London Miner And Workman Advocate, January 28, 1865

London Miner And Workman Advocate

January 28, 1865

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Issue date: Saturday, January 28, 1865

Pages available: 8

Previous edition: Saturday, January 21, 1865

Next edition: Saturday, February 4, 1865 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Publication name: London Miner And Workman Advocate

Location: London, Middlesex

Pages available: 903

Years available: 1863 - 1865

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Miner And Workman's Advocate (Newspaper) - January 28, 1865, London, Middlesex / A PTJBLIOATION DEVOTED TO THE INTEBESTS 01 THE "WORKING CLASSES OE THE IINITED KINGDOM. No.lOO.-IfEw Series.] {^bS^a^mai.} p.^i,.^ at TWtj Acres . fwauia *>y. HoU;t te\ni, LONSON, S^pDRD^Y. JANUARY 28, 1865. [PRICE TWOPENCE. Tel.. 2S J�n. 31 Feb. 23 IMPORTANT TO MINEB.S. FEEBND-IN-NEED LIFE, PIKE, ?DAEAKT�B and ACCtMSTAL assotukce COMPiNV (tittStea). cxTiTii fiSco.eoo. CBAtr "OmcM. IS ahd 11, BBDFOM) STBSEt, STRAND. LONDON, -SA lU, WEST NrtB STREET. GLASGOW. Londtn �s4\.iiuro Al9jesa 15'X) SVDNEl- IlKfe. f�T.K P>s."�if�''� Kn-MtUi, T�3feia Bnjr. w* ill tho ' , fonih WiJa rort�, (Jmenaata, Nw Zcalad, fcc ,,,iii ....... AllSywri SOTO , T lliNGlTCW A I '9 TOM 15� �;. iTJCKCAXD LINE, j:�rEE�> ...... A 1 ...... S��Ot!)M ... Jaa. SI ,,tr GRANTS or roBTf acres^o? land> �gi�,i^ j if�l?TF;p rAS^ACESt-calMoffmi to PrMtat Wiijtei is Sie Otte^., tiirn i.iRonir?.?... I5s.to20s.., irrihjio&a ......... ... 7�.to9�.per 7r:n:i of sp-t.-atioi! niaj tt bad at the OSot tsr of Ca I n.- F.Sn'R":-? mil be follcirid by the f S, RA^crroTO Al tjcjirs IMOTonr ^. ?eh DS �c:i:.ii� c.v ... A 1 ...... 2000 , ,.. Frt. rbe BdvRa'-Jw-es of these heis are;- The Kiw- C!c!! of the VesKia, which are apecri&r iderted.'?T. tiie-j sda)Ma-.ioii to the Vojtge. Covtcat, r.-folit, and irtrwtnal despatch. Pi-i-rcr:! nt.1 only mortlnjeraay anpriM, fcitof tsL-l**: ds-ic-.p-Jci. ir eluding Urc^ftocl^ wniltry,fcc,Trta�iat lUiit-ftr the yiut Class Passengera. Ge:;eral ananf f menta �ch as alwayi te �soaB ttea ipMbation i::d rrecn::meudaUoa of all classes of the PB=9eQ�era. Tic S!-.fs of the AtRTiland Line cairv -KiKrisacjd stReons, :k tr.^i' witij ilistiliing-apparatus to afforda'pieiilirul ^pplv of"-' tTiIurins th�'Toyaje, and arc �l;iiipped ai^'farnished �itiv:. the icquiiitB.'-j cu5�re the ooafott aid hetli of lie ViT of Catn;. Rate of .r�s9e*c,-fee,-eff^y to the ' rr:ct-.7 Agents tf *h', Line- ' Y.-'. ;i. R. Thomts,-eLmvaeh, Nanty^t, Iredejar Mr. H. 0. Thomas,'?iot>'pridd. �jBi Manager of tfcc " Carabna Dailr toadcr.'* Swalij^ fc/. Patriek C. DoVle, Wheat Bottom,Crook. '�St- TbDS. Thon-.pi::, !7, Burleigh Strrit, Suilicrferi. .Ir. W. Tkjlorl Koli Cottage, Darlidd, near Banishy.l 'Jr. J, N. Sittrteir^ Bawmarsh. Ratiarham. ilr. Philip Ci�eT,�, WaltUam Street, BamEley. Or 10 HODLDER BRSTHBES ttd COMPANY, !�; :iill-Bl rect. London. E.C. EJnGEATKftT. AUSTRMIA and NEW rEALAND. for Coal � sr IronBtone Miiirn. BlacksB'ths, Houre C�pen s :'J�i�en, MeJoM, >Crictlarer�. Stosicultcrs,' riilKrmen' Female �- Serrants, and F.-uin LaWurcra. Tie ship WHTrS BOSE wiU�iii!oa''.!:-MreIo5cley. ar.Q composrd 1 'Viv Ilerr Mevcr Luti.-csprtGsh' for this cfit^bliihia.cin), �^j1 l-c iXESDiSD EOUTK. -' OCMHUNIOA- t virformed t (li.j �... Uonlague PUoc, ifctaeSI Square, >. Co;^.'..'s Cui:- to Ilf allh fMth E�itiai) ... HI \Vtk.i:.Trer-ch.andGcncan...... fill n'f I'^iJiiion Midirifcnr............ P 6 i.; roff.n's Iresi.-a; on Generative Orpnjrfi ... D. Coff.n ! L�c_urje on Vcdical Bo'1.07 ...... P 0 fit. C.-iT.n rtn I: .consulted pcnomliy at 134, Iljsh Hoi-I'ar, i..:;y, frg.-.i 10 X-n. till 1 pjn.; 'Jcer^davs, frop 7 till ?riL .'..JC k- 2v, UjHatae Place, BMCili Square, tipm 1 tiij -p-ra., ci .y, i,i;tie t'.l �,;ttfrs must be .addp^sjefl onlj to Dr. Cn-partidipatits ec^ are as low as is oondrtent wJ& safety, while XTSi^cent. are divided aaimgs'fthoaa who prefer to Mttitipate in the profifa j it ti-asp'HKjfcolly oombines Wl ibe advantages of 1i* aistttal tod proprietory sy^ettis. It is s cecidition on the poltsies that thay shalJl not beoQipa T�id during tho daya'er grace. All^^ of life Polioi0n� fdtm of Half-CrecSt issnranoe. .Pteamt and Defectt^ fcznnitieg granted oe fevoar-ablottsms. Xll tinds of Endowajnts effected. PaBftfoular al-teiitieti is directed to 'Jible 14, as offecfag; �special ad-vatitigea to the tradinig classes. feiMantee Polides%ranted on taTOnraHe'tdnis. "DiB Fire andiltntrt Departmente are �ondact�i'an libaral principles. PlataOlassand'ClAndeliers insared-against Cattle InBTOaKTca granted to Farmers at oqtiJiablo tates. MiKiNO, EaTewat, and AtL 'C'taj:K KiSTa OF Accidents rsfcxED AOAnisr, wrrE 'WEiiSi:?; Compensation tti' oase OP PlBlItiL Cfi toTiK, DlB-ABLEUElvr. A MettmiftSo Sick Branck to sssore frOm cEl to SA per weafe m fttse of illness. The OompSay has now mcorpOTat^d -with it, as an Indnstsml Department, Tke PBnntD^tK^.ED Benb-Frr SociKtt, originally eSbaU&hed^ln IJJSl, which proTties ft- all the rwtojrsments ' of tS.e working olassas. 'Goa penny por wc& at theape of 20, will sectun JSS'Ss. at Deatk.; at -fiie saibe cge 4id. will eecDTS 10a. per week is Sidhciss, wuh 'Bedicine and MeficaTi'icendancB. O^her-osms in Ufce proportion at fee flSferent ages. This !I)epaftmOTt alone paid is oliiina Test year SSS^iSt, sad. 43,188 policies wosn israed. SlStea ADiirrTEiB atx irBcetaTs^^t bates, ajsi� KaOiiBE TO AiL TtE BEHftflTS is tntDINART SlCt-sbss/ii;d thbee-rWETEE ftf^fASE OF accidest, ~ Applications for il.gen(K96, ia towns at present as-pceti^ted, tobe mide'to GEKJEO: TVlLtliC WHEKLBE, 0ekeral MaKA'SEB. lOmd 11, Bedfwd Street, Strfaia, London. lf**.EE KOrjii 'trSflCiT FEIKXDL?: j. -^fCIF.TY. e, P.VT.KBR-Si'P.EKT; LTTT.IIPOOI,: 25, cncitcn -streS-., -theffield; 'iWD SBANcn OfncEsmnioL-oifo3-r'f..^GLA.>D ASO wr-je?. 'The BoTal TTiriCTi Tncif5f>7 SorICl7/taviDg reTisc^ its Rules Vahles. an'lccpwised c ttesert^u �i;antnte� and totr. TcrjJ, irccTT prepared e rrcrirc svptlcartor.S f jr Agencies \b Di^Lrrttc -ILt present unrepTceentei;, tind flfsr -rpecial terms *f .^eelc 'TCTttically arqneiated with J-ncndl>-f^cietics Business. An-.onpst 5*ang Societies rSieTtoyal "Ciiioii rnetdly Society bes had more ihan an aveni(re-snecess.'Tis.vinc'pr>id^�r. sick claims hj�t year ore. �'^TW, and the irojms'frcTc ncx"premiums alone is prorressiiis; ^L.lherate of �.CO0 rcr-mnom. *Lrthc new rutes a^ disptrte: are settled by �fflitnticn;tlie arbitrat^-i being selflrtcd from the "f^iitrict in whidr.'tii�M'.src7cdTcsides. Tbc Suiplus F�nTpeiiCT.:; r4.,� ,.-,1, t,,j nttenliot. U.ilr.s; i.a5tterca ^iitatriiattJy, .'iere also .-nar iit had WEAY'S SALSAMie 'FitlLS. ESTABLISHED :ai YEARS. ...�3i!., Is. td., and llo-jw bai,; 5s.. ani.Hs.jj�il free. ��i,.3ii!d d;urt-up. a soothing balsamic, � powerful taaK, and an -:''lV;.:t ip\;i-,raiirig pdl."--SaadsyTiiBes. r.neir:*!. Prepat�d oclylby Mr. M. O. * RAY 99, i'siit: Krert. lierktlev - sqnaM, W., tiw doors frca .&iford-�-Irert, lijdcn. C�ninluiioni erery day fiam U A.1C to 10 pul. to.4�,.tion nhalereryrilhWRAy.aliltHENERyji-f'Djrset r ITE.EART PHOTOGEAIPHS. t-t iiji SFCRET LIFE PICTURE? FOR THE PRIVATE STUDV OF ^ iiJ-.tlliLttsii, HUSKAKD3, AND WIDOWERS, In aSeaiedEuielope,free for Su Stamps, /iddress. Secretary, Strand Unseam Londoi directions iheadache, I from too rt theip, by their FRillPTOK'S PILL OP HEAL-riT. Pricels.lid. and2s. Sd.perbol. 'pHIS excellent FAMILY PILL is i, medi- -I- cine of long-tried efliiacy for purifyinE the blooB, so reiy "semial for the foundation of BMd health, and coirectiig aU dis-ir^leriof the Stomich and Bowiis. Itro or three dosei �iU con-'J-re the alBieled of its salnUry eiccts. The stomach will speedily �*Fiia its strength ; a Leakhy action of the liver, biwels, anJ ^"Ciys n-ill rapidlv take place-end renewed health Kill be the qcdi-rctnlt of uting this medicine, according to the'""- 2tfc�ma,vingei,chboi. , PLRtoNs OF A FULL HABIT, srho are subject to': f-oainest, dronsiursi. and singing in 4le ears, ansins^ riit a lloi.- of blood to the head. shotJd necer be witti SiSTi "Serous Bjmptomi triUbe eitiidy carriedo ]�� FEMALES, thae PILLS arc hrttly ercellenl, reknsring all '^truclioas.tbediatrearjig headache so very preraleift soththe depression of spirits, dulness of sight, nerrwis [alfcctiona, i-'o^hea, pimple,, ,,i caiioiniess of the slan, and give b healthy, J'^'nije hloom to the cajjpleiion. If MOTHERS thcv confidently reccamtaded is She best aejiejie iUt can be taken, and for children of all ag s they are anequ,iled. .Tlieie PILLS unite the recomsanJatioBofa mild ope atiou iritb � f- aost saecesslul effect: and �1i�rean occaoonal apdricnt is re-1"j.edaothingcan be bet/� adapted. adj, H'-l"'^'' Commissioneni hare aathorised the Mine and "iLrtMof � THOMAS PBOUT, Ko. 229, SHaiJ. LOT*n," to be SmenXL?" GoTenmait ttiinp affiscd 'A eatMboxof the �^(It-JpU meidoe repdon. rpHE r3CF(E�D.-^-Tiit Great FR.'E'NtH JL TESrai, MoMienr liAVS-SlERE. fposm the Ibcitrc Lyrique, Puis.'liatio�; achieved a 'ualrnguish^d euccess an tire occasion of trwc-ira-ire in^flacland at the Orford, wf.l -APPEAR E^-ERY EVBSIIIG. ANTEEajsiTEY St ALL. -"ECXnOF^ POD&"K, ("He M�:t Kxtraf*rc-ic�.-y Kntertaiaa��nt iu.Ioivdon, erabracing ti!jev?ii*rt�..Vcnt of iiic*s'.a\ilishmeiiL E-^^O' ETm-ij nt hajf-pait nineo";**;:. KEW WOftS iVY'TIIE AUTHOR OF " MANEOOD." jTmat out, Uomc.'P�itEi'j;dition, ^ot free 12 eUmpa, B�c^ci MiEitlAGE: A PrflCtiml Treatise on ics Wivsiot! a^ii TerBOual Oktip�t,(Kn.*,iis to tlic UirricJ ind L'n-married of h Jtli^f^s-jftcifir removjin; tbc speci:il disiniafiiciit:on= int iniptdimcnti�i-hiijii dii^.f.3_r ihtf -happicess of wcMpd tile ; bcinpt 'Complete Oiae of'GtiitiBncf for *BConne Frnitffd and Happy lUniona to P�r�Qtwi -cio-emplHtiiig �ir'trimony.-hx. J.-i-CuiTls, 15, illictiiarlc'ttrect, B^Mai'lo, I/>adoQ, W. This Workooniniaifticia dL'cctiorjiry whicli forlcitod,priTi!ejrec �Tan be rcstonod. tad ��&eu(ial fwiawila �VrtDirlU�aci, and prs-cerred. Also, brtltcsam: AiUicr,.a Jwi'T-iiad Reriscd Editian of MANHiO-GtS: aviiSOICAL ESBAS" on tfcC'Caoses aid CitTtof ^Proaiatttre Dediee to Man; C;e Treatment of ^'�^-oDS Debility, s^nnaiDrrhasa. In.potcDce, arid those pcealinr ioilraittAes -vrhich resi-|t from yootkfvl abuses, .^ult excesses. C*apical clioates, and ether causes ; wnh IsMtrac-rticfis for the Care ot Infccuao without l.k.rcury, and its Poevention Xy-the Author*fl PrescriptioE (lis iiifiJiiU: Lotion). {[xiodnn; PnliCiAhe.(' hy A'-ai, 20, 'W..rifc-ick Lane, Psstecsioster Eosr; and Mann,39, ComhtS Either of tfce above �Sorks.V'*-.*�t-fr�e by the Asttlior .cr Publishers for IX pcsu^e&tamps. or iz. Sealed Eunis^, SO. Csissultations datlv from XL "Tlie ARREST, CCR�, a.nd ISOlATiONof Nervous, Physicst. and Sexual IW>dity, SpeTmntorrhc---i, Xoctarnal and Diurnal Cxisses, Painful OreiiHS, Wasting .cf -the Oraans of CeneraUoa. Impotence, Sterility, and ah UlSEASES of INDIECKETIO.V." The Author's �hief aim .ia to mitigate haman suffering, and in prtvof of the efficacy �f ^lis theorv, he snJlaJv-isnlN'VALIDS hoir to cure thcrBseirea.h j ctUingr oniim. Those imaW^ to attend persooally tec advised to enclose six stimns for "TIIF. SELr.CUrt.\TU"E U.ANLAIir which wiU eaaJile st��exrs to eff�:t a speedy and PRIVATE CCRE WtrUOUT ,aANGEROUS and AeB.T.lVE .�(i.CALLED REUEDIC All Letters 1^ be prepaid and addressed Dr. EA>ySiB ALL OTHER MINING DlSTBIKTIS- MR. FARRALE: ^\ be happy to recelre Bjplications to I,eettre m any of the tftffve-named *istrirt3. terms. thinl-cltt� ri.>vay fare, and -t'hcrfl compeSed tc st:*y all night, 28. 61. perr.ight. P�trties wiskins hra servieca min-'rely on the same fey--ElTmg timely notice, itatitt* time end place. Address-Mr. JOHN FABLRAti, 'SS, Braom-slreet, HaD*,*y, North Staffordshire. WHOPTON'S � CONVERSATION'S ON Ml.NES BET^^CEaV A FATHER ANT) SGK, Ifiay he had -an receipt of Thirty Stamps. A copy prcSi?c;ctl lo layperSi^a "vho can procirc fOftr -subscribers. Address-Cnable8 TKsrsB, '33. RusselJ.�troet, "St.'HetCn'i, Lancxshirt. COtTNTRY AGEOTS AND CTKSRS visiting LondoQ sbnuld call on Mr. SKEKlNS.'thc Host of the Windsor Castle, laS.Tiijh Holborn. ift E O L 0 G^--KING'S 'CC-LLEGE, \5r LONRON.-FROTTSSOR TENNANT, 1*.S . inll commence a COURSE OF AVED.VESDAY EVENiTT-G LECTURES O?: 'SEOLOGY, fram S 'to 9. Fee, �1 Is. Pint Lecture Jan. 25. A more eitendcvi Course on Wednesdr.y tnd Friday ifoiniops. from 9 tw 10. F'lrst Lecture, Friday,-Jan. 27. This Gcurac will be coatrameC till ilav. P.. W. JITLF, D.D , Principal. JHUTCH IN OS, WSOLESALK  HERBALIST TFaoM Da. Comsisl. 2, BRTTV.ER STREET, ST. rAf;aR.A?. Country Herbalists sapplieel cheaper than at any other II jose. Fnce One SeelUng, LIFE OF IPHOMAS lCA-R1!rN WHEELBS FOUNDRiR-of the FR1END-5M-N'>bT SOCIETY, and tat* SECRETARY �f-*; N4TI0�*LCRARTr>R ASSOCIATION, ani LAND SCHEME of FEARGUS O^XINKOR, Losdon : LENO. 149. Dmry-Iane. DEBTS --^lECOVERET!) .tnd CLAIK-S PartStO:TEII hy a Pr�fcisir,nk-. TC��"ted to sufferer*, in e "diraenecd with. Sent pest fr�, on recmpt of -t^ia stampB. b'r Or. I^AKlON, ^o. 1, Sotttfc-Cirescent, Bedford Squire. London, W.C For di�litir:iishfd qiialificatianswde Diplomas. ProfesstoDd Con^ultatioafl -dntly -^om 11 to 2, ud -6 till 8 eweuiiip. " We j!re|-l3d to find th'.tt Pn-TJaloon has embodi*d tia ire** eipcncncfl nt.d rccrnl dicc^^ertcs'ii: a work lately psbLihcd for the beuefi! �^ ' Suflfenr.g U���l�Jc.***-Hospital Gazette. CONSjLTATION (eBi.'TIS) HY LITZTER, Sufferersfire imited o i-siJ a deirt'led statement of Chcircaae, with � HlftTif cd envelope for reply, mien Dr. Watsoa-^riU afford his best iiQ�.ce, ^hich if camea,-out wiU.^'ensura a permanent restoration to sound and vijrorsaA hetlth. "THE BLQOD-P'JRIFrER." THE' OLD DR. TACG3 T0WN5H^D'S S.ARSAPAHiLLA. It-acts,thToigh the blood, ppon every tissue and field of the bodf : upc� every organ, fibre, anil-nor^-e; upon every gland and coro, muscle, and mcmbracc; an^ upou all tlie eiK-i.UtinK digt-stive, BcCrtive. aiid secrciicp ocgass It arouses e psre and healthy actiocthrouphout t^ whcIc-�'.��aomy, and imparte vitality to every minulc portion of ibe whole rjmcnre. tor SitiQ Diseases it is the ouly unfi*iliug remedy; and don. Ic Preparation, ard will shortly be isB,ctd with the �N^S W S M A N , THE L.AB6EST AND BEST WEEKLY NB^TSPAPER IN TKE WORLD, A .SPLB!i�D POB-riAIT Or �L.aBD PALMEESTON, (Fconi ftc original PainUng by A. Beaumontj �cq.) BEAtJrii'iil.l.; PRIK-tXD.V^ Q^L COLOUBS CS TOILB2 ^AKB. At the saioe time, t THRILLIvNG and ROMANTIC TALE will be ooineunced, by a.oelebratcd Author. OFFICE-IS, arORK STBBEV, COVE.VT GARDEK. A EARNING yjJICE. DR. SMITH, wbo ha3 tid TwentyTeara' practical cipericntem the treatment of .Vervoas DehiliUr, has just puhlishKd a FRKE EDJTIOaV of 10,000 copies of THE WARMNG VOICE, or PRIVATE ME^fciCAL FRIE.ND. (138 yagcs.) A new work on the ore of iServrtus Debility, loss of a;>petite, errors of youth. paiiM in the back, Sperma'torthcea, Wotkness, Di-Mirders of tke syil^m, tc. Sent to any address, %ct.*ie. from observation, on receipt of a directed envelop* enclosing two stamps. Motirs. SMITH may be consulted in a'l private ftnd couAdential cases aruing from iujuruBs habits, be , oronxeceivin^ a description of the patient's cm-s (encbsing a stamped ^vetope for reply) will sead a written opmiso with iutttructioci for the most successful treatment and,car�. Addren, 8M '^U and Co., 8, Barton-cresceot. Euston-road, Unidon, W.C. Consultatiout daily 11 till 9, tSTAB�181Z� 0\:b. 4th. 1865. at the Qemte ajld Dragon Inn. Claypatk. All Colliers are invited to sclrf reprcsetttatives. and a levy rf tfl. �;r member, business to tamtreewje at 10 o'clock, a m. -fftlHN SMITH, Secretajy. COUNTRY AGENTS AND OTHERS TisitingLottdoashoald'esU on SAMUEL BOONILAU. the Host of the Old Cock Tawn, Market Street, Haymarket, fcmdon. CEilES'TATION OP IRON. PAIT X. Geotge-Good eveniog, friends; pray take Beats. I fed rather tired this evening ia oonaeqnence of baTing to .Bialleabelise so inaoh gravelly iron. We are prstty regular at our place, bnt it ao'kappons that WO ^ra occasionally forced to do the best we tsan witfe the iron. Eolrart-I oonclnded that from what I witnessed, �biifSlrere is not so mnoti random work practised thei* as ia nnfortnnntely th� oiso at many iron-Wotia. There eeema to he a practical knowledee BS regards the first product ot the iron, and to be ferfectly understood by the pi-oprietora both the '^tiaotity and qnality that could renoonably be expected from anch prodnot by perfecting the same into marketable prrcels. M'Donald-I tare observed the same thing. I have looked abonfc this work for refuse iron, and indeed I am'glnd to be disappointed in this matter. George^rt is no millannhtm at our works ; nevertheless we, 03 a "body df workraen, havo less to complain oT respecting the Gammon system than is the case'st many other works. But come, Robert, please -eonttnoo yoor treatise or remarks respecting the matter that cdtises'tron to cement, as I am most anxiotM to lenrn. Hhling creatures, who eoBld nnderstand them T" Now, racily, many of the ways yot: ^ve mentioned, as �xperimeoted with by Kooai�nr OaroD, must be Dutch. Tiiey cannot posaibly^bfiTo any English appiicatioc. Eobert-ft cannot be expected thai; nimble workmen canesplain the origin or natore of many of the gases mentioned in the article }oat .guoted, bnt paddlars-can do so. We can easily disooro the sort of element -tiiat effected the eementitioa of the iroB, AS we told it was aramonia. IC' ao, Robert; friend George seems somewhat stocned to think chat eitherriron or steel dhonid contain ?0 many dififjreot gases or elements. You ought to remember how friend -Eobert has ftlreadY descKbef what constitnted the metalliebasis. Now;,i� order to afford a mora comprehensive view of these matteai, as we are. no chemists, we will divide the non-oetcenting matter froia the cementing ma4;ter. -fil. -Caron wanted to kaow, .by the conversion of iron into steel, what became of the carbon so nsed^^ketber it combined with rthO'lpcn in a solid form, or gat absorbed in the shape of .car-buretted gM. So he goes to work as deeeribed witk �bis porcelain ttibe, tl-rongh which he causes-fragments of charcoal , (of course this waa carbon) to pass through his tuba, and again, hydrojen, oxide of carbon, ozite Air, and pure carbttretted hydrogen. But all these gases were lost, being absorbed by the furnace. They proved that, for a piousIy the blacksmith uses it when cementing different parts of his iron; also the heater has it for a bottom for his furnace, bnt it has a very great tendency to render the iron pearly and Boftj it destroys muoh of its e'.CTlicity. George-Bnt, friend, there ia still one element you have not explained. It ia this, cyanogen-what element does this represent P M'Donald-The artrcle explains that it ia a well-known oompound of carbon and nitrogen-bread and cheese again. Now I believe this element is just as useful in cementing matter as ammonia. In some chemical books there are tables containing the percentage of forge and mill cinders. The first contains 50 per cent, of iron refinery cinders, somewhat the same. Now, it might be thought that cinders containing so much iron would be the cinders used by tne^uddler. But no, it contains too much silica and snK>hnr. It would soon poison the charge, and would cause more iron to be lost than it wonld gain. The puddler uses mill roll cinders, because they oontain a large amount of bread and cheese stuff, namely, cyanogen. This both oxidises and cements the iron under operation. This element is frequently introduced into steel. Robert-You will soon become acquainted with the elements of iron-making, John. What yon have observed respecting mill scale is qnite-oorreet, only it contains no sulphur or very little iron, so it Is only valuable as a cementing agent. But this seems little cared for or thought of at many places, for it ia thought preferable to send it to the tip rather than to the forge. At many places, if the puddler wants this nsefal matter, he must carry it on his back, as some iron firms seem too poor to allow a wheelbarrow. - I remember Bome years ago, whilst at Blaina, the puddlera at night wheeled off the best part of the railway contractor's wheelbarrows for this purpose. If they had wheeled old mother truck ahop into the river with them they would have done some good. At many worka, if you wish to be even with the rest, you must boy or steal a bucket. As for a wheelbarrow, you are bound to steal one, aides or no sides, all that is looked for is to have a good wheel under it. George-Ha! ha! I wonder workmen are so foolish as not to demand what is essential to carry on the work. This bucket system is a disgrace to our name and trade. The idea of men, after working so hard to get their iron off their hands, running about the works like so many old fish-fags, with buckets on their shoulders, watching so anxiously for anything that might be cast up to fill them with, like so many gnlls on the sea shore! Take my advice, work-men, throw these buckets into the furnace, or take them home for domestic uses. Stop by your farnncag, and let all yonr wants for cementiog matter be brought to you, or for any other matter. Robert-Now that we have anticipated what caasos the cementatioo of iron, we will endeavour to learn the losses and amount of labour it imposes on the puddler from its absence. We have I efore complained of the uncertain fusions; we take it for granted that these fusions have little or no cement-ing mattfr. More than half of Gammon, Swindle, and Frog's iron were of these fusions, consequently this will give us a basis-first, as to the loss of prodootion of puddle bars ; secondly, the loss of yield; thirdly, the amount of extra labour required to perfect the non-cementing over the cementing iron. We will take 20 paddling furnaces as our guide. These could produce in every 24 hours, of regular fusions of pig containing an adequate amount of oementing matter, 60 tons of puddle bars ; in a week, 330 tons ; in 12 months, 17,160 tons. But with much difBcuIty there could be produced of this non-cementing iron in 12 hours more than 46 tona- that would be about 2 tons 6 cwt. from each furnace in every 2-t hours; whereas the former ia nbont 3 tons for the same time, so the loss in the production of paddle bars would be 14 cwt. from each furnace, or 14 tons for the whole forge. In 24 hours the loss might stttud thus-The week's prod action of cementing iron, 330 tons; do. aon-cementing iron, 253 tons; thus giving ns a difference of 77 tons; only allowing this 77 tons to be thns lost for half the year, viz., 26 weeks, multiply 77 by 26, and we have a total of 2,002 tons in production alone. The difference in yield has still to be accounted for, that is double loss to the proprietor. Now, what might be the workman's �losaof thissum. Only allowinz him 6'. par ton for t'ae ,-iame, this wonld give 80 puddlera �130 12s in that time. M'Donald-Of course, we must not neglect our own � interest by endeavouring to obtain the highest rate of wages we possibly can. But it is with us, in Walea, a question of mapagement, and how we can obtain ir�n, that we can inaka marketable now. Hare is a loss of production in the paddling alone of 2,002 tons. No doubt more coal and fettlings was consumed by this non-cementing iron than if it had been more eoneiatent. E-jbert-Quite corredt, Jahn; as you are aware, mosb-of the Welsh ironmasters require 1 ton 11 cwt. 3qrs. -io 12 hoars to operate on in 7 different parta ; and, (cdeed, we have accepted these condltiona so long hy working this large amount that we come to the eoncluaion that we have not finished our day's work \ noieas we complete that amount. The losing of one-aecenth of our prt>daction is equal to a reduction in wages, ao at a moat moderate estimation we lose the sac I have stated in every six months. George-I think aftar tbia we puddlers shonld have Bome better understanding respecting the pig iron sent to ne for operation. Is it likely any other class of operatireB would so tamely submit to labour so much for nothing, and lose their wages in the bargain ? Suppose some builder employed a lot of maaona to dress freestone. Of course the price wonld be regulated by the material. The mason wonld have so much per foot for the same. I ask ia it likely he wonld dreaa granite for the same per foot aa the freestone? Not at all likely. Again, ia it likely that a carpenter would dress oak at the same price as deal, or any other soft material ? Then why should we be called upon to operate on iroa for six months in the year that gives us l-7th more labour than we are paid for. Eobert-That is hitting the nail on the head' George. I have, whilst at Gammon's worka, endea-vonred to press thia matter on the notice of the pnddler ; for, as we have proved, all this confusion and loaa ia in conaequenoe of negligenoo and want of practical knowledge on the part of the employers. No one is benefited by snch "a deplorable system. The employera only make a general distinction between groy mottled, white pig, and refined metal. Now, grey and mottled pig ranges from 12s. to 10s. per ton for puddling. There ara 150 variaties of white pig. I do not believe I should be exaggerating if I said that this product was as various as days in the year. Still, there is no distinotion made in price, notwithstanding some of it costs the operative one.-jeventh more labour. Now, since our employera will persist in this nncertain fusion, it will be only fair on oor part to practically nnderstand how much labour we have to devote to each charge ; how far the quality differs, and he paid accordingly. At present, we get 6s. per ton, or thereabonts. George-If the workmen wonld make a stir in thia matter, no doubt oar iron would be more regular. The time employed in mallabelising 4 cwt. 2 qrs. of iron ought not to exceed one hour and forty minutes. At this rate we could produce what was required of us ; and, we onght to be oompeuBated for any time occupied beyond this, as the fault is with the employer. Further, I contend it is a breach of contract to send os any other iron than what we could perfect in this time. M'Donald-As it is now getting late I must leave my observations on thia matter until next evening. I shall then show we ara Ukewise affected by the same system-more work and leas money. Now, we most bid you good night, George. (To te conitnued.) THE SUFFRAGE QUESTION. No. II. It seems terribly late in the day to sit oneielf down to give reasons why all men shoold posaeBS the suffrage, or, indeed, to combat the argnmenta of onr opponents. To mo the reasona are so many and so obvions, that the notion seems bordering upon. Uia ridiculons. I wonld much rather sit down and listen to the reasoi33 why a man shonld be exolnded, for, above all things, I enjoy a joke, and there cannot bo a greater joke than ts hear a man try to prove that he belongs to a claaa who have monopolised all wisdom, all patriotism, and who shonld, moreoTer, possess all authority. The fun of tiie joke ia amazingly heightened, when, as ia often the case, the pleaider for superiority happens to be alike mean i^ stature and intellect. In answer to middle clasa (}pponenta, I apply the same reuoss that the advocates of reform employed to silence their opponents, previous to theobtainmentof theBefpm Bill in 1831. They meet na with the identical argnmenta which then: opponents then naed. They tell os that to grant us the suffrage wonld be to plnnge the country into a state of ohronio revo-Intion; .that to admit the|working man wonld be to endanger the safety of the State. They tell na that property and not intelligence, that station and not manhood, gives the right to citizenship. They tell us thiat onr admission would sWamp the rigbts of the now privileged classes, and, moreover, that the majority of working men have no desire io possess poUcical power. Again and again have we t�Id them that these reasons are no more valid when applied to tis than they were when applied to themselves. Once more we appeal to the promises they made when they needed onr assistance in the dark days of their Uatory. Prior to 1831, their then recognised leaders. Earl Grey, Lord John EnsaeD, Daniel O'Connell, and a host of others, again and again proclaimed that, if the working dais wonld lend their aaaiatance, political jostica to them-aelves shonld follow. So long as that promise remains nnfnIfiUed, the middle classes of this oonntry may fairly be charged with the grossesl political ingratitude. The history of the straggle for the Eeform Bill is replete with arguments in favour of extension, be-canse all that waa then advanced by the Tory faction is now advanced by the middle-class opponents to reform. The great argument, however, seems to have been, and still is, the want of education and interest in the nation's welfare npon the part of those who apply for admissiop. Sorely no sane man would compare the intelligence of the midiUe classes of 1830 with the intelligence of the working clasass of 1865. Then, I ask, if a lower intelligence admitted the Srst-claas, why shonld the higher intelligence be ignored To the second objeotion, I answer that no class haa a greater interest in' the nation's welfare than the class that depends solely upon its labour for subsistence, for to them a atoppage in trade means little less than starvation. When strikes are spoken of, I hear it continually proclaimed that the interests of masters and workmen are identical, bnt only then. When reform is spoken of, then their interests are not identical. The workers either have no interesta whatever, or they have an interest which is opposed to that of their mnsterB. Sellers of every thing have a right to the suffrage save the sellers of the most important thing in the world-viz., labour. Man who call themselves manufacturers possess the suffrage, while the real manufacturers have none. Men who do nothing have the suffrage, while those who do everything are without the rights of citizenship. " If yon want political power, disband yourselves and you will obtain it," was the cry in 1848-9. "Toudon't want it, or you wonld organise to get it," ia the cry in 1865. "0 arsis a Parliament which represents the entire people," say they, " and which, moreover, bends to the expressed wish of the people." Once more I deny it-it simply represents the middle and upper classes, and all that they obtain comes from the jealousy and personal enmicythatocoasionallydivides these two olasses. Were their interests identical, working men ahonld obtain nothing; as it is, they obtain little. The entire Ubonr community of England is surely equally important to that small portion of the public who have invested their savings in railwaya. Working men pay taxes; they suffer the penalty of any infringement of the law of which they may be guilty ; they suffer and they prosper as the land which gave them birth suffers or prospers. When the nation is in danger they man onr fi-jets, and form the rank and file of our armies; and how they fought, and how they are prepared to fight, may ba read in the chronicles of many a bloody enoonnter. You surely will not call them hirelings, for hirelings never fought as they have fon^t. Thay sorely believed they hod Bomething to fight for who fonght at Waterloo and at Inkermann, They, at least, had the honour of their native land to maintain, and thia nerved their aims and B{9el�4 theii-hearts in courage. No vote, no mnsket; no vote, no tar-paying; na voice in the making of laws, no anbjectaon to laws when m-ide. This doctrine waa preached by the middle classes in 1830. Must they repeat it? Mast they threaten revolution as the middle class threatened it ? I trust not j for there ia no necessity for so doing. Make good yonr promise, and work-ing men will show you that they appreciate the right yon give them by the nse they make of it.- Yours, &o., J. B. Lino. ASOTilKS FlTAL CoLtrBSY AcctDENi.--A fatal' colliery accident occurred on Friday morning about half-past aeven o'clock at Messrs Bonrnes and R-5binaon'a Pearly Cross Colliery, Button, near St. Helens, to a man named Thomas Gardner, aged 38, residing in Drmskirk-street, St. Helena. The deceased was a labourer at the colliery, and it was hia duty to remove the waggons, when filled with coal, from onder the riddle. On Friday morning the deceased, soon after he had commenced work, was^ misBed by his fellow-workmen, when search was made, and he was fonnd between a waggon and the wall, ornahed to deah. He haa left a vrife and twc ohiltiren to mourn his loss. An inqueat waa held on the body on Monday, before Mr Driffield, at the^ Sefion Arms Inn, when a verdict of "Acoidental death" waa returned. Fatal Accident at FsAKWELtOATB Moob Col-' LiEBT.-On Monday afternoon an inqueat was held* at Framwellgate Moor, before J. Favell, Esq.,-ooroner, on the body of a young man named Mavin, 19 years of age, who came by his death under the following circumstances. It appears that Mavin was a fireman at the colliery, and in addition to this duty he had to attend the drum connected with an engine. The engine draws the coals from the old pit and pnlls the empty waggons np an incline''from a crossing of the River Wear. His dnty was to guide the rope with a pinch, ao that it might be properly wound round the drum. The engineman aaw the body ot the unfortunate young man carried past the engine-house on the rope, and before he could stop the engine the body waa carried round the drum three times, the rope paasing over his body, so that he was crushed to death. Mr. Atkinsoa, impector of mines, and J. Anderson, Esq., manager of the Marchioness of Londonderry's collieries, were present at the inqneat. The young man's tobacco, box was found on the ground where it waa his dnty to stand whilst guiding the rope, and it ia supposed be had, been lighting hia pine and leaning on the pinch at the time. The pinch had jerked out, and he bad so fallen on the rope and been carried round the drum. The jury inquired if something could not be invented to guide the rope instead of manual application, bnt Mr. AtkioBon said it had been tried, and in every instance failed. , A long conversation took place between Mr. Atkinson and the engineet. of the (�lliery aa to the practicability of the application of machinery for the piupo80> bus they seemed to come to the cqpcluaion that nothing had yet been invented suitable for this purpoae. The jury returned a verdict of "Acoidental deoth." The remains of the unfortunate young man were interred at St. Cothberf� bniial ground on Modday, ;