Trades Newspaper And Mechanics Weekly Journal (Newspaper) - November 5, 1826, London, Middlesex VOL. II. No. 69. SUNETAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1826. PRICE 7d. " THEY HELPED .EVERY. ONE HIS NEIGHBOUR, AND EVERT ONE SAID fTO HIS BROTHER, BB OF GOOD COURAGE."--Isaiajh, xli. 6. BICHKT Or XHE LANDOWNERS TO PROTECTION. - Reader, didst thou ever remark the difference between the conduct of that noble animal the mastiff, and that most insignificant end useless of all pampered creatures, the lap-dog, when, by mistake, thou hast trodden on the foot or tail of the one or the other ? Hast thou not observed that the indignation of the former vents Itself in aloud growl, and that of the other in a series of yelpings and snarlings which there is scarcely a possibility of terminating 1 How the latter does yelp, and roar, and run about to tell his misfortune to every one within its reach, j ust as if the poor wretch 'were of some importance in the world? Though fond of the canine tribe, we have at times been so annoyed.by these spoiled children of luxury and idleness, that we could have ..wished them at the d-1 ; and though we will not degrade the magnates of the land so far as to say that the one is a type of the other, we must nevertheless own that there are some strong points of resemblance. We have pampered, and fed, and stuffed them with all manner of good things, until, as one should think, depletion would prove a gratification; we have given up to theih all power, both on the land and beyond the land-we have allowed them to legislate for us, and a pretty fist they have made of it-we have gone to war, aad sp^ent, our blood and our treasure to preserve to them'their, estate^and .have, never once said "we repent us;" and now, when'a'relaxation of the system which they have imposed is im-periously demanded by the state of the country-when we call upon them tp give up a part of their mouopoly, ?jn order that the people may not die of starvation-when we merely say to them, Gjve us enough of bread that we may eat and be satisfied, what do they .dp 1 Yield with a good grace ? O no ; they go. about roaring, ami crying, and yelping, like the spoiled lap-dog when you tread on his toes, as if we had aimed a blow at their throats, or threatened to deprive them of their estates, and convert their mansions into public granaries. � They may spare themselves the pains and the disgrace. The people of England will no longer be humbugged with their yelpings or snarlings-they see their country on the brink of ruin, and. like;men whoi love-their country,.;tbey will apply the necessary re? medy. Let the landownersith'eV., if tlieyhe wise for themselves, come forward and giv those parishes amount to 61,84171. In the year 1822, the year *n which this return was made, the charges upon that division were as follow :-The assessed taxes, 7,762Z.; the hop-duty of that year was 38,635*. ; those two sums together make 46,397/. The *jUire of the rates at the average of those three years being �*,664.Z. added to those taxes, makes an aggregate of S6,0GH. *-fle rental of all the parishes being only 61,84-77., leaves an excess �' public and parochial taxes of 24..214/. beyond the rentals of the Parishes ; and at that time I know that the farms could not possibly be let at the sums at which they stood rated in the rate books. I aention this to show the very great distress of this country, and necessity of relief from the crowded population with which they ftre oppressed." � " At present, nothing can be so listless as the whole bulk of the Jabourers are ; they go to their work without the slightest stiinu 'us, and*the farmer is quite indifferent as to providing labourers ��r his work against the busier seasons, because he knows that there is always a greatmimber.af men in, the market, ana lie has nothing to do but to get any nuinher of theur to work, whenever he pleases, on his farm; whereas, if an altered. state of things were to take place, he would provide wprk for his' men regularly through the year, and give ,tnejn. employment at those seasons when ordinarily there is less work going jin, in order td have them when he most needed them." , - - - \ If the landowner's right to protection if not founded on the superior condition of the agricultural labbu'tier,' on what does it rest? His support of the clergy.and of tbeppef-his payment of tithes and of poor rates ? O, no-ttyise things] have nothing to do with a right to protection. The greater part of the landowners are in possession of the tithes, and of 'hose who are not, who is there who did not,"' previously'to purchasing his estate, calculate and deduct the amount of lioth^ so far as they could be ascertained ? Tithe, in fact, is ho burthen either to the landowner or the tenant -^it is a deductionfrom rent,' buta deduction which is calculated by both before making their contracts, and of which neither has therefore any right to complain. The same also of poor rates. The poor have existed at all times, as well as a provision for the poor alio in some shape or other. The clergy furnished forth their supportwhen the religion of the country was the Roman Catholic, and if the landowners do it now, it is merely because a'change of stewardship has taken place in the matter-because property has changed hands from the one to the other ; and it would be unjust-to continue the burthen on those whose means for the purpose have been taken from them. We shall conclude this article by r�niar]king that it is more easy to prevent than to cure evils ; that the landowners have inflicted sufficient injury on the community in the shape of expensive wars, extravagant taxes, and multiplied sinecur.es and pensions, without wishing to burthen the community with the continuance of a monopoly, from which they derive the exelusivfe benefit, and that if they will not yield to advice, a stronger hand may, ere long, be stretched out to correct them. . V; v ANSWER OF THE B AOaELO^I TO THE I.AOIES TO THE EDITOR OF TIJE TRADBfe' NEWSPAPER. Sin,-He must be a bold man indeed who is not appalled at the resolution which appears to have been taken by the Ladies, as set forth in your paper of this day. Women are kind ar.d merciful when their rights are not infringed, but inexorable to those who dare attempt to deprive them of their just prerogatives, and in this they are superior to the men : men give up tlieir rights one by one as tamely as sheep, and were it not from the fear of shame in the eyes of the women, would speedily become the meanest slaves. Women, on the contrary, never give up any right, hut when actually compelled by force, and even then they never forgot that they have been compelled to the surrender; and what is more, they never forgive those who thus compel them, but, on,the very first opportunity, recover their lost rights. This is the reason why the women have gone steadily on until they are much more free than they formerly were : that they Will persevere to the end there can be no doubt, and the Petition in your paper is proof enough of the truth of what I have said. Go on, Ladies, and prosper. * � �. But, Mr.Editor, women are just wheneverthey understand in what justice cbnsis!s, and some evil-minded rogue has been playing the old Serpent's trick with them, and, has, as Tie did to our mother Eve, deceived them. Now youiknow very wellj that Eve being deceived, she deceived Adam, and ever since the same course has been pur sued ; and if on this occas;on the fair Ladies should deceive the pretty gentlemen at St. Stephen's, great injustice may be done to at least two of the unfortunate wights named in the petition. The Ladies very properly,desire to" JuffU the ends of their creation," either by consent or compulsion-nothing can be more proper certainly. But then they point out four persons by name as inimical to tlieir " fulfilling the ends of their creation" while the fact is, these four persons hunt in couples. Malthus and M'Culloch say, that the check to redundant population can only be found in abstinence from marriage-that is, in preventing the Ladies 44 fulfilling the ends'of their creation ; while the other couple recommend them not to abstain from marriage, hut to get married, .and thus to "fulfd the ends of their creation." If I make this appear from their writings, my appeal to the justice of the Ladies in their behalf will nol, I am sure, be made in vain, and their names will be struck out of the Petition, should the Ladies, after what I shall say presently as to a better mode than taxing bachelors, still think proper to petition. But to the proofs > that the last named couple are friendly, to the ladies " fulfilling the ends of their creation." In " Illustrations and Phoofs of the Principle of Population, by Francis Place" after deprecating the abstinence proposed by Mr. Malthus,,be says, p. 175, 44 If all could be married while young, with reasonable hopes that propriety of conduct, and a fair share of industry, would save them from degradation and the multiplied evils of wretched poverty which exist in a poor man's family, and which, althoogh much talked about, cannot be fully appreciated even hy the imagination of those whose situation precludes them from witnessing those evils for any long .continued period, as well as from feeling them ; if means were adopted to prevent the breeding of a larger number of children than a married couple might desire to have, and if the labouring part of the population could thus be kept below the demand for labour, wages would rise so as to afford the means of comfortable subsistence for all, and all might marry, marriage, under these circumstances, would be by far the happiest of all conditions, as it would also be the most virtuous, and consequently the most beneficial to the whole community." And this he afterwards alludes to as being the groundwork whence " would be produced a high state of knowledge, of ease, nd comfort, among all classes, and this country Would attain an eminence in wealth, in strength, and in wisdom, far beyond any which has yet been known." Now, Sir, I hope the Ladies will bo satisfied that this "poor' devil" deserves to be relieved from the terrible sentence of being taken inlo 14 strict custody, to be nicely and daintily fed"-(only think of that!)-44 but," yes, notwithstanding this 44 nice and dainty'* feeding, be "prevented" having any intercourse whatsoever With your pctitipners' sex ;"-horrid, horrid cruelty ! ! enough to appal the stoutest heart, to subdue the^idst obdurate understanding !- ' Well, well, women, after all, are incomparable in devising punishments-here is no tread-mill, no hemp beating, no fetters, no scourges, no starving. No, nd* the Ladies understand mankind better than they understand one anothpr; no bodily harm-no, nothing at all hut kindness-only the kindness, observe, which lylls ; 44 feed them nicely, daintily," but * * * The Inquisition, with its racks and tortures, it's thumb-screws and its boots, was nothing to this. Breaking of bones and dislocnting limbs might, as they have been, borne, but who could bear to be debarred from intercourse with the Ladies ? The purpose alined at is, to be sure, very different from being1 compelled to change one's religion, it is only to,conform to the wishes of the Ladies, and if the 44 Redunhant Populationists" were once fairly in the clutches of the 44 Ludies," their compliance with the demands of, their fair keepers would he very speedy. Well, I hope I have put in a strong plea for mercy for one of the four proscribed by name. Now let me endeavour to show causa why sentence should not be passed on another. In "Elements of Political Economy, by James Mill, Esq.,"* he says-44 We know well that there are two causes by which population may he prevented from increasing, how great soever its natural tendency iQ increase. The one is poverty ; under which, let the number born be what it rouy, all but a certain number undergo a premature destruction. . The other cause is prudence; by which either marriages are sparingly contracted, or care is taken that,children, beyond a certain number, shall not be the fruit.'4 Here he states the proposition, and we shall see presently that he does not incline to the notion of delaying marriages, jforhe,aays,, ^vTUe.grand practical problem is, to find the means of limiting th'o number of births," not *he number of marriages* and again, on examining the plans of Mr. Owen, he comes to this conclusion-44 If Mr. Owen means that population should not go on, and if expedients can be employed to limit sufficiently the number of birth3 (not of marriage's), there is no occasion for these establishments. The limitation of the number of births, by raising wages, will accomplish every thing which we desire without trouble, and without interference." And again, in his article 44 Colony." in the "Encyclopedia Britannica," he says, preventing; the population from getting into that state in which it is kept down by poverty and wretchedness, or releasing it from that state, 14 is indeed the most important practical problem to which the wisdom of the politician and the moralist can be applied." It has, till this time, been miserably evaded by all those who have meddled with the subject,4 as well as by all those who wero called upon by their situation to find a remedy for the evils to which it relates, And yet, if the superstitions of the nunnery were discarded, and the piinciple of utility kept steadily in view, a solution might not be very difficult to be found, and the means of drying up one of the most copious sources of human evil, a source (redundant population) which, if all other sources of evil weie taken away, would alone suffice to retain the great mass of human,beings in, misery, might be seen to be neither doubtful nor difficult to be applied." After this it will scarcely be objected to Mr. Mill that he is an udvocate for '4 a state of single blessedness ;" so here are two out of the four who will, no-doubt, by the justice of the 44 Ladies," be exempted from the bitter punishment proposed to be inflicted on those who would prevent the fair sex 44 Juljilling the ends of their creation." A word or two more to the 44 Ladies," on the proposition to tax bachelors. Why doubt your own power, " Ladies?"-it is all in your own hands; why do you not use it1-s^nce yon can do it no effectually and without any violence to anyone? Why not send every bachelor of flve-and-twenty and upwards to Coventry? I am well aware of the objection-if we send him to Coventry we must hold our tongues :-true, this is the penalty ; but then, heavy as is the penalty, only consider the heavier penalty of 44 being; neglected, and die an old maid." This is an affair of mother and daughter, married and single. Send him to Coventry-neither speak to him, nor look at him-and the business is done. You, the maidens, will all of you be then either married by consent, or 44 be carried away by main force, as yon ought to be." A REDUNDANT POPULATIONIST. Sunday, Oct. 29, 1S26. Literature.-Washington Irving,,in Spain, collecting materials for a life of Columbus.-Mr. Stafford, of York, preparing a work on the female characters of Shakspeare.-Mr. Acton, of Manchester, about to start a new paper in Rochdale. (From the New Monthly Magazine.)-Women have been changed with having a natural inclination for coxcombs. The charge Jjh idle, and itself a coxcombry. Let the solemn fops that sec if they can succeed. The truth is, that where a woman a coxcomb, she docs not like him on that account, but mingles with his folly those lively and more agreeanl which nature has made to be liked by every body. 8h cheerfulness of his blood, the flow of his conversation of his mcin and behaviour-evidences of a nature capable taining and of protecting her. Let a man have these,' coxcomb, and she will prefer him to one that is. If a coxcomb to a formalist, or to one whose egotism is to drown and make desolate his commonest behaviour, spair of acting up to his excessive notion of himself, and has only chosen the happier fop.