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Nautical Standard (Newspaper) - January 9, 1847, London, Middlesex Vol. I.-No. 53.] SATURDAY, January 9, 1847. [Pricb 6d. NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. The Nautical Standard, and Steam Navigation Gazette, may be had at No. 5, Catherine Street, Strand. The Post-office regulations, not allowing London newspapers to be delivered free of expense within three miles of the chief office-charging one penny for each-we beg to acquaint all future annual subscribers, so situated, that one penny will be charged upon their papers, which will be forwarded through the Post-office. Notice.-Persons desirous of receiving the Nautical Standard are respectfully informed, that it is forwarded by the morning mails and the earliest posts to all parts of the country, on payment of 6s. 6d. per quarter, 13s. half a year, and �1 6s. a year ; or one guinea, if paid in advance. Post Office orders are to be made payable to Mr. Thomas Dennis, and all other communications are to be addressed to the Editor, at the Office, Rutland Place, Upper Thames Street. Annual subscriptions of one guinea in advance payable to Mr. Thomas Den-wi&xonly, as above, are particularly ^recommended to the Officers of the Royal Navy. Those oncers who are on Foreign Stations, as well as those who are on the Home Station, will thus, without further trouble, have their papers punctually forwarded to them from this office, their address being regulated by the information obtained for the columns of the Nautical Standard, as to Ship's Stations at home and abroad. In consequence of the great abundance of interesting matter, we are compelled to abridge many articles, and to omit a great many letters. The Light Dues will be considered in our next. STEAM NAVIGATION GAZETTE. SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1847. � THE OPENING SESSIOK ~ The Opening of Parliament is looked for anxiously by "Whig and Tory, Free-Traders and Protectionists. Party is looking up its old prejudices, and burnishing them bright to make a goodly show, bvt, at the same time, lamenting that they are not so strong as of old-indeed fast wearing out. Ireland, at home, and Spain and Oracow, with their matrimonial and political annexations, abroad, will afford plenty of subject matter for speeches, but while we may be by angry eloquence provoking France and the Northern Powers to try our strength-are we fostering it ? Are we a bit nearer than last January to the manning of our Navy ? The employment of our Naval Officers? Have we remedied the deeply, seated evils in bur Dockyards ? Do we build our ships for the " battle andUhe breeze/V or merely for accommodation between .decks* smooth tailing, and to reflect their fair forms upon the waters P Is there no misapplication of stores in our Dockyards P Is every thing plain and above board? Can we trace the timber from its shed, and know which ship it formB part of?-Is every man-of-war debited with the material she is built with, and the wages of the arti* cans who built her; the stores put on board, and her expenditure during every " commmission ?"-in short, her debtor account from the laying down of her keel, till she is made over to the ship-breaker, and the last item in her ledger is to her credit-the few hundreds, or as it may be, thousands, for which her hull is sold P � If we could answer these, and a few more such questions, which we have not time for just now, in " the affirmative," if we could thus show that we had men for our ships, and the battle~ships that we should have for our waters-well-husbanded resources in our Dockyards, and honest men, as well as able, in all our Naval Departments, then let our Legislators be as indignant as they please with the European Powers, for they deser^^h^^reproaches. But, unfortunately, the answer to^-otu* question is in the negative, and not in the affirmative ; thus we advise that Parliament, after a moderate expression of its displeasure at the progress of affairs abroad, should look at home-to England as well as Ireland. "We have increased, and, it is rumoured, are further to increase, our artillery on shore-let us also secure the efficiency of our artillery at sea. There are several points upon which we have only just touched in these brief remarks which will bear expatiating upon, and our endeavour shall be, as the Nautical Journal of England, to force the attention of Parliament to the condition of our Dockyards, and Ships, and our Sailors, both Officers and Men, till till all abuses are remedied, and England's Naval strength is so consolidated, aBto maintain her position as the first Maritime Power among Nations. THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR. It is only with the lapse of years that the impressions of passion and prejudice are overcome; and being then enabled to look back upon events through the medium of matured reflection, we arrive nearer to a just estimation of those occurrences that have excited so much interest and produced such important effects in the civilized world. The long duration of peace has so essentially couduced to harmonise those angry feelings which agitated the whole of Europe, that we must believe there no longer exists thosa national animosities which the strife of war had unhappily promoted. With these feelings we have introduced to the attention of our readers a document of much importance: the French account of the Battle of Trafalgar, from the pen of their celebrated historian M* Thiebs, which, although not yet publish0d in a collected form we translate from the journal of LaFlotte. It is true we have data of our own* on which we may rely with confidence; but as, according to the old adage, there are two sides to a story, the most satisfactory method of coming to a just conclusion will be to consider the French version, and having dispassionately discussed the whole, overthrow such portion of the statements as can be fairly rebutted. With such intention we have given a portion of the interesting narrative in our present number, with a diagram showing the relative positions of the two contending fleets, and also an outline of the coast. Our successive numbers will complete the narrative, and contain diagrams both of the attack and the close of the action. * In the meantime we shall be gratified by receiving communicationsuponthesubjectfromournavalreaders, reserving our own comments until we have completed the French version of the Battle and taken up our side of the question. hire* the GOVERNMENT; M�li CONTRACTS. We in a late nwmber sh^d^ ^^je^br^ easily Government might take iri$p4w% transport of troops, emigrants, mails, and convicts \ improving the efficiency of the Royal Navy, by increasing the " Service afloat," and breaking up a system of contract, demoralising to the shipping interests of the country. We were prepared to be met by a cry of "economy," and by the assertion that nothing could be fairer than the contracts entered into between Her Majesty's Government and the Merchant shipping of the country ; we will now, while proving that economy is not the first consideration with Government in such matters, show that contracts are not necessarily fair either to the Country or the Shipping Interests generally. That a system of free competition is not imperative, when Government requires to take up a certain amount of tonnage of shipping, can be made evident by the late case of the Halifax and Boston mails; thus we need not go back to the days of our fathers, when to have a vote for a borough entitled a ship-owner to have a transport lying in the Tagus at a monthly demurrage per ton, for which a ship would now take goods three times round the world. Public writers have ever great reason to be grateful to Government, the Ministers, for the time being, never failing to afford them cases in point of maladministration of the public departments. Whenever Government, or Parliament influenced by Government, acta in opposition to the report of a " Select Committee," and persists in a rule of conduct condemned by the spirit, if not by the letter of the report, it is buj fair to suppose that crude jobbing is at the bottom of the matter. We will give the report of the Committee in question, which was comprised in few words, as though the Committee-men feared to do their duty, or thought it useless to wa�te remon
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