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Monthly Magazine (Newspaper) - November 1, 1799, London, Middlesex THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE. No. li.] NOVEMBER i, 1799. [No.4.of Vol.viii. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the. Editor of the Monthly Magazine. sik, ' - EvURING the courfe of laft year, a 9 fliort account was given in your v -cable Magazine," of the Academical Inftitution founded here in 1796, purfuant to the will of the late Profeilbr Anderfon. Since that lime I have received fevera! letters, requefting particular information with regard to the nature of the lectures delivered in that inftitution. For the fake of thofe gentlemen, and others who may* viiih for fuch information, I will thank. . yon to infert the following account of my Lectures. I am, Sir, Your very obedient fervant, Thomas Garnett. Gliifgmv,Sept- 4, 1799. ^ THE firft is a complete fcientific courfe on phyfics and chemiftry, with their application to the arts and manufactures. One lecture of this courfe is delivered every morning, and the following are the branches comprehended in it. The properties of matter are firif ex plained, with a view of the theory of 13'jicovich ; after which come the laws of motion, and the principles of mechanics. The principles are firft demonftrated mathematically, and afterwards illuftrated by experiments; and then the application 01 each part to the arts and manufactures pointed out, and, where it can be dune, illuftrated by models of machinery. After this comes the doctrine of heat, which (.ccupies a confiderable number of lectures. After iiluftrating the general effects of lieat, and Dr. Black's Theorv of Fluidity :uid Evaporation, I proceed to point out liie difcoveries made by Count P.umford. Having explained the caul'e of fluidity, we proceed to the principles of hydrofta-ti-.s and hydraulics, rivers, lakes, inland navigation, &c. The mechanical properties of the afr are next examined, which conftitutes pneumatics; after which come acmiftics, the theory of the winds, and uiiific: the method of curing chimnies, according to Count Rum ford'3 plan; meteorology, and aerofto.tion. Being thus acquainted with the mecha-J!:-"d propel ties of the air, we vwxt take a MbMTULY M.iG, No.-LI, view of its chemical prop^ties ; and, in about forty lectures, the;principles of chemiftry are pointed out; and illuftrated by experiments: then follows the application of chemiftry to the different arts and manufactures, particularly etching, and the different modes of aquatinting, dying, bleaching, and calico-printing; in. which the different procefTes are performed' before the ftudents : this part of the courfe concludes with the application of chemiftry to agriculture, and to the analyfis of mineral waters. After this follows a comprehenfive view of mineralogy, in which-all the Specimens are exhibited, and their nature and formation explained, with geological- obfer-vations. We next proceed to the principles of electricity and magnetifm ; and after having considered thefe two branches, and particularly the former, at confiderable length, we proceed to optics. In this part the principles of the fcience are pointed out; afterwards the ftrufture of the eye,' and the phenomena of vifion, are considered, and an account of optical inftru-ments given: the fubject is finiihed by a view of the theory jjnd practice of per-fpeftive. The. laft part of the courfe confifts of phyfical aftronomy, which is comprifed in ten or twelve lectures only, becaule a more particular confederation of it. would exclude ibme more uieful parts of the courfe; and the completion of this part is left to the lecturer on aftronomy and geography. I truft I may be allowed to fay, that there is no coiirfe in Britain which comprehends fo much, and is, at the fame time, fo full cn each fabjeft; and this arifes from a particular attention to economy with refpect to time. ' The lecfvve begins precifely at the hour, all recapitulation is avoided, and, what is ufually introduced to fpin out. let's comptehedive com its, carefully excluded. Bolides this courfe, I give a popular one on experimental phiiofophy." This courfe only occupies one lecture a week, which is in the evening. . Here all mathematical and abftiT.ct reafoning is as much as poffiblc- avoided, the molt pleiling and - 5 F iriter.'ilh.g
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