Tucson Daily Citizen, May 19, 1945

Tucson Daily Citizen

May 19, 1945

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Issue date: Saturday, May 19, 1945

Pages available: 24

Previous edition: Friday, May 18, 1945

Next edition: Monday, May 21, 1945

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Tucson Daily Citizen (Newspaper) - May 19, 1945, Tucson, Arizona DO YOUR SHARE! The Tucson Daily Citizen Urgw AmcrJcnns to snpport onr govern- ment Buy War Savings or Bonds Buy them regularly! LATE NEWS EDITION VOL. LXXV, NO. 120. Entered ml Mar. Post Tucson, TUCSON, ARIZONA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 1945. FIVE CENTS TWELVE PAGES ALLIES FEAR CLASH AT TRIESTE Stalin Sends Blunt Word On Poland Soviet Chief Spurns Talks With Captives Rift Behveeii Russians And Allies Seen. As Growing Worse LONDON, May 19. 'remier Stalin bluntly af- irmed Russia's .refusal to ne- otiate with 16 arrested Polish eaders today'in a statement hlch London sources said wld- ned the rift between the Soviets nd the western Allies on the olish Issue. %talln called for. solution of the olish problem and reconstruction the Polish provisional govern- ment at Warsaw In strict accord- nee with the Crimean 'decisions, He asserted, that the arrests of te 16 Polish them len recommended by the United tates and Britain for inclusion the coalition in no way connected with the recon- cile t I on" of the government. Will Xot Negotiate Neither, he said, had the Rus- ans ever Invited the arrested men i.dlscuss formation of the' new Dvernment. Soviet 'authorities do not ancl 111 not negotiate 'with violators 1 the law on the protection of the >ar of the Red he .said. The arrested Poles, Including Ice-Premier J, S. Jankowski of the olish exile government in Lon- in, were held by the Red army on larges of diverslonlst activity be- nd the Russian lines, Stalin's ith ent in Whitehall" arid Polish lie government headquarters'. Particular surprise was ex- ressed, over .Stalin's- assertion tnat JAPS, YANKS SEE-SA W IN FEROCIOUS BATTLE By WILLIAM F. TYREE GUAM, May 19. troops on southern Okin- awa battled four American divisions almost to a standstill today as the bloodiest campaign of the Pacific war went into its 49th day on a note of rising fury, Marines and Army troops were inside Naha, Shuri, and the three anchors of the Japanese 'line, but key hills dominating the cities were changing hands as many as United Nations' conference impasse over the re- giniKtl aiTaiigiMncnt's issue was seen today when a late- afternoon session of the conference's Biff. Five was scheduled with' less than three, hours' notice, Calling of today's session was regarded as indicating; that the Russians finally have received their instructions as .to what' stand they should take on .the compromise regional arrange- ments reached by the U, S. and .Latin-American countries after .10 days' negotiating. Official sources said (hey knew of no other reason for calling such a meeting; at (his time. Harding, Clark To Faee Trial Next Tuesday Two Officers. Will Be Tried In Florence For Beating Lewis WASHINGTON, May 19. President John L, Lewis of the United Mine Workers ancl Anth- hractte operators announced today that they had completed a new hard coal contracts, which'Will be signed tonight. Lewis immediately called upon all of Pennsylvania's an- thracite miners who have been on strike since May .1 to return to work on Monday morning. The new agreement provides .a daily wage increase. This was the compromise proposal sug-' gested Thursday by Fuel Adminis- trator Harold L. Ickes, PHOENIX, Ariz., May 19, M.-TD. Clark, special U. S, Indian agent, and -T. F, Harding, state liquor license and control agent, will go on trial next Tuesday on charges of shooting ancl beating Percy Lewis, Papago Indian, -de- spite the fact, that the alleged vic- tim and principal witness for the state Js dead. 'U, S, District Attorney Frank Flynn, who'will'defend Clark, said today that both sides had agreed death Apr.. 2S would not affect the trial date.. Flynn was Instructed by-the U. S. attorney general to represent the 'Indian agent ,because ,he was on fluty at the time of the alleged offense. The trial 'will be held In 'Flor- ence, the defendants having taken a change of venue.from Pima, to Final county. The prosecution will be conducted by Pima County At- torney J. Mercer Johnson. Private counsel will defend Harding. The Indian's death did not re- sult from the boating ancl wound he is alleged to have suffered at the hands of the officers when they arrested him In Tucson last Dec. 23 on charges of drunkenness and assault. He died in the state hospital at Phoenix from peritonitis caused by''ruptured stomach ulcers. It was not discovered that Lewis had been shot in the log until three days after he was jailed in Tucson. The .wound had healed before his death, _ Clark' and Harding are at liberty on bonds. and another formation wns-'-v-i'b'e southwestern" en- trance tp'jthe.'iniand sea. Ham'amatsti, an important pre- war textile manufacturing center, had ..converted to' diversified war production, including manufacture of airplane propellers. The city. 60 miles southeast of Nagoya, has about population. It is an important railroad cen- ter ancl site of military bases, in- cluding four, airfields, The Superfortresses bombed from medium altitude through an under- cast so were unable to observe re- sults of their attack with high ex- plosives. 'Fighters, presumably Iwo ,lima-based Armv Mustangs, es- corted the B-29's. Nagoya One-Fifth Gone About the time the .B-29's werp leaving for J-Jamamatsu, Maj. Gen, Curtis Lemay, commander of the 21st bomber command, said four raids on Nagoya's industrial plants and small, home factories had 'destroyed 11.3 percent of thai third largest, Japanese city. That is 22 percent of Nagoya's area. "Thirty-three specific'.military tar- gets, including tu'o important Mit- subishi -aircraft factories, the Mit- subishi Electric Manufacturing Co., three important Aichi aircraft works- plants and Atsuta factory of the Nagoya arsenal were vir- tually destroyed or heavily dam'- aged in the series of four Mar, 12 and 19 with demolition 'bombs; Monday and Thursday with a total of more than little fire bombs. Lemay also said square miles of -six of Japan's largest ci- ties, including some 17 square miles of Tokyo, have been bombed out or damaged by B-29 attacks.. Today's, raid was the first in force on Hamamatsu, whose urban industrial area was the chief tar- get. Small raids, the last Apr. previously had been directed at the city. The Monday and Thursday fire raids on Nagoya destroyed or dam- aged 5.9 square miles of war plants (See HAIDS on Page 7) fey H. SHACKFOHD SAN FRANCISCO, May 19. The little nations today challenged the right of big powers to veto peaceful set- tlement of disputes in the pro- posed world security organization Tho minor powers, forced crea- tion of a special subcommittee at the United1.., Nations conference to produce ah -acceptable- interpreta- tion of the- complicated Yalta vot- ing formula for the proposed se- curity The questions whether- the veto power oE the. -Big. ''Five .applies', :to arrangements peaceful' settle- ment of -disputes as well as to1 en Headed Plot British Alert For Skirmish With Gen. Tito tary powe-tv' This new complication came, as the second phase of the conference was .ready to start, For two. weeks committees have been doing Die technical work. of. preparing' .3 world charter. Now they, are ready to report some of 'their work to their parent commissions. Commission one of the four 'top groups into which the confer- ence is meets, this, morn- ing to receive reports from its com- mittees on the world on legal pi'oblenis. CommiUee 'de- cisions are subject, to debate and vote before final conference adop- tion. Big Powers Divided The current debate on voting procedure uncovered a strong di- vision between big members of the United' Nations, which would have the special veto privilege, and the smaller members. The latter admit the necessity of giving the big nations veto power over the use of force to maintain peace, But -the little -and middle-sized powers seek to eliminate any pos- sibility of a big power, vetoing security council recommendations for peaceful settlements. Although all of the Big Four are committed (See PARLEY -on Page 7) Lt. Col. Otio Austrian hatchetinnn for Himmlor, was as the driving force behind a winter plot to assassinate Gen. Dwight Eisenhower.' Skoiv.c'ny, who planned and out the kid- iiitp-resciH! of Benito Mussolini, was believed-'to have had. the mission of killing the supreme allied commander.' The plot was disclosed with the rapture of 'Skorzony by the U. seventh army. (AP wircnholo.) Chinese Take Foochow Port Time Freight Rates Of Nation Are Unified By ICC Long-Pending Rate Case Ruled On; Interim Figure Set pre- class! WASHINGTON, May 19. in the long-pend- ing "southern freight rate the interstate commerce commission (ICC) today scribed a uniform scale of rates for the entire country. Asserting that present railroad freight rate classifications are "un- reasonable and unduly .the commission gave the nation's railroads 90 days in which to siib- mit for its approval, a method of j reaching'a uniform freight classi- Yiigoslav Claims Part Of Italy And Austria fication. It was a 9 to 10 Per 2 decision Cent Cut by ICC. Japanese Driven Out After -K Once Taking Back East For an interim period, effective Aug. 30, the commission ruled present class rates in and between these territories be reduced 10 per cent until a uniform classification is set: In and 'between southern, west- ern trunk line and southwestern territories, and between those ter- ritories -and official (eastern) rate territories; All present, class rates, within By HERBERT K1XG ROME, May 19. shal Sin Harold Alexander announced, today that he had been unable to reach a friend- ly agreement with Marshal Tito on Yugoslav claims to .-slices of Italy and Austria, and the Allies now are waiting to see whether be will back them up with force. In a blunt statement baring for the first time the full gravity of the crisis brought on by Marshal Tito's territorial aspirations, the Allied supreme commander in the Mediterranean said: "It is Marshal Tito's apparent in- tention to establish his claims by force of arms' and military occupa- tion. Action of this kind would be all too reminiscent of Hitler, Mus- solini, and Japan, It 5s to prevent such actions that we have been fighting this war." Alexander's statement was ad- dressed to the Allied armed forces in the Mediterranean theatre. It alerted, them for the period'.in i which the Allies. wait cto 'see 'whether Marshal Tito is prepared. I to cooperate in accepting' peaceful Roosevelt Auto Hits Truck; Four Killed MIDDLETON, N, Y., May 19. (U.R) persons were killed and two others injured today when an automobile, owned by Mrs, Eleanor Roosevelt, wife .of the late pres> dent, struck a. parked truck on route 84 near Montgomery, N. Y. State police identified the dead as: Edison Mauldin, Stewart field, Daisy Hill, 20, Poughkeepsie; Ed- wina Riley, 19, New York, and Dorothy Harris, Poughkeepsie. The injured were James J, John- son, jr., 25, chauffeur, who was driving Mrs. Roosevelt's conver-. tible Buick at the' time of the- accident, and Pvt. Anderson John- son of Stewart field. .By WALTER RluNDLE CHUNGKING, May 39. nese troops havejiberated the east coast port of -Foochow, which the Japanese fear- may become an American invasion gateway to China, .it was announced today, The city, opposite' Formosa and at 5 a. m. yesterday after a bitter week-long battle dur- ing which positions changed hands repeatedly. The American conquest of a'l but the southern tip of Okinawa, along with the neighboring Kerama is lands, already has given the Allies a passage through Japan's Ryukyu island chain to the east China sea ancl Foochow. Any attempt to force the east China sea at this time, however, would expose Allied ships to at- tacks by Japanese planes based on Formosa and- occupied China. The Chinese opened their assault on Foochow May 10 and 24 hours later smashed into the city itself. Sanguinary street fighting followed, Chinese Go In Again 'The Japanese rushed rcinforce-i ments, presumably from Formosa, into the battle early this'week one time cleared the entire city CHINESE'on Page 7) the c" commission! corner of ugc ruled, are.required to be increased London 10 per cent. Arizonian On First D-M List Of Discharges V _ Phoenix Officer Among Group Of 28 Leafing For Processing New Star Discovered By Mt. Wilsoji Expert MT. WILSON, Calif.. May in. (U.R) of a new star of out- standing brilliance was announced today by Milton L, Mt. Wilson observatory astronomer. Humason said -such stars, classi- fied as Super Nova, were discov- ered only about every 500 years. He said he notfced the new star ast Apr. 6 when he was photograph- ing a spiral nebulae. Close examina- tion of old photographs proved .the star bad not been there before. The nova, just south' of the end of the Big'Dipper, is light years.'from the earth, and not visible to the' naked eye. Throne Of Belgium Totters As Unrest Sweeps e By DeWITT MacKENZIE AP Foreign News Analyst The leftist tide which is sweeping across Europe seems to he reaching dangerously high on ihc throne of Belgium. King was released re- cently hy American troops near Salzhurg, Austria, where he had hcen held prisoner Iiy the has made it known that he won't be returning to his capital for some time because of his "stale of health." Actually, of, course, he was de- prived of his throne on May 30, 1940, by an order which was approved by the Bel- gian cabinet in exile in Paris. Leftist groups in Brussels shrug away the "stale of health" explanation. Their terse and ominous response is that HYfor parliament to decide whether Leopold is in position to fulfill the duties of king. He's on a tough spot, but of far greater impor- tance than bis own fate is thai of the-mon- archy. The extreme left has no use for roy- alty. Leopold was shorn of bis prerogatives three days after he surrendered the Bel- gian army to the invading Germans, there- by exposing the left flank of the British forces lo ihe fury of the Hitlerite attack. His supporters declared that he had no other course than to capitulate to the en- veloping enemy, especially sirice countless Belgian civilians had mingled with their troops and .were, being killed in the swirling battle. But shouts of "treason" and "pro- German" were (See BELGIUM on Page 7) First to be chosen for discharge at Davis-Mohthan field under the new Army readjustment, plan, which became effective after the defeat of'Germany are 11 officers and 17 enlisted men with long Army service and lengthy overseas records. One Arizonian, First Lt. Law- rence E, Melby, Phoenix, is among the officers now leaving for separa- tion centers for processing and receiving their .discharges. Maj. Allen Martini, pilot of Che famed bomber, "Dry one of the eighth air force bombers which flew in the early bombing- at raids over Germany, is also among of the group-of discharged officers. High Score Tech. Set. Carrol) D, Sigman, 27. of Hart, Tex., with ;30 points has the highest score among the en- listed men. Enlisting in the air corps in January, 194L he served in the Caribbean area in 1941 and in India from April, 1.044, until his return to the state's in February. .An aerial gunner, he holds the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal with one Cluster Jmd be participated-in sev- eral campaigns including the air offensive against Japan, Others Qualified Other officers chosen for dis- charge were Capt. James W. Mel- ick, Rosenville, Ohio, Capt. Arthur T; Spence, Det.roit.Mich., First Lt. Emorv S. Cook, Millcdgville, Second Lt. Louis Glauser, jr., Val- ley Park, Mo., First Lt. Moe M. Wolf, Bronx, N. Y., First Lt. James M. Bridges, Baton Rouge, Tex., First Lt, Arthur Hanbury, New York City, Second Lt. Stanford Cochran, Oklahoma City, Okla., and Major Paul E, Seattle, Wash. Other enlisted men to be dis- charged are Sgt, Wilbur L. Ber- nard, Hayward, Calif., Sgt, Sigman, Sgt, Robert Poindexter, Colum- bia Heights, S. C., Sgt. Ernest (See DISCHARGED on Page 7.) settlement of bis territorial, claims, or whether he will attempt to es- tablish them by force." The disputed Italian territory is that around Trieste and Gorizia and east of Isonzo the part of Italy ''known as Vehezla Giulia. Tho Austrian area is around Klagenfurt and Villach, the border strip abutting the .northwestern of Yugoslavia'.' Dissatisfied (In London a foreign office com- mentator said an unsatisfactory reply had been received from Tito in response to an Allied demand concerning the occupation of Trieste. He added that "further exchanges will have to (alee place with the Yugoslav (The Belgrade radio said the Yugoslav reply to Anglo-Amei-ican notes was drafted in a spirit of cooperation. It said the our army and country -demands tho presence of-the .Yugoslav-army in Istria. Trieste, and. the Slovene' coastline" without prejudice to any allotment of this territory at the peace conference. Yugoslavia "op- poses all unilateral tho broadcast said, and needs of our Allies concerning ports and lines of communications have, been completely guarded 5if the spirit of talks between Marshal Tito and.- Marshal Alexander made it plain that the Allies had no objection to Tito claiming the territory. His claims, the Allied commander said, will be examined-and settled 'Twith fair- ness and impartiality" at the peace conference. The bone of contention, he is thrTt "our policy, as-has been publicly proclaimed, is that terri- torial changes should be made only after thorough study and after full l consultation and deliberation be- tween Ihe various governments con- cerned. Alexander said he had tried his hardest to come lo a friendly agree- ment with Tito regarding occupa- tion of Istria pending the peace conference, but bad failed. As a result, he said, United States and Britain-had taken up the mat- tor directly with Tito. Alexander made known his atti- tude in a special statement. Trieste dispatches described the situation there as tense-following the first meeting of (he self-styled Trieste constitutional assembly, presum- ably with Tito's blessing. Allies., Able To Cooperate PARIS, May 10, sions are going forward salisfac- j torily between the western Allies j ami Russia for the mutual repatria-; tion of liberated prisoners in the; various occupation zones inside j Germany, Allied headquarters an-; nou need, today. The announcement said represen- tatives of Gen. D wight D. Eisen- hower's headquarters as well as of the various British and American Armv groups are conferring with the 'Russians on the transfer of freed prisbners and United Na- tions' citizens. Truman To Present Soldier With Medal WASHINGTON, May 19. President Truman, the White House announced today, has set 1 p. m. Monday for his appearance before a joint session of congress to. present the 100th Congressional Medal of Honor awarded in tills war to an infantryman. The President will make a brief speech of presentation which will be broadcast over all networks. The award will go to Tech. Sgt. Jake Lindsev, of Lucedale, Miss. Cattle Feeders Be Awarded Subsidy WASHINGTON, May 19. subsidy for cattle feeders designed to insure heavier animals before slaughter spearheads the govern-' .ment's' new plan to increase the civilian meat supply. War Mobilization Director Fred M. Vinson announced a subsidy of 50 cents a hundredweight directly., to feeders, effective today. In additional attacks on the meat shortage, Vinson ordered subsidy boosts to packers of both beef and.' pork. r. ;