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London Pues Occurrences (Newspaper) - March 1, 1847, London, Middlesex 0 i XLVII. PUES O Numb. 19. CCURRENCES. from TUESDAY March the lit, ro SATURDAY March the 5th, 1747-8. from the Preface to a Pamphlet, lately publifh-i jn Holland, entitled, The Republick reicued from ganger, laid to be written by an Engilh-iranof Quality to a Dutch Patriot: Giving an Account of the State of publick Affairs in Holland, *h:.:i brought on the Election of a Stadtholdcr ; sri'containing many judicious and important Reflections. HOSE who were poflefled of the Go-vernmert, and had held it for 4.? Years were very unwilling to quit their pofrs, and to fink, as it were, in an In/rant, fro'r. the Exercife of almoit fovereign Power, into the State of private Men. Apprehenficn was very natural; for in what try is it that the Great preier the publick Good ,>jr private Interell ? On the other Hand, the fitu-of things abroad was eqdaliv terrible and per-The found themfelves attacked on one fide -e Frencn, u ith fuperior force; and they had juft on to apprehend, that if they were not attacked on other, it was becaulc a certain great Power expect- 0 lee thf r i.ri-.cn 10 Wch neceiiity, as to be obliges makj .1 voluntary Q'lion or the Countries which 1 00,-ccr or' his arrlitio.s Views, ro procure his T. lor the prclenarion or the relr. In fuch cirri..: s. fear was io unavoidable, that it was not yiut.j; and their Love to negotiating, and pfo-ry to i \e.trali v, we;e coniequ'nees lather to be ed than aamircd at; fo that the furprize %ve ex-at their Conuuct, flowed in a great Meafure Ignorance ot their true fituation. When Men feel .te.vcs linking in Power and Credit, it is impoflible 'onto be-, and difficult toleem in high fpirits. 'ir, uhen things came really to Extremity, and "rlyapp-.:rcd that the Adrniniffxation, as it was Rnitufd, had no longer the Power of protecting bje:;s, r.,c inter thojght themfelves at Liberty to that Kii.d government, which common ^enfc *rience taught them to hope might yet retrieve Amir?, and pitlerve that Liberty from being Jot, _\>as now lo vil.bly in Danger. This produced faicVr, and unanimous RefoLition to let up a Stadt-and when that was done, Men found their "uesat Libeuv, and the Prefs free from Reftraint, 1 p. t it in ri.e Power of everv Individjal tooTer re for riving the publick fafetv upon a lolid Ea- i)y this m?ans all the Errors of Government; ch ti;i t:i:n had been covered over with the fpeci-Titi: cluck Arcana Imperii, were bro'ghtto r, a..! the u hole World was informed in Print of th,:.g--, v '-:t:i but a few W(\k-> before People hardly txan.in fieeli, ^ven in private Convtrja-Th'r. o:ight to be coniidcr'd as a I e;Tion to other ions, tor t'lure a.e few Governments without Er-ar.d it j i thing natural to fuch as adminiller all 'ertirnenf, m\*-\d of contriving how thefe Govern-tsmav ly.M-;;r.vUieil, to fady rather, with th - ?-eat-indulln, iiow ro keep them concealed. And what ent an hove lor Cure, vvhi b'.-.bjrts of the Republics were excluded thofe rriviler.t-, to which they had a Title from ir Birth. This is a Species of Mifchief that fooner betals everv Country where Factions prevail, the Srft Place, fuch a Country becomes a Scene of ford andConfufion, till by a Concirer.ce of Wealth Influence, Art and Cunning, fucb a Coalition of & is made, as enables the particular Perfons that lathis Coalition to keep all others under, and, by *�mg themfelves of the Adminifrration, to become, we Eyes of their Neighbours and by Degrees alfo the View of their Suijedb, the Government. When-� this is brought about,- and the publick Good is � facrificed ' "..... to private Intereft, nothing can keep .'sgsquiet but Peace abroad, and Corruption at home, '.wrtv, in Rich a Cafe, means nothing more than thofe Sing and mfigr.ificant Immunities, which Self-Intereft "hes fnch a Government to permit to the People, they rrav hide from them the Iofs of their Confh-. ki. And the Defire of living well with their ighbour but m fuch a State, Money gives a Man a Title to pafs for what he pleafes and to rife in what Profeflion he pleafes. When this continues a long Time, the Vulgar become afcfohitely perfoaded, that ro be this, or that, or any Thing, or all Things, it is fufficient to be rich. But tvhen Impreffions are made fiom abroad, when War approaches the Fr ntiers of fuch a State, theWeaknefc of it is prefently difcover-ed. It is like the rolling on of a vail Fire upon a Palace of Ice, fo that, what appeared a Moment ago clear and bright, (hrinks away, we cannot tell how j and as the Heat increafes, the Building every where dlflblves. This was really the Cafe in Holland. The French pufhed the Fire of War fcriskly. and the Walls of the Repub-licfc melted befotie them, this at firf! feemed flrange to the Populace, but after a little Staring, they eeaied to wonder j for they faw plainlv, then, tn&ie Walls were but Ice, and that as fure as the Fire came near them, they would every where melt. From the FOOL JOU&ftAL, N? 23?. And I am but a little Child : and know not how to go out or come in.-I Kings iii. 7. THE Reader here will naturally enough imagine that I am going to preach a Sermon, when, in Fact, I am only intending to give him a Foolifli Dik fertation upon the Nature, Genius, and Abilities of modern Kings, in order to open in fome Meafure, to the Underilandiiig of the Publick, the Reafon why iuch or fuch Sovereigns ally with or agtinft us, in the prefect perturbed State of Affairs; but in order to be better underftood, flail, ffrft, in the Pulpit manner, explain the meaning of the text felecTed out for my Motto. . Solomon, King of the Jews, is here, in a Dream, asking of his Creator Wifdom being, as he intimates, but of a ChildifhUunderffanding, unfitted to the Government of a numerous People. I mall not difpute with the Wife Men of this Age, whether the Fat related be true, it being fufficient to sry prefenr. Purpoie, that Solomon appears to have governed his People with great Wifflom and Prudence; as, in his Days, neitlier Foreign Wars, nor Domeifick Difienlion were known among them; that is to lay, untillhe became old, and the Spirit of Wifflom left him ; Arts and Sciences were encouraged, and Commerce, Wealth and Plentv floti-riihedl and were diffufed all over the Land of Judea. Thus far we fee a fine Example of good Government, which every Sovereign that follows will naturally and the fame happy Effects from. This is not the preient C3re of the King of France, nor of the Sovereign of Spain, bound to the other by a kind of inevj-able neceifitv, and the Fatality o" a perplexed Situation, cor.f^jentjal of Female Politicks, inHamcd by reliefs Amhicion. Thefe appear to us rather in the Light of thofe Sons ofViolcnce who riled in Babvlon or Alfyrja, and who.? Go-':rme.i:s were always in a Ferment, than in that P ": t'! ttate where* unto Solomon's and his Neighbour h;:an"s Wifdom, h-ul brought the r;fpeitive Nations cf l-ale.liuO and Phinicia. Glorv, Magnincence, ard F3Ttc, are bv nicrle'n co-vereigns purtued ilrply on the Principles of Ac ;UiTnti-on. They are, in tl js Lighr, more in thefcharactc: of Robbers and Plunderer;, than virtuous Sovereigns and Lawgivers ; Mens Lives arc as Cheap to them as Turnips ; and as their whole Politicks are framed with a View to Jnju'.v and Injulrice, thev lie, like the Tvget in the Bra:;e, foili itotifly watching for Pr?y. Among thefe is a Prince, not fecmir.g qtiite fo licentioufly miv-chievo'Jf, but eTaailv attentive to fbme great Point � who referring his -nain Scrength of Men and Money for fome fair offering, is ,rot likely in the Event, to attain his End ; End who Conducts his Affairs with lb much Skill and Judgment, bv making all his Neighbours either fa 1 into his Inreret or dread him, that he itands the faired, unforefeen Accidents excepted, for extending of Empire on theContinji*c, of any of the destroying Candidates. Great Britain, I conceive, is in a fituarion vejy peculiar and diftinct from what either the Ancients kneV� or the Moderns are well a ^rj'iaintpd with. We are, lA the character of Balance-Makers-General, to n>ht every body's Battles, and arbitrate every Nation's Difference ; no War ever laffs long but what we have a hand in J nor any peace made where we are not the principal contracting parties: So that, like Auguftos ciiar, we either give the world reft;; or like the Roman Senate, let all the Nations know, what a happy Talent we have at Fighting. The Houfes of Aaitria and Sardinia, the Seven United Provinces, and rhe Empire, are all under our exprefi Care and Guardian/hip j and when we cannot defend them with oar own ntniral power, we fetch fuccours from the remoteft regions ; happy, in that we alwayy carry our point at lad: but much happier, in always having a point to carry. We fee at a little piftance a Sovereign cooped up' within the narrow Limits of two barren Provinces, who very quietly fetches all his Wealth from the Indies ; and is as contented in making his people rich and happy, as if he was the common Arbitrator of all our Differences. Swords and Guns in that Country are like our Horie-Armory in the Tower, rather for Shew than Ufe. Arts and Sciences gain Gro.md daily among his People ; and while the rattling Din of War, attended with Murder, Defolation, and Ruin, acts witli univerfal Terror around him, he leems as profoundly unconcerned, as if, in the Go den Age, he had been a Shepherd, tending his Flocks on the peaceful Plains of Arcadia. As we turn our Eyes northward, we fee three Sovereigns with very watchful Eyes on each Other; ind, while two of tbem are fome way or other engaged in the common Fate of Europe, the third lies calmly by ; and, as if he few that he would be one Dav called up", on to turn the fcale of Victory, is carefully preparing for fo important an Event, by eitablifliing his power-on a fure Bafis j regulating and improving his military Force, and making a bold pufh for extending his commerce , and at leaf?, flaring with the Dutch the Advantages of a French Trade* This power is ac lafl to be ou r beft Ally. It is remarkable in the Jewifli HiftoTj, that Dsv'A the Father of Solomon, had, by Force of Arms, driven Hadad, the Sovereign of Edam from his Kingdonfa This Prince frrfl: fed to Egypt, and was protected there; he afterwards aeqirtreo fome Dominion la Af-fyria j was, in the Days of "Solomon, grown very po tent* and the confirmed Enemv of the Jewifh State ; yet. in all Solomon's time, found his attempts vain and fruitle.ls : Tho* Solomon is not noted for his warlike Abilities 5 bat the wiflojn of his Government, die Order and Difcipiiae he kept among bis People on the One fide, and his attention to trade on the other, cooperating together, ana fuppOrting each other, gave him fijeh a Figure amonc his Neighbour Princes, as made him at once honoured and revered, as well by the Enemies of the State, as his own Subjects. This is a kind of Sovereign every Nation ought to wiQj for; and 1 hope r nay fey, without djfrefpecl
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