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Penny Newsman (Newspaper) - June 16, 1861, London, Middlesex REGISTERED FOR TRANSMISSION AM JUNE PUBLISHING SALISBURY FLEET ONE THE WOODS AND fTIHERE is no department of the Revenue o England which demands a closer and more eearching investigation than that under the name of Woods and has the administra tion of the funds of our national Those wh enppose that the freeholds of the nation consist only of a wild tract of land in the New another in the forest of and a third in the forest o misconceive strangely the extent of the re sources which the country There ii is large districts thus given over to the growth of but there are other possessions though not so pretentious in are not less the sources of Scattered over the face of the entire country at greater or less intervals of there are woods and plains which the Commissioners of Woods and Forests claim as national and if judiciously would source of unbounded The parks in the im mediate neighbourhood of our great metropolis also belong to the though used by the people for tlicir immediate But in addition to these the possession of which is there is a vast amount pf property built upon laad originally belonging to the and which has since reverted with the soil to the Some of the largest and most stately mansions of the metropolis are built upon Crown and are still held on lease at ground rents vastly inadequate to their real We are not anxious to rake up out of the corrupt ashes of the past the exposures through which this Department at the period when public atten tion was first directed to its glaring A change for the better has undoubtedly taken place in its and if we could only assure ourselves that the reforms already made would be extended coequally expansion of the De we might rest satisfied with allowing the Commissioners to work out their own ideas what has been already accomplished by a judicious application of public we are anxious again to direct attention to the if it he only for the sake of stirring up the pure minds of the gentlemen under whose control this branch of our administration is When we look at the results which have been realised since an inquiry was directed into the abuses of the Woods and we have no special cause to find fault with the In 1847 the amount realised by the Crown lands and paid into the national Exchequer was and from that time to the present there has been a steady increase in the In two years they tad risen to or double the former amount in 185SI they had increased to and last year they showedthe very respectable amount of But though this result is highly satisfac it is by no means commensurate with the anti cipations which those who are familiar with the capacity of the Department have There is no reason why at the present moment a clear round million per annum should not be paid into the Ex chequer from this without infringing upon the higher aud more important purposes which the have in The first grand object which the possession of these lands is designed to secure is the supply of the British navy with at all times a notable is at the present moment fraught with still higher The 1 lumberers of Canada and the United States have for a long time wielded the axe too vigorously to allow the existence of any vast districts devoted to the growth of timber on spots available for convenient water The dense pine forests that sur round the Baltic have been sadly thinned to meet the demands of the English Few of the existing landed either of England or the will laydown the soil in Ac crop of which requires from half to three quar ters of a century to Timber for such pur poses as we require for the navy is daily growing scarcer and and before many years have caused the supplies of oak which we now draw from ho Mediterranean will be The true value of our timber lands will then be and it will be seen whether the Commissioners of Woods and Forests of the present generation have discharged with sincerity their duty to the making every allowance for the pre sent sacrifice of profit which is thus enforced upon there is still a wide margin for the exercise of a n und financial The underwood of these vast districts is in itself alone a and as it sells for is net profit the labour of clear ing devolving upon the we ought to in possession of a large annual revenue from this In the good ohl times corruption large profits were realised by private from leases of the Crown A or a wealthy merchant having some witlrone of the or even head of another could always to secure a lease of valuable property on MK ist moderate A site for a cut perhaps fromone of our leased to the fortunate applicant for a compared with its intrinsic as to be equivalent to a bonus of some of at the pre CI1 when these leases are in the nation is defrauded in a rent ought to realise tens of thousands an and scarcely realises We believe tins kind in the mercantile world are rigidly ivorved within the office of the A more if of iutilic property to open competition would render iiuther abuse of this kind and would terially increase the income from this is the more inasmuch as is a growing tendency to lease all Crown lands arc not absolutely required for recrea te have a word of a strong one this for the evident careless wiili which our public parks are attended Kir the want of a correct taste in the disposition The sum of money expended work ought at least to insure us an approach for it is certain that for half the we spend any one of the nations of inent would lay out and keep in order a 7 Possessing that variety of which gardens of the Continent are so and which renders the labour of the so there is the less excuse for us on vc authorities lay out anew imagine thai the scantiest measure of M sjitiioe to satisfy Uiepublic Because clicked up for six days out of the narrow brick in an atmos 1 inike and gbries in the sirit of green makes an idol of a common they imagine that all his requirements are met by the scantiest A cluster of bushes here and few gravelled shapeless pond filled with stagnant with half a dozen supe rannuated wild sum up all that has ever been attempted in the way of ornament Utilitarianism in its meanest form grovels through every branch of the the mowers scythe glides over no velvet and the dingy sheep turned out of the new cattle market pasture on what should be an enamelled We are willing to pay any sum in reason demanded for taste and and we want something better than Why should the French and the and even the carry off the palm from us in the matter of landscape we who have hitherto led the world so much in science and in art If our new parks are laid out without taste and without symmetry and our older parks are given over to absolute No nation in the world but our own possesses a park like Green laid out with so much having such a beautiful variety of hill and many glimpses of fine much to render it the JElysium of rural as far as present treat ment is it is abandoned to decay and The splendid old groves of where shall we match them but in rapidly passing to a decay accelerated by the want of proper Dry and withered peer out from the green strongly suggestive of blight and destroying the tout ensemble of the and hastening still more the destruc tion of those giants of the In the summer garden at Petersburg they speak of gardeners employed to gather up the withered leaves as they fall from the faultless is the order that presides over At Greenwich the decayed leaves lie in heaps upon the rustling with every and sweeping along the ground till they find some hollow where they may lie and The very deer as they canter along look frowsy and as if the spirit of neglect which hangs over the whole place had tainted them with To con jure up the companion we must image some deserted the grounds of which once laid out with exquisite taste and have been given over to silence and desolation the porch overgrown with noxious climbing plants nettles and docks springing up in the parterres and choking therflowers that still remain the stagnant and teeming with toads and newts dank spots in vvery corner wild plants in rank luxuriance all The image is more faithful than might at first sight be forit is im possible to overrate the complete neglect which has been allowed to come upon this fairy Surely the wildest advocate of economy would not regret the expenditure of a few pounds to make our pub lic parks and pleasure grounds the sources of greater more worthy of the wealth of and of her intellectual supremacy amongst the nations of the We shall apology whatever ad verting to a subject like remote as itmay be from all political We are to next an Exhibition of works of art and n which England will again have to come into com petition with all the of We have ittle doubt of her as in 1851 she stood confessedly at the head of all her But we are anxious that something of that friendly rivalry which prevails in the manufacture of textile of of ceramic of and even in the fine should be extended to our rablic places of where men congregate after heir daily It will astonish the foreigner who comes next year to visit when he contrasts our progress in science and art as applied to manuf ac ures and compares the want of taste exhibited in these places witlTthe which marks our industrial Why should he return to his own country to pit Versailles or Cloud against Greenwich and and to swell so consciously proud at the comparison And even if we dismiss him with the selfsufficient contempt ivliich despises his is there nothing due to he millions of Englishmen whose hardearned for all that the State possesses J No abour of the Executive can exercise a more whole some influence upon public taste than the improve ment of our places of public If it be ns one of our greatest novelists has that he who drinks thinks and that he who drinks thinks is it not a necessary sequence that he who looks only on neglect and will have a less exquisite taste than he vho lives surrounded with beauty and order 1 Sxternal influences possess over us a more direct action than we are at a first thought ready to admit and the changes which raise a race of savages into a civilised though mighty in the are small in their Sound taste is the arent of all true and the fosterfather of many Our operatives and labourers too many opportunities of becoming amiliar with the misery and the disorder which and suffering make their daily Are they always to be haunted by these intellectual even when they come into contact with the profuse wealth which Government has at its disposal It is in vain that we essay to raise the tandard of taste amongst the masses by museums Ind schools of if we abandon them in heir leisure hours to the demoralising influence of uch execrable works as the Executive creates and PLAIN ALFRED 1ST XOVA MAY writes the Correspondent of the Veic Was the Queens and it was celebrated with the usual Vhat added most to the interest of the scene was the presence of his Royal Higliness Prince albeit cknowledged only as a midshipman in her Majestys yet as the guest of Lord Governor of Nova his lordships review of the jarrison and His Royal Highness was seated vith Lady Mulgrave in her ladyships He was jlainly attired in midshipmans the usual rosette eing removed from his cap on account of the recent death of his the Duchess of which circumstance prevented many other public demon trations that would have otherwise taken review lasted about an wheu his Royal Highness was driven off to tie Governors amid contiuned plaudits of the The fleet was signalled off the harbour on Sunday mt the George was separated from the rest of the fleet jy a and did not arrive until nine May he Prince disembarked at eleven the next The George is a firstclass lineof battle mountingPO with an auxiliary power of 500 She carries i crew of 800 men and a full staff of francis captain Edward com The George will not return to England for some but will remain on the North American The Prince will visit Brunswick and the and return to England in a small steamer some time in On account of the troubles hi theUnited tates it is not probable that he will visit them at iis FOREIGN We have received Calcutta papers to May and Madras to May in anticipation of the overland Overland Friend of after commenting on that point of Laings financial statement fixing the sepoy army to consist of from to which that journal considers twice the number that ought to general orders amalgamating the officers and local European troops with her Majestys army have been in full operation throughout India lor the last We should say that 95 per of the men had accepted the somewhat liberal bounty aud have enlisted to serve in any part of the Not so with the They dread general for they know not how the Horse Guards WEI employ and accordingly few except those of the artillery have chosen that It is calculated that at least Indian officers will be The following are the only items of general news of European interest in the Indian journals The famine prevails as severely as ever in the districts of the North West and It is impossible to depend with any certainty on the rains of July and subsequent and all past analogy is against the probability of a copious Should they the generosity of England will be sorely There have been two serious afirays IH the indigo attended with loss of In one native deputy who had gone to a subdivision of Jessore to try a rent when attempting to disperse an illegal was beaten and had to flee for his When the after investigating the case next tried to arrest the guilty he and the police with him were attacked by the peasantry three men were killed and three In another while the hired servants of one of the Bengal Indigo Companys factories were engagedinweedingapiece of part of which had been decreed by the Court as belonging to the they were attacked by an armed band of and one man was speared to It appears from the report of one of the special commis sioners that the lyots boldly declare they have combined not to pay To add to the difficulties of the Bengal the Santhals have been led to assume an uneasy attitude on account of suits for ment of their and the pressure exercised by the We are in receipt of papers from Hong There is very little news from The most im portant fact of the fortnight the establish ment of the British and French embassies in The China Mail flags of both nations were hoisted in the capital on the 26th On the 25th March attended by an escort of gendarmes andartilr and his secretaries of entered and took up his residence in the Tartar near that of the Russian On the following day attended by an escort of Sikh and accompanied by his and attaches of entered the and took up his residence in the neighbourhood of the other These proceedings appeared to be quietly viewed by the and there was every pro spect of the foreign representatives meeting with a satis factory It has been resolved by the Chinese Government to open schools in for instruction in and it is proposed to send a few Chinese youths to ficqnire our Byv the lastadvices there is no mentionmade of the Em perors return to the although that event is believed to be close at In Japan matters were goingon The accounts from Shanghae have reference to the fluctuations of the Imperialist and the rebel The insurgents have recently made a move in the direction of it is supposed with a view to take the various places we had marked out as The following extract from VaeNorth China Herald theinability of the Im perialist forces to doanything whatever direc tion we the incapacity of the Imperialist troops to re cover even their lost when opposition is is becoming daily more An expedition is sent to retake the Tungtingshan on the way they encounter a body of rebel soldiers an engagement in which the commander is whereon his thousands or so of soldiers immediately give up further thoughts of disperse themselves over the and become a greater scourge to the than even the visits of the rebels would The large town of Haiyen on the coast between this and has been re occupied by the reached that place the capture of a splendid dave vesse1 at near the mouth of the Congo by the States war steamer on the 20th at The captured vessels on being over gave the name of the ship as the and also showed that had cleared Trat from At the time of the capture the vessel was in the act of ship ping and had already received 960 on 640 more being for shipment on the the intending to carry in a larger cargo than is generally carried even by the most fortunate From Sierra Leone we have also intelligence of the capture of a large slave on the 10th of at a place called The daver was cap tured by the war steamer and towed by that vessel into Sierra There is news from The British fleet on the coast had bombarded and captured Porto killing 700 natives in the It appears that some time since the British Consul at proceeded to Portp Novo in her ship Brune to demand of the king of that place permission for the English to trade To this request the king gave a direct and also commenced to fire upon the He likewise gave Foote to understand that as king he would extend his protection only to the Por tuguese who are the life and soul of the slave both in the interior and on the who support him and the slave Seeing how matters were about to shape the consul communicated with the commodore of the who as soon as possible collected all the cruisers then in proximity to Porto and the Bight of and went up the Lagos with a strong composed of seven war vessels and He proceeded a short distance up the coast to bombard the town of Portp if prac from the sea Everything beingin the fleet anchored off the port on the night of the 26th of and at seven oclock in the morning the bombard ment and at three the town was totally and occupied by the British The Moniteur has published the following official de claration The in view of the peaceful relations existing between France and the United is determined to maintain a strict neutrality in the conflict between the Union and the States which claim to form a separate The same paper also published several articles specifying the of neutrality which French subjects are to The Temps announces that the recognition of the king OF THE IN NEW We have received intelligence from Melbourne to April Sydney to April from Adelaide to April The most interesting news in the Australian papers relates to the termination of the New Zealand During which commenced on the 13th and ended on the 13th of terms were offered to the native rebels by Governor Brown which implied entire subjection to authority but these terms were not and on the 15th hostilities were On that morning 370 men of the 57th and 65th advanced to tlft and divided into working parties and The sapleading to TeArei was and a branch sap carried from 8 to sweep the riflepits on the verge of the About seven oclock Captain Mercer arrived from with sixty of the Royal three Armstrong and two 8inch and two 10inch All our works went on without the slightest sign of opposition from the enemy until eleven when the white flag was lowered from the Maori and replaced by a blood red war In a few minutes it was and oho solitary shot from the natives invited to the The troops were not yet allowed to and the after hoisting and lowering theirwar flag three opened lire in good and poured volleys from their Our lire was excellent and fearfully de The firing continued throughout Saturday and and up till 5 when it aud the natives yielded and this time finally hoisting the white The Waikatos retreated to their own owing to a loss of 300 out of and Wiremu though without accepting the terms There was no change in the political situation at Mel Parliament had been engngedduring the month in discussing questions arising out of the estimates The House had voted asum of for immigration for the current Ministers had assented to the second reading of the bill for the abolition of the duty on cold but had stated that they would endeavour in committee to fix the amount of duty at per leaving the reduction to1 commence in It was thonnht this proposition would be Ministers had introduced a Bill for the better administration of law on the old The Bill to state aid to relisiion was to come on in a day MajorGencral Pratt had re ceived the thanks of the House for his services in the New Zealand From Sydney we learn that the Upper House was still further altering the Land so that the Government probably abandon An address had been voted in the Assembly for for The South Australian Parliament was opened on April The Governors speech is of a cheering COAST OP The Royal Mail steamship Cleopatra arrived at Liver pool on Tuesday The news by this arrival is of an important A war had commenced be tween the King of Porto Novo and the British forces on the west the slave trade was evidently as as as two large slaversone a Liverpool with 960 slaves on been captured by au American and British war vessel The Niger expedition steamtr Sunbeam wasat themouth of the riser and preparations were bein made for proceeding the river on the exploring expedition early m Prom Fernando Po we learn that intelligence has What we hear that negotiations are going but that nothing is There can be no that the official relations of the Court of Turin and the Tuileries will shortly be and an understanding come to on the Roman Fould has been summoned to Fontaineblean by the and it is said that he will thence proceed to The Ambassadors from the King of bearing pre sents for the Emperor of the have arrived in The artillery of the Syrian expeditionary corps has commenced disembarking at The budgets for the Ministries of War and Marine were voted on Tuesday by the Corps who by hia maiden speech on the occasion of the address aconsiderable reputation for was ate far emboldenea Byhis first success as to make a much more elaborate onslaught upon the Government on His consequence of its extreme was latterly listened to with much lasted till six an hour beyond which the House scarcely ever When he had Count de Morny addressed him in the following terms you have frequently alluded to the gospel let me tefl you what the gospel preaches it is concilia and the pardon of and these were the doctrines at the birth of the ensured its I would recommend those who consider themselves the representatives of Catholic opinions in the Chamber to give more frequent examples of these A duel has just been fought at Nice Bljween the editors of two journals of the of the and Chevalier of the The latter received a sword wound in the In Wednesdays sitting of the Chamber of Baron Ricasoli announced the formation of the new and said in accepting so great a he and his colleagues had yielded to a sentiment of After haying dwelt on the immense loss sustained by Italy in the death of Count he continued No one has bent under this non have we lost our faith in the destinies of He then explained that the policy of the new Cabinet will be continuation of that of the one presided over by Count who he said united boldness with The Minister maintained that Italy had a right to constitute herself as a united and The basis of the new Ministry will be respect for the respect for the and maintenance of public The first care of the Go vernment will be zealously to continue the armament of the and at the time to develop the econo mical forces of and to establish the equilibrium the revenue and He concluded by ex pressing his full confidence in the support of Par liament and in the good sense and patriotism of the Loud applause followed the words of the A similar communication was made in the Baron Ricasoli is President of the and Minister of Foreign Affairs he will also direct the Ministry of War for two months Signer Minghetti is Minister of the Interior Siguor of Finance Signer of Commerce of Marine of Justice Signer of Public Instruction and the departments of Agricul ture aud Public Works have been given to Signers Cor dova and In the Chamber of Deputies a bill has been laid on the table for the construction of a naval and military arsenal at and on the motion of the President it was decided to place a marble statue of Count Cavour in the Hall of A subscription has been opened at Rome for the future erection of a monument to Count Cavour in the Capitol A letter from mentions the discovery of a con spiracy to seize the palace and force the King to dismiss his Ministers and convoke the National About a hundred letter were two of whom were majors in the one a newspaper and another a Russian officer named Three other editors had Several suspected officers had been removed from their Colonel commandant at had been appointed military and General commanderinchief of all the troops stationed ill die eastern provinces and on the Turkish The police had been placed under the ordersof the military A denial has been given to the that Austria intended to reduce her The Polish and Czech members of the Lower House have made a proposal that the Emperor should prorogue the sittings of the Council the Empire until a representation of the whole monarchy be and that he should immediately convoke the provincial From Pesthwe learn that the discussion on the para graph of the address proposed by the presenta tion of which to theEmperor had been agreed to on was continued on Wednesday in the Chamber of Deak and the members of the Right left the Bouse on the rejection of their proposal insert certain words in the address in reference to the abdication or King It is currently reported that Deak intends to withdraw his proposed The state of affairs gets more critical every day and a general rimngwould almost appear Agents from Koasuth and Klapka are stated to be travel ling and that an understanding has been come to between them and the leaders of the great national assisted very materially by the action taken in the collect ing of the taxes of the SPAIN AND The Spanish Admiral Pinzon has received instructions to the effect if the Emperor of Morocco should not consent to exchange Tetuan for the Spanish squadron is to take possession of the latter place by there the troops now encamped on the coast of it be is in har mony with our last Admiral Pinzon has left for Tangiers with two and the Spanish squadron lately stationed AVesiras has sailed in the direction of the Bay of An official denial has been given to the rumourof a between France and Spain for securing the pos session of the It is and generally that the city of Warsaw will shortly be declared in a state of in consequence of representations made by General Souk the new Governor of The published regulations concerning the clothes to be worn by the the prohibition of square Polish amaranthcoloured waistcoats and coloured boots and and any dress of a showy colour or un usual led to several very serious in which the military have been made to figure The town of Szczebrzeszyn where at one time existed a very eminent belonging to the immense property of has been set fire to by the Russian troops quartered in it eight times within a very short space The same troops had before been garrisoned in also part of Zamoyskis and likewise had set fire to itthat time with better for the whole town was burned to The Pans papers of Sunday last published a telegraphic message from announcing that Omer immediately on arriving at ordered measures to be taken to prevent the Montenegrins from perpetratingany further According to the same telegram an arrangement had been signed at Con stantinople between the delegates of the Bank of France and its The health of the Sultan had From of Mondays we learn that the extortions of the Turkish functionaries cause increasing distress among the It is asserted that in Bul garia the Turkish authorities under threats of extorted the signatures of the people to addresses favour He to the existing state of Some districts are The Gazette de France of Monday publishes a telegram stating that in the fight between the Turks and the insurgents in the Herzegovina the former were de Pacha was marching with men against the by whom his vanguard had been His troops were The orsnb govemors of the refused to recognise the concessions made to the Christians by Omer Pachas as being in opposition the dogmas of the THE BANTTBIAN Bucharest we have intelligence to the effect that in last Thursdays sitting of the Legislative Assembly the Minister for Foreign Affairs stated that the Porte had consented to the complete umonof the Dannbian Princi and that an international conference will shortly assemble at Paris for the purpose of settlin this question m a satlsf actory The National Central Commis sion has been The Georgius valued at four has been destroyed by THE SVRIAN The International in its sitting of Friday resolved that the Governor of the Lebanon should be appointed for three and that he conld not be dis missed without a previous understanding between the Porte and the Great At the end of the three years the Porte is to come to a fresh understanding with the Powers respecting the Government of the The Conference also unanimously resolved that the Go vernor of the Lebanon might be chosen without distinc tion from among the Christian subjects of the Sultan in any province Of the Tfie of the Lebanon will have the rank of and will reside at Order will be maintained iff the moun tains by militia recruited from the inhabitants of the Turkish troops are only to advance into the Lebanon on the requisition of the The Maro nites and Drusesare each to have Turkish troops will provisionally occupy the main roads of the And thus is supposed to be settled the great HORRIBLE MURDER IS An atrocious murder was discovered at halfpast nine on morning at the parsonagehouse at Kings in Banstead near the residence of Al The victim was a poor old womiiu named Martha the wife of a who also acted as clerk to the It appears tha tie the curate of a small district church built by Alcock on his had gone with his family to Chertsey for a few and had left his house in charge of the poor old woman whose death we now She was left at six oclock on Monday evening bv her hiis who had supper with her at that hour UH then left her for his own at a small lodge a short dis tance from the He saw nothing more of her till the when he went to tie parsonage about halfpast as he fearing iat some thing awful had ho proceeded to the door of the which he found He went to thefront which was partly He up stairs to his wifes and was homfisil to nud her lying on the floor bound hand and with a Landker chief tied over her mouth as a He applied his hand to her and that to be and he came to the conclusion that she was dead anJ brutally He sent to the village schoolmaster to solve the mystery for Tins oracle in tuni sent for the and they to the various surgeons in the Shorthouse of Hunis of and Ayre of were and death to have arisen from A stocking was thrust firmly into the it is of her calling out or for the morediabolical purpose of stopping her and a handkerchief was then tied over the mouth outiJe the Her hands were tied to prevent her eiuricatine herself her feet were also tied The furniture and bedding in the room were in disorder bir as the owner of the house is from nothingat present is Some plate whicB was hi a drawer leiun and at present the motive for the dirbo ical art is not Nothing of any value caS nor could it have been expected to be fouid ih slender and the murderers had no cffcrhr in gamrng an entrance through the roof ciiec iuTc thl room where the poor woman They nutrVto have tried one of the Waslorn foSte and by means of tree to have to the into the cororr coroner for Surrey received information thlt on Sunday whilst pohceconstable 350 P was he discovered a parcel just within the raiiings of Having secured the lie found tnat th discovery of the parent of the child
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