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Sun-Advertiser (Newspaper) - September 27, 1951, Yuma, Arizona WMtbtf At YMM Highest last 24 hours 105 Lowest last 21 hours 72 Average high this date M Average low this date 63 He lative humidity at 11 a.m. SUN-ADVERTISER SUCCESSOR TO THE YUMA WEEKLY SUN AND THE YUMA EXAMINER WiulMi Foracost Kurcrast to Itriday Mglll Clear tn high scattered cloudi- ness this afternoon, tonight and Friday. Little change in tempvni- VOLUME 47 Ttltphon. 3-3331 YUMA. ARIZONA, THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 27, 1951 Forresiai s upimon Of Ma< Arthur do W Saw Mac Arthur As Grtat Soldier, But 'Mortgaged to His Sensitivity and .NO. II Hie Foajrttal Diaries MiicKruiir In ljK3 said that every mis- take that supposedly intelligent men could make has been made Douglas MacArlhur was an ini- ln war' African op- ITfltinn WI1U HhvnttllllUr l..lt jrartant and controversial figure to the military leaders in the final year of the war. Under the date of Nov. 22, 1941, Forrtstal entered in his diary n long memorandum, by Bert An- which had been supplied by the Washington corrc- ndent of the New York Herald Tribune after the lattcr's return from a trip to the Philippines. An- drews was fran.k, and, .apparent- ly. MacArthur, had .been., fn 'the words of the Andrews, report, 1 For Truce Talks TOKYO, Sept. 27 (U.PJ Gen Matthew B. Rldgway proposed today that the Korean armistice talks be resumed "as early as possible" at a tiny village in the middle of no-man's-land. The Supreme. United Nations Commander intervened directly In "n attempt to get the truce talks Sbing again after UN and commu- 'nist liaison officers found them- selves deadlocked. Ridgway addressed his pro- to Gen. Kim II Sung, North Korean premier and commander- in-chief, and Gen. Peng Teh-Hual, Chinese commander in Korea. "I. believe this proposal pro- vides for arrangements that can be mutually satisfactory, to both Rldgway :tfild the Red Th.e. .conjnuinist ready have rejected one earlier Ridgway proposal the talks from Kaesong; However, Rldgway on that ocCMion did not specify'', any particular alternative site. The UN commander's-new note specifically suggested that: '1. The truce talks be' resumed "as early as possible" In the of Songhyon, eight miles Southeast of Kaesong .and ap- proximately midway between the tattle lines on the Western Front northwest of Seoul. 2.' Both sides agree to keep their armed troops away from the meeting place and "abstain from any hostile acts or. exercise of authority over members, of the other side" while en route to or from or during meetings. 3.- The truce delegations first ticiiss any necessary "physical d, security then return to the problem of fixing a cease-fire "line' and buffer zone across 4. Liaison" officers confer' to "discuss" immediate erection of the necessary physical facilities." Ridgway's proposal ;was in the nature of a'compromise. For the UN, it would get the cease-fire talks away from Kaesong. which is behind the communist lines. Army Defends Its Removal of Crosses Above Gl Graves eralion was absolutely useless, yet all thc available strength of Great Britain and the United States was thrown Into thc task." The general, as he is depicted in thc report, was full of two ideas: that Ihe Pacific war had been "starved" in the interests of Eu- rope, and that whereas the Mac- Arlhur-Nlmitz strategy in the Pa- cific was skillfully to hit the enemy "where he the European strategy was to hammer stupidly against the enemy's strongest, points. "Patton's Andrews' paraphrased the general, "which is-trying to'batter ihi way through i the Vosges in the. Luneyiile-Biic- j carat sector, .can't, do it. He re- can't do it. army could do it, .The untlon is disastrous. It is the- bitter fruit of our decision to concentrate our full strength against Germany .He said that if he had been given just a portion of the force which invaded North Africa he could have retaken the Philippines in three months because at that time the Japanese were not ready." Importance of Ihe Pacific The report goes on to expand the MacArthur views: "He lashed out' In a general indictment of Washington, asserting that 'they' are fighting this war as they fought thc last war. He said that most of them have never been in the front lines and that they aren't rotating field officers back into Washington. "In continuing his criticism of Washington he said that the histo: of the world Will be written in the Pacific for the next ten thousand years. He said we made thc same old mistake of intervening in Eu- ropean-quarrels which we can't hope to solve because they are in- soluble. He said that Europe is a dying system. It is worn out and run down and will become an eco- nomic and industrial hegemony of Soviet Russia. .The lands'touch- ing the Pacific with their billions of inhabitants will determine the course of history (repeating) for the. next ten thousand years. Stalin, he believes, also knows the Pacific picture and while fighting In Europe is actually looking over his shoulder toward Asia." The report continues: "He repeated that the Pacific will become and remain an indus- trial and economic sphere of world development and, in his strongest blast against Washington said 'they' were guilty of 'treason and sabotage' in not adequately sup- porting the'Pacific while hammer- ing Germany .Throughout all this he never once referred to 'the Americans' and 'the or to our forces' and'their forces': Always it was ;the enemy and I' or Five Centi Copy NUMIEft 3f Truman Seeks To Avert British Clash With Iran Over Oil Crisis ON IWO of tin; Navy Forrental Is pictured on .an innnceUoii trip during.Ihe fighting-mi Jlma..ia confidential diaries, revealing high-level decisions and consider- ations of the late, war nnd early post-war years, is being piiblinhed daily in the Yuma Sim. listen Truman Asks Congress Force U.S. Employees To% List Gifts -h ers with impression of I said- WASHINGTON, Sept. President Truman asked Congress today to force all highly paid fed- eral employes, including congress- men and judges, and top officials of major political parties to file public statements once a year on income, gifts, and loans received in addition to their government pay. All government employes making a year or more would be required to make the proposed statements. So would the "princi- pal officials" of the major poli- tical parties. In a special message to the Senate Mr. Truman my opinion, help to prevent legal and improper conduct and at the same time protect government officers from unfounded suspi- cions." HONOLULU. T. H.. Sept. 26. nerembr (U.P.) -.-The Army today defended its removal of white crosses mark- ing thc graves of 13.000 American war dead buried on the "Hill of Hawaii's National Memorial Cemetery in Punch- bowl Crater overlooking Honolulu. Uprooting of thc crosses Mon- being in the presence of a tremen-j ...Such win, in dous ego. Once or twice listeners tried to ask a question. He doesn't like questions and didn't even lis- ten." had the complete re- port copied into his diary but add- The made his proposal fon? h S a lime when Democratic Na- long ne was to nave an opportun- tjonai chairman William E. Boyle, Edison Rate Plan Is Opposed By Miami ity of interviewing the general himself. Meanwhile, there came, on the third anniversary of Pearl Harbor, the first hint of Japanese surrender. Kusslii Japan Dispatches today from Japan indicate their awareness of in- creasing difficulty in their situa- tion. Indications that they count on' possible differences between Rus- sia and Anglo-American interests to facilitate' their position should Jr., was testifying before a Sen- ate committee investigating his re- lations with a firm that borrowed money from the Reconstruction Fi- nance Corp. Republican National Chairman George Guy Gabrielspn also is 1m- der congressional fire for dealing with tile RFC on behalf of a com- pany he heads. The President said he acted be- cause people "all around the country" are getting." a distorted impression that the government is full of evil doers, full of men and women with low standards of mo- rality, full of people who are lin- ing tlijir own pockets and disre- garding .the public interests." Testimony before the committee investigating Boyle has shown that several present and former federal Boyle Denies Lithofold Loan Charge WASHINGTON. Sept. 27 IU.R) --William it. Uoyle, Jr., said to- day it'is "not only proper" but thc "duty" of Demucralk- .Na- tional Committee employes to ar- range appointments for people with government officials. Tlio National Committee chair- man, In u statement prepared for the senate -investigating sub- committee, dismissed HM "un- founded, distorted and false" charges by thc St. Louis DlHpatch that received In fees from .the American Litho- fold Corp. for help In arranging an RFC loan. Hi3 seven-page .statement con- firmed the testimony yesterday of Attorney Max Sisklnu that he sold his law practice to Sisldml for But It added: "At no.time and on no occas- ion hlivo I since April, 10-10, en- gaged in the private practice- of aw, nor have 1 In particular par- ticipated in the prosecution of any business which was in thc office prior to April 1SHD or any business that has come into the office of Mr. Siskind since that time." Bo.xle said his arrangements for Siskind to take over his law clients in April, 10-IU, when he went on the party payroll, were worked out "just as has been done many times Ihvsimilar situations.' 'iSince 'said, he hasbo.e.ri paid about and still has about S50.000 coming. Those fig- ures, jibed with Siskind's testi- mony and his office records The Post-Dispatch said Lithe- fold, a St. Louis printing firm paid Boyle including oOO in "fees" or "commissions' m connection with its RFC loan "That statement and the sub- sequent articles appearing in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch were un- l'_i i Ull and founded, distorted Boyle said. He admitted making an an- poinlmcnt with Hnrlcy Hise then HFC chairman, for Lithofold of- ticials in February 1949, as earl- ier testimony has shown. But he said he Tiacl nothing to do with the firm's loan applications Boyle was Lithofold's Wash- ington attorney at the. time and was serving as unpaid vice-chair- man of the Democratic Commit- tee. He corroborated earlier testi- mony that bo got JSOO a month from Lithofold from Feb. 1 19-19 through 20, total Urges Britain Not To Use Force In Oil Dispute LONDON, Sept. Unit Truninn sent a aecret per- sonal message to Britain today giving U. S, recommendations in the Inmliin nil crisis and leaders uf both major political purlieu Imve met to give It consid- eration. l.t. Oil. WIlHiin. V. Kiltninls Veteran Fighter Pilot Heads Reactivated Yuma Air Base (UMitor's Note: This is the first In a series of Illustrated articles on the mission and operation of thc reactivated Yuma Air Force Base and personality sketches on some uf Its key personnel) Commanding the Air Base Sqiiadroh fit the Yuma Air Force Base ia a veteran airman, young for his who began his military career In the service of another country. LI. Col. Wilson V. Edwards nt 33 is noted as a military gunnery expert anil is recognized as one of the Air Force's crack pilots. At present he is up to his wings in work trying to smooth out the wrinkles involved in reactivating an air biise. Despite the press of complicated ings, time he lui: for military undertnk- a ready .smile and few words with Ills of His April 30 check- for "turned Mr. he said, after Sis- il for vi. mi. 41, I. r Oay-fncluding the one over Ernie for, a peace. Pyle's grave-started a wave of they are fully a- e ware of possibility of Russia join- ing the war against them ut the proper time. President Roosevelt was in- augurated for fourth time on Jan. 20, and soon thereafter left for the Yalta Conference. Forrest- al took off for an inspection trip through the Western Pacific. He watched thc Marines land on Iwo Jima on Feb. 19. Four days later he 'managed to get ashore himself, with the battle still at its height; criticism by veterans organiza Uons and the public, supported by both Honolulu newspapers. Left at the head of each grave was a fiat Stone mnrker that one veterans group said 'made t li e rock-rimmed cemetery look like vacant lot.'- Lt. Gen. Henry S. Aurand. com- mander of the United States Army in the Pacific, said that in addition to the high cost ot maintaining crosses, it was a policy of the United States to have no crosses in national cemeteries. Aurand said foreign cemeteries arc classed as battle monuments, and as such are entitled to cros- ses. He added that the Army thought a single marker on each was enough. In Police Court Four men charged with being drunk drew a variety of sentences based on the merit of each case and recurrence of arrest. Two Yuma Test Station soldiers. Jack L. Ross. 22, and Tommy Cor- ley, 21. were given three day sus- pended sentences. White, 30, of Fort Yuma, pot three days labor, and Jessie by UNITED PKKSS The proposal by Arizona Edison Co. to submit a new rate increase schedule which would limit hikes to 15 per cent has met with mixed emotions in two state communities affected by thc company's de- Mr. Truman asked Congress addition to requiring statements flAft from StO.OOO-a-year men, to consid-1 er forcing all government employ-! es regardless of salary-- to file! CUT IflTO U S similar declarations of outside in- w. come if it exceeds a year. Wilful violators, the President proposed, should be punished the same way income tax evaders are punished. Mr. Truman said the proposed legislation should be enacted promptly. It would affect officers of the armed forces as well as congressmen, judges, and agency and department officials. Production It.v UMTKD Strikes of more workers 'KKSS than aircraft. atomic energy, manufacturing and trans- portation today cut into the na- tion's defense and domestic pro- duction. Management, labor'and govern- j The President included party jment officials, meanwhile, worked lllv I 1 WJIVJVIll. IIIUIIKICM IV IS, 111CI1 II X% II11 In Yuma. wlierc bitter opposition chairmen and others in his pro- head off additional resulted when thc utility raised rates as high as 38 per cent in're- cent weeks, opinion apparently was generally favorable toward Arizona Edison's new plun. But in Miami, the IS per rent increase was r r i t i o. i 7. c d by a spokesman for thc chamber of commerce. President Sam vich asserted tiie program is not equitable, anil that it favors one I customers against an-! strikes posed legislation because, he said. I which could idle more than doubli thc major political parties "have traditionally been so much a part of our whole system of govern- ment." his terse diary account, however, group ol gives few details, and he left the other. scene thejsamc visiting Yuma officials reported the pressure against Arizona Ivlisoit lias eased in the bonier community Admiral Nimitz at Guam, he went on to MacArthur's headquarters, newly established at Manila. 28 February ISI15 On the question of thc war, against Japan and our objectives vis-a-vis Japan afterward, (Mac- Arthurl expressed the view that the help of the Chinee would be negligible. He felt that we should secure the commitment of the Russians to active and vigorous prosecution of a campaign against the Japanese in Manchukuo of such proportions as to pin down a very large part of thc Japanese army; that once this campaign was engaged we should then launch an attack on the home is- W. Owen. M. was given a choice lands, givine', as he expressed it, of paying a or spending the coup dc main from thc lear Jive On.ys M'.iinl (Continued on 3) Childless Husbands, 4f s Will Lose Their Draft Defernients WASHINGTON. Sept. 27 s this number. The largest strike in thc nation was the cight-week-old walkout of 22.000 men at the Caterpillar Tractor Company in Peoria. III. Thc strikers, members of thc CIO United Auto Workers Union.- sought a 10-ccnt hourly wage in- crease. Thc company countered with an offer for Id' cents. Fed- eral mediators reported that ne- gotiators failed to budge either officers and airmen and cvon for displaced civilians straggle in to distract him. The only "regular" Air Force officer at the air base, he just about fills the bill of one's notlo'n of a typical military flier stepping out of n first class short story. Tall, dark, easy-going, that in- tangible quality that has won him many loyal officers and alrrten and close friends outside .of thc service marks him as. an.-out- standing military leader... Joined KAF Col. Edwards practically Is a native Arizona'n, having' moVctl tq Winslow as a youngster from his Pasadena, California birthplace. Winding up his formal education at UCLA, he joined forces with thc British and as a pilot officer in the Royal'Air Force flow <'.ie famed English Hurricane and Spitfire fighters in combat. As u lieutenant in 19-12, Col. Edwards was scheduled for transfer to Singapore when that city fell to the Japanese. Then as an alter- nate transfer, hc was appointed liaison officer .for RAF fighter tactics and navigation for llie M nationalities flying for the RAF. That same year, he changed uniforms but not jobs and became a 1st lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force. Another assignment in the Isles found him training new pilots from thc states for fighting. This involved flying combat mis- sions with the new pilots. He was sent, at his own request, back into combat as n regular fighter pilot A major by then, he served as operations and executive officer nl his fighter group until enemy fire downed his ,plano in July uf 1D-1-I near Baumlmulder, Germany. Ahaiidiialng ship, hit was Inkon prisoner by runners who heal him iinnierolfiilly In-fore handing him over In the Werli- niui'hl. (Gorman Sus- pected as H-KP.V fur Ill's refusal In talk, Col. Kdunnls WIIH trans- ferred In the custody of the In- filmnns SS troopers. Lnlor oim- vlneed ho was nut a spy, tho Luftwaffo mailo him supply officer at Ihe camp nl Bin Ih where I ho nmjor practic- ally rejoined his group, Ihi; Germans' markmimnfihlp had heen so keen. The camp was overrun by May of IIII3 and Its wore returned to the U.S. His took him then Liiitc FieJd as IcWnmilnaei-'1'1 Of, 1-100 officer rei.iirti8csi' By colonel, he 'nSsumfed 'liominand of the gunnery scHool at Ajo where he accomplished1' probably thc moSjt' 'Irtiportant mission of his carecivHe met and married lovely Barbara McBlles. About 385.000 childless husbands and -l-F's soon will lose their draft I deferments anil become eligible since the announcement the re-1 duction of raie increases would be, for military service, retroactive and that In no case The White House "announced late would boosts exceed 1.1 per cent, yoslcrday that President Truman In explaining the new program has signed new draft regulations at a citizen's meeting. Arizona Edi- son Vice rn'skieni Herbert Mir. ad- v.-hirh will reclassify these men 1-A. Thc regulations wore issued milted thc utility made a mistake the new draft act passed in in its rate increase schedule. I June, which prohibits deferment The company plans to submit (lie'of a man whose wife is hi? onlv new rate schedule to Ihe C'.'iji-ir- ation Commission in thc near fu- ture. Miami Chamber President Lazo- vich. however, rapped both thc Corporation Commission nnd Ari- zona Edison Company for the mis- understanding over the established dependent, e.srept in cases of trcni'o hardship. Thc law also lowered menial j standards for induction into the armed forces. Congressional ex- ports have estimated that 150.060 will be affected by (his pro- vision, while 235.000 chfldlcss hus- eighl per cent increase originally bands will be hit by the depcnden- f1 !'1r. Production of the "world's most powerful mgine." thc Registration for City Election Totals Indications point toward a good turnout nt the special city election next month to decide thc fate of thc city sales'tax. City Recorder Limvooti Perkins Thc'' "program unifying aerial was put into effect nnd brought the colonel a permanent appointment in tlie U.S. All- Force. Then followed a series of duty assignments around thc country which included a period at strategic intelligence school in Washington. D.C. where he trained as an air attache. He brought thc S.lst Fighter Group from Moses Lake, Washington to Luke Field from where lie plann- ed and executed the reactivation of thc Yuma base, The basc commander speaks Spanish fluently along with Ger- man and Polish which he learned as a prisoner of war. His wife and three children have joined him here. Hollywood Is Shaken By Repercussions of Communism Probe The President wan reported to have urgiiij Britain to of armed force to keep'-Iran from (In-owing the OrlUnh.out of great Abndim Reflntry and oil '.irt. The U. S. also appealed to Fran to revoke the British. Brilnln's high 'councils face one of the moat momentous decisions since the war, and the problem ins risen above the'political level. Prime Minister Clement SI. Attlee followed a iensu three-hour: emer- gency cabinet meeting with a 47- miimle conference with opposition parly lenders Winnton Churchill and Anthony Eden. The crisis neural a climax at a moment when King George .VI was desperately III nnd a general Par- liamentary election, on which the life of thc Labor Government de- pends, approached on Oct. J5. wurnt Truman ttonl a c.ro.l ineimiKi) In AlUm _. llrlluln !o all pomlMe n ii res to uviild uae vf lortte la I run. dltt- olimed that the, V. 8. hu aaked Iran In riivokr. tin plan to nil llrillith leeknkUuB by Oct. I. stale Department Indi- cated Unit the U. h. in ready uMl willing to mediate Ihe dlipute, but gave twlld Kiipport to Brit- sln'H determination to Hetp Its leehnlrliiiiH In Churchill and Eden were solemn after their meeting with arid would not make any statement. Sixteen cabinet members aluo came out grim and silent after their meeting at No. 10 Downing Street where they considered whether to use British warships and ,lroops, including paratroops, poised at Key Middle East spots ready for an emergency airlift to Abadan. Reports from Cairo said every- thing was ready "down to the last detail" to rush British troops from he Suez Canal Zone and Cyprus nto Iran If necessary. Military md civilian planes were standing by. to transport them. In' Tehrani Premier, Mohammed Mossadegh told a oilUide. Parria.mcat.yhat '.government.. will 'Smuggle, against; all our. slre.ngthy, to.preserve the- country's "rights." ThV.Iranian "let us us shed the- .Mossadegh and thc crowd wept, and the. premier faint- ed 'when somebody threw a bouquet of flowers at Hossein Makki, 'chairman of the Iranian Oil Commission, demanded the expulsion of British Aihbassa- dor Sir Frances Shepherd, 'j He called the Abadan Refinery '-'the front where I might Be'killed" and said Iran would never allow Britain, Russia or the U. S. to in- terfere in our internal affairs." If the cabinet's decision on the Iranian crisis is not satisfactory to Churchill, t h c Conservative leader was expected to demand that Parliament be recalled for an emergency meeting bfore Oct. 4, the deadline of the Iranian expul- sion order and also the date for a one-day meeting of Parliament before it is dissolved for the gen- eral election. Windstorms Kill 11 In Midwest HOLLYWOOD. Sept. 2' The film capital was shaken today by repercussions of an on-the-spot H o u s c Un-American Activities Committee investigation of com- munism in Hollywood. While members of a Red-hunting House sub-committee w c cr reported this morning that thc to- to Washington to report to registration for the election is the full committee tomorrow. huge Wright Aeronautical Corp's plants at. Woodridgc and Gar- field. N.J.. by a strike of 9.SOfi UAW production wnrkers. Six thousand white collar and construe.! ion workers refused approximately Kegislratinns closed Monday amid a hectic rush by Ytiinnns to get hark
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