Saturday, September 1, 1804

Monthly Magazine

Location: London, Middlesex

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Monthly Magazine (Newspaper) - September 1, 1804, London, Middlesex MONTHLY MAGAZINE; No. 119.3 SEPTEMBER 1, [3, ofVo^USj. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magazine. REMARKS on MR. MALTHUS's ES3AY OK the principles of population; T is now about five or fix year? fince Mr. Malthus publimeda flenderoctavo volume on the Principles of Population, which he his lately fwolleo into one of thofe ponderous quartos with which literature is at prefent fo fhamefully taxed and encumbered. It may not, perhaps, -be very unnatural in an author to attach more confequence to his fubject than it del'erves, or to miftake the errors of his own imagination for. the difeovery of important truths i but it certainly betrays great imprudence in him to have no companion either on the patience or the pockets of' his readers,, andto forget that his' fyftcm derives but little fupport b-y ex-haufting either of" them. provements in agriculture, can the productions of the earth be made to increafe fafter than in an arithmetical, while the mouths that confume them are unfortunately multiplying in a geometrical* pro-greffion ; and hence the world -in a few centuries is in danger, according to Mr. MaUhua's computations, of-being peopled with ten thoufand times more inhabitants 'MosthCy- Mao. No. 119. man it can poflibly fupport. $0 layiih* indeed, has nature been, in fbfttte^in*: vhP feeds of 'life, and lb fparing- in providing the rooijv and nourilhment nexeuVynfc* her offspring, that'in every country,h.Qtfc-favage and.-civilized, hert 6peration.s;iaJie always at variance with tbeirifelvssj. :svvA man is doomed to ofallate perpetually between the extremes of want and. akWft-dance. In no- period do the: means o/:,bU fuMftence pL'e&rve.a. due>prapottion.-fp Jijifi neceflities.. A fruitful foil, or a genial climate,, only ftimulate him. to multiply his progeny,..fd asr to produce a'farhinei which deftroys {he rotferahle race; and, he is never; permitted to. enjoy the boun.tie.8 of natuce, except in the midftof fojioupi and delblation. Nor is this, -inveterate propenfity to-increafe-hk fpecies beyond the means of proyiding for then* qQOr-: fined to- man alone,,it is.-extended taitllP whole of the animal .and even of the.fltr . getable creatibBit! Both brutes .and.pleflt* are equally impelled by a powerfitl~itift.M& to this exceffive irkreafej and the ga/lh is in. conftanto ganger of: being- overftofllsi 4 % their'progeny* as' neithjer ofj tfcern^if Teems? are-interrupted in the pftpagatioB of theic fpecies by anyi duty iieaifoathg about providing-/for them ! According to Mr.  Malthus>e(his: perpetual effort to> wards procreation .(or rather towards mfc fery,- -for the one alwaysr terminates, ia tkf ( other) produces'an olcillation, or certain vibratory motion, in human faeiety. which hurries Them backwards;,aodrfor-wards from one; extreme' to the wher, fo as to prevent them from ever enjoying any comfort from the profpect either.>of a fruitful feafon or an increafingfamtly.-:-.; . The hiftory. of the world in pail a'gea feems to have no effect in quieting Mr. Malthus's apprehenfions. Although:roai*� upon the molt moderate computation, ha* been multiplying his race'for five,,thou* fand years, and'infinitely the greater part of the earth ft;II remains un.nhabited, yet is the danger of an over-crowded population fo urgent; that reftr.iints mould be immediately laid upon matrimony.' The poor ftjould be deterred from it by ths menace of deriving no fupport from the wealthy for their'ftarying progeny, and women of all ranks mould be obliged to> continue in a ftate of celibacy till they c .arrive