic islet offshore. The rasualty a-' of yester- day, was 1.482 dead, wounded and missing. Thi.s dated back lo March IB when Vice Admiral MHsHier's carrier planes first be- gan sweeping the Ityukyiis and Japan itself to soften the way for (he Easier morning invasion of Okinawa. Japanese dead in Ihc grount! fighting on Okinawa Alone were killed and 3D! made pris- oner, counted up to midnight last Friday. Considerable heavy fight- ing has been in progress .since then. Naval casualties of for this action exceeded those of army and the Marines for the time in Ilic Pacific war. Fireman's Ball Slated May 9 al Uark The firemen of FaycLtcvillc v.i have their annual hall this yen on May 0 at the Uark theater, it was decided last nigh I at a meeting al the fire station. How- ard (Uiilriyj Allen find his hand veil] furnish the music, and there will be a floor show. Commit ices for Ihc ball were named. They are: fland, Jack Page, Ebb Carney, Frank John- son; Tickets, Marvin Murphy, Ellis Poorc, S. T. Russell, Jess Brashiers, Fcrul Hut ton and Car) Tune; Advertising, Oscar Mayer, Frank Kinkle and Ernest Dannor; Check Room, Arse I Polly, Paul Bush, Jim Nethtrlon and Allen Strain; Floor Show, Hal I.ar.e; Decorating, Curtis MrChriRtian, Lawrence Winkle, Frank Brown anrt Bill Kinsey. Fire Chief Henry George said loday that the members one of Inc biggest balls the depirl- mcnt has ever had. Washington, April lO-Wl-Some of the Roosevelt cabinet are on the way out, and ooon. Although the reeling has been general here lhat President Tru- mnn might delay any changes for a couple ol nionths, close friends have suggested that one or more new department heads may be named within days. Most of them pftint lo the Labor Department, which Secre- tary Perkins undoubtedly would like to leave. Most-mentioned as a possible successor is Sen. Mar- ley Kllgorc A change also will be made In the Agriculture setup, with Sec- retary Wickord slated to step out in favor of a new man who may lake over the duties of war food administrator as well. Marvin Jones, who fills the latter post, totd friends recently lie would like to go back to the Court ol Claims, from which be was borrowed by President Roose- velt, Jones still draws Ms pay a judge, receives no salary food administrator. J. B. llulson, deputy in charge of agriculture reconversion the war mobilization office, might be Mr. Truman's choice lor the en- larged agriculture portfolio. James F. I3yrncs, Die former war mobilizer whose advice is likely lo continue to be by the president, went back to his Spnrtanburg, S. C., home for a rest yesterday, and it is nn dcr.stood he come back t lor any advisory position. When he re- nppcars in government service, it probably will be as secretary of state, succeeding Edward R Stc'.tinius, Jr. Airdromes al Tokyo And Kanfo Bombed London, April 19-W-Thc Tokyo radio announced trxlay that air- 'Iromcis in ihc Tokyo and Kanto bad been strongly attacked by American bombers and fight- ers this morning. The Domci agency said about 60 fighters, probably Mus- tangs from Iwo Jima, and three Superfortresses raided airfields arounrl Tokyo for 30 minutes, Bird Hike Slated Members of the Boys Club will have n bird hike Saturday, start- ing it 1 p.m. and returning al 1 p.m. DonalJ Young will be in charge of the hikers and will point out various kinds of birds native tra the Ozjirks. W. W. Higgins, di- rector of the club, has requested .'ill hikers to brintf drinking water [and lunch President's Walk To Work Attracts Weil-Wishers afihinglon, April -A chilly wind snapped nt his coaU tallB as President Truman walked as -usual to work at a.m. .today.' 11 Mr. came vole from Ihe group of by-stander as he left his temporary livln, quarters at the Blair House an stepped to-Ihe sidewalk. ''I wan to shake nantls with you." It was a llltlc, gray haired 'ol' lady. The president turned lor moment, shook hands warml; and smilingly, and walked on. A couple ot slcepyr-cyed wail ing reporters grinned al him an tho prcjident grinned back. Full an'are that hb early-rising, habit Imve upaet schedules of House reporters, he turned t them: did you he askct ''slay up all uighl A few seconds later, as he aising Pennsylvania avenue- a Vila habitual brisk pace, his Sccre Service convoy around him. taxi driver put his head out o his cab and shouted: "Good luck, Harry.'1 The president looked up an smiled, turned into the Whit House grounds talking wilh Co Harry Vaughn, his military aide Fifth Army Gains In Bologna Push Rome, April Tifth Army troops, cracking the outer defenses of Bologna, drove to within eight miles ot the great Italian industrial city today after seizing the key heights ol Monte Adone and Monle Rumici in a bit- ter flO-hour battle. The advance appeared to have loosened: German rtefenscs before the po Valley gateway city and jfave Ihe Americans a downhill load to Bologna with each moun- tain generally smaller than the list. .eipzig Falls To Troops Of :irsf Army Third Driving Into Czechoslovakia As British Reach Elbe Paris, April has alien lo First Army troapi nd other Americans todny mashed the Insl organized rcsisl- ncc in the Ruhr, culminating per- nps the greatest single victory of he war. The Third Army was driving .own into Czechoslovakia within [iinghot of Asch, efter bisecting jcrmony geographically, cutting outes into the Nazla' hideaway n the Bavarian Alps. Older foujjhb SS roops through the streets of the ]ovarian Nazi center of Nucm- icrg, now virtually surrounded. The British reached the lower Elbe, last river before Berlin, and advanced lo wtt'nln 18 [amburg in flit effort to cut the Sortli sea ports from Berlin, be- eagurcd by Hussion troops re- ported IT miles cast and Amert- 43 miles west. Tne siege of 3remPn was Intensified. "AH organized resistance in the 3uhr pocket has ceased and Allied forces have virtually completed mopping up. the last enemy Supreme Headqu'ar- tera announced. Cities Ctp'.ured This meant that the great cities of 9oJlngn; schelcl end Barmen were in First and Ninth Arm7 hands along with the great Ruhr factories which produced 75 per cent of vrar materiel pi late 1042. Gcn6ral Bradley enid Germans were taken from tho Ruhr pocket and that more re- mained lo be counted. This com- pared with Germans cap- tured and killed at Stalingrad, the greatest previous German disaster. The Allies have not yet estimated the number at Germans slain and wounded in the Ruhr. The pocket was wiped out Wednesday. The last strongholds In Leipzig, including. CHy. HaU, wert cracfced this'morning and infan- trymen were ferreting out the last snipers. More than prison- ers and a thousand BB-millimeler guns have been captured in or near the For Ihree days now, there beer, no rtpnrlc of advances by thfe riotcn American armored divisions which have made such deep roads into Germany. This sug- gested tbal General Eisenhower mitfhl be massing his armor for thunderbolt drive. Braden Nominated As Envoy lo Argentina Washington. April .Spruille Braden of New York, now ambassador to Cuba, was nominated by President Truman loday to be ambassador to Argen- tina. Rraden, if confirmed, will suc- ceed Norman Armour, v.'ho V.QS recalled in 1914 when diplomatic relations with the Farrcll govern- ment were suspended. New Landing On Mindanao Manila, April 19-W1-A second American landing on Mindanao focused new attention loday on Dial second mosl important Phil- ippine island, where the Japanese have been established since Ions before the outbreak of Ihc pres- ent war in the Pacific. Americans drove ashore Tues- day at Malabane and Parang, on the east shore of Illana bay, against light initial opposition end grabhed 35 miles o[ coast line. The new landing posts a direct threat to the moil nearly Japan- ized part of the Philippines, in and around Davao province, which has been B settlement for immi- grant Nipponese for many years. This Picture Of Adolf Is "Special" To Her Mrs. Clinton Peters of 301 South College hai received k special picture of Hitler, a snap- shot taken in 1939. It Is a special picture to her because it was found on the body of a dead Ger- man by her husband, Staff Ser- geant Peters. Sergeant Peters, who has been overseas five months, receive4 infantry irain- at Camp Roberts, Calif., Camp H Com, Miss-, Camp Carson, Colo., and Fort Benniog, Ga- Mrs. Peters resides with her parenU, Mr. and Mrs. T. E. WUliama.
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