Tuesday, November 21, 1747

London Pues Occurrences

Location: London, Middlesex

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London Pues Occurrences (Newspaper) - November 21, 1847, London, Middlesex . XLVI. Occur rfnces. Fr-m SATURDAY November the 21ft, to TU ESD A Y Ncrc'emhtr rhe 24th, 174?- (Journal of the Proceedings snd Debates of (he Political Club, ftt Snhjiwt of fn>ml Speethti mii-. jgxinji tbe BUI Mr. PrtfiuM, SIR- H E Honourable Gentlemen fet put is vera I Political Mtxims, ahjch they might have f\ved themlelves the Trouble of explaining or en forcing, for ic wiil berejfjily admitted, that i populous Country has many Advantages over a Count! v thin v p-opK-d, chat the Power and Rih-� of a Counnv depend ugon the Number �nd in -duAiy ot the Inhabitants ; that no Country can fee fo populous without as ic may be with a Foreign Commerce; and that no Country can long preserve in extsniiv; Foreign Commerce, unle.s the ftopJr If friifi^'' as wet; as insultrious. Tnrfe ate all Maxims, Sii, which no Mm will cor.novrtti but I irulf prefently fh:w, that no me (! ih'.m h^� any thing to do with the prefent 1.-j ^.-.w m make thefe Max- tor., and indeed, in order tomase thele Max J.nr wav applicable to the prefent 0*^}T. ".Honourable Gentlemen we.e ihemlei ves obl.g d ,o patent us with another Maxim, which is tar hoi beinp juft or certain. They were obiig d to i>. it down as a Maxim, th*.t m a Country where ,e!>eotv have bet .1 bred up in Idlenels orExcra-Hn,^, it ^not pedicle to render them induitrr aior i;n"ii. u'itiiou r �n Introduction of Foreign->r f Government, their Laws anrf Cuftorns. and tbc Ipkit uhich is propagated among them by their Cbiets or Leaders. Under an afcfolute Arbitray Go-rfrniDerif, no Man can l>e lecure in the Enjoy-ictuofany i'roperry he acquires, and therefore no Usn rill be induftr�ous in acquiring, orpaifimo-lioBj In prelerving: In a Country where nothing mt 1 rapacious or martial Spirit is encouraged, KPecple muff incline to be Idle and extra vault; and in a Country continually expofed to >il Commotions or Foreign Invanons, the Peo* and where KPfopbare feldt.m cxpoled either to Civil Com-wiorv or Foreign Inv.fions j in fuch a Country, fay, the, <rp!e w ill naturahy be indultrjous and agil- N-�, t.-.ry will naturally in a fhort Time :come lo, even though they bad been, by the Jiroimlhnces of their Country, for Age* before, J'el up in Idlenefs and Extravagance. For effect -teg this Change there would be no Occafion for introducing a Body of Foreigners, or for giving mens any extroardinary Encouragement to come lod fettle in the Country. Maay indubious Fq. rubers would of Courfe refort to the Country )Dd would be gjad ro purchjfe at any Price a Ti-Ll!? !*f R'6hts of fuch a happy People. Yet nc- ISiw* Sir' 1 Ql*a P*01' thal {n tl,c l�f�ncy *TOf md Manufaclurei, it would be proper to ,r�m lofne publick Encouragement to fuch Foreign rferchints, MJnufiaurers. and Artificers, as fliould �mr willing to come and fetde in the Country, KSa10 iuffrn,a tbc People in tbofe Arts and Eh? ts which th*y were before Ignorant of, L^P0^ th? Fruits oi their Labour to thofe rii&ri.1a: whcre ther o�ifthc ���� w'�h the � �d the readied Sale j for in the lof ncy felv?S?l�r ^y^ouairy, tb of^ to �� Foreign Cot-�50Dtoo' nof 'Of Knowledge of Forci|n Mar- frJJ�fc; general Topicks, Sir, we fliUl find con-^.m every p,t by fome few Obfcrvations SJ!" d.0wn, w theHeign of Henry VIJ. CliCiy Broils or #orei�n Wars, and ^^g,?,�L^^iod nothini but. tan�p" s 4M"1 wnoie rctioa notnjng, outt �; o^"?or mat"�l Spirit was encouraged *raonft hk W ^oM�n �P�ac�J w enricfa himlelf by i? but by his Plunder: no Man exped-'�{? n,w him,clf ^yi�� Ingenuity, but by his 'our, and as *h�t is got without Induftry is Portly tptnt without Difcretion, the People were not onlj inclined to he Idle bur Fxtrmgint. add to this, that our great Barons had almott an Arbitrary Power over the People wic.-in their r?f-F^five Precinffts: a .id thejlower i'ort ot People were lupparted in Id.'eneis, hy the Holpitality of our great Lords, and the Charity of our Re ia'so^s Houles. During this Period therefore, very few of our own People applied themfelvfs to Trade or Manufactures 3 but as this Country was always Rich in its Native produce, tbe buying up and importing our Native Produce brought kve.ra\ Fo reign Merchants to vific us, even in thole D*y*of War, Bloodflied, and Confufion; and Neceifity put our People upon Manufifturjng a Coutfe lort of YVorfteds, and other Cloths, fome of whi.h, w'e njjy f'uppofe, began to be exported in the Reign of Edward Hid, becaul'e in the 50th Year of his Reign, there was a Law made prohibiting the Exportation of Woollen Cloths before beios* fullen : and lose Time after, ro wjt, in the 17th Year o! his SuccejTor Richard, lid, there was a Law rrnde for rhe regulating the Manutafrme 01 Worfleds, and for ailCAing the Exportation of Single Worked:, and prohibiting'the Exportation of leveral other forts of Worfleds. This, Sir, was the State ot our-'Trade, ;his was the N'atur- of our People, till the internal Peace of our Country was efrablifhed, and the flower of our great Barons retrenched, by that wile Prince Henry Vllth i for tho' Edward Hid mtd; a Law for prohibiting the Importation of Cioths made beyond Sea, and another for granting the King's Pro ecltion, with convenient Franchii'es, and a Liberty to refide w^ere they pl;aled, to all forei|n Cloth-Aorkers that (houlu come into his Domin'ons, yet few of them did a-cept of the F vour. nor did our Manufactures make any Figure, or our People become induftrious, till the Reign of Henry Vllch. Buc that Prince having, as I have faid, eftablifhed tbe internal Peace of the Country, and Retrenched the Power of Our great LcnU , and his SuccefTor Hjnry VIII, having demolilried our religious Houfes, a Spirit of Induftry and Frugality began to prevail among the People, and bad come to a very great Height before any Number of Foreigner* came to fettle a-mon&ft us, which was not till the Reign of Edward VI, when the Countenance pubhckly fhewn to the Reformation, brought many P oteflant Tradefmen to fettle in this Country, An united Company of foreign Merchants had, indeed, for a Jong Time before, been eftabiilhed here in London 5 but very few foreign Tradefmen or Manu-iaclurers carae to ienle arnoopft u�, rill the Time I have mentioned j and yet in the 4th Year of that Reign/ as appears by a Parliamentary Inquiry, which the Gentlemen of the otlier Side have been plea led to mention, above 45,000 Pieces of Cloth were exported. Tis ttue Die Company of foreign Merchants were the chi.f Exporters, becaul'e by trading in Company they had ingro/Ted (he whole Bufinels of Exportation to themfelves, which was t> e C^ule of their Dilfolution -, but they were not the Manufacluiers i and as there could not then be many foieign Manufacturers in the Kingdom, this confidence Manufacture muft have been carried on by the Indultiy ol our own Peop e. I flwll grant. Sir, that in the Reign of Edward VI, when the Reformation was iucroduced, and in the Reign of Queen El zibeth, when it was efhbUlhed, many foreign Msnufictiirers and At-tiikers were, on Account of their Religion, obliged to come and fettle in this Countryi and I fhafl Hjcewife grant, that from them we reaped vnany Advanuges, becaufe fome of them wer-greater Artifh thin we had then amongft us, and confequeatly taught our People to bring leveral Branches of Art and Manufacture to a greater Perfection: I fl�B alfo grant, tha-twt reaped the fame benefit from the French Refugees who came to fectle amongft us-, but I mult deny, that our People learried, or had Occafion fo learn InoulW ot Frugality from cither. They rflufc have learned both before tbe Reign of Edward VJfth, ocher-wifc our Merchants could not have exported fuch Quantities of Cloth as appears to have been then exported* for this Export is an infallible Proof that they underfold the Flemings, who were then in PofllfHon of the Trad and this they could not have done, unlefs our People had been both industrious and frugal. Induftry and Frugality, Sir, ifo not require any foreign Examples: They are the neceflry Con-fequences of wife Regulations and good Govern* roeqt. The, People of a Country will ttach on* another to be jnduftrious and frugal, as loon H they rind themfelves fecure in their Property, and deprived of all Hopes of (ubfiltirtg by any other Means. Io�the Infancy of any particular Branch of Buiinefs, when there is a want both of Matters and Working Tradefmen, the formt-r may infift upon high Profits, tbe latter uyon high Wa ges > but this will (oon ceafe to be the Cale; toe as in peaceable Times the People of ail Countries, where the Government is tolerable, incrcale farter th-m Employment c�n bj fo'.tnd for them, and as People run into th it l'.'.>fm-ls which appears ro be mo ft proritib'.e, 'hit 1',-anch ot B-'f1.-n-.fs, Ike moll O'hers, will f oti be ovrfo.kM, wirhout any Accefu>n of For-.-tgnrrs. I r! eninl, or what is cal'ed a Spurt, a"- does lometimes to one Branch ot Bufinefs, Inrnetimes in another, the M'fters may perhips infill upon high Pror.'s, the; Workmen upon high W*ges; but this an nevtT b.' of ar.y long Du-ation; lo nac in general crc may conclude, that wher prop-r Laws are m�de; and txecured, for preventir^ -mlawful Comkina-tions, the liboming or working Vep. will in % Coutfe of Yem u^Jervt ork one -tnctter, till they reduce their Wages to tfbire fc-nty Subi;l!encc, and the Mifters will undrrfr, one_anorher tj1: they are reduced to a b*re liviig Profit , conirgurntl/ all People ot Eufm-fs mult neceliari !v, in a Courfe of Years, become as frugal ard incufrrfocs as ft is poflible for them to be in that Co::..try where they live. I fay, Sir, in thit Country where they Kye; for if in that Corntry the Ne effuie<; and Conveni-encie? of Lire be* dearer than the Ji.<e NecefTaries and Convenient'rs aie in anv other Country, tho rhey be/quilly trueal and pi' fir on iois^ yet the Mifters mult h,iveh;g'-?r Pro it's <n<l c-ie Worfemerj higher Wjges than :n anv ji Di ' r-isi and of the Succefs the Frer.h Manuivcfu^s '�ve ia:*l)r met w'uh. Our D'ch-ls does no* proceed from a Want of People, Or t'rom the idler.ef> or Extra* v^gance of cur People, bnc from the Multitude and Weight ot our T^xes ,or ratherj trom our indubious Method of Taxuion. l!v this we ha'/e made it impiflib'e for a p^jr Mm to ftjpport himlelf and Family, for fo little Money, as one of his Rank may do in our neighbouring Conn* tries. By this we have rendered the Materials for all Sort* of Manufacture dearer tttsn they are in other Countries. A poor Man' cannot have ft Draught of Sen ill Beer, Lock ot Salt to his Mati or Shoe to Iws Poor, without paying Tax for it: He cannot hive, a clean Shirt, without paying ft Tar for the Soap made ufe of in waffling it: He cannot have a Candle to light him by Night, nor a Window to light him by Day, wit'no'rt paying a Tax for He cannot, in many Paris, have m Fire to drefs his Victuils, nor in ^ny I'nrt a l>aught of Srong Beer, or a Dram, to help him to fupport hard Labour, or to comfort hm ir�. cold, rr.oft Weather, without paying a mot fovyTax tot if/ Niy, rf we confi'er r;�ht, he cannot have a Bit of Bread to his McJt, nor a Blr of Mra- to his Bread, without pay irrp a Tax tor it; be ,3 ufe he niufl contribute towards ihovc Ttxes tha^ ae psid by the fanner anti Grazier, is well as the Baker in<l Butcher; for the ptrni. ions- fff'-ct or our T�xrs go in a Circle, from the Firutr o" Gr�2ier to rhe Minufacturer or *4.echavr�< k , and horn the Manufacturer and Mechanick hack again ro the Farmer and Gratier, enhancing rn its direful Round the Pi ice of every Produce of the latter, and every Production of the tenner. T*'en fgain, Sir, with 'egard to otir Mareria's for Manufacture, if they are of oar frome P. oduce. tbe Toxes I hive mentioned sffcc'r 'hem. and ra* hmcetneir Prive, in evety Stage otrheir fournev, from the Fartr.cn Gnzi'iv or Miner, that pro�luC'S them, to the Maufadurerv fr-.^m him to the ShOt^ keeper that retails, or rbeMerchant that exports or manufactures, and from the' Meich -, lurough their whole Voyag:, to the foreign Forr wijere they are landed for Sale, if they br exported in Britifh Shipping: And if tbeM<rer�l; be of foreign Pro*1 duce, and irnported in our ojm Ships, thef: T res afFect them in their Voyages to t' S Port where they are landed, from thrbce rh'ough h J.- whole Journey, to the Hands of rhe Manufacturer that works theti up, ao4 from him to the snop keeper or Merchant that exposes rhem taS�le, But". Sir, beiides the Tafs I hav� nsentiorifd, we have many others that ate di e:dy I*icf upon Materials for Manufacture, luch as Ton, Copper, Leather* Dyes. Oils and m?ny other foreign prc-doctifltis-, which areabioluteiy n t fTary ror wcrlc-ing up our home Manufactures* anu- coniequent-ly,fu.'Ch Taxes mult make a new Ai'di'hn to th� ^twdf our Manutictures, both *t ho-nc and anroad. Tt��5. Sir, the Muti ude and Weight cf c xft tttes rnuft be a heavy dog upon our Troe, and upon every Sort of Mantif-ctuve-, but ttvS is not the only E-ror �*e have of la^e Years faTen into: By mortgaging thr.fe Taxes ts foon as impoled, ind thereby ertating Pflblck Funds, we nave drawn thegreateft parrot ou< Money oct of Tr nev. lieiore thrl'e Pubiick Funds wrre treated, th- voneveri Yf-rj amonglt us were da !y )o> king cut foi.a Mexchsnt, Manuradturer, or 1'i.d-iman. tli,(. *ou U ;a<- hj, Mor.ey, upon perwjrwl Scentfty, and p*y hitu ihc

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