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Rehearsal Of Observator (Newspaper) - April 14, 1805, London, Middlesex f He REHEARSAL Of Obfervator ... LOCK'S TVo Tfcatifes of Government ExamiSJ. ni the Reafon of it. an Advertifement of a H6W Aflbciltion, going about. From ^atuioap April the 14th, to ^atwtoap April the 21th 1705. S Ince our laft meeting, I have Confuted OVR great Oracle Mr. Lock, I cou'd not endure to be fo M*utd oy thee. And now I am prepar'd. Thou fhalt not come off Viclo-ia ! A? thou haft iilherto done. Thou haft Hew'd him down, as Affecting that the Confent of every Individ dual was necefTary for the Ereition of Government. And he is as Senfible as Thou art, That I that is Impoffible. And fa'ys, in his Two Ireatifs of Government, Book 2. cap. 8. Of the Beginning if Political Societies, p. 318. Which (fays he, that is, the Confent of Every Individual) Confide*ing the Infirmities of Health, avd Avocations of Bufmefs, ; which in 4 Number, thorgh much lefs than that of 1 a Commonwealth, will neceffarily keep many away \ from the PuU.ck Affembly; And the variety of Opinions, and Contrariety of Interefts which Vnavoida-July happen in all Ccdletlions of Men,'tis next Imfojfi-I hit over to he had, Conntry-m. Yet the very Page before, and the Page before that, makes the Confent of Every Individual co btNeceffary, and the only Foundation of all Political Societies. He fays, p. When any Number of Men, have by the Confent of INDIVIDUAL, made a Community. And p. 3 C?. One Body, one Community, which the Co�fent of EVERT INDIVIDVAL that Vrtited into it Agreed, &c. And again in the fame Page, Thus EVERT MAN by Confenting with others to make ene Body Politick, &e� And p. 355. Every Member of the Society* Obf. Ay, 'tis Feafibie and Eafy upon the firft Eretlion of Government, becaufe it it Neaffxry, and Government cou'd ricriptberwife be Ercited. But where he makes it Impojfible, p. 318. it is upon the Point or the Majority Concluding the whole, after ihe Government is Ere&ed, for otherwife, fays he, Nothing but the Confent of EVERTIN-hlVJLVAL 1-in make Any thing to be the Aft of the Wmle ; wnich, Confidering the Infirmities of Health, as before Quoted, is next to Impoffible ever to be hud. Country-m. It it never cou'd be had, then it never cou'd be had, more upon one Qccafion than another. And no Oaafion can. be Nam d moie likely to Create Vanity of Opinions, and Contrariety of Interefis, than the Cortnvanie ot Govcnment, and the Choice of the Govt-triors, So that heic yoa haTe brought Lack Confuting Himfelf; And plainly owniag, That the Foundation of Popular Gtvervmtnt is Noajenft and an fmpojjibi-lityr But now fuppofe Government fet up apon this Foundation, upoa which it was ImpofTu>ic to be fet up, as Lock hinklf ha.s Prov'd; Do's he make the Government SETTLED and flX'D in His or i their hands where the Centnumty have Plac'd I it? Obf. What^ do'ft mean, an Abfolute and Ae* bitrary Tower in the Supreme and Legiflative Authority ? No. No. He witl not Allow of That by any means. And he Proves it.Excellently. Wh�h I had not Ready at hand laft time thou made'ir. fuch a Goofe of me, for faying, That there is no Arbitrary Power in England. So that I had not a Word to lay for my felf. For tho* I have ^ken all my Principles out of Lock,] do not always Remember his Reafens. But now f m Ready for thee, and Have at thee- He comes upon this poinfV-inhis Two Treatifes, Book 2. chap. xi. p. 353. Where he Treats Of the Extent ofthe Legiflative Power. And fays thus, p- 35%. Though the Legiflative, whether in one or more, be the Supreme Power in every Commonwealth ; yet it is not, nor can toffibly be Abfa Inteiy Arbitrary over the Lives and Fortunes of the People, For it being Bui the Joint Power of Every Member of the Society given up 40 that Perfon, or Affembiy which is Legiflator , it can be no more than thofe Ferfons had in a State of Nature, before they entered into Society, and Gave it up to the Community* Form Body can Transfer to Another more Power tbanhe baxs in himfelf; And no Body has an Abfolute Arbitrary Power over himfelf, or over any other to deftroy his own Lifey or take away the Life or Property of another, A Mm, as has been prov*d^ cannot Smjeit himfelf t* the Arbitrary Fewer of Another. Country-its, And, as I Jiare fully prov'd to thee before, The Legiflative power, wherever it is ' Plac'd, in any fort of (government, is, and muffc be Arbitrary and Abfolute, and it is Impoffble to DC otherwife. And every Man fees ic, in all Govern* menu upon the face of the Earth. The LegtJJathi is not Bound to its own Laws, but may Repeat th%m at Pleafure. And before Repeal, may Difpenfo 'with them,and Leap over them, and Ad Contrary to them. May Deny the Liberty of Habeas Carpus, and keep Men in Newgate, all the Days of their Life, without cither Tryal, or Bail* May take a Man's Life by AFt of Attainder, where the ordinary Courfc of the Laws cou'd not Reach him, I a fhort, may do what they win, and make what they will tobe:�4n>. For their WiH is the Law, Therefore, if as Mr. Lock fays, and (ays fee has Prov'd it, No Man can Subject himfelf to the Arbitrary Power of Another, no Man can Subjcft himlelf to any Government, of what Sort or S& fo ever. Nor can there be fuch a tiring-as Co-vernment kept up in jhe World. And if, as he fays, no Man has loner orer the Life or Property of Artbther, then cannot the whole Community commit my Force ipoa tn^f
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