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Tucson Daily Citizen (Newspaper) - December 7, 1961, Tucson, Arizona VOL 89 NO. 292 TUCSON, ARIZONA, THURSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7, 1961 MAin 2-5855 10 CENTS-60 PAGES Photo by Bernle Sedlev JUDGE UNDER ARMED GUARD Superior Court Judge Raul H. Castro (right) was accompanied by an armed dep- uty sheriff today as he arrived at the Pima County Juvenile Detention Home to conduct juvenile hearings. The grim deputy, Thomas Cromwell, was ordered to stay with Castro at all times after three threats against the judge's life last night. AMERICAN PLANE HIT KATANGA FIGHTING AFTER JAN. 1 AT 0. r A T Cars Blamed INew rima Grand Jury To Probe City Steel Case For 90% Ot Air Pollution Bv JIM JOHNSON A new Pima County Grand Jury will launch an investiga- j tion into the city's controver- sial steel purchases immedi- ately after the first of the year. Superior Court Judge John F. Molloy, who conferred not be held until after first of the year. with Presiding Judge Lee Garrett this morning, said they agreed that "a new grand jury should be called right away." But because of the holiday season and the time needed to call a new panel, Molloy explained, the first session probably will I one. In deciding to call a new grand jury, the judges acted on a recommendation by County Atty. Harry Acker- man. The county attorney's office has been gathering facts on the city's steel pur- chases for the past several weeks. Garrett said he would ask Judge Herbert F. Krucker, who presently is handling Su- perior Court assign me n t duties, to impanel the new the The grand jury which Mol- j loy impaneled last March was I discharged this morning at its j own request. Molloy and Ack-1 erman pointed out that the j panel was in session steadily! By JOHN RIDDICK Internal combustion engines account for better than for four months and that cem Qf the poijutjon that g0es jnto the air here, "severe hardship already had r _ i, n M been imposed on the mem-1 Dr. Gene M. Nordby, head of the civil engineering de- bers. partment at the University of Arizona, said today. U.S. Halts Asked if the new grand! -rne sanitation engineering laboratory of his de- jury would investigate any- thing other than the steel purchases, Ackerman said: "I can't say 5f.it will a lot will depend upon the wishes uuucs, to impanel me new r ,u jury and Krucker said he Sbps "would be disposed" to call j eviaence inai partment has made a survey of air pollution in this valley. The engineers found that automobile exhaust accounts least twice as bad Nordby said. The emission study here fnr thP maioritv of this I was made bv Stanley Dea- a tor tne vasi majoniy 01 uus Judge Castro's Life Threatened By STEVE EMERINE Superior Court Judge Raul H. Castro was assigned 24-hour guard by armed deputy sheriffs last night after his wife received three telephone calls from a youth who threatened to kill the judge. Because of a court case, Castro could not be reached by telephone last night, depu- ties said. The courthouse switchboard closes at 5 p.m. Castro, who doubles as Juvenile court judge, quoted his wife as saying, a "very determined and mean-sound- ing young man" called her three separate times trying to reach the judge. "He threatened to kill me, to 'rub me because I'd sent his buddy to Ft. Castro said. Ft. Grant is the site of the State Industrial School for Boys, where offenders under 18 years of age are sent. Sheriff's detectives today were screening records of Castro's juvenile hearings in hopes of gaining a clue as to the identity of the caller and his "buddy." The judge said threatening calls "are old stuff to us we've h4d about a dozen since I first became county attorney in 1955. "But my wife (a former deputy sheriff) said this guy really sounded like he meant business. He wasn't drunk, just meaiv and Castro The judge admitted he was "concerned" because the cal- ler was a young person. "They're more apt to do rash on the spur of the moment without think- ing of the Castro said. Sheriffs deputies indicated crank calls and drunken threati against county offi- this one sounds said one deputy. "We can't take chances." Castro was hearing a civil case in Superior Court last night until about The sheriff's office assigned Depu- ty Thomas Cromwell to guard him from 10 p.m. until mid- night, when the judge arrived home. Deputy Mike Valenzuela took over at midnight and stayed at the Castro home un- til a.m., when he was relieved by Cromwell, who was to be with Castro at all times today. Cromwell accom p a n i e d Castro to the Pima County Juvenile Detention Home this morning, where the judge conducted weekly juvenile hearings. Rain Is Good Possibility We're going to have Some rain, you know. But keep on smiling: It's better'n snow, Annie There's a good possi- bility that showers ex- pected tonight may con- tinue through tomorrow, the weather experts tell us. The low pressure area from the West Coast which caused today's overcast is expected to bring light rains by to- night and snow flurries to higher nearby moun- tain areas. It will be a little cooler tomorrow, making the rain seem chillier. A 64- degree maximum high is predicted, three degrees cooler than yesterday's warmest. Tonight's low will be near 45. Last night's low was 47. At 2 p.m. today it was 58 with 50 per cent humidity. Full Weather Report. II Pearl Harbor Warning Repeated PEARL HARBOR, this missile and thermonuclear age, it would be foolhardy indeed to as- sume that surprise attack will never be a possibility." This warning was in a. speech prepared for delivery today by Adm. John H. Sides, commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, at ceremonies marking the 20th anniversary of the Japanese Pearl Harbor. attack on Settlement Reported In Dominican Crisis SANTO DOMINGO, Domin- ican sources said today a settle- ment has been reached in the Dominican political crisis. It is understood the agree- ment calls for the resignation of President Joaquin Balaguer before Dec. 31 and installa- tion of a provisional council of state to govern this island nation seeking a new way Ceremonies were held on a platform above the waters along non-restored "battleship i row." Activity throughout the naval base halted momentar- ily in memory of that black 7, 1941. The ceremony was timed to coincide with the exact mo- ment a.m. when the first Japanese planes swooped low over the battleships lin- ing the northeast shores of Ford Island. BELOW THE memorial platform for the U.S.S. Ari- zona, center of today's cere- monies, was the rusting hulk of the warship and the re- mains of crewmen who went down with her. The Ari- zona and her crew are sym- bols of those hours when war came to the United States. South of the Arizona the old battleship row was va- cant. But between the flag flying above the Arizona and one beside Ford Island's ad- ministration building less than a mile away nearly men died on a Sunday morning. "The lessons learned (that Informants said an accord j are recorded. ir.blood" ways be reacy to defend the freedoms for which we stand and for which these men and died." Taking part in the memor- ial tribute were military lead- ers, congressmen, and repre- sentatives of veterans organ- izations, including 108 Pearl Harbor raid survivors from New England. A group of 60 Gold Star Mothers, many of whose sons died on the Ari- zona, also was on hand. See TUCSONIAN, Page 21 In a prepared statement announcing his recommenda- tion to call a new grand jury, Ackerman declared that "be- cause of the passage of time, the outlawing of certain crimes because of statutes of limitations, and the death or disappearance of potential witnesses, the job of success- fully investigating the city's steel purchases will be diffi- cult." Ackerman said that he felt a complete investigation should be undertaken "be- cause of the large amount of money and principals in- volved." In a 1957-58 stockpiling program, the city paid for steel bought from the General Steel Co. of Carlstadt, N. J., and Universal Indus- tries Inc., of New York City. Investigation indicated that pollution. "EACH DAY in this town there are tons of waste products put into the air from automobile Nordby said. "This compares with 210 tons from all Diesel-operated vehicles and 543 tons from aircraft." graduate student under Nord- by, who formerly was chair- man of the Research Commit- tee of Arizona and Air Pollu- tion, and under Quentin Mees, director of the UA sanitary engineering laboratory, who now is chairman. AS FOR the general air pollution situation here, Nord- by called it "moderate, but getting worse." In his view, air pollution Nordby congratulated thejmust be considercd in some Automobile Manufacturers i wavs separate from dust Assn. for agreeing yesterday j which makes up 96 per cent to place air pollution control devices on the 1963 model cars and trucks. "THEY'VE SEEN the light and are doing the right Nordby said. "The quicker we can get these fil- ters all over the country the better off we will be. They should be standard equip- the city paid from 10 to times the going price for the steel purchased. Little use has been found for the steel to date, and, con- trary to City Charter, the purchases were made without competitive bid. Automobile traffic has in- creased seven or eight times in Tucson since 1940. "Our projection curves show it will go up and in 10 years the situation will be at was reached on main points and only some minor details are being worked over. Dense crowds packed San- to Domingo's main streets as word spread that an agree- ment was at hand. Many shops reopened in some busi- ness areas, but the downtown stores remained closed on the by the Trujillo dynasty. said Sides in his memorial address. "THE IMPORTANT thing for us here today, and for all Americans, is to pledge anew that pur country shall always remain strong and shall al- cials are not uncommon. "But settlement is expected today. I f. day of a general strike was a key factor in the negotiations. The volume of street traf- reased appreciably. In the streets chants of "Balaguer out" were mixed with others of "Liberty by Christmas." Balaguer's health reported- ly figured in developments of the last 48 hours. He was re- ported exhausted and suffer- ing from a mild kidney infec- tion. Persons close to him said Tie was on the verge of col- lapse after the Nov. 19 coup which foiled an attempt by two brothers of the late Gen- eralissimo Rafael Trujillo to seize power. Eyman Has MUd Heart Disorder FLORENCE Warden Frank Eyman was taken to Final County Hospital today suffering from a mild heart ailment. Sources said the warden was stricken sometime during the night. Hospital workers refused to say what the warden's con- dition is. His physician. Dr. W. P. Tucker, "could not be contacted. of the particulate matter in Tucson's air. It is the gaseous material in the air that causesr'lhe irritation. "Dust affects the visibility more than Nordby said. "We don't like it, but it's not nearly the irritant that the gases are." In most parts of the coun- try, the water vapor acts as the carrier for the air pollu- tion. Here in the desert, dust probably is the carrier, Nord- by said. THE ACTION of the auto- mobile makers came less than four months after Welfare Secretary Abraham Ribicoff warned the industry to reach a voluntary agreement before 1964 or face federal action. ELISABETHVILLE, Ka- tanga, The Congo UPI Katanga soldiers hit a low- flying United States Air Force plane with .rifle and machinegun fire today and set it' afire. The damaged plane, landed safely at Elisa- bethville airport and the crewmen escaped injury. .With the shooting, U.S. servicemen were brought under fire for the first time in the 18 months of Congo turmoil. In the only other in- stance of violence against American military men 15 U.S. Air Force technicians were beaten up by Congo troops at Stanleyville last year. Shortly after the shooting the United States called off its airlift of troops and sup- plies to the United Nations forces seeking to bring rebel- lious Katanga troops under control. THE BATTLE for the con- trol of the capital of the breakaway Katanga province raged into its third day with much of the fighting centered on a strategic tunnel control- ing the main traffic artery in and out of the city. In private advices to Katan- ga sources in New York, Ka- tanga's Foreign Minister Evar- iste Kimba said his troops had driven U.N. forces from the United Nations' headquarters in the heart of .Elisabethville and had scored "victory after victory." The word from Kimba was that the Katanga troops now controlled all of the city of Elisabethville. He charged that U.N. troops were shelling two Katanga hospitals. AS THE FIGHTING sent shells and bullets whistling The blowby device through El izabethVille's which engineers said today can eliminate 40 per cent of a car's smog potential costs from to in Cali- fornia, where they are now mandatory. The unanimous action yes- terday means that virtually all 1963 model vehicles will include anti-air pollution de- vices. streets a band of marooned Seventh-Day Adventist mis- sionaries escaped from 52 hours of repeated mortar fire by fleeing through a back window of their building. The 29 missionaries and their families, who included 11 women and eight children had been trapped in the mis- sion station as the battling between U.N. troops and Ka- The system recirculates tangese raged outside. The crankcase gases through the j building had been hit at least engine where the hydrocarbon 13 times by mortar shells, ba- vapors are largely eliminated zooka shells and bombs. Ches- by combustion. But New Teller Curnmings told the judge he ter Torrey, the Adventists' American World Secretary General, was slightly wound- ed in the crossfire. At the United Nations head- quarters in New York, Secre- tary-General II Thant, bol- stered by U.S. support, today tvorce T wife, Helen, because she spent j the breakaway province un- ........der U.N. control. U.N. sources said Thant would submit the too much time in pool halls. Judge Robert C. Cannon granted it after Mrs. Cum- mings testified that she liked 'shooting friends." pool with girl plan to his Congo advisory committee before making it public. See U.S. Studies, 4 INSIDE THE CITIZEN Truman Stands Up To Issues PAGE H Pearl Harbor Probe Closed PAGE 25 Batbing Beauty Was 'String Bean' PAGE is Citizen-Gazette All-State Team would vest a seven-man coun- cil of state with executive and legislative powers after con- j state prison at Florenct in gress is dissolved. ,1955. NEW ORE CONCENTRATOR TESTED Herbert C. Brauchla (right) turns controls on his new ore concentrator which is be- ing tested here while engineer Paul Ruminsky (left) watches and H. Clyde Davis, consulting geologist, dumps in the ore. The machine, which it. is hoped will help He became warden of the revjve the small miner, has a revolving drum inside to separate the minerals from the waste. story on Page 3. Eyman formerly was Pima j County Sheriff a retired! captain of detec- Bridge 26 Comics 49 Crossword Puzzle 42 Dr. Alvarez 12 Editorials 22 Financial Page 29 Molly Mayfield Movies Public Records Radio-TV Sports Woman's View PAGE SI 7 48 54 46 Sl-M 31-34
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