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London Lloyd Evening Post Newspaper Archive: April 20, 1764 - Page 1

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Publication: London Lloyd Evening Post

Location: London, Middlesex

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   Lloyd's Evening Post (Newspaper) - April 20, 1764, London, Middlesex                                S EVENING POST. Vol. XIV.] From FRIDAY, April 20, to MONDAY, April 23,-1764. [Numb. 1058. SATURDAY, April 21. Ptterjbourg, March 20. ^sH^'E learn from Kamfkatfcha, that fix inhabitants of that '^rPJace>        went to fea in MtH W th,e 7rar are return- ftr^ ed� after having been all sz>,T*f?s (f^j-Si that whi' l^fa�J-{i~l*-v'*&-s'i wa^e ab*ent without j^tft^R^'^^ any body's hearing from The account they give of their expedition is, that having directed their courfe North Eait, after fever.J months navigation, they difco-vered 16 iflands, fome large and fome fmall, which were inhabited by people fuppofed to be the ESkimaux, becauie in their form and manners they refemble the Americans on the North of the River St. Laurence in Canada. Thefe travellers made a kind of map of two of thefe iflands, where they lived fome time, which is fent to Mofcow, to be preferved a-inong the archives there. Utrecht, Afnl 12. They write from Berlin, that the King of Pruffia arrived there the i;th inftant from Silefia._ L O N DO N. Yefterday his Serene Highnefs George Augustus, Prince of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, her Majesty's youngefl brother, arrived at the houfc in Pall Mall which has been fitted up for his reception, and foon afterwards waited on their Majesties at St. James's. Letters from Amlcerdam of the i^th inftant, fay, that by letters from the Berbices of the 17th of Dec. lair, they had advice, that the Dutch had retaken Rio Canje from the Negroes without any opposition. That three Dutch men of war and three merchant-Ships were arrived there,- and the forces were cx-pected there from Europe in a fortnight; by the aSIiftance of whom, it was hoped, that that colony would be quite, relieved and fe-cured. A detachment of 60 men was fent to Temerary, and 40 Englifh, with 2_or ^coln-dians, had cut off the palTage of the river above, whilft another detachment furrounds the rebels on every fide to attack them. Extrafi of a letter fr>m Suffolk, dated April 11, " Two labouring men, about a fortnight ago, in digging femewhere in Stow-Langtoft, aYmall village near St. Edmund's Bury, found . an earthen pot full cf eld Roman coins. 1 he metal is not valuable, as it is faid there are r.o gold or filver pieces among them,  but ' all copper; nor are the pieces themfelvcs remarkably rare. Thole that had an opportunity of feeingjnany more of them than I had, could not certainly di/tinguifh more than four forts, Viitorinus, Fc'Sthumus, Tetricus Aug. and Tetricus L'.xf. But it may, perhaps, be proper it Should be known, that they were found in this vulage, as. I do net know that any author I1..3 Sufpected it to have been a Station of the Romans, or to have had any " particular connexion with that people. 1 he number was very considerable, as they inn ft have been very near, if not above -ceo. They ( were fold to a man at Bury, fcr a Shilling a '' pound weight, and at that rate fold for mure than two guineas.   The purchafer w::5 cor.- .' rent with a moderate p;o�t, for he (.fie re. I io fell them at a farthing each, pick mid c!io*.-ie, or half a crown a pound.   Exe-pdrig uoa three, they were all nearly of the fame fize, and what the ancients would have called Quadrantes translated in fome places of the New Testament a farthing.:' Thurfday two pickpockets were detected in St James's Park picking of pockets, during the time of hL Majefty's returning from the Parliament-Hcule : one of whom was carried before the fitting J ullice at the New Guildhall, Weitminiter, and the other before Sir John Fielding, in Bow-itreet; v.nich latter is an old offender. Mr. Thomas Leefon, late a Clerk in the Steward's office, is elected Steward  ECAUSE we cannot hear,without the ut-y molt concern and aitonifhment, a doctrine advanced now, for the firit time, in this Houfe, which we apprehend to be new, dangerous, and unwarrantable, viz. That the perforial Privilege of both Houfes of Parliament has never held, and ought not to held, in the cafe of any criminal profecution whatfoever ; by which, all the records of Parliament, all history, all the authorities of the graveit and fo-berclt Judges, are entirely refcinded ; and the fundamental principles of the Constitution, with/regard to the independence of Parliament/ torn up and buried under the ruins of our" rfit'it established rights. We are at a lofs to c^jceive, with what view fuch a facrifice iliould 'be nropofed, unlefs to amplify, in effect, U\e jU:\lictien of the inferior, by annihilating the ancient immunities of this'Superior court. The very question itfelf, propofed to us from t.he Commons, and now agreed to by the Lords, from the letter and fpirit cf it, contradicts this aSFertion ; for, whilst it only narrows Privilege in criminal matters,it cltablifhes theprincipl'e. The Law of Privilege, touching imprifcriment ofths perfons of Lords cf Parliament, as feared ] bv tire two Standing orders, declares generally, "I That no Lord of Parliament, fitting the Par-! linmcr.r, or within the ufual times of Privilege I c.fpari'/.tr.er.t, is to bcinprifor.edcr reltrained  without icntcuce or order of the Koule, unkfs it be for treafon or felony, or for refufing to give Security for the peace, and refufal to pay obedience to a writ of Habeas Corpus. The firlt of thefe orders was made after long confideration, upon a difpute with the King, whenthe precedents of both Houfes had been' fully inSpected, commented upon, reported, and enteredinthe journals, and after theKing's Council had been heard. It was made in fober times, and by aHoufe-of Peers, not only loyal,-but devted to the Crown; and it was made by' tne unanimous confent of ail, not one dilTent-iiig. i hefecircumftances of folemnity.delibe-:ati n, and unanimity, are fo Singular and extraordinary, thatthe like are fcarceto be found' in anyinftance among therecordscfparliament* When the two cafes of Surety for the peace,-and Habeas Corpus, come to be well considered, it wilj be found that they both breathe the" fame fpirit, and grow out of the fameprinciple. The offences that call for furety and Habeas Corpus, are both cafes of 'prefent continuing  ' violence, the proceedings in both have the Same end, viz. to reprefs the force, and to dif-arm the offender. '' The proceeding Stops inboth when that end' is attained ; the offence is not profecuted rror puniShed in.either ; the neceffity is equal in both, and i|frivilege was allowed in either,fo � long as the neceffity laSts, a Lord of Parlia--ment would enjoy a mightier Prerogative than, the Crown itfelf is intitled to.  LaStly, they both leave tne profecution of all mifdemean-curs Still under Privilege, and do not derogate from tL'at great fundamental, that none mall be arretted in the courfe of profecution for any-crime under treafon and felony. Thefe two orders comprife the whole Law" of Privilege, and are both of them Standing orders, and confequently the fixed Laws of the Houfe, by which we are ail bound, until they." arc duly repealed. The refolution of the other hotrfe now a-greed to, is a direct contradiction to the rule of parliamentary privilege, laid down in the aforefaid Standing orders, both in tester and" fpirit.   Before'the reafons are Stated, 'it will > be proper to premiie two obfervations; Firit, That in all cafes, where fecurity of the peace may be required, the Lord cannot be committed till that fecurity is refufed, and confequently the Magistrate will be guilty -of a breach of privilege, if he commits the offen-der.without demanding that fecurity. Secondly, Although the fecurity Should be ; refufed, yet, if the'party.is committed generally, the Magistrate is guilty of a breach of-privilege, becaufe the party refufmg ought � only to be committed till he has found lure-ties ; whereas, by a general commitment, he ' is held fait, even'though he Should give fure-'tics, and can only be difcharged- by.givi-Bg . bail for his appearance. This being premifed, the firfl objection 13 to the generality of this refolution, which, as it is penn'd, denies the privilege to the fup-p'oled libe'Ier, not only where he refufes to give furejf.s, but likewife-"" t-hrongkaut the whole proiecution, from.the beginnirg to the end; So that, although he Should fubmit to be bound, he may, notwithstanding, be afterwards arreftenr fried,, convicted, and pu-i.ifhed, fitting the Parliament, and wuhout leave of the Koufc, wherein die law of privi- Two-pence Halfpenny.]   

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