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Middlesex Journal And Evening Advertiser Newspaper Archive: April 1, 1775 - Page 1

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Publication: Middlesex Journal And Evening Advertiser

Location: Middlesex, Middlesex

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   Middlesex Journal And Evening Advertiser (Newspaper) - April 1, 1775, Middlesex, Middlesex                                venini Price Two Pfcnce Halfpenny.] An ANSWER /o � PamphlbT}'entitled TAXATION NO TYRANNY. Add ej'ed to the A v t so r �� u do not condefcend to prove, or Jo apply ^it. Let us try for a moment whether there is"thj?'fmalleft analogy.   The legislatures of the e^fSnn^r, for is you call them, -h'aye pariSh" veftries. tfodef them in America, Similar to Ours j "waym'iDear the fame relation to. the provincial legislatures, which Britiih veftries iear to the Britilh parlia^ ment.   Now 1 do pot find that our veftries:have ether veftries fubordinate to them in the'like jnanner.   Neither do I fuppofe, that the provincial legislatures'.would hav.e had fuch had they been coniicered as .Similar- to Britilh'veftries.' The provincial legj/Iaxures sre con vened. and   parliament. ' Are the meetings of v^ftries^fofummoned, or fo difcharged'? Writs are iftuedin America fronV.the Crown to the Sheriffs of the feveral counties "to have a new re prf-tintative elected for every general affembly in each province.   Is this a ceremony belonging to veitries r ' jFrom Saturday, AprjI*#i., to Tuesday, April 4, 1775. 939- boroughs Vvere from time to time, added-, that perfonal property might be reprefented in.fbme meafure, plough not fo accurately as freehold-. The elective principle therefore was general and .perfect, as property originally Stood.   If the, courfe of .time has altered this Slate, fo as that the coiiftitutional principle has became.'narrow in its operation, .what follows?  That fome change fh^ld'b^ nHade^ in/or^er that thitcpn*' ftifutional principle (houTd be reftoredi to, its-full operation.   That is, 'tfraVtrTe cohftitution Shotj!4; be revived aFhblfte" rtpP deftrp'yed; at, the other., fide.of theAtlantic.  Whereas you'r arguments, that'becaofjit is bad here, it Should be rendered. , wor'fe tnere ; ;an�:becanfe;;its;i.mage hfyjr&wkat impaired in creat-3ritainj. that there Ihijjld.not ' be;' a Shadow of it,ieftin, America..    . ;"   . . ; M MONDAY, April 3. Prom the LONDON GAZETTE, April i. -tVejlAinjitr,' March ?8.c LHl$.*day his Majesty Carrie " "to the HuiSe of Peers, arid; being ifl his< royal robes feated oh the throne with, the ufuat folemnity, -Sir I Francis Molyneux, Gen-)':tieineri U/he'r of the Black Rod, was' fent with a mef- to be |*;oceeded.igainft the tranfgreflbrs thereof, xritn^ji'^jvoqr,: oaniiivancfe, diffimulatian, or compdfiiJ^nk-For fach have we found, meet.   Qlveo.at the Hague, under the Seal of the ^^SUte, thefignature of the Prefident of , jifour Aflembjy, and thecou'nrer fignature . �.jf^of our GreiReur, the 20th day of March, ,.;&J,: .J   -le|^u^:tb�i�rthe toth of July, the fame day An aft; for 'e"%jfog jfrej^ for :.u'>lic ieivice and for military expeditions, wu.ie.s the late war. Can this be. alledged of ve:tries? Or would Mr. Grenville formerly, or tho B/UzSh psrlimencnthis day, think of feuding to any Br.tifh veftry or tell them; that if thty would tax tuemfelves for the^public fervice, parliament would - nontax tTiem ? ' I mould be am:tmi.d to dwell longer on fuch a dream.v 1 ' Your next prpppfition. is, that the; Americans have no reafon. to complain, for that they are reprefented in the"Britiin parliament. And how do you prove this.? Tnfaft, though not in words, in Great Britain, who, not being eleftors; are not leprefented J that none of the Americans are eleftors ; and that notwithstanding, they are reprefented.   To foften this'abfurdity you. borrow an idea which this controverfy has created. It is, that there are ttvo kinds of reprefentatives, one aftual, and the other virtual; that thofe who have votes are aftually reprefented; and that thofe who have not votes are virtually reprefented.   And therefore as it muft be made out, that the Americans are reprefented in fome manner or other, and as it is abfurd to fay that they are aftually reprefented, it is thus deduced thatthey are reprefented virtually, and that they are very unreasonable, it they are not perfeftly content.   But I defire.that the law-book may be produced, in which a 'virtual reprefenta-tive is once mentioned as a charafter known to our law or constitution,  There is no fuch. np-tice, lam bold to affirm, that from the Sirft year book down to the commentary of Blackftone. If therefore this idea is allowed at.all, it muft be allowed, not as a maxim of Britilh law, but of general reafon.   As fuch it will apply equally to all governments as well as to that of Britain. Now if it be true, that every man is virtually reprefented in the legislature of his country,' though he has no Share in chufing it, then it is true that the Americans may be virtually reprefented in the Britilh parliament.   But it is equally true, that the fame may be faid of every nation under the fun, with refpeft to its legislature.   The Grand Signior for inftance, has the legislature of the Turkish empire in his own perfon ; he is the virtual reprefentatire of his people therefore jand his Subjects confequently have the bleffing of reprefentation equally with the Americans ; and thus all the government* of the world are happily brought to a level. To comfort the Americans, it is your conftant practice to tell them, that though they mufthave lefs freedom and conditutional privilege than their brethren at home, yet that the people of Great Britain have little of either.. Thus you exaggerate the number of non-ekftois in Britain and Seem to impeach the conllitutioa*as having been negligent of the people. . In. thi* whole bufinefs, i think you miftake the drift of the constitution, as 1 Shall endeavour to fhew. But firft to touch it upon your own ground. Women and minors are a great majority of every people ,* conllitution have they ever been So far the Britiih conllitution has no-toaccount for; and, as for the In our feudal origin, the property of the ftate, that fell to commoners, was for the moft part pretty equally divided into *   "    * - ----1 ..11 �^^vq   it;o C prefent Majefty's reign, for repairing theriroac! from Newmarket, over' Newmarket;Heatfai to the Turnpike Road leading to Stump Crofs, in the counties of Cambridge and Suffolk ; for impairingthe road branching out orVand leading, peace concluded with the Porte., from, the. afordaid road, near the Devil's Duch,    ; Madrid, March-,, Don John Sherlock Cc on Newmarket Heath, to join the prefent tufa----* *r r*-t:nl ?h*Vt�l xc;ni leads to Cambridge,- and for fbnreft of XSnbbraoytne Tfirfer, ana "that oY C|iic2im aad Binder by the RoSlwns. /They like-, wife % that the Emprefa of RuSlia will foon publiiS. a manifefto with the whole treaty of pike road which_____ repairing the Highway through the town of Newmarket to the prefent turnpike road from thence to Thetford. - And to Six private bills. Hague, March 30.   Their High MightineSTes the States General have this day ifiaed a proclamation, of which the following is 3 translation : PROCLAMATION. THE States General of the united Provinces, to all who Shall fee, or hear thefe prefents read,-greeting: Be it known, yet in' no eleftors. thing particular reft, let hiitory anfwer. military freeholds, to wbtch every P^dege was at that time annexed, and particularly that ot constituting county members. Moneyed proper ty was little known, or attended^ at nrlt.   ^ it grew, however, members for cmes, towns ana that we, for particular reaSbns us thereunto moving, have thought fit abfolutely to prohibit, and we hereby abfolutely do prohibit, all exportation of ammunition, gunpow^ der, guns and Shot, by Ships belonging to the dominions of Great Britain, provisionally for the term of Six months-, upon pain not only of confifcation of the arms and ammunition which Shall be found there on board, but alfo of a fine of a thoufand guilders over and above, at the charge of the commander, whpfe-Ship Shall be anfwerable and liable to execution for the fame. That we further thought fit-to enaft, and we do hereby enaft, that during the abovefaid term of Six months, no gunpowder, guns, Shot, or other ihltruments of w<.r, Shall be embarked on board any other Ships, whether foreign or belonging to this country, to be tranfporced abroad, without confent or permission of the College of Admiralty, under whofe jurifdiftion the embarkation Shall be made upon pain of confifcation of the arms, gunpowder, gans, Shot, or other ammunition, which Shall have been embarked with' out periniSlion, and of the commander's incur ring a fine of a thotifand guilders, on board o whofe Ship the faid arms and ammunition Shall have been embarked, and his Ship anfwerable .to execution for the Said fine. And, that no one may pretend ignorance^; hereof, we call upon and require the States, the Hereditary Stadthoider, the Coinmittee of Council, and the Deputation* of the States, of' the respective Provinces,, and all other the Officers and juftices of thefe countries, to caule this oor pioclamation to be forthwith promulged, pub liShed, and affixed, in all places where Such publication is wont to be made.   And we do further charge and command the Counfellors of the Admiralty, the Advocates General, together with all Admirals, Vke-Admirals, Captains, Officers, and Commanders, to pay obedience to| this our Proclamation, proceeding and caufingf Commandant of Sfelille, mentions, .that the King of Morocco aSFembled his Generals and Sages, on the 11 th of February, to confult about a general aSTault} but they =reprefert ting to him the danger of fuch an enterprise, he was obliged to lay afidf-all thoughts of it, to the great diilike of his |roops," who expected, to have been, by an attempt of that kind, freed from their prefent miftrable Situation. While Melille is defending itfelf fo well, we are very uneaSy about Penon de Velez, which i* not'foable to defend irfelf, being obliged to get evei fafcines from Malaga.-. ^okgria, March n. We are positively allured that the Court of London has offered its media-, tidrj to terminate the difference which has arifen ariout ceremonials between the Court of Turin apd the Republic of Venice. 'tiagut? Mar-cb 26. John Daniel, Baron d'Ab-laing, Lord of-GieSTenbourg, &c. Prefident of the States of the Province of Utrecht, and their Deputy In the ASTembly of the States General of Se|United Provinces, died here.yefterday of an apoplexy. _      ' y\        L  O  N  D  ON. ExtraS of a Letter from Paris, March 20. , f The King has intimated to the Princes of tfctjBlood, that their company v/ill be difpenfed wit for the prefent in the Queen's apartment, where they ufed to fup at lealt once a week. It is jiougnt this arifes from their having refuted to paj the firft vifit to the Archduke Maximilian of Ai|tria, while he was at Paris." 'BctraS of a Letter from the Hague, March 24. * The lalt letters from Vienna advife, that it wsj reported there that when the RtiSfian Am-bafadpr at. Constantinople exchanged the ratifi-cajons pf the peace lately concluded between the Rilfians and the Turks, he demanded of the D.van the fBtification of the ceflion of the tjllrift ^Bj^gjricle, and" th^t of the part of Moldavia peopled by. the Auftrian- ; togeflier with the to*n of Ghoczirn} arid that he wfis aafwered trit the Subliirie Porte never made ceSfiOns, but wjen it was their own voluntary propofal fo to dd or when they were obliged to it by the fate ofjarms," Yefterday the Right Rev, Lord.Bifhop ofBan-g  James's; and his Lord-fhipi we hear, with the Earl of Clermont^ will Shortly Set out for Newmarket. The fame day.the E^rfof Drogheda attended the Drawingrroom at'St.'James's, for the firil-time fincehis LordShip's Arrival in towin   -     . Thefollowing goodsj ive are.affured, thoogb. omitted in the Bill of En�-y>have been exported. To.New England, by. Mr. Wa!top, -227.9 lb^ tea,: 455 gallons::port wine;  by Wright and jCr^-i^^-ftn^eTi<^, :a61b.'SpantSh: -fiies, 126 Ib./nianhav- ri6ibi;-jefalts bark, i6olb; Senna, 9 . grofs:pill boX.es. - ri-"o-MarfeiUesi by-Waiker and SirigteiDn, British jdil vitriol, value 20I.-10 piecea glaTs^' iTo=Kon�j^beVg, by Walker and Single-; .toi&'Bfftjfti .o|l^r1pl, value 12I. British Roman vibiolyyalue 'jl.-: Tp Carolina, by Thomas Ken-dall'j:=i ^pieces window glafs. Extratlof a Letter from the Epifcopai City of Vail* Men, in Hungary, Feb. 28. " The rnildnefs ofthe weather fince the 9th, melted the fnow on the mountains, the water* . from whence ran like fo
                            

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