Monday, February 20, 1961

Yuma Daily Sun

Location: Yuma, Arizona

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Yuma Daily Sun, The (Newspaper) - February 20, 1961, Yuma, Arizona AYuman visits Hie Far East By Mabel Osborn hotels In Japan offer us only Western accommodations. At others, we may choose either Oriental or Western. Mineral spas are featured at Beppu, Atami and Hakone. Steam- ing water is piped into small square tubs, and a pretty little maid standing by will obligingly scrub your back after you have been soaped. Or, if her presence unnerves you, you may take care of your own ablutions. We stayed one night at Kawara- ku Inn in real Japanese style. This means we sleep on thin straw mattresses to use as covers. One must always remove his shoes before walking on the tatami covered floor. Sandals and a cot- ton kimono are provided for morn- ing wear. The kimonos called are proper wear for breakfast too. Contrary to widespread opinion, Japanese women do not spend all their time dancing, flirting over 10c .'V II M A A'D I -7 kl THE WSATHER Hishcst jj Unveil Tompcralura at 11 tixUy Krlatlvc humidity n n.m. Avrrage hlRli thlj 74 Average low this date 4ft FORECAST In Tuesday nljjM: Clear and warmer today and day. Rusty northerly todw df- creaslns tonight, llirt today 1L loir tonight il YUMA 43 10 PAGES PER COPY I0c YUMA, ARIZONA, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 20, 1961 PHONE SU 3-3333 ARIZONA 41 Six Lumumbists Are Executed No Whitewash' in Treasurer Probe, Is Promise Atty. Gen. Promises Assistance Assurances were given that thei-e would be no today 'white- their fans, painting or embroider- u.ash" of the investigation into nS- the county treasurer's office and that the state would provide help. Some 30 Yumans, headed by the Yuma County Taxpayers -As- We see hundreds of Japanese women working on road construc- tion, and toiling in the fields. It is rice harvest time and they are busy cutting and winnowing the grain. Many younger women are office workers, railroad employees, and hotel elevator operators. Some have entered the political realm. Beauty is important to the Oriental woman. That needed touch of beauty may be provided by a miniature garden, one beauti- ful scroll on the wall, or a bonsai tree. In Tokyo, we were guests at a forma] tea ceremony conductedjby an elderly lady. Powdered tea is used for the ritual, making a thick green tea, very unlike what we drink. Rice wafers were served with it. .The tea cult is thought of 8s "religion of the art of and (hey conduct formal classes In this traditional art. Rep. Rhodes Introduces Sugar Bill WASHINGTON' (UPI) Rep. John J. Rhodes, R-Ariz., today in- troduced a bill which he said would open the door to raising sugar beets in Arizona. Rhodes said his bill would pro- vide a minimum quota of acres of beets for each of six. states Arizona, Nevada, Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and Kan- sas. Arizona farmers long have want- ed to raise sugar beets, Rhodes said, but have not been able to get domestic quota under the sugar act. "There is no reason why Arizona and other western states should not share in Ihe production of sugar for the American Rhodes said. "Now that we have stopped importing sugar from Cuba, it is time to rewrite the sugar act in such a way that the West will have a permanent psrt of the sugar in- dustry." The Arizona Republican said his bill would guarantee domestic beet growers a "permanent right" to supply at least. 3 million tons of sugar for Ihe American market in- Slcad of the present l.S million tons. Under present legislation. Rhodes said. Ihe .president could restore Cuba's sugar quota "any lime he wants to, nnd domestic sugar hrcls would be right back where they were before." The present act expires March 31 and several hills already have been introduced to extend the act for nine months or more. The Rhodes bill, in addition to increas- ing the domestic quota and giving a share of it to the six western slates, also would extend Ihe act for six years. sociation, attended tliis morning's meeting of the Board of Super- visors. County Attorney Jeff Rich- ards told the- gathering, "There has been no attempt to whitewash the case and I do not wish to do so. I have been in contact with state officials and the attorney general and they have assured me Uiat they would aid my office in making this investigation." Richards said that he had writ- ten the attorney general and had contacted Yuma County legisla- tors in the matter. Charges Made The matter of the investigation into the county treasurer's office had come up at the last meeting of the. Board of Supervisors. For- Mrs. Amelia (Rob- had charged irre- ert) en, IMC vion-K naa cnareea ,rre- LOTS OF was a full-house at the Board tion of the Yuma County treasurer's office. Members of the Clarities inthe office and Wtor- of. Supervisors meeting this morning. County attorney Jeff Board of Supervisors are Chairman Otis Shipp (white shirt i... Richards (ne-ht center) rises to assure the Yumans that, facing Jim Fuquay (to Shipp's right) and Bob BuHttin: of 40 y Mil f or aa to ney. William. H. Westover, repre- senting Mrs. McMorris had al- leged that the treasurer, Mrs. Coila Smith, had made at one purohase of tax land. Supervisors Chairman Otis Shipp assured the crowd that everything possible would the, matter was progressing. He called .on Richard C. Weing, mem- ber of the state auditor's office, who is currently auditing books of the treasurer's o Ewing said, "I can- under how you would feel that there is a delay. There is a amount of work to be done going back to the late 19-IOs. I Saturday and Sunday on mis job and have made a office. I fe'el that this will go the attorney general and possibly to Hie governor. I can assure you that there is action being taken and have no intent to whitewash She matter." Will Take Time Richards also told the "You can't unravel in two weeks what may have happened over a period of six years. I do not wish Richards (right center) rises to assure the Yumans that there would be no of the requested investiga- Nissen (behind (Sun Staff to reveal at been found." this time wiiat The county attorney later told Tiie Sun that preliminary investigation had indicated that a daughter of Mr. Smith had acquir- ed tax-delinquent land which was sold by the county treasu office. Dennis McKeogh, head of Taxpayers Assn., was tiie (Continued on Page 2, Col. 3) is net e lately deed, H WASHINGTON U.S. Chamber of Commerce said today that President Kennedy's proposal to boost the minimum wage would force employers to raise prices. lay oft workers and buy foreign goods. But Walter Rcuthcr. president of the AFIXTO Ineuslrial Department denied that an hour minimum would he inflationary and said it was needed lo spur indi 'toward greater efficiency." Tiie conflicting views were pre- sented in'prepared testimony tcf a LIouse Tabor subcommittee consid- ering Kennedy's proposal to crease the wage floor gradually from SI to SI .25 an hour nnd ex- tend coverage to 4.3 million more workers. Onllinr Chamhrr Stand The chamber's stand ag the President's plan was outlined by Dr. Emercon P. Schmidt, chief economist, and Eugene Syrtnor Jr. of Richmond, president of Southern Department Stores, Inc. Schmidt disputed Hie tion's argument that the wage bill would increase purchasing power and thus aid in combatting the ecession. lit contended the measure ariu- WMU -1UL3. Castro Shipp Drive He Rebels me (UPI) Raul Castro, forces chief and brother o sre premier, today was reported leading the drive a fresh band of anti-Cas- invaders in eastern Cuba. s invaders, said to number o 50 men, were believed tak- go refuge in the Purial Moun- to escape the governmenl e from Oriente Province the rebel band landed near Plata on the south coast about miles east of the U.S. nava! at Guanhmamo Bay. Unoffi- reports said the group was rer by Maj. Nino Diaz, a former of Raul's. a native of Oriente Prov- once before had been re- leading an insurgent band iat the province but had to disband for lack of support. believed Hie invaders seeking to open a seco.-id against the government to pressure on the rebels ;n Cuba where official admitted the government 3) was losing 30 men a oup Hears 2 Wage Bill by increasing unemploy- and Ihe cost of living. "said that if wage-hour is extended to the 32 in his firm, it would Wave buy more imports, boost prices to 10 per cent and lay off 30 40 of its 739 employes. He said of the workers employed by iat Department Stores, Inc., earn less man SI an hour. id More Needed testimony, presented the subcommittee by IUD ad- director Jacob Clay- supported the previous AFL- contention that' Kennedy's did not go far enough. the administration's plan said, "the vehicle is inade- and the pace too slow." said raising me wage to Sl.25 an hour pump billion inlo the and stimulate industries in need of buying power c wearing apparel, agri- housing, home furnish- and small appliances." proposal would raise minimum wage for presently workers to S1.J5 Ihis year, next year and Sl.25 at Ihe of two years. Newly covered would be brought in with 11 minimum which would be to W.2S after ywi. WASHINGTON Kennedy sent Congress today a controversy-laden education pro- gram which would authorize S5.6 billion in federal grants and loans to build public schools, boos teachers' salaries and increase college opportunities. Key provisions of the Presi dent's special message would: federal grants o 52.3 Million for public school con teachers' salaries three years, will struction and for the next each slfete deciding how muoh o] the money would go for eacl function. would cqua a minimum of S15 for every pub lie school student "in average daily attendance." a five-year program of state-administered scholarships for up to "talented and needy college students at an over-all federal cost of 5577.5 mil- lion.' The average scholarship would be 5700; the maximum would be Colleges and uni- versities would gee 5350 a yeai additional .for teaching each fed- eral scholarship studeni. States would have to pass out Ihe schol- arships competitively "without re- gard to sex, race, creed or color.' the college housing loan program for five years al S250 million annually, and provide 5300 million a year in loans for five years to help build college classrooms, laboratories, libraries and related academic facilities. Excludes Frivate Schools Kennedy, the first Roman Cath- olic to serve in Die While House, made a- special point of notin; that p.arochial and private ele- mentary and secondary schools would be excluded from the pro- gram. "in accordance with the clear prohibition of the Constitution, no elementary or secondary school funds are allocated for construct- ing church schools or paying church school teachers' the President said. Kennedy, in an effort to win over Ian-makers, fearful of federal control of schools, said "education must remain a matter of state and local control, and higher edu- cation a matter of individual choice." But he said the nation's "twin goals must be: a new standard of excellence in the availability of such excellence to ill who are willing and able to pursue it." "This is a pnxitMm with imbitious Kennedy told Congress. "For some 40 years, :he Congress has wrestled with this problem and searched for a workable solution. I believe lint ve now have such a solution: and that this Congress in this year will make a land-mark contribution lo (merican education." lid M bt proviM tot elementary and secondary public schools would be distributed under a formula giving poorer states, such as Mississippi, a bigger rela- tive share than richer states, such as New York. Up To Slates Administration officials said the states themselves would decide how much of' the' money they get would be used for construction and how much to pay teachers. There would be no strings at- tached, except that each state would have to "maintain its'own effort or contribution" and to allot .more nioney for education if its share falls below the national average. Federal funds could go to racial- ly segregated schools under tiie bill's provisions, if states so choose, officials said. But the money could not go to any "pri- vate" schools established to get around court-ordered desegrega- tion. The school construction teachers' pay program would "assure every state of no less than 515 fnr every public school student in average daily attendance." The natinwide. total would be 56liG million in the 1962 fiscal year starting next July 1; S7CB million in the 19G3 fiscal "year and 5866 million in the following year. Funds could be distributed un- der an "equalization formula" by which a state's average income per pupil is measured against the national average of Those below the national average would get-more funds than those above it, subjeot to a floor of 515 per pupil. The highest figure per pupil is 529.07 for Mississippi. The lows of 515.are listed for Alaska, Connecti- cut, Delaware, Illinois, Massachu- setts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and the District of Columbia. Meet Unique Problems Ten per cent of the funds al- lotted to each state in the first an equal amount there- be used help meet the unique problems of each state's 'areas of special education- al need.' These would include problems of students in depressed areas, slum neighborhoods and other sections. Officials said the "unique prob- lems" also conceivably could in- clude difficulties in adjusting to desegregation of schools. An ex- (Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) Big Airlines Are Closed By Strike NEW YORK (UPI) Strikin; flight engineers stayed away from their jobs for the third straight day today, making it almost cer tain that five major airlines wilj begin ftirlougtiing about 60.000 em- ployes across the United States. Three of the airlines appeared ready to shut down entirely, and a fourth promised only "skeleton" service. The airlines had planned to be- gin layoffs today unless the Bight engineers resumed their jobs. But the engineers continud their wild- cat strike, and American Airlines and Trans World Airlines an- nounced they had cancelled al- most all men- flights until noon. Labor Secretary Arthur J. Gold- berg planned to confer. in Wash- ington with Francis O'Neill, head of the National Mediation Board, to seek an answer to one of the worst crises in. commercial avia- tion history. In New York alone, more than 600 flights into and out of the oity'-s three major airports were cancelled. About passengers were affeoted. American. Airlines said that as a consequence of the strike, it would begin laying off workers beginning at noon. Other similar action today unless, the strike is.settled. With Trans World' and-Ameri- can tied up, the only.. carrier op- erating directly between New York and .the West Coast was United Airlines. Lyndon Johnson Plane Crashes; 2 Pilots Killed JOHNSON CITY, Tex. Vice President Lj-ncon E. John- son's plane crashed Sunday night seven miles from Johnson's LBJ ranch, killing two pilots who were on board. Texas Department of Public Safety agents radioed from the scene today that they had found the wreckage and the two dead pilots: Harold Teague and Charles Williams. The plane, which Johnson used ;or business trips, crashed Sunday night, shortly after it had radioed at p.m. CST that the weather, s too bad for it to land at Johnson's private ail-port and that t was turned back lo Austin, 65 miles away. Teague and Williams were fer- rying the plane from Austin to the ranch. There is one lighted runway at the ranch. There are instru- ment landing facilities at Austin. UN Council Shocked, Adjourns UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (UPI) followers of slain Patrice Lumumba were executed after their deportation by Congo Presi- dent Joseph Kasavubu into the 'Congo's violently anti-Lumumbist Kasai Province, Secretary-general Dag Hammarskhold told the Se- curity Council today. Soviet Ambassador Valerian A. Zorin charged that the Kasavubu government "is carrying out a campaign of systematic exter- mination of the national leaders of the Congo." He put full flame on Hammar- skjold and Belgium for support of the Congo regime of Kasavubu, secessionist leader Moise Tshom- be and army strongman Maj. Gen. Joseph D. Mobutu. Zorin de- manded the arrest of Tshom'be and Mobutu. The council adjourned once after hearing Hammarsk- jold's announcement shock. It agreed to Liberian Ambassador George A. Padmore'i request far adjournment until 3 p.m., EST, to permit him to consult other irri- can delegates. U.S. Ambassador Adlai E. Ste- venson said he was instructed to "express our shock, revulsion and indignation" at the-latest "exam- ple of barbarity." Zorin seized upon the announce- ment as the basis-for-i-compre-- riensive speech. He recalled that rie had opposed the council's week- end adjournment last Friday and said "every day's postponement is untying the hands of Uie ter- rorist regime which is now rag- ing in Leopoldville and Katanga." "We are Zorin said, 'that if the United Nations con- tinues its passive attitude in the adoption of decisive measures against the Belgian aggressors and their stooges, we will have further victims and will be faced with a complete catastrophe..." The six political prisoners were transferred from Leopoldville .to Bafcwanga in the strongly anti- Lumumbist province last week. Rajeshwar Dayal .of India, and Hammarskjold's special represert- ative in the Congo, informed the secretary-general this morning he had been notified by "the so- called minister of justice of South Kasai" that they had been executed. Hammarskjold protested trans- fer of the political prisoners late last week in a stern note to (Continued on Page 2, Col. 3) 35 Face Hearing On Riot Charges At El Centre EL CENTRO group of. Imperial Valley farm workers and union organizers faced preliminary hearings today in justice court on charges of riot, trespassing, at- tempted arson and assault with a deadly weapon. The charges arose from an at- tack Feb. 9 on a Brawley labor camp housing Mexican nationals (braceros) during which four per- sons were injured, none serious- ly. Sheriff's deputies arrested 35 workers, claiming they tried to prevent braceros from leaving the camp to n-orfc in the fields har- vesting Ihe remainder of the val- ley's estimated S1S.5 million let- tuce crop. Pickets Sunday paraded in front of the Imperial County Jail car- rying signs reading "Sheriff, ire you and "One deputy for every four agricultural work- ers." The pickets were led by union organizer John Soria, one of the two arresied men free on hail each. Sheriff's and El Centra police stood by in case of a disturbance, but there WH none. The dispute has been under wsy 40 AND 8 of the 40 and 8 Clubs from Arizona and Southern CaM- since the middle oC Urt month fornia met in Yuma yesterday to initiate new members. From left are shown: Charles West, Sam Lankard, El Centre, Louis Perez, Yuma, Mrs. Carmen Bory, Colton, Calif., Ttai W Tony Moreno, Somerton, Harry L. Powell, Yuma, and Ed Brown, Phoenix. Mrs. Bory mm is surrounded by four of the neothytes attempeting to sell her a subscription to Star artntSriht Magazine, a publication of the 40 and 8 to help support Carville Hospital in Louisiaoa for farnl and an incuex tt Hansen's disease. The two on the ends are members helping with the initiation. mimmwn HIM torn M to (Sun Staff

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