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Nautical Standard Newspaper Archive: October 2, 1852 - Page 1

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Publication: Nautical Standard

Location: London, Middlesex

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   Nautical Standard (Newspaper) - October 2, 1852, London, Middlesex                                mtxm AND STEAM NAVIGATION GAZETTE. (C ENGLAND'S BEST BULWARKS ARE HER WOODEN WALLS." Vol. VII.-No 40.] SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1852. Editorial:-Military Law and its Anomalies......,... 625 Warrant Officers-Manning the Navy................ 627 Admiralty:-Promotions-Appointments.............. 628 Coast Guard Service.................................. 628 Portsmouth-Devonport ..............................6?9 Woolwich-Sheerness-Pembroke.................... 629 West Indies, Halifax, and North America ............630 The Channel Squadron .......,...................... 630 Dockyards.............................................630 Royal Marines..........................................630 Eruption of Etna...................................... 630 Courts-Martial........................................ 630 Biography............................................ 631 Obituary:...........0................................ 631 Trial of Anchors at Sheerness.......................... 631 Palawan Bay . ,\...................................... 632 Launch at Cherbourg.................................. 632 [Price 6d. The Overland Route from Adelaide to Mount Alexander 633 Mercantile Steam Marine ..............................633 Peninsular and Oriental Company....................633 British and North American Company................633 ^**Royal West India Mail Company ....................634 The Duke of Wellington .........,....................634 Original Correspondence................................ 635 Boiler Testing  ...................................... 635 Abuses in the Dockyards............................636 Dockyard Abuses..................................636 Manning the Navy .................................. 636 Warrant Officers of the Royal Navy.................. 637 Excellent Gunners...................................637 Foreign and Colonial Intelligence......................637 France..............................................637 Births, Marriages, and Deaths..........................639 Advertisements........................................ 610 NOTICE TO MARINERS. New LiaHT on the Island or Seiko at the northern entrance of the great belt. . The following notice from the Danish Marine Board has been received by Captain Halsted, RN,, the Secretary at Lloyd's, from the office of Privy Council for Trade, Whitehall :- 'On the so-called Guiben, on the northernmost point of the same Island of Serio, in lat. 55 deg. 55 min, 10 sec, north, and long. 11 deg. 5 min. 9 sec. east of Greenwich, a revolving light will be established on a tower 50 feet above the land, and 100 feet above the sea. The new light will be lighted for the first time on the 25th inst., and will thereafter be kept burning the same time as all the other lights in the kingdom, viz., from half an hour after sunset until sunrise ; will consist of eight lamps, with reverberators, which will take six minutes to each revolution, so that they show a strong light lasting 12 and 15 seconds every second minute. The light will show all round the horizon for the distance of three miles and a half to 4 miles (14 to 16 miles English). "Marine Board, Sept. 10, 1852." Elsinore, Sept. 20. In the course of the month of October this year a light vessel is to be placed in the so-called Lassoe Channel, bearings in lat. 57 12 N., and long. 19 41 E., of which further notice will be given. Sept. 28,1652. A Dutch fleet of 59 sail of men-of-war, under De Witte and De Ruyter, were attacked by the British fleet of nearly equal force, under Blake, the action commencing at 4h. p.m. Several of the English large ships, in their eagerness of pursuit, grounded on the shoal of the Kentish Knock, but the Dutch ships, drawing less water, went over it, and thus escaped being captured. Four Dutch ships were taken, one bearing the flag of a rear-admiral. The English pursued the enemy on the two following days to the mouth of the Texel. The British loss amounted to 300 in killed and wounded. �-- 28,1795. The hired cutter Rose, 8 long 4-pounders, Lieut. Wm. Walker, with a crew of only 13 men, near Caprarea, attacked three French felucca privateers : captured one, mounting 5 guns and 42 men (13 of whom were killed and wounded), and sank another, having a crew of 56 men. The Rose had only one man wounded. - 28, 1801. Sylph, brig, 18 guns, Captain Charles Dashwood, cruizing on the North Coast of Spain, sustained an action with French 40-gun frigate Artemise for two hours and five minutes, when the frigate wore round and made sail. Although the Artemise had 20 killed and 40 wounded, Midshipman D. O. Casey was the only person wounded on board the Sylph. --29,1810. Capt. Robert Hall, of the Rambler, 14, lying in Gibraltar Bay, having been detached with some gun-boats on the 28th, in quest of the enemy's privateers, after a pull of 20 hours, landed with 30 officers and men at the entrance of the river Barbate Tarifa. Travering the sand hills, the party attacked a large French privateer, protected by two 6-pounders and 30 dragoons, and in spite of a sharp resistance cm the part of the crew, brought her out. British loss, 2 killed. - 30, 1780. French letter of marque Esperance, mounting 28 guns, captured off Bermuda, by Pearl, 32, Capt. George Montagu, after a well-contested action, and having lost 20 men killed and 24 wounded. Pearl, 6 killed, 10 wounded. October 1, 1748. Rear-Admiral Knowles, with 5 sail-of-the-line and one ship of 50 guns, near the Havana, attacked a Spanish squadron of 7 ships-of-the-line, ?\)t Jfiratmtl ^tnttktli. R0Y1L NAVY. " Whosoever commands the Sea, commands the Trade; whosoever commands the Trade of thb World,commands the Treasures of the World, and consequently the World itself."-Sir W. Raleigh. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1852. MILITARY LAW AND ITS ANOMALIES. Misera est servitus, ubi jus est vagum aut in-coghitum." It was well said by the greatest light amongst the lustrous names which once dignified and embellished the Common Law of this country, that the servitude must indeed be unhappy where its law was either precarious or unknown. Nothing has a greater tendency to cast contempt and obloquy upon the laws of a country than a capricious and precarious infliction of the penalties adjudged for crime. Although we have in a series of former numbers, at some pains, endeavoured to point out the defective character of the machinery which is at present in use by the Royal Navy for the investigation and punishment of crime, we could hardly have supposed that that ma- under Rear-Admiral Reggio, and captured the Con-questadore, 74. The Spanish loss amounted to 89 killed, 211 wounded, out of a force of 4,153 men. The British r-out of 2,900 men, had 59 killed, 120 wounded., - 1, 1807. French privateer Jeune Richard, mounting six long 6-pounders and one long 18-pounder, after a sharp contest, was captured by the Windsor Castle packet, Capt. Wm. Rogers, mounting six long 4-pounders, and two 9-pounder carronades. Out of a crew of 92 men the privateer had 21 killed and 33 wounded. The Windsor Castle, out of 28, lost 3 killed, 10 severely wounded. The prize was conducted to Barbadoes. - 2,1758. Lizard, 28, Captain B. Hartwell, cruizing off Brest,was engaged with French corvettes Heioine and Due d'Hanovre, upwards of an hour. The former then made sail and escaped through the rocks, but the Due d'Hanovre, mounting 14 guns, was captured. -3, 1791. The 14-gun brig Speedy, Capt. Jahleel Brenton, attacked a Spanish convoy under an armed cutter and schooner, and drove them on shore near Algesiras. -4,1797. L'Epicharis, 8, taken off Barbadoes, by Alexander, tender, Lieut. W. W. Senhouse. -4, 1798. President Parker, French cutter, 12, taken off Lisbon by Flora, 36, and Caroline, 36. chinery, with all its defects-and they are both numerous and grave-would ever have furnished us with so complete an illustration of the correctness of our views, as have done two Courts-Martial held respectively at Portsmouth and at Sheerness during the present week. What we have usually complained of in the constitution of Courts-Martial has been the absence of some properly educated person, imbued with the doctrine of the laws of evidence, for the purpose of moderating such deliberations, and of checking and regulating the reception of evidence touching the matters to be investigated.   With such a check upon the ordinary proceedings of these Courts, we had always believed that a council of officers constituted the very best tribunal whereby to judge of the nature, character, and extent of Military or Naval crimes and misdemeanours ; but we must confess that the perusal of the proceedings of the Court-Martial held upon. Mr. Frederick Gordon, boatswain of the third class, of the Grampus, 50-gun frigate, and that held upon Lieutenant C. B. Hore, of H.M.S. London, and the respective judgments and sentences  pronounced by these Courts, has marvellously shaken our confidence both in the intelligence and justice of such councils; and though we cannot but regard the present instance as one of an exceptional character-yet being possible, means should be taken to prevent the repetition of such gross violation of justice which is calculated to do so much injury to the character of the Service, and cast so much obloquy upon the administration of Naval Law. The cases to which we allude are recorded in another portion of our columns, but we must here shortly refer to them in order to make our observations intelligible.   On the 27th ult, a Court-Martial was held on board the Victory, flag-ship at Portsmouth, to try-Mr.  Frederick Gordon, a boatswain of the Third [Class, stationed in the Grampus, 50-gun frigate, in ordinary in Portsmouth Harbour, and borne on the books of the ordinary flag-ship Neptune, 120, Captain ScoiTr The charge against the prisoner was for hav-   

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