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Tucson Daily Citizen (Newspaper) - September 20, 1945, Tucson, Arizona WEATHER Portly cloudy tnnlplit nml to- morrow. Little clinnRo In tem- perature. Trmpcvnturo nt p, m, VOL LXXIV, NO. 226. LATE NEWS EDITION Part Tucton. Arlioiu TUCSON, ARIZONA, THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 20. 1945. FIVE PAGES Auto Union Chiefs Seek To End Strikes Conciliators Reach Detroit For U. S. Moves Session Of Labor Heads Ancl Management Is Called UAW Drafts Wage Plans For Auto Industry .OTHER ROWS LOOM Federal Permission For Two Walkout Votes To Be Sought By ALT.KX V, BOWLING DETROIT, Sept. 20. A battery of federal labor ex- launched peace efforts in Detroit's critical labor situ- ation today and found the CIO United Auto Workers already 4 speeding settlement of at least three automobile Industry strikes. Four labor department concilia- tors from the Cleveland office ar- rived this morning and called a meeting with union and manage- ment representatives in the Wood- all Industries strike, which has held up car body parts. As the authority-packed federal agency entered the explosive recon- version disputes, the UAW was In- volved In efforts to settle the Kol- sey-Haycs Wheel company strike which has stopped production at the Ford Motor company. Other UAW officials were meeting with management representatives of the Murray Corp. of America and the L. A. Young Spring Wire Co, Fenr Another Depression More than workers are out at the Murray and another 650 are Idle nt L. A. Young. Mean- time, Murray officials Issued a pub- jic statement charging "irresponsi- ble union leaders" with stalling the "national economic The (statement said union leadership was heading the nation "straight for another depression." The UAW also was racing the government's conciliation service to restore production at Kelsey- Hayes, a chief supplier of Ford. Ford has stopped production on 1046 models at U plants because of the dispute. Third Fleet Coming Home For Navy Day Cruiser Tucson Among Mighty Warships Leaving Japan By FRANK TUTCMATXK TOKYO, Sept. 20. American battleships led a substantial portion of the mighty third fleet out of Tokyo bay today on the first log of a victory voyage, home to the United States. The armada's departure, coupled with an announcement that three- riuarters of Japan's homo army of men has been demobi- lized, clearly indicated that the American occupation of Japan was well beyond the danger point. Japan herself took another step to Insure speedy compliance with Gen. Douglas MacArthur's occupa- tion orders. Her privy councilors, conferring" In the presence of Em peror Hlrohlto, approved an ex traoi'dlnary imperial decree auto- v. matlcally legalizing all government orders Issued at direction of Mac- Arthur, Shlpu of the third fleet pulled anchor and steamed out of Tokyo bay early this afternoon, leaving occupation of Japanese home wa- ters to Adm. Raymond A. Spru- ance's fifth fleet, The third fleet, world's greatest naval flotilla, will participate In Navy day ceremonies In the Unit- ed States Oct. 27 (a MBS broad- cast said part of the fleet will an- chor at a west coast port Oct. 15 and another part will proceed to the coast in time for the Oct. 27 10very ship was crammed to ca- pacity 'with Army and Navy offi- cers and men eligible for dis- charge, Additional troops and sailors will be picked up at Oki- nawa and Pearl Harbor. Brilliant sunshine and a soft breeze favored the flotilla as it left. In the vanguard were four new bat- tleships, Iowa, Wisconsin, South Dakota and Alabama, and two older battlewagons, Colorado and West Virginia. Also In line were the carrier Tl- concleroga, the light cruisers Am- sterdam, Vicksburg, and Tucson, and the destroyers Mansfield, Ly- mar. K. Swenson, Maddox, Blue, Samuel N. Moore, Collett, Taussig, and Brush. j -.S W- o lanta; and W. M. McAulay, Flint, Mich. (AP wircphoto.) House Votes To Kill Probe Of Governor Representatives A g a i 11 Support Osborn By 51-3 Vote PHOENIX, Sept. 20. The Arizona house of repre- sentatives today "vindicated the governor of any charges made on the floor of this house" to reaffirm its stand exonerating Gov. Sidney P, Osborn of alleged wrongs in his handling of Colorado river matters, i The move was taken to bring to an end "now and forever' the proposition launched by Rep. Ski- nev Kartus of Maricopa county to "investigate the chief executive with a view to finding data that might constitute evidence on which to base Impeachment proceedings. The house voted 51 to 3 to clear Osborn on a mbtlon by Rep. Laura McRae of Maricopa 'county after tho house had balloted to dis- charge a special investigating com- mittee and to postpone indefinitely further deliberations of the com- mittee's report. Three Reps, J. H, Fairbanks, Lee Norton and Kar- tus all of voted against the McRae motion. Fairbanks and Norton contending that it was too broad in terms when it referred to "any charges." Kartus was- silent, The motion to postpone indefi- nitely consideration of the report and 'discharge the committee was made by Rep, Richard F. Kilpatrick of Maricopa county. It carried by a 53 to 1 vote, Kartus casting the only negative ballot. Asks Reconsideration The issue, which has embroiled the house for more than a week, came back up again when Rep. W, 0, Rosenbaum of Gila county moved for a reconsideration of his proposition which laid the report on the table. Rosenbaum explained his Wednes- day action was taken to delay con- sideration of the proposition until the house was "cooler and more Rep. Leonard Klein of Yavapal county said he had analyzed the committee report and had come to the conclusion that Kartus had started the investigation "as a smokescreen" to ascertain three things: What route would be taken to bring the Colorado river into cen tral Arizona, In what areas would the water bo distributed. How much water, would be (See LEGISLATURE on Page 1) Bender's Accuses Widow Calixtro Convicted Woman Says Struck First Blows Gen. Somervell And Marshall Will Quit WASHINGTON. Sept. 20. Gen, Brehon Somervell, command- Ing general of the Army service forces, revealed today that ho sub- mitted his resignation to chief of staff Gen. George C. Marshall on Aug. IS. Under Army regulations, Somer- vell's resignation must be accepted because he has completed more than 35 years service. Somervell said he wished to leave the service on the day on which Gen. Marshall vacates his position of chief of staff. This was taken to indicate that Marshall's retirement as chief of staff is imminent. NOG Sept. .20. Librada Lopez Ben- der, convicted widow of the late Herman C. Bender for whose killing she 'is serving a life term, took the witness stand today to say her son-in-law, Manuel Calixtro, charged with first degree murder in the same case, was one of the participants in the crime last Apr. 29. Court recessed for a half hour this morning while hospital at- tendants prepared to bring Benito Arias, 17, another eyewitness, to the courtroom on a stretcher to give his version of the crime. Arias is recovering from an emergency appendectomy performed Monday. Whether or not he was in condi- tion to testify was not immediately known. First Court Appearance Mrs. Bender's appearance on the witness stand marked the first time she had spoken in the court- room. She followed her daughter, Armida Kellogg, 14, on (he stand. Defense counsel Nasib Karam .ob- jected to Mrs. Bender.'s appearance on the stand and questioned her sanity. Judge Frank E. Thomas overruled him. Mrs. Bender entered the court- room cheerfully, she smiled a warm "Hello" to Court Clerk Dorothy Titcomb, She wore the same dark- green dross, she had on during her entire trial, but this time her hair was neatly, arranged and she wore black bobby socks with red The blue-eyed, thrice-married widow sat nervously in the witness stand and arranged and rearranged her hair. She told County Attorney Ruffo Espinosa she saw" Calixtro first the night of the slaying at the "forks of the road" near the Bender home. Again she saw him in front of the Bender house, she said, and added that it was there that Calixtro struck tho aged miner. The boys finished tho job, she said. Laughs On She said she understood -little English, Interpreter Arthur Valen- zucia took the stand with her, but the court tittered several limes when Mrs, Bender answered ques- tions herself in broken English. She denied she had ever at- tempted to poison Bender and told Defense Counsel Karam she got along with her late husband "except when we got drunk." Asked if Bender had ever tried to shoot her, Mrs. Bender smiled broad- ly and said no, "but he did hit me Sec CAF..1XTRO on Page 7) SENATORS FAVOR TRAVEL HOME PAY WASHINGTON, Sept, 20. Tho senate voted today to pay the way back home for workers who lose the jobs they moved to during the war. In the first administration vic- tory after two major defeats on the unemployment compensation bill, a vote of 65 to H turned back a move by Sen. McClellan to biock the travel allowances. The majority heeded arguments that since the government induced these people to take war work away from home, it ought to get them back. B-29's Reach Washington In One-Stop Hop By FHEI> SCHERPP WASHINGTON, Sept. 20. weary Army airmen took time out for a well-earned rest today after a gruelling 6645-mile one-stop flight from Japan to Washington in three Superfortresses. The big four-enginecl bombers landed here shortly before 10 o'clock last night, for an elapsed time of just under 30 hours shire the takeoff. The actual flying time for tho fastest plane was 27 hours, 40 minutes. The flight started out to be a nonstop affair. But strong.head- winds over Alaska and Canada caused heavy fuel consumption and tho planes were forced to stop in Chicago to take on more gaso- line and oil. To Visit Homes The crew members will meet with reporters at a war depart- ment press conference this morn- ing and then will leave to visit their homes, Gen. Henry H, Arnold, Army air force chief, a large deJegation of officials and the SO-piece Army air force band turned out at the national airport to greet the fliers. The silvery sky giants hit the runway in l.hc same order in which they had taken off from Mizulani airfield on Hokkaido, northernmost of the Japanese home islands, be- ginning at p. m. Tuesday, The first clown was skippered by Lt. Gen. Barney M. Giles, deputy .chief of U, S. strategic air forces in the Pacific. The second was commanded bv Maj. Gen. Curtjs E, LeMay, chief of staff of the 'JOth bomber command, and the third by Brig. Gen. Emmett O'Donnel'l, commander of the 20th's 73rd bombardment wing, Federal Tax Revision Plan Is Given U.S. Magill Group Makes Recommendations For 15 Billion Total Demobilization Report Given To Congress Lawmakers Assemble For Address By Gen. Marshall TAX CUTS LOOM Another 10 To Be Lopped Off Score Nov. 1 WASHINGTON, Sept. 20. Magill, former undersecretary 'of the treas- ury, announced today details of a plan drawn up by the committee on postwar tax policy, providing ultimate federal tax reductions amounting to more than 50 per cent from the war peak. Tho recommendations were sub- mitted to the joint congressional committee on internal revenue taxation and to treasury depart- ment officials. They were contained in a 275-page volume, printed after 16 months of study by (he commit- tee, of which Magill is chairman, Federal taxes ultimately would be reduced under iho plan (o be- tween and a year, compared with (he war peak in the fiscal year ended June 30, 1945, The committee immediately would eliminate the 3 per cent nor- mal tax on personal incomes and the excess profits tax 011 corpora- tions. The plan provides for cer- tain changes in a transition period estimated at. three years and for a strong tax foundation in the "nor- mal, long-range postwar period" which will follow. For During the transition period the committee recommended elimina- tion of the three per cent normal tax, which, it estimated, would free persons, principally in low income tax brackets, from paying federal income taxes. The plan called for a single set of progressive tax rates on individuals, eliminating the present combinations of normal and surtax rates. The initial rate in this scale should fall between 15 and 20 pel- cent, according to revenue needs, the committee said. Other recommendations .for indi- vidual income taxes include reten- tion of the present Si500 exemption for the taxpayer and each depen- dent' alleviation of the double tax (See TAX CUTS on Page 7) Unemployment Payment Measure N e a r i n g Final Passage By M'AX HALL WASHINGTON, Sept. 20. Gen. Marshall spoke. Congress listened, This was the No, 1 news on Capitol Hill today. Five-starred George C. Mar- shall, Army chief of staff, won high respect from the lawmakers when- ever he talked to them during the war. Now he would see what he could do in peacetime. His task was to teli the story of Army discharges, to explain why soldiers aren't be- ing released as fast as some angry congressmen think they should be. He was invited to address ah informal joint meeting of the sen- ate and house in the green-domed Library of Congress, just across the park from the capitol. News- reporters were invited, too. Meanwhile: Tax Reduction Plan 1. A new tax-cutting plan took shape in congress. 2. The senate made ready to com- plete its action on the unemploy- ment pay bill and send it to the house, where the rumpus .will start over again. 3. The house prepared to debate a bill to give the stales an >undis- pxi-ted rfght to adjoining lands that are under water, This bill grew out of Interior Secretary Ickes' claim of federal ownership of oil- bearing land off the California coast. 4. Mary Norton chair- man of the house labor committee, said her new bill to raise tho mini- mum wage for firms in interstate commerce from 'JO to 65 cents an hour has so much support she thinks a committee hearing will be unnecessary. 5. The senate banking committee was on the verge of putting its final punctuation marks on the so (See CONGRESS on Page 7) Jump In Property Tax In County Total Of To Be Paid In Pima, Reports Deputy Treasurer Owners of property in Pima county this year are paying more than 'a half million dollars more in taxes than they did last in fact. Increased salaries of public offi cials and higher costs of equip ment are given as the general rea- son for the deeper clip into the pockets of John Q. Public. According to figures made pub- lic today by Louis E. Young, chief deputy county tre-.surer, the total of taxes to be collected for 1945 on real estate and secured personal property will be as contrasted with for 1044. Young said the totals had been given to him after having been ap- proved by R. H. Martin, chairman of supervisors, and other members of the board. The greatest portion of the in- (See LOCAL TAXES on Page 7) MacArthur's View Stirs Up Lots Of Furore By DEWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Gen. MacArthur seems to have stirred up a sizable cloud of conflicting emotions by his announcement that Uncle Sam's occu- pation forces in Japan m'ay be cut to some within six divergence of opinion which isn't strange in view of the numerous issues involved. For the soldiers who want to get back home, and for their families, such a cut means one thing. It means quite another to the exponents of using the mailed fist on the Japs. To a further group it means something else, and so it goes. But it strikes me that whatever may be the premise from which you argue you always arrive at the same point, which is this: We maintain troops in Japan as long as is necessary to achieve the far reach- ing objectives of the declaration of Potsdam by the Big it lie one year or 20. We must keep as many soldiers there as are required to enforce this whether it be or The Potsdam edict calls not only for the physical disarmament but for the moral rearmament of Nippon. The very character of the people must be changed to rid them of their medieval ideas, fit them to govern themselves, and so prepare them for a place among the United Nations. Now that's a job which can't be ac- complished quickly, for it must be done by a process of education. Gen. Wainwright, hero of Corregi- (See FURORE on Page 3) Buys Lot "Marshall Tells Congress Of Plans Charles H. (Chuck) and Esther Henderson Abbott, known widely in the Southwest ;is photograph- ers, today purchased a lot imme- diately cast of 48 Penning- Ion street for a reported con- sideration of on which to buiJd a store and studio building. Landowners saw in the transac- tion another step in the expan- sion of the East Congress street 'business district to North Scott and East, Pennington streets. New Building May Rise On Downtown Lot Abbots Purchase Site For Structure On East Penhington As an additional step in the development of the East Pen- nington North Scott street business district, a transaction was closed today in which Charles H. (Chuck) and Esther Henderson Abbott become the own- ers of a lot, feet, immedi- ately east of 48 East Pennington street at a reported consideration of Plans have been started, it was said, for the erection of a building. Abbott could not be located at p, m. and his statement of final plans could not be obtained but it was reported that a two- story building is to be erected on the 'west 32% feet of the lot and that the remainder soon will be sold to Roy and Oliver Drachman. An 'additional building may be erected, it was said, when materials and labor are more plentiful. Sold By Mrs. Chrisl.mann Mrs, Frida 0. Christmann, 1040 North First avenue, is the previous owner of the lot. The transaction was handled by the Tucson Realty Trust Co., with Earl Jones as the negotiator. Rumors have been prevalent for months of a pending sale of East Pennington street property, at one time it having been reported that a hotel company was purchasing the lot and two others adjacent on the east for the purpose.of erecting a hotel building. Landowners declare the East Pen nington-North Scott street area provides a logical outlet
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