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London Tallis London Weekly Paper: Saturday, August 27, 1853 - Page 1

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   Tallis's London Weekly Paper (Newspaper) - August 27, 1853, London, Middlesex                                TALLISS Uttttdi rf anil M AUGUST PRICE THE STRENaiH AND WEAKNESS OF THE Russian its back resting on tho extremities of the ono foot in Europe and the other in stretches its vast arms from tho rising to tho sotting over n space of sixteen hundred leagues of Her naval armaments in tho gulf of Finland menace the seas of western Europe from in tho her fleets threaten tlio East her position on tho Caspian overawes Persia from tho Black Sea she bids defiance to Turkey while her immense army is ever ready to pour down its formidable legions on tho tho or tho If tho power of nations wcro exclusively measured by tho extent of surface they or by the numbers of their wo should look at Russia with mournful apprehension but our own little country is conclusive proof that there arc other elements in national greatness than those wo have just for Great Britain has demonstrated the truth of tho maxim of tliat ho who governs tho sea rules tho nt tho present it may not be inopportune to examine in some detail the resources of Russia and her foreign nnd to bring to tho subject authentic Tho armies of tho Czar aro thus enumerated by Baron Huxt one of the latest and who had the liest opportunities for ascertaining the Effective and disposable with 996 192 280 First levy of reserves Second levy of reserves up to annually to this establish ing a demand for nn equivalent value in it stands with reason and common sense to refer tome part of our prosperity to tho newly opened nnd not exclusively to attribute the whole to an abstract economical Tho truth ia that gold liaving created now channels for distribution has lent a now expansive force to tho principle of and by extending tho aren of commerce produced tho prosperity wn are now Whoever wishes to sco the statistics of the course of trade in a perfect should inspect tho tables of in which is displayed the pro portion which different countries bear tojeach for every arranged according to the decimal As a slight specimen wo take the Board of Trade return of ex ports for Laurie analyses tho of for the United States took 19 292 British 10486 British North 5123 Hero wo nre not hoodwinked by lucre but learn compara tively and practically who are our bent Now this though ina slightly varied it not being has been adopted by the Circular to in reference to It is subjoined Vnluo of KxporU In British Ry the frontier of Europe AKIO For tlio Kingdom of Iolnnd For Finland Total To this must bo added the various corps of tho troops attached to the baggage and the irregular corps of light and it is certain that a million of fightingmen completely armed could bo enrolled on nn Tlio imperial navy is divided into two distinct those of the Baltic and tho Black At the former there are 3 men C of 84 18 of 74 18 3 and 12 These nro manned by The Black Sea fleet consUts of 2 4 of 84 12 of 12 2 and 8 with aggregate crewn of possesses 45 ships of the 30 6 and 20 with But to this mnst be added several not enu merated by the authority to which wo have and a flotilla of gunboats not under but propelled by which Ilaxthauscn considers may fairly bo computed at However formidable Russia may bo in her she is incapable with her navy of inflicting any serious damage against the maritime powers of western An army is to ho considered under two points of de fensive and Under tho former that of Russia limy be deemed fighting on her own soil agninst an in So it proyod with Najiolcon j and where that great cap tain who shall hopo to conquer P But when an army inarches out of its own frontier and becomes its po sition is essentially How are the masses to bo moved Only with and therefore none but a commercial people can carry on R foreign war hero wo approach the weakness of Its public debt is very indeed relatively insigni ficant to that of since in 1852 it barely exceeded sixty hut from 1849 to 1852 it borrowed ostensibly to complete the railway from Petersburg to lint reully to put down tho Hungarian Thisnlono ia evidence that sho has not within the means of sus taining a foreign campaign but wo must examine more minutely into the extent of her resources as measured by her industry and and on this point shall avail ourselves of statistical documents recently published In the Circular to fpv they do uat come down to the present they furnish a sufficiently approximate guide to the in The Customs revenue of in was and in the siiino year tho Fintnco Minister returned the account of the internal revenue at so that tho total derived from these two may bo put down in round at Wo have now to investigate tho exports and and shall follow that plan of classification which wo have always urged ought to bo adopted by our own Board of because it in not sufficient to show aggregate but to point out specifically tho course of so that wo may perceive its particular nnd learn whether old ones luivo been lost and now ones Were this system a vast deal of vague and trashy declamation would be spared both in parliament and in newspapers on tho vexed question of to which tho whole of our present prosperity is exclusively altogether putting out of sight tlio discoveries of gold in California and which up after tho Frcctrado policy received the sanction of the tho principle of Freetrade is sound under any bnt will any not blinded by party venture to assort that these two metallic countries have not opened unex pected markets for our various manufactures that limy huvo not furnished enormous employment for our ship and raised freight that they have not increased our postal revenue P that they have not reduced poor by re moving paupers P that they have not enabled tho Hank of England to keep in active circulation some five or six millions of notes in addition to those which it emitted prior to the gold discoveries But how do those remarks bear on the course of it may bo asked P In this manner if it am bo shown that our trade with and has not increased since while the aggregate of our trade pro digiously this difference cannot bo ascribed to reci procity with those continental nations who were expected to receive payment in goods for the corn they sent since our trade with them is or rather declining therefore it must bo referred to some other cause or and when we know that tho exports from Australia suddenly sprung Latest Value of Imports In British By tlio frontier of Europe Asia Poland Finland Total Such then is tho amount and tho course of Russian as it appears from tho returns of 1850 in goods nnd if wo add the exports and imports of the total figures at bnt be it observed that twentyfive millions and or about 83 per lire with We export to Russia only about ono million and a half annually now looking at our exports for tlio first six months of tho present and the increasing yield of it is highly prohablo that tho exports of 1853 will touch ninety and of this Russia is our customer to tho small extent of onesixtieth We in tuo event of should suffer litllo commercially from the total suspension of But how would it faro with Russia if sho had the rashness to brave Western to arms P No capitalist would raise a loan for her and 83 per of her trado would ba Nor is this Tho British fleet would enter the Hluck If tho Russian navy offered it would assuredly bo crushed or captured if it remained moored in the harbour of what could hinder a descent of the Turks on tlio Crimea P whon tho conquest of Catharine might bo recovered by tho How could slio secure herself in tho ncn of Azof How hold what sho possesses on tho shores of the Caspian how maintain and her footing on tho skirts of the Caucasus P The strength of irresistible in its dwindles into weakness on its eastern frontiers and hence it is of the last necessity that she should never rule in for that would give her the impregnable passage of tho Dardanelles and sho might conquer tho Orient nt her prostrating clearing the road to Caubul and and meimco our own frontier on tho Such indeed has tlio foreign policy of Russia slnco tho dlty whim Peter surniuncd tho conquered Catharine looked with an eye of covctousncss on Constantinople after she had wrested thu Crimea from tho and named her second grandson tho uumo now borno by tho second sou of tho Czar Tho treaty of tho celebrated complement to tho treaty of reveals the secret designs of tho cabinet of Tho circumstances under which it was completed are briefly The Paoha of Egypt had revolted against tho Ottoman Porte his troops had gained several decided advantages over those of tho Tho battlo of Koniah appeared to have opened up tho route to Con stantinople to tho successful when Russia ordered her troops to advance by forced marches to tho aid of and placed her navy also at tho service of Tlio Iaclm then retired from tho Tho treaty of UnkiurSkelessi was signed on the 8th and the third article was expressed in tho following In consequence of tho principle of conservation and mutual defence which forms tho Imsis of tho present treaty of and from the most sincere desire to assure thu stability and entire independence of the Sublime his the Emperor of all tho whenever circumstances should again determine tho Sublime Porto to demand tho naval and military aid of though such a contingency ran never bo promises to furnish by sea and land tho troops and forces that the two contracting powers may deem Tho contingency it is agreed and understood that tho forces by land and sea claimed by the Sublime shall bo placed at its To this treaty was added a separate and secret which shows too clearly the ulterior designs of marked as they are by the most base duplicity and By the secret clause it was that though tho patent or open treaty of offensive and bound tho Ottoman Porto to defend Russia in case of any as Russia was bound to defend the Ottoman nevertheless as tho Czar wished to spare Turkey the cost and embarrassment of offering to him material lie would only demand active aid from the Sultan under the most urgent and com pulsory But in consideration of this for Turkey bound herself by virtue of tho prin ciplo of reciprocal aid inserted In tlio open and the better to fulfil engagements to tho imperial court of to close the straits of the that is to not to allow any foreign vessel of under any pretext to pan through into tho Black Thus was Russia faithful to tho traditional policy of Peter and We havo said that Russia is impregnable in her and only assailable on her Eastern Now to suppose that sho could over want Turkish aid to repulse an is simply ridiculous therefore the open treaty of Unkiar Skclessi waa a mere to give a colour to a reciprocity which Russia never would so far as tho army and navy of Turkey wero con cerned tlio only real and substantial part of tho bargain was tho secret supplementary clause which tho Czar no doubt con templated from the beginning of this wily Shut out the fleets of Europe from tho Black Sea by closing the Dar and then Russia is supreme in the direction of tho for through that strait alone can she bo reached by tho arms of Western Wo would also direct the attention of our readers to the third clause of tho open which wo havo inserted at full Compare its language with that of Count Nesselrodos manifesto contrast its professions of friendship with tho armed occupation of Moldavia anil Wnllachiu reflect on the flimsy pretexts of this last as to whether tho Latin or Greek church should keep the keys of tho Holy Places nnd consider tho audacious and mendacious charge of Turkish per when the Sultan by regiciited granted religious liberty throughout all his dominions to every deno mination of to nn extent that Russia will never imitate so long as she is under the iron heel of tho What do we Infer That tho Czar would destroy the Sultan if he could that ho was unprepared for the honourable alliance between Franco and England that if bo now retire behind the it is only to cherish a festering revenge nnd bo ready with a new armament to if his proposed Wo have endeavoured to discriminate between his strength and his weakness ho has bnt no money to move them his commerce is nnd at tho mercy of Western Europe wo must shut him up in his for if ho gains Con or his may aspire to universal APPOINTMENTS IN THB INLAND RBVBNUB Surveyor of bus been appointed Surveyor of Taxes to the Sheffield vice Charles Surveyor of lias been appointed to tho Chiccster vico Augustus Surveyor of has been appointed to tlio Chclmsford vico AssistantSurveyor of bus been appointed Surveyor of Taxes to tho Bodmin vico AssistantSurveyor of has been appointed Surveyor of Tuxes to tho Ixiulli vico Robert II ubson has been appointed SubDistributor of Stamps at James Beckwitb has been appointed SubDistributor nt John Branford to tho Surveying Department of Inland Two EMIQBANT SHIPS tho Australian mail wo aro put in possession of three most serious losses nt two by one being nn emigrant ship bound to Now and the third a largo which was wrecked on tho coast between Port Philip and when between forty and fifty unfortunate creatures who wero on board The emi grant ship was tho Mahomet Captain Mill which left London iii tho early part of January for Now Zea with about 100 passengers for the She was a wellfound vessel of some 600 and belonged to a Captain her former It appears that the voyago waa safe enough until tho 18th of when tho ship was somo thousand miles to the southward of the being in 43 30 116 10 About noon smoke was observed to bo issuing from tho It was quickly ascertained that tho ship was on and every effort was made to reach nnd subdue All thn exertions of tho crow failed in suppressing and the general impression was that it had ori ginuted from spontaneous combustion in tho lower part of tho Tho position of those on board tho burning vessel then became most Passengers and erow wero all got on and the hutches battened in the hopes that the flames would bo At this period a which subse quently turned out to bo the on a voyago from tho Mauritius to Hobart providentially appeared in and observed tho signal of distress of tho Mahomet She bore down towards and lay by her for two days and On the night of tho 19th it was quite evident that tho firo fast extending over tho whole nnd it was resolved to send tho passengers on board tho Tho boats wero and they wero all got safely the crew quickly Not a vestigu of their baggage could bo The flames had penetrated the and all approach below was cut The Helen lay oft tho burning ship lor several and at mid night all was completely enveloped in The crow of the Helen did all they could to alleviate the sufferings of tho passengers their provisions wcro not adequate to meet tlio To add to their the voyago to the port to which she was Hobart Town was a tedious nnd their rations wore rtKluced to a very littlo food and half a pint of water a Had thoy been kept nt sei much longer starvation would have set Tho Mahomet Skill was laden with agcncral cargo of Botbwcre insured other unfortunate ship which suffered from tho effect of firo was the English barque master Sho had sailed from Melbourne on tho 14th of for Now Now South On the follow ing morning the wini blow very heavily from tho but tlio captaii directed some of the men to go below to secure the stores from rolling When tho bunds came oiio of them was no ticed to have a naked lighted caudle in his In the course of ten minutes some smoke was seen coming up the nfto Tho storeroom was then discovered to bo on fire and the crow became so confused and alarmed that they couli scarcely bo induced to act in suppressing the Tho ulii speedily became ignited from one end to the the mast falling over tho The men took to tho boat at an earl stage of the and it would seem that they la bourcd under an impression that n quantity of gunpowder wa on which was not tho Tho captain and officer were OUR PARIS Angnst TEN days have made a prodigious difference in tho aspect and eeling of this On Monday week last wo wcro all wound up to tho very topmost pitch of excitement Paris thronged with the hotels full to tho on all bands bustlo nd hurryscurry to flro tho guns and shout Viee VEmpfreur ho rockets having gone up and gone wo have nothing left to o but to pick up tho Wo would not mind if tho weather wcro but really faggotgathering in such n intolerably hot atmosphere as wo havo had for tho list five r six days is more than can bo expected of human Tho weather has been oppressively tho air surcharged with there have been attempts at one or two heavy plashes of insufficient to cool us and there ia very appearance that the which allowed its usual place o bo usurped by as spring lets itself bo supplanted ly a tardy to tnko amends by encroaching ipon This disjointed state of the seasons might laps not make much difference if wo wcro warned of or ised to it but coming upon us without previous t is unfavourable to the animal and produces in Upositioii amongst human beings and considerable prejudice o For both as n corn and wine producing it is doubtless much to bo desired that wo may have continuance of hot In many of the wine ho grapes I endured damage that no amount of un could but for those that remain bis beams will be most Tho Emperor and as you nro at where t is said they will remain about tbrcu alter which theru s talk of their passing somo time at Compeigne nnd Fontaine This may or may not be n Parisian gossips are cry fond of making conjectures and then propagating hem as authentic I suspect it is part of Napo cons system not to let it beknown very longboforehaiul where ho means to This Dieppe excursion took everybody by tisqnite as well togivetlieilldisposednslittletimeas possible for ho getting up of infernal theatredoor and thu What wo may bo pretty sure of is that if the empress is a stay three weeks nt tho emperor will run up to Paris at leant once1 or twice during tho Ho is n great deal Uin ctivo and fond of business to submit In twenty days connnc tnout in a littlo bathing It ia said he will pay a visit to he camp of near Tho Turkish question still occupies ft largo share of peoples It will not be considered settled until the Danubiuu frovinces are Actually evacuated j and there la a strong feeling lore that siich evacuation may be so prompt as were desira The French knowing tlio public to ba wearied by ihreo months of are not likely to reopen the subject except on good What Lord Palmcrstou eaid on the lust day of tho session is considered to show hat tho withdrawal of tho Russian forces has not been made a rino qua nan of amicable And that t should not havo excites somo Tlio Pa although not generally profound nnd apt to skim rather than to go deep into a yet are quick ami clover in placing tho horses in n political The feeling us regards the position of the various Powers nt tho close of thin seems to bo tliat England nnd Franco get out of it but not brilliantly or If iiussia retains her hold of tho Principalities for a tho lonours of tho diplomatic war will bo awarded to her upon other site packs bor knapsack and quits at she will to use a Yankee have goiio out at tlio big end of the And this is tho reason for supposing that Nicholas will retain bis Moldavian quarters a while In any case all are agreed that Turkey pays tho Tho true policy of tho Turk would Inive as soon as tho Muscovite crossed tho to have dashed at No mat ter that tho dash might have been The dio would have been the gnmo England and Franco must then have gono to tho assistance of tho havo supplied tho Sultan with nnd engaged in Russia must have had tho worst of Tho Turk would have contracted a debt but that would have been no disadvantage to him j for a of which he would bo compelled to pay tho would stimu late his industry nnd 1 am you will looking at tho matter merely in the Turkish point of An Englishman or n Frenchman may take a dillcront view of tho and rejoice that his country has been preserved from even at tlio coat of what somo may consider n slight com promise of tlio commanding attitude which thotwo first Powers in Europe are accustomed to I know not whether you aro aware in England of tho im monso preilige Lord Palmcrston has gained upon the Continent during the eighteen months that have elapsed since tho shabby trick by which he was driven to resign his place in the Riisscll Groy Ho has long been dreaded and disliked abroad ho has now como to bo respected and Tho influential and independent position lio assumed anil maintained during tho government of the DorbyDisracli tho won derful and energy ho has displayed sinco tho advent of tho WhigPeelite of which ho is undeniably tho most efficient and distinguished havo captivated foreigners and dispelled many I never hear English politics discussed without expressions of surprise from moil of all parties that so able a statesman is not nt the head of a Government of which ho is manifestly tho nerve and soul Lord John it must stands very low in public opinion on this side of the where the claims of hereditary and tho prestige of bygone nro lost sight of in more instant nnd fail to atoim for manifest As for tho now Foreign of whom such marvels wore predicted by bis admirers and par tisans In tin influential section of the ho is never named or thought of A rumour was prevalent two or threw weeks and pretty generally that ho and Lord Aberdeen were going and that Lord Palmerston was to resume his old seals upon tho must bo bottor informed than wo aro may say that 1 believe tho two Ministers were within an ace of their But very littlo importance was attached to the for whon tho Orleans family wero in the Lord Aberdeen was made much of at the there has been time to for get him sinco and no recent acts yf his have sufficed to revive his preilige or elevate his I think 1 in former warned your readers against participation in those most unpromising thu rail ways of A country which is a network of as a glance at n good map will convince anybody that tho   

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