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Tucson Daily Citizen (Newspaper) - February 17, 1977, Tucson, Arizona 2PM STOCKS DOWN VOL 107 NO 41 cm Baihj dFitiicn TUCSON ARIZONA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 17 2PM STOCKS PAGE 2D 60 PAGES 15 CENTS Shivers bad Winter returns As the cold begins to clamp the shiv ers again on the East Tucson is bask ing under sunny skies that have made this the warmest winter here in 36 years With a resurgence elsewhere of one of the coldest winters in memory temperatures are again tumbling along the eastern Great Lakes down the East Coast to Florida where a record low of 42 struck Miami Beach yesterday But in Tucson where the thermome ter may top SO tomorrow the mildest winter since 1941 continues So far in the 197677 winter there have been only nine nights of freezing temperatures reported Richard Wood head of the National Weather Service here This compares to a normal of 24 freezing nights during winter This mild winter Wood thinks is part of an overall warming trend that started about 1972 after a 20year peri od of colder temperatures The turn of the century in Tucson was very cold then warmed up until the 1940s when another cold cycle began The mild winters of the past few years may indi cate that Tucsons temperatures are steadying out Wood said Still the city faces another four weeks before the end of freeze sea son The latest freeze ever recorded here struck on an April 10 And the warm weather has hit the rest of the state too with Flagstaff reaching 70 degrees the warmest temperature ever recorded there in a February Phoenix and Yuma also came close to setting record highs yes terday The winterlong hibernation in the East caused by heavy snowfall and the coldest January on record has a lot of disgruntled folk migrating South and West in search of sunshine Were up to our armpits in people said a spokesman for the 1200room Diplomat Hotel in Hollywood Fla But sunseekers there were probably disap pointed because of the lows that hit in that state although higher tempera tures are returning In the West however tourists have had nothing but sunshine and plane loads of shivering Easterners are keep ing resorts in California Nevada and Arizona busy The only cancellations were get ting are from people who cant get out here because of the weather said Wanda Sadler a switchboard operator at a plush Palm Springs Calif hotel The everpresent sunshine also has elated the construction industry be cause warm weather has allowed the building season in the West to continue right on through the winter In Utah alone contractors stand to save hundreds of thousands qf dollars and unemployment is almost nonexis not for us tent because the mild weather lias al lowed large commercial and industrial plants to stay open But the clear skies and record highs have made fora lot of unhappy skiers who are having to scramble from town to town to find the snow Farmers too are very worried as the drought across the West goes on with no relief in sight About one inch of rain was reported in Astoria Ore and light rains damp ened the Pacific Northwest early to day but the efforts havent been enough to alleviate the drought that has left parts of the West with rain running 20 per cent or more less than normal Cloudseeding may be the option taken up in Oregon as Governor Bob Straub plans to ask the state legislature for to seed clouds near the Pacific Coast The Washington legisla ture also is considering a ap propriation for cloud seeding The cloud seeding may bring the legal storm before it brings rain how ever as officials in Idaho east of Washington and Oregon have threat ened a lawsuit if the clouds are unnatu rally drained of moisture before they pass over the parched Idaho soil In Tucson tomorrow the low ac companying the around 80degree high should be about 45 The high yesterday was 79 and the overnight low this morning was 48 Full weather report page ISA Cilizcn Photo by Bruce Hopkins A winter here Making the best of the mildest winter in Tucson in 36 years are those coeds basking today at a University of Arizona swimming pool While they perfect their tans the skins of Easterners are buried under mounds of clothes State fumes as fbuttleggers9 avoid tax By JAMES WYCKOFF Citizen Staff Writer Buttieggers cigarette smugglers who profit from the difference in tobacco luxury tax among states apparently have a toehold in Arizona The buttlegger name was coined back East where New York State alone estimates it is losing million a year because smugglers are illegally importing millions of cartons of cigarettes from states with low luxury taxes The cigarettes seem to be coming into Arizo na primarily from California and Nevada where lower luxury taxes allow importers a savings of 15 to 30 cents a carton on Arizonas a carton tax rate As a result of the smuggling Arizona could lose a substantial amount of luxury tax revenue Officials from the State Department of Reve nue say theyve made several large seizures of outofstate cigarettes in recent months here We picked up 800 cartons in Kingman from vending machines late last year that either had California stamps or no stamps at all that were traced back to a Las Vegas smoke shop said James Brush the departments luxury tax ad ministrator A seizure of similar size he added was made in Kingman last year also involving cigarettes bearing California stamps Brush does not believe the problem has reached major proportions in Arizona and ad mits that no one knows how many persons or cartons are involved here Part of the reason Arizona may not have reached the serious stage is because individual smokers are exempt from Arizonas 1933 law covering the tax Only wholesalers and retailers handling tobacco are covered under the law that bans the import of outofstate products unless the import er pays the Arizona tax Brush said he cant do anything about two or three complaints about individuals who have had cigarettes mailed to their Arizona addresses in quantity from other states Butttegging by individuals has a naturally wide appeal They bring in 10 cartons for them selves 10 cartons for a buddy down the street 10 cartons for a guy at work it starts adding up Brush said The problem was complicated here recently by the situation at a tobacco store on the San Xavier Indian Reservation Local retailers claim the store at the reservations industrial park has been avoiding the cigarette tax and selling ciga rettes at a carton compared to the usual or more DiUions Indian Tobacco Barn because it is operated on reservation land by Indians appar ently can avoid the payment of the state luxury tax The revenue department thinks that may be costing the state a year in revenue States like New York Michigan Indiana and Ohio have formed federalsponsored forces to counter the flow of buttlegged cigarettes Between April 1975 and September 1976 51000 cartons were seized in Florida Missouri Michi gan Ohio Indiana Illinois and Minnesota Most of the cigarettes come from tobacco producing slates with state taxes ranging from two cents to three cents a pack compared to 15 to 21 cents in states where the contraband ciga rettes are sold L v IV r Jf I ff ii IU is liiiK v ir 1 i 1 j li IggSM i v i if1 American College of Physicians Inside A gas holdout Natural gas producers withheld more than one tril lion cubic feet of the fuel during the height of the weather crisis that shut down plants and resulted in massive unemployment recently charge the writers of The Investigators column 6A A rmor saves lives The knights of yore may have had the right idea but the wrong materials police departments have decided A new typo of soft armor lighter than nylon being tested in Tucson and 14 other cities is credited with having saved 15 lives6D Oscars coining again Citizen movie critic Micheline Keating gives us a closeup look at the annual ritual of the Oscar pre sentation and discusses some of her own choices for the award IB Football recruiting lime The day for signing Jeltersofintent has come and gone and Tony Mason head football coach at the University of Arizona is smiling IE Bridge Classified Comics Crossword Deaths I6A 6D 7E 3C 6D Editorial 2C3C Financial 2D3D FocusIBSB Ann Landers 3C Movie Times SB Pub Rcc8A Snorts 1E6E TVRadio B Weather ISA Your Stars 2B To Subscribe Call 8894611 For Want Ads Call 8895333 Results dramatic Latest local police weapon Hypnosis First a fence then the prison Citizen Photo by Bruce Hopkins Workmen put up the fence that wiii enclose the states medi umsecurity prison on Wilmot Road near Interstate 10 Ac cording to corrections officials progress on the million prison is right on target and construction should be fin ished by next December When it opens in January the pris on will house about200 young firsttime offenders Measles cases rising sharply around nation ATLANTA AP Outbreaks of measles one of the most serious of childhood diseases are increasing at alarming rates in some states and public health officials are calling for means to curb their spread Although most states have laws requiring immu nization against measles an Associated Press survey shows little is done to enforce them Peter Crippen head of Indianas immunization program said that states law has loopholes so big you could drive a bus through Last year 39585 cases of measles were reported nationally the largest number since 1971 said the National Center for Disease Control in Atlanta The alltime low was 28094 in 1974 Many of the states responding to the AP report large increases of measle cases last year over 1975 and many said 1977 likely will be even worse Pima County Health Department officials say they are concerned about a possible outbreak here because eight probable cases of measles have been reported within the past month Five of the cases are confirmed as measles and the other three are suspect said Ted Scalione of the countys communicable diseases division Seven of them can be traced to the same North Side day care center Normally only one or two cases are reported a month so the increased numbers for this January have health officials keeping close track on the dis eased children he said In Arizona measles vaccinations are required for children as they enter elementary school and the requirement is strictly enforced according to Sca lione Immunization for grade school children hits close to 90 per cent with vaccination programs offered by the schools county health clinics andprivate physi cians Scalione said Dr Walter Orenstein a medical epidemiologist at the Atlanta center said he believes most states that have immunization laws are not enforcing them Orenstein said the mortality rate of the disease is about one in 1000 In rare cases it can also cause permanent brain damage Measles are most infectious before diagnosis By DAVID DYKES Citizen Staff Writer The woman in her early 20s was dazed and beaten and lying in the hallway when police found her She was in shock mumbling incoherently She couldnt tell police anything Fear had erased the attack from her mind Groping for leads investiga tors turned to a new weapon in the Tucson police arsenal hypnosis Under the direction of police psychologist Harold Russell the woman was hypno tized in her home in front of a television screen Carefully and sensitively reaching into her subconscious Russell had the victim re play the incident by visualiz ing it on the screen The results were dramatic While hypno tized the woman recalled that she had been raped by a man wearing a ski mask He had forced his way in after she answered a knock at her front door Under hypnosis the woman gave investigators a detailed description of her assailant including a description of his shoelaces which Russell said were peculiar From the womans descrip Harold Russell 24 years experience tion police now have a suspect but no arrest has yet been made in the monthold case Despite that Police Chief William J Gilkinson said he was so impressed with the results that hereafter the department will use hypnosis any time the victim or wit ness is willing to submit and cooperate For a long time hypnosis was criticized as foolishness that should be kept in stage shows Many viclims and wit nesses to violent crime instead were put under the influence of drugs withthe cooperation of doctors and psychologists and then questioned by authorities However because of physical side effects from drugs and the higher cost of using them offi cers interest recently has shifted to hypnosis Hypnosis say investigators and psychologists is an inex pensiveyet effective way to relax a victim or witness and reach his subconscious for details of a traumatic incident that he has erased from his consciousness For example authorities hypnotized Chowchilla Calif bus driver Ed Ray to get the license number of the van driv en by the suspects who kid naped a busload of 26 children last July Its a new area where in the past police have been unable to gain information victims want to give us but have been un able to provide because of a mental block Gilkinson said Were not minds Were trying to bend trying to assist Continued page 2A
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